Dideoxynucleosides

Nucleosides that have two hydroxy groups removed from the sugar moiety. The majority of these compounds have broad-spectrum antiretroviral activity due to their action as antimetabolites. The nucleosides are phosphorylated intracellularly to their 5'-triphosphates and act as chain-terminating inhibitors of viral reverse transcription.
DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00495ZidovudineA dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection.
DB00649StavudineA dideoxynucleoside used in the treatment of HIV infection.
DB00709LamivudineA reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV and hepatitis B infections.
DB00879EmtricitabineA nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used for the treatment and prophylaxis of HIV.
DB00900DidanosineA reverse transcriptase inhibitor used to treat HIV.
DB00943ZalcitabineA dideoxynucleoside used to treat HIV.
DB06236ElvucitabineInvestigated for use/treatment in hepatitis (viral, B) and HIV infection.
DB12423Fozivudine TidoxilFozivudine Tidoxil has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections.
DB12470DexelvucitabineDexelvucitabine has been used in trials studying the treatment of HIV Infections and Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
DB12753RacivirRacivir, also known as RCV, is an oxothiolane nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor similar to emtricitabine and lamivudine. Racivir is a 50:50 mixture of emtricitabine DB00879 and its positive enantiomer. Racivir...
DB03666Zidovudine monophosphateNot Available
DB04542Zidovudine diphosphateNot Available
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00495ZidovudineSerum albumincarrier
DB00495ZidovudineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00495ZidovudineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00495ZidovudineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00495ZidovudineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
DB00495ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00495ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00495ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00495ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00495ZidovudineSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB00495ZidovudineSodium/nucleoside cotransporter 1transporter
DB00495ZidovudineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 2transporter
DB00495ZidovudineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00495ZidovudineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB00495ZidovudineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 5transporter
DB00495ZidovudineATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00495ZidovudineTelomerase reverse transcriptasetarget
DB00495ZidovudineThymidine kinase, cytosolicenzyme
DB00495ZidovudineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00495ZidovudineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00649StavudineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00649StavudineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
DB00649StavudineSodium/nucleoside cotransporter 1transporter
DB00649StavudineSerum albumincarrier
DB00709LamivudineDNAtarget
DB00709LamivudineProtein Ptarget
DB00709LamivudineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB00709LamivudineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00709LamivudineATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00709LamivudineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
DB00709LamivudineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00709LamivudineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00709LamivudineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00709LamivudineDeoxycytidine kinaseenzyme
DB00709LamivudineUMP-CMP kinaseenzyme
DB00709LamivudinePhosphoglycerate kinase 1enzyme
DB00709LamivudineNucleoside diphosphate kinase Aenzyme
DB00709LamivudineNucleoside diphosphate kinase Benzyme
DB00709LamivudineCholine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase Aenzyme
DB00709LamivudineEthanolamine-phosphate cytidylyltransferaseenzyme
DB00709LamivudineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00709LamivudineMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB00709LamivudineCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 2transporter
DB00709LamivudineCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00709Lamivudine5'(3')-deoxyribonucleotidase, cytosolic typeenzyme
DB00709LamivudineSerum albumincarrier
DB00879EmtricitabineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
DB00879EmtricitabineDeoxycytidine kinaseenzyme
DB00879EmtricitabineSerum albumincarrier
DB00879EmtricitabineMultidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1transporter
DB00900DidanosineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00900DidanosinePurine nucleoside phosphorylasetarget
DB00900DidanosineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
DB00900DidanosineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 1transporter
DB00900DidanosineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 2transporter
DB00900DidanosineSerum albumincarrier
DB00943ZalcitabineDeoxycytidine kinaseenzyme
DB00943ZalcitabineSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00943ZalcitabineSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00943ZalcitabineReverse transcriptase/RNaseHtarget
DB00943ZalcitabineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 1transporter
DB00943ZalcitabineEquilibrative nucleoside transporter 2transporter
DB00943ZalcitabineSerum albumincarrier
DB03666Zidovudine monophosphateThymidylate kinasetarget
DB03666Zidovudine monophosphateThymidylate kinasetarget
DB04542Zidovudine diphosphateNucleoside diphosphate kinase Atarget