For the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2.
Reglixane shows a hypoglycemic effect and also a stronger triglyceride-lowering effect than the thiazolidine-2,4-diones. In preclinical studies, reglixane has been shown to prevent several diabetic complications, such as cataract, nephropathy, and neuropathy.
Mechanism of action
Reglixane is an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma and alpha.
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Key regulator of lipid metabolism. Activated by the endogenous ligand 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (16:0/18:1-GPC). Activated by oleylethanolamide, a naturally occurring lipid that regulates satiety. Receptor for peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Regulates the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fa...
Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation...