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Identification
NameHydroxypropyl cellulose
Accession NumberDB00840  (APRD01023)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

Hydroxypropyl cellulose is an ether of cellulose where some of the hydroxyl groups of the cellulose have been hydroxypropylated forming -OCH2CHCH3 groups. Lacrisertis a formulation of hydroxypropyl cellulose that is used for artificial tears. It is used to treat syndromes characterized by insufficient tear production (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), recurrent corneal erosions, decreased corneal sensitivity, exposure and neuroparalytic keratitis, and as a lubricant for artificial eyes. As a food additive, hydroxypropyl cellulose is used as a thickener and as an emulsion stabilizer.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
HiprolosaSpanishINN
Hydroxypropyl celluloseGermanINN
HydroxypropylcelluloseNot AvailableDCF
Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose phthalateNot AvailableNot Available
HyproloseFrenchINN
HyprolosumLatinINN
Hypromellose phthtalateNot AvailableNot Available
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Lacrisertpellet5 mgophthalmicAton Pharma, Inc.1981-06-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Lacrisertinsert5 mgophthalmicAton Pharma Inc Division Of Valeant Pharmaceuticals North America LlcNot AvailableNot AvailableCanada 5f16b84899037e23705f146ff57e3794121879cb055f0954756d94bc690476b4
International Brands
NameCompany
A-GelFresenius Kabi
Brand mixtures
Brand NameIngredients
Tears NaturaleHyprolose and Dextran
SaltsNot Available
Categories
CAS number9004-64-2
WeightNot Available
Chemical FormulaNot Available
InChI KeyNot Available
InChINot Available
IUPAC NameNot Available
SMILESNot Available
Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified
Pharmacology
IndicationUsed to relieve dryness and irritation caused by reduced tear flow that occurs in certain eye diseases (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), recurrent corneal erosions, decreased corneal sensitivity, exposure and neuroparalytic keratitis, and as a lubricant for artificial eyes.
PharmacodynamicsHydroxypropyl cellulose (cellulose, 2-hydroxypropyl ether) is a derivative of cellulose with both water solubility and organic solubility. Hydroxypropyl cellulose acts to stabilize and thicken the precorneal tear film and prolong the tear film breakup time which is usually accelerated in patients with dry eye states. Hydroxypropyl cellulose also acts to lubricate and protect the eye. Hydroxypropyl cellulose usually reduces the signs and symptoms resulting from moderate to severe dry eye syndromes, such as conjunctival hyperemia, corneal and conjunctival staining with rose bengal, exudation, itching, burning, foreign body sensation, smarting, photophobia, dryness and blurred or cloudy vision. Progressive visual deterioration which occurs in some patients may be retarded, halted, or sometimes reversed.
Mechanism of actionHydroxypropyl cellulose is a derivative of cellulose that is soluble in both water and organic solvents. It is particularly good at trapping water and producing a film that serves as a barrier to water loss. Hydroxypropyl cellulose possesses good surface activity but does not gel as it forms open helical coils. In general Hydroxypropyl cellulose is a water-soluble thickener, emulsifier and film-former often used in tablet coating.
AbsorptionStudies conducted in rats fed 14 C-labeled hydroxypropyl cellulose demonstrated that when orally administered, hydroxypropyl cellulose is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and is quantitatively excreted in the feces.
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNone
Metabolism

Hydroxypropyl cellulose is a physiologically inert substance. In a study of rats fed hydroxypropyl cellulose or unmodified cellulose at levels up to 5% of their diet, it was found that the two were biologically equivalent in that neither was metabolized.

Route of eliminationStudies conducted in rats fed 14C-labeled hydroxypropyl cellulose demonstrated that when orally administered, hydroxypropyl cellulose is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and is quantitatively excreted in the feces.
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityLD50=10200 mg/kg (oral, rat)
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal AbsorptionNot AvailableNot Available
Blood Brain BarrierNot AvailableNot Available
Caco-2 permeableNot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein substrateNot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINot AvailableNot Available
Renal organic cation transporterNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C9 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2D6 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 3A4 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 1A2 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C9 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2D6 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C19 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 3A4 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityNot AvailableNot Available
Ames testNot AvailableNot Available
CarcinogenicityNot AvailableNot Available
BiodegradationNot AvailableNot Available
Rat acute toxicityNot AvailableNot applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Not AvailableNot Available
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Not AvailableNot Available
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • Aton pharma inc
Packagers
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Insertophthalmic5 mg
Pelletophthalmic5 mg
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Lacrisert 60 5 mg Insert Box281.99USD box
Lacrisert 5 mg eye insert3.68USD insert
Hydroxypropylcellulose powd0.51USD g
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Seiji Orii, Yukio Sasagawa, Akinori Ito, Maruyama, Hiromi, Yoshiteru Sakai, “Process of producing hydroxypropyl cellulose.” U.S. Patent US4292426, issued April, 1964.

US4292426
General Reference
  1. Wander AH: Long-term use of hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic insert to relieve symptoms of dry eye in a contact lens wearer: case-based experience. Eye Contact Lens. 2011 Jan;37(1):39-44. Pubmed
  2. McDonald M, D’Aversa G, Perry HD, Wittpenn JR, Nelinson DS: Correlating patient-reported response to hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic insert (LACRISERT) therapy with clinical outcomes: tools for predicting response. Curr Eye Res. 2010 Oct;35(10):880-7. Pubmed
  3. Luchs JI, Nelinson DS, Macy JI: Efficacy of hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic inserts (LACRISERT) in subsets of patients with dry eye syndrome: findings from a patient registry. Cornea. 2010 Dec;29(12):1417-27. Pubmed
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelDownload (187 KB)
MSDSDownload (73.5 KB)
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNo interactions found.
Food InteractionsNot Available
Comments
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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on September 13, 2013 10:59