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DrugBank Version 4.3

The DrugBank database is a unique bioinformatics and cheminformatics resource that combines detailed drug (i.e. chemical, pharmacological and pharmaceutical) data with comprehensive drug target (i.e. sequence, structure, and pathway) information. The database contains 7759 drug entries including 1602 FDA-approved small molecule drugs, 161 FDA-approved biotech (protein/peptide) drugs, 89 nutraceuticals and over 6000 experimental drugs. Additionally, 4300 non-redundant protein (i.e. drug target/enzyme/transporter/carrier) sequences are linked to these drug entries. Each DrugCard entry contains more than 200 data fields with half of the information being devoted to drug/chemical data and the other half devoted to drug target or protein data.

Users may query DrugBank in any number of ways. The simple text query (above) supports general text queries of the entire textual component of the database. Clicking on the Browse button (on the DrugBank navigation panel above) generates a tabular synopsis of DrugBank's content. This browse view allows users to casually scroll through the database or re-sort its contents. Clicking on a given DrugCard button brings up the full data content for the corresponding drug. A complete explanation of all the DrugCard fields and sources is given here. The PharmaBrowse button allows users to browse through drugs as grouped by their indication. This is particularly useful for pharmacists and physicians, but also for pharmaceutical researchers looking for potential drug leads. The ChemQuery button allows users to draw (using MarvinSketch applet or a ChemSketch applet) or write (SMILES string) a chemical compound and to search DrugBank for chemicals similar or identical to the query compound. The TextQuery button supports a more sophisticated text search (partial word matches, case sensitive, misspellings, etc.) of the text portion of DrugBank. The SeqSearch button allows users to conduct BLASTP (protein) sequence searches of the 18,000 sequences contained in DrugBank. Both single and multiple sequence (i.e. whole proteome) BLAST queries are supported. The Advanced Search button opens an easy-to-use relational query search tool that allows users to select or search over various combinations of subfields. The Data Extractor is the most sophisticated search tool for DrugBank. Users may download selected text components and sequence data from DrugBank and track the latest DrugBank statistics by clicking on the Download button.

Citing DrugBank

DrugBank is offered to the public as a freely available resource. Use and re-distribution of the data, in whole or in part, for commercial purposes requires explicit permission of the authors and explicit acknowledgment of the source material (DrugBank) and the original publication (see below). We ask that users who download significant portions of the database cite the DrugBank paper in any resulting publications.

Please cite:

  1. DrugBank 4.0: shedding new light on drug metabolism. Law V, Knox C, Djoumbou Y, Jewison T, Guo AC, Liu Y, Maciejewski A, Arndt D, Wilson M, Neveu V, Tang A, Gabriel G, Ly C, Adamjee S, Dame ZT, Han B, Zhou Y, Wishart DS.Nucleic Acids Res. 2014 Jan 1;42(1):D1091-7.
    PubMed ID: 24203711
  2. DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS.Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan;39(Database issue):D1035-41.
    PubMed ID: 21059682
  3. DrugBank: a knowledgebase for drugs, drug actions and drug targets. Wishart DS, Knox C, Guo AC, Cheng D, Shrivastava S, Tzur D, Gautam B, Hassanali M.Nucleic Acids Res. 2008 Jan;36(Database issue):D901-6.
    PubMed ID: 18048412
  4. DrugBank: a comprehensive resource for in silico drug discovery and exploration. Wishart DS, Knox C, Guo AC, Shrivastava S, Hassanali M, Stothard P, Chang Z, Woolsey J.Nucleic Acids Res. 2006 Jan 1;34(Database issue):D668-72.
    PubMed ID: 16381955

Disclaimer: The content of DrugBank is intended for educational and scientific research purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.