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Identification
NameCardiolipin
Accession NumberDB03429  (EXPT00874)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsExperimental
DescriptionCardiolipin (bisphosphatidyl glycerol) is an important component of the inner mitochondrial membrane, where it constitutes about 20% of the total lipid. It is typically present in metabolically active cells of the heart and skeletal muscle, in the membranes of their mitochondria, mostly in the inner membrane, and consists roughly 20% of its lipids. It has also been observed in certain bacterial membranes. It serves as an insulator and stabilizes the activity of protein complexes important to the electron transport chain. It also "glues" them together. Cardiolipin is a "double" phospholipid because it has four fatty acid tails, instead of the usual two. [Wikipedia]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
CDL
Diphosphatidyl Glycerol
Diphosphatidylglycerol
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNIINot Available
CAS numberNot Available
WeightAverage: 1466.0585
Monoisotopic: 1465.097426654
Chemical FormulaC81H158O17P2
InChI KeyInChIKey=XVTUQDWPJJBEHJ-KZCWQMDCSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C81H158O17P2/c1-5-9-13-17-21-25-29-33-37-41-45-49-53-57-61-65-78(83)91-71-76(97-80(85)67-63-59-55-51-47-43-39-35-31-27-23-19-15-11-7-3)73-95-99(87,88)93-69-75(82)70-94-100(89,90)96-74-77(98-81(86)68-64-60-56-52-48-44-40-36-32-28-24-20-16-12-8-4)72-92-79(84)66-62-58-54-50-46-42-38-34-30-26-22-18-14-10-6-2/h75-77,82H,5-74H2,1-4H3,(H,87,88)(H,89,90)/t76-,77-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
[(2R)-2,3-bis(octadecanoyloxy)propoxy][3-({[(2R)-2,3-bis(octadecanoyloxy)propoxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy]phosphinic acid
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)OC[[email protected]](CO[P@@](O)(=O)OCC(O)CO[P@](O)(=O)OC[C@@H](COC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cardiolipins. These are glycerophospholipids in which the O1 and O3 oxygen atoms of the central glycerol moiety are each linked to one 1,2-diacylglyerol chain. Their general formula is OC(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R1])O[R2])COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R3])O[R4], where R1-R4 are four fatty acyl chains.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphoglycerophosphoglycerols
Direct ParentCardiolipins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cardiolipin
  • Tetracarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationNot Available
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of actionNot Available
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption-0.5109
Blood Brain Barrier+0.911
Caco-2 permeable-0.6129
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.5122
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.7392
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.6938
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.9471
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8979
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8451
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.5593
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.8687
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8828
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9152
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8453
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8316
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9706
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.832
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.5764
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.7275
Rat acute toxicity1.7151 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9103
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.7033
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility6.62e-05 mg/mLALOGPS
logP8.97ALOGPS
logP27.27ChemAxon
logS-7.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area236.95 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count86ChemAxon
Refractivity406.91 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability184.51 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Moghis Ahmad, Murali Ukkalam, Imran Ahmad, “Cardiolipin molecules and methods of synthesis.” U.S. Patent US20050266068, issued December 01, 2005.

US20050266068
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB Entries
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Adenine transmembrane transporter activity
Specific Function:
Catalyzes the exchange of cytoplasmic ADP with mitochondrial ATP across the mitochondrial inner membrane.
Gene Name:
SLC25A4
Uniprot ID:
P12235
Molecular Weight:
33064.265 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235 ]
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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:23