Dideoxynucleosides

Name
Dideoxynucleosides
Accession Number
DBCAT000928
Description

Nucleosides that have two hydroxy groups removed from the sugar moiety. The majority of these compounds have broad-spectrum antiretroviral activity due to their action as antimetabolites. The nucleosides are phosphorylated intracellularly to their 5'-triphosphates and act as chain-terminating inhibitors of viral reverse transcription.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
ZidovudineA dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection.
StavudineA dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection.
LamivudineA reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV and hepatitis B infections.
EmtricitabineA nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used for the treatment and prophylaxis of HIV.
DidanosineA reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV.
ZalcitabineA dideoxynucleoside used to treat HIV.
ElvucitabineInvestigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, B) and HIV infection.
Fozivudine TidoxilFozivudine Tidoxil has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections.
DexelvucitabineDexelvucitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections and Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
RacivirRacivir, also known as RCV, is an oxothiolane nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor similar to emtricitabine and lamivudine. Racivir is a 50:50 mixture of emtricitabine DB00879 and its positive enantiomer. Racivir...
Zidovudine monophosphateNot Available
Zidovudine diphosphateNot Available
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
ZidovudineSerum albumincarrier
ZidovudineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
ZidovudineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
ZidovudineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ZidovudineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
ZidovudineSodium/nucleoside cotransporter 1transporter
ZidovudineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 2transporter
ZidovudineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
ZidovudineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
ZidovudineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 5transporter
ZidovudineATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
ZidovudineTelomerase reverse transcriptasetarget
ZidovudineThymidine kinase, cytosolicenzyme
ZidovudineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
ZidovudineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
StavudineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
StavudineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
StavudineSodium/nucleoside cotransporter 1transporter
StavudineSerum albumincarrier
LamivudineDNAtarget
LamivudineProtein Ptarget
LamivudineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
LamivudineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
LamivudineATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
LamivudineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
LamivudineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
LamivudineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
LamivudineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
LamivudineDeoxycytidine kinaseenzyme
LamivudineUMP-CMP kinaseenzyme
LamivudinePhosphoglycerate kinase 1enzyme
LamivudineNucleoside diphosphate kinase Aenzyme
LamivudineNucleoside diphosphate kinase Benzyme
LamivudineCholine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase Aenzyme
LamivudineEthanolamine-phosphate cytidylyltransferaseenzyme
LamivudineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
LamivudineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
LamivudineCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 2transporter
LamivudineCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
Lamivudine5'(3')-deoxyribonucleotidase, cytosolic typeenzyme
LamivudineSerum albumincarrier
EmtricitabineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
EmtricitabineDeoxycytidine kinaseenzyme
EmtricitabineSerum albumincarrier
EmtricitabineMultidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1transporter
DidanosineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DidanosinePurine nucleoside phosphorylasetarget
DidanosineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
DidanosineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 1transporter
DidanosineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 2transporter
DidanosineSerum albumincarrier
ZalcitabineDeoxycytidine kinaseenzyme
ZalcitabineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
ZalcitabineSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
ZalcitabineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
ZalcitabineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 1transporter
ZalcitabineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 2transporter
ZalcitabineSerum albumincarrier
Zidovudine monophosphateThymidylate kinasetarget
Zidovudine monophosphateThymidylate kinasetarget
Zidovudine diphosphateNucleoside diphosphate kinase Atarget