Acute Rhinitis

Also known as: Common cold / Common Colds / Nasopharyngitis / Rhinopharyngitis / Common cold syndrome / Rhinitis infective / Rhinitis (infective) / Infective rhinitis / Head cold / Cold / Acute nasopharyngitis (common cold) / Acute nasopharyngitis

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00835BrompheniramineHistamine H1 antagonist used in treatment of allergies, rhinitis, and urticaria. [PubChem]
DB01744CamphorA bicyclic monoterpene ketone found widely in plants, especially cinnamomum camphora. It is used topically as a skin antipruritic and as an anti-infective agent.
DB08936ChlorcyclizineChlorcyclizine is a first generation phenylpiperazine class antihistamine used to treat urticaria, rhinitis, pruritus, and other allergy symptoms. Chlorcyclizine also has some local anesthetic, anticholinergic, and antiserotonergic properties, and can be used as an antiemetic.
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine salicylate is an anti-inflammatory pain reliever agent that is related to aspirin. It is used to decrease swelling and to treat mild-moderate pain. It is used to treat arthritis in both children and adults. This medicine can also be used for fever [L2129]. Choline Salicylate is the choline salt of salicylic acid, used as an analgesic, antipyretic and antirheumatic. It relieves mild to moderate pain and reduce fever and inflammation or swelling. Choline salicylate is effective in the treatment of gout, rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis and muscle injuries [L2136]. This drug is also a main ingredient in teething gels to relieve pains associated with tooth growth in the infant population [L2134]. The UK government has regulated its use, due to toxicity in those under 16 years of age. Topical oral salicylate gels are no longer indicated for people younger than 16 years for pain associated with infant teething, orthodontic devices, cold sores, or mouth ulcers [L2134].
DB00283ClemastineAn ethanolamine-derivative, first generation histamine H1 antagonist used in hay fever, rhinitis, allergic skin conditions, and pruritus. It causes drowsiness.
DB11278DL-MethylephedrineMethylephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine that appears in various over-the-counter cough and cold medications throughout the world [L2838], [L2839], [L2840]. The abuse of methylephedrine-containing medications has been reported in Japan. Methylephedrine is not legally available in the United States, but has been identified in cases of drug abuse [L2836].
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateDexchlorpheniramine is the S-enantiomer of chlorpheniramine which is a 1st generation anti-histamine. Dexchlorpheniramine has more pharmacological activity than the R and so is more potent than the racemic mixture.
DB00366DoxylamineHistamine H1 antagonist with pronounced sedative properties. It is used in allergies and as an antitussive, antiemetic, and hypnotic. Doxylamine has also been administered in veterinary applications and was formerly used in parkinsonism.
DB00956HydrocodoneNarcotic analgesic related to codeine, but more potent and more addicting by weight. It is used also as cough suppressant.
DB00424HyoscyamineHyoscyamine is a chemical compound, a tropane alkaloid it is the levo-isomer to atropine. It is a secondary metabolite of some plants, particularly henbane (Hyoscamus niger.) Hyoscyamine is used to provide symptomatic relief to various gastrointestinal disorders including spasms, peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, colic and cystitis. It has also been used to relieve some heart problems, control some of the symptoms of Parkinson's disease, as well as for control of respiratory secretions in end of life care.
DB06691MepyramineMepyramine (also known as pyrilamine) is a first generation antihistamine, targeting the H1 receptor. However, it rapidly permeates the brain and so often causes drowsiness as a side effect. It is used in over-the-counter combination products for colds and menstrual symptoms.
DB01069PromethazineA phenothiazine derivative with histamine H1-blocking, antimuscarinic, and sedative properties. It is used as an antiallergic, in pruritus, for motion sickness and sedation, and also in animals. [PubChem]
DB00427TriprolidineFirst generation histamine H1 antagonist used in allergic rhinitis; asthma; and urticaria. It is a component of cough and cold medicines. It may cause drowsiness.
DB01593ZincA metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with anemia, short stature, hypogonadism, impaired wound healing, and geophagia. It is identified by the symbol _Zn_ [L2098]. A newer study suggests implies that an imbalance of zinc is associated with the neuronal damage associated with traumatic brain injury, stroke, and seizures [A32465]. Understanding the mechanisms that control brain zinc homeostasis is, therefore, imperative to the development of preventive and treatment regimens for these and other neurological disorders [A32465]. In addition to the above, recent review articles have already demonstrated the important role of zinc in the pathophysiology and treatment of affective disorders, plus discussed the potential value of zinc as a marker of these diseases [L2097]. Most recently, research has shown that polymorphism of the common polymorphism in zinc transporter _SLC30A8/ZnT8_ may increase susceptibility to type 2 diabetes provided novel insights into the role of zinc in diabetes [A32416].
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00835BrompheniramineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00835BrompheniramineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00835BrompheniramineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01744CamphorCamphor 5-monooxygenasetarget
DB01744CamphorTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB01744CamphorTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 3target
DB01744CamphorTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1target
DB01744CamphorTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8target
DB08936ChlorcyclizineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase Btarget
DB14006Choline salicylateAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase Atarget
DB14006Choline salicylatePhospholipase D2target
DB14006Choline salicylateCholinesterasetarget
DB14006Choline salicylatePhospholipase D1target
DB14006Choline salicylatePhosphoethanolamine/phosphocholine phosphatasetarget
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine/ethanolaminephosphotransferase 1enzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine transporter-like protein 1transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine transporter-like protein 4transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine transporter-like protein 2transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine transporter-like protein 3transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine/ethanolamine kinaseenzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine O-acetyltransferaseenzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine kinase alphaenzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateCholine dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB14006Choline salicylateHigh affinity choline transporter 1transporter
DB14006Choline salicylateNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB00283ClemastineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00283ClemastineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB11278DL-MethylephedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB11278DL-MethylephedrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB11278DL-MethylephedrineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
DB11278DL-MethylephedrineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateSolute carrier family 22 member 1carrier
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateSolute carrier family 22 member 2carrier
DB09555Dexchlorpheniramine maleateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00366DoxylamineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00366DoxylamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00366DoxylamineCYP2B proteinenzyme
DB00366DoxylamineNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 3target
DB00956HydrocodoneMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00956HydrocodoneDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00956HydrocodoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00956HydrocodoneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00424HyoscyamineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB06691MepyramineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB06691MepyramineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB06691MepyramineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB06691MepyramineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB01069PromethazineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB01069PromethazineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01069Promethazine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01069PromethazineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB01069PromethazineCalmodulintarget
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01069PromethazineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01069PromethazineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01069PromethazineHistamine H2 receptortarget
DB00427TriprolidineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB01593ZincB1 bradykinin receptortarget
DB01593ZincMethylated-DNA--protein-cysteine methyltransferasetarget
DB01593ZincFructose-bisphosphate aldolase Atarget
DB01593ZincElongation factor 1-alpha 1target
DB01593ZincAlpha-enolasetarget
DB01593ZincGlyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, testis-specifictarget
DB01593ZincNucleoside diphosphate kinase Atarget
DB01593ZincProtein disulfide-isomerasetarget
DB01593ZincProtein disulfide-isomerase A3target
DB01593ZincPeroxiredoxin-1target
DB01593ZincPhosphoserine phosphatasetarget
DB01593ZincTriosephosphate isomerasetarget
DB01593ZincElongation factor Tu, mitochondrialtarget
DB01593ZincEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB01593ZincInterleukin-3target
DB01593ZincMetallothionein-2target
DB01593ZincCopper chaperone for superoxide dismutasetarget
DB01593ZincHistone deacetylase 1target
DB01593ZincHistone deacetylase 4target
DB01593ZincDNA-3-methyladenine glycosylasetarget
DB01593ZincSemenogelin-1target
DB01593ZincSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB01593ZincHistone deacetylase 8target
DB01593ZincApoptosis regulatory protein Sivatarget
DB01593ZincGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01593ZincE3 ubiquitin-protein ligase Mdm2target
DB01593ZincInsulintarget
DB01593ZincUtrophintarget
DB01593ZincAspartoacylasetarget
DB01593ZincProtein S100-A8target
DB01593ZincProtein S100-A9target
DB01593ZincMatrix metalloproteinase-9target
DB01593ZincTumor protein p73target
DB01593ZincProtein S100-A2target
DB01593ZincCellular tumor antigen p53target
DB01593ZincMetallothionein-3target
DB01593ZincProgrammed cell death protein 6target
DB01593ZincDAN domain family member 5target
DB01593ZincMetallothionein-1Atarget
DB01593ZincAlpha-1B-glycoproteintarget
DB01593ZincAlpha-2-macroglobulintarget
DB01593ZincAngiotensinogentarget
DB01593ZincAlpha-2-HS-glycoproteintarget
DB01593ZincSerum amyloid P-componenttarget
DB01593ZincApolipoprotein A-Itarget
DB01593ZincApolipoprotein A-IItarget
DB01593ZincApolipoprotein A-IVtarget
DB01593ZincApolipoprotein B receptortarget
DB01593ZincApolipoprotein Etarget
DB01593ZincApolipoprotein L1target
DB01593ZincComplement C1q subcomponent subunit Btarget
DB01593ZincComplement C1q subcomponent subunit Ctarget
DB01593ZincComplement C1r subcomponenttarget
DB01593ZincComplement C1s subcomponenttarget
DB01593ZincComplement C3target
DB01593ZincComplement C4-Btarget
DB01593ZincC4b-binding protein alpha chaintarget
DB01593ZincC4b-binding protein beta chaintarget
DB01593ZincComplement C5target
DB01593ZincLys-63-specific deubiquitinase BRCC36target
DB01593ZincComplement component C8 alpha chaintarget
DB01593ZincComplement component C8 beta chaintarget
DB01593ZincComplement component C8 gamma chaintarget
DB01593ZincComplement factor Btarget
DB01593ZincComplement factor Htarget
DB01593ZincComplement factor Itarget
DB01593ZincClusterintarget
DB01593ZincCeruloplasmintarget
DB01593ZincCarboxypeptidase N catalytic chaintarget
DB01593ZincCarboxypeptidase N subunit 2target
DB01593ZincDermcidintarget
DB01593ZincDesmoplakintarget
DB01593ZincCoagulation factor XIItarget
DB01593ZincCoagulation factor XIII B chaintarget
DB01593ZincProthrombintarget
DB01593ZincFicolin-3target
DB01593ZincFibrinogen alpha chaintarget
DB01593ZincFibronectintarget
DB01593ZincGelsolintarget
DB01593ZincHemoglobin subunit alphatarget
DB01593ZincHemoglobin subunit betatarget
DB01593ZincHaptoglobin-related proteintarget
DB01593ZincHornerintarget
DB01593ZincInsulin-like growth factor-binding protein complex acid labile subunittarget
DB01593ZincIg alpha-1 chain C regiontarget
DB01593ZincIg mu chain C regiontarget
DB01593ZincImmunoglobulin kappa variable 1-17target
DB01593ZincIg kappa chain V-III region GOLtarget
DB01593ZincImmunoglobulin lambda variable 3-21target
DB01593ZincInter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H1target
DB01593ZincInter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H2target
DB01593ZincInter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H3target
DB01593ZincInter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain H4target
DB01593ZincImmunoglobulin J chaintarget
DB01593ZincJunction plakoglobintarget
DB01593ZincPlasma kallikreintarget
DB01593ZincKininogen-1target
DB01593ZincKeratin, type II cytoskeletal 1target
DB01593ZincKeratin, type I cytoskeletal 10target
DB01593ZincKeratin, type I cytoskeletal 14target
DB01593ZincKeratin, type I cytoskeletal 16target
DB01593ZincKeratin, type II cytoskeletal 2 epidermaltarget
DB01593ZincKeratin, type II cytoskeletal 5target
DB01593ZincKeratin, type II cytoskeletal 6Atarget
DB01593ZincKeratin, type I cytoskeletal 9target
DB01593ZincAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 2target
DB01593ZincN-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidasetarget
DB01593ZincSerum paraoxonase/arylesterase 1target
DB01593ZincPregnancy zone proteintarget
DB01593ZincProtein S100-A7target
DB01593ZincSelenoprotein Ptarget
DB01593ZincAlpha-1-antitrypsintarget
DB01593ZincAlpha-1-antichymotrypsintarget
DB01593ZincKallistatintarget
DB01593ZincCorticosteroid-binding globulintarget
DB01593ZincHeparin cofactor 2target
DB01593ZincSex hormone-binding globulintarget
DB01593ZincSerotransferrintarget
DB01593ZincTransthyretintarget
DB01593ZincVitronectintarget
DB01593ZincAmyloid-like protein 1target
DB01593ZincAmyloid-like protein 2target
DB01593ZincAmyloid beta A4 proteintarget
DB01593ZincPoly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1target
DB01593ZincCarbonic anhydrase 1enzyme
DB01593ZincCarboxypeptidase Eenzyme
DB01593ZincAlcohol dehydrogenase 1Cenzyme
DB01593ZincInsulin-degrading enzymeenzyme
DB01593ZincSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]enzyme