Clomipramine hydrochlorideProduct ingredient for Clomipramine

Name
Clomipramine hydrochloride
Drug Entry
Clomipramine

Clomipramine, the 3-chloro analog of imipramine, is a dibenzazepine-derivative tricyclic antidepressant (TCA). TCAs are structurally similar to phenothiazines. They contain a tricyclic ring system with an alkyl amine substituent on the central ring. In non-depressed individuals, clomipramine does not affect mood or arousal, but may cause sedation. In depressed individuals, clomipramine exerts a positive effect on mood. TCAs are potent inhibitors of serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake. Tertiary amine TCAs, such as clomipramine, are more potent inhibitors of serotonin reuptake than secondary amine TCAs, such as nortriptyline and desipramine. TCAs also down-regulate cerebral cortical β-adrenergic receptors and sensitize post-synaptic serotonergic receptors with chronic use. The antidepressant effects of TCAs are thought to be due to an overall increase in serotonergic neurotransmission. TCAs also block histamine-H1 receptors, α1-adrenergic receptors and muscarinic receptors, which accounts for their sedative, hypotensive and anticholinergic effects (e.g. blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention), respectively. See toxicity section below for a complete listing of side effects. Clomipramine may be used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder and disorders with an obsessive-compulsive component (e.g. depression, schizophrenia, Tourette’s disorder). Unlabeled indications include panic disorder, chronic pain (e.g. central pain, idiopathic pain disorder, tension headache, diabetic peripheral neuropathy, neuropathic pain), cataplexy and associated narcolepsy, autistic disorder, trichotillomania, onchophagia, stuttering, premature ejaculation, and premenstrual syndrome. Clomipramine is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and demethylated in the liver to its primary active metabolite, desmethylclomipramine.

Accession Number
DBSALT000028
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Clomipramine HCl
External IDs
G 34586 / G-34586
UNII
2LXW0L6GWJ
CAS Number
17321-77-6
Weight
Average: 351.313
Monoisotopic: 350.131654192
Chemical Formula
C19H24Cl2N2
InChI Key
WIMWMKZEIBHDTH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C19H23ClN2.ClH/c1-21(2)12-5-13-22-18-7-4-3-6-15(18)8-9-16-10-11-17(20)14-19(16)22;/h3-4,6-7,10-11,14H,5,8-9,12-13H2,1-2H3;1H
IUPAC Name
(3-{14-chloro-2-azatricyclo[9.4.0.0³,⁸]pentadeca-1(11),3,5,7,12,14-hexaen-2-yl}propyl)dimethylamine hydrochloride
SMILES
Cl.CN(C)CCCN1C2=CC=CC=C2CCC2=C1C=C(Cl)C=C2
External Links
PubChem Compound
68539
ChemSpider
61813
ChEBI
3755
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1200710
Wikipedia
Clomipramine
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0144 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.04ALOGPS
logP4.88ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area6.48 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity95.41 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability36.15 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon