You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on DrugBank.
Identification
NameGuanosine
Accession NumberDB02857  (EXPT01622)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsExperimental
DescriptionGuanosine is a nucleoside comprising guanine attached to a ribose (ribofuranose) ring via a β-N9-glycosidic bond. Guanosine can be phosphorylated to become GMP (guanosine monophosphate), cGMP (cyclic guanosine monophosphate), GDP (guanosine diphosphate) and GTP (guanosine triphosphate). [Wikipedia]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
2-amino-1,9-dihydro-9-β-D-ribofuranosyl-6H-purin-6-one
2(3H)-imino-9-β-D-ribofuranosyl-9H-purin-6(1H)-one
9-β-D-ribofuranosyl-guanine
G
Guanine riboside
Guanine-9-β-D-ribofuranoside
Guanosin
Guo
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNII12133JR80S
CAS number118-00-3
WeightAverage: 283.2407
Monoisotopic: 283.091668551
Chemical FormulaC10H13N5O5
InChI KeyNYHBQMYGNKIUIF-UUOKFMHZSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C10H13N5O5/c11-10-13-7-4(8(19)14-10)12-2-15(7)9-6(18)5(17)3(1-16)20-9/h2-3,5-6,9,16-18H,1H2,(H3,11,13,14,19)/t3-,5-,6-,9-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
2-amino-9-[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-6,9-dihydro-1H-purin-6-one
SMILES
NC1=NC2=C(N=CN2[C@@H]2O[[email protected]](CO)[C@@H](O)[[email protected]]2O)C(=O)N1
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as purine nucleosides. These are compounds comprising a purine base attached to a ribosyl or deoxyribosyl moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassNucleosides, nucleotides, and analogues
ClassPurine nucleosides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentPurine nucleosides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Purine ribonucleoside
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Hydroxypyrimidine
  • Pyrimidine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Monosaccharide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationNot Available
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of actionNot Available
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
Pathways
PathwayCategorySMPDB ID
Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome (LNS)DiseaseSMP00364
Myoadenylate deaminase deficiencyDiseaseSMP00537
Gout or Kelley-Seegmiller SyndromeDiseaseSMP00365
Azathioprine Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00427
Xanthinuria type IIDiseaseSMP00513
Purine MetabolismMetabolicSMP00050
Adenosine Deaminase DeficiencyDiseaseSMP00144
Xanthine Dehydrogenase Deficiency (Xanthinuria)DiseaseSMP00220
Adenylosuccinate Lyase DeficiencyDiseaseSMP00167
Molybdenum Cofactor DeficiencyDiseaseSMP00203
Purine Nucleoside Phosphorylase DeficiencyDiseaseSMP00210
Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency (APRT)DiseaseSMP00535
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromeDiseaseSMP00536
AICA-RibosiduriaDiseaseSMP00168
Mercaptopurine Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00428
Thioguanine Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00430
Xanthinuria type IDiseaseSMP00512
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9831
Blood Brain Barrier+0.943
Caco-2 permeable-0.8893
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.6302
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.9723
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.9771
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.94
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8524
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8333
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.5838
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.8071
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9565
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9636
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9524
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9767
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9927
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.8277
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.9015
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.9454
Rat acute toxicity1.9927 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9816
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9322
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point239 dec °CPhysProp
water solubility700 mg/L (at 18 °C)YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
logP-1.90SANGSTER (1993)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility15.3 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2.1ALOGPS
logP-2.7ChemAxon
logS-1.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.16ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)1.79ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area155.22 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity64.62 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability26.02 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (5 TMS)splash10-0f7k-1952000000-c57c052c65f3fa9504afView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies)splash10-0feb-0963000000-c91b93f300b50fbc99c1View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (4 TMS)splash10-00di-9440000000-361092fc2dc5206fe655View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (5 TMS)splash10-00di-9421000000-b2b15c03b8206196f59fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0900000000-ef0cae7d67f9e803f2b2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0900000000-68fb606342b8bb123bb7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0f89-0900000000-48d32b9d62eda760619eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0f7k-0920000000-f3db23cc762b5fb860e4View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-5da62630f03e15d8707cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-1fa2eb473b57a37ecd45View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-d71a3d2995d32c692eb7View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0390000000-ff54fe98a9c0e1bc104cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-001i-0900000000-c023445b0f47e6e7267bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-a094aa75c261cdce24deView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Positivesplash10-0udi-0900000000-e114cc69f7ab438abb39View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-001j-0795222100-55ad26c7c4d9f64dd759View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-9450dc04b32ca468e146View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-0147dd895ffbecfa9668View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-03di-0190000000-5d00bb466dd23f062b86View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0f89-0690030010-86fae3a6cae3e2b3de2cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-001i-0900000000-97217b0084eeac14e7e1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-d0c65e36192b7ebdaae8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-ITFT (LTQ Orbitrap XL, Thermo Scientfic) , Negativesplash10-001i-0090000000-bb8ef433eba795395fe3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-0090000000-4ceff605ca97b7c0774aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0ue9-0960000000-1c286e55d437f33a29b3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-7149427a8c09f429fdbeView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0zgi-0900000000-5de849ca7144ca8afe05View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-053r-0900000000-f97dbc10f152af4df778View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0ue9-0970000000-045435f1be487a94195cView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Hitoshi Enei, Katsuaki Sato, Yoshio Hirose, “Method of producing guanosine by fermentation.” U.S. Patent US3960660, issued April, 1971.

US3960660
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB Entries
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Enterobacteria phage RB69
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Nucleotide binding
Specific Function:
Replicates the viral genomic DNA. This polymerase possesses two enzymatic activities: DNA synthesis (polymerase) and an exonucleolytic activity that degrades single-stranded DNA in the 3'- to 5'-direction for proofreading purpose.
Gene Name:
43
Uniprot ID:
Q38087
Molecular Weight:
104612.37 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Purine-nucleoside phosphorylase activity
Specific Function:
The purine nucleoside phosphorylases catalyze the phosphorolytic breakdown of the N-glycosidic bond in the beta-(deoxy)ribonucleoside molecules, with the formation of the corresponding free purine bases and pentose-1-phosphate.
Gene Name:
PNP
Uniprot ID:
P00491
Molecular Weight:
32117.69 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Transferase activity, transferring pentosyl groups
Specific Function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q5SID9
Molecular Weight:
25414.93 Da
Comments
comments powered by Disqus
Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:23