Cardiac Glycosides

Name
Cardiac Glycosides
Accession Number
DBCAT000821
Description

Cyclopentanophenanthrenes with a 5- or 6-membered lactone ring attached at the 17-position and SUGARS attached at the 3-position. Plants they come from have long been used in congestive heart failure. They increase the force of cardiac contraction without significantly affecting other parameters, but are very toxic at larger doses. Their mechanism of action usually involves inhibition of the NA(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE and they are often used in cell biological studies for that purpose.

ATC Classification
Drugs
DrugDrug Description
DigoxinA cardiac glycoside used in the treatment of mild to moderate heart failure and for ventricular response rate control in chronic atrial fibrillation.
AcetyldigitoxinUsed for fast digitalization in congestive heart failure.
DeslanosideFor the treatment and management of Congestive cardiac insufficiency, arrhythmias and heart failure.
OuabainFor the treatment of atrial fibrillation and flutter and heart failure
DigitoxinA cardiac glycoside used in the treatment and management of congestive cardiac insufficiency, arrhythmias and heart failure.
CymarinNot Annotated
ProscillaridinProscillaridin is a cardiac glycoside that is derived from plants of the genus Scilla and in Drimia maritima (Scilla maritima). Studies suggest the potential cytotoxic and anticancer property of proscillaridin,...
MetildigoxinNot Annotated
PeruvosideNot Annotated
Lanatoside CNot Annotated
GitoformateNot Annotated
AcetyldigoxinNot Annotated
OleandrinOleandrin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Lung Cancer and Chemotherapeutic Agent Toxicity.
DigoxigeninDigoxigenin is a cardenolide which is the aglycon of digoxin. Can be obtained by hydrolysis of digoxin or from Digitalis orientalis L. and Digitalis lanata Ehrh.
DigitoxigeninDigitoxigenin is a cardenolide which is the aglycon of digitoxin.
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
DigoxinSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1target
DigoxinCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DigoxinP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DigoxinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 4C1transporter
DigoxinBile salt export pumptransporter
DigoxinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DigoxinOrganic solute transporter subunit alphatransporter
DigoxinOrganic solute transporter subunit betatransporter
DigoxinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
AcetyldigitoxinSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1target
DeslanosideSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1target
OuabainSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1target
OuabainSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
OuabainSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
OuabainSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 4C1transporter
OuabainSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
OuabainSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1C1transporter
OuabainSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
OuabainSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-2target
OuabainSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-3target
DigitoxinSodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit alpha-1target
DigitoxinSerum albumincarrier
DigitoxinCholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrialenzyme
DigitoxinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DigitoxinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DigitoxinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 4C1transporter
DigitoxinP-glycoprotein 1transporter