Mild Pain NOS

Also known as: Mild pain

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00316AcetaminophenAcetaminophen (paracetamol), also commonly known as _Tylenol_, is the most commonly taken analgesic worldwide and is recommended as first-line therapy in pain conditions by the World Health Organization (WHO) [A176318]. It is also used for its antipyretic effects, helping to reduce fever [F4124]. This drug was initially approved by the U.S. FDA in 1951 [FDA label] and is available in a variety of forms including syrup form, regular tablets, effervescent tablets, injection, suppository, and other forms [L5756, L5774, F4124], [FDA label]. Acetaminophen is often found combined with other drugs in more than 600 over the counter (OTC) allergy medications, cold medications, sleep medications, pain relievers, and other products [L5783]. Confusion about dosing of this drug may be caused by the availability of different formulas, strengths, and dosage instructions for children of different ages [L5783]. Due to the possibility of fatal overdose and liver failure associated with the incorrect use of acetaminophen, it is important to follow current and available national and manufacturer dosing guidelines while this drug is taken or prescribed [L5786, L5789], [FDA label].
DB01401Choline magnesium trisalicylateCholine magnesium trisalicylate is a non-acetylated salicylate used widely as a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Trisalicylate significantly reduces methotrexate renal clearance, displacing methotrexate from protein, increasing the fraction unbound by 28% [A19653, A19654].
DB00318CodeineThe relief of pain (analgesia) is a primary goal for enhancing the quality of life of patients and for increasing the ability of patients to engage in day to day activities. Codeine, an opioid analgesic, was originally approved in the US in 1950 and is a drug used to decrease pain by increasing the threshold for pain without impairing consciousness or altering other sensory functions. Opiates such as codeine are derived from the poppy plant, _Papaver somniferum_ (Papaveraceae) [A175096]. Codeine is utilized as a central analgesic, sedative, hypnotic, antinociceptive, and antiperistaltic agent, and is also recommended in certain diseases with incessant coughing [FDA label], [A175096].
DB00861DiflunisalDiflunisal, a salicylate derivative, is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAIA) with pharmacologic actions similar to other prototypical NSAIAs. Diflunisal possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activity. Though its mechanism of action has not been clearly established, most of its actions appear to be associated with inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis via the arachidonic acid pathway. Diflunisal is used to relieve pain accompanied with inflammation and in the symptomatic treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.
DB00573FenoprofenAn anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic highly bound to plasma proteins. It is pharmacologically similar to aspirin, but causes less gastrointestinal bleeding.
DB01050IbuprofenIbuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) derived from propionic acid and it is considered the first of the propionics.[A39074] The formula of ibuprofen is 2-(4-isobutylphenyl) propionic acid and its initial development was in 1960 while researching for a safer alternative for aspirin.[A39075] Ibuprofen was finally patented in 1961 and this drug was first launched against rheumatoid arthritis in the UK in 1969 and USA in 1974. It was the first available over-the-counter NSAID.[A39076] On the available products, ibuprofen is administered as a racemic mixture. Once administered, the R-enantiomer undergoes extensive interconversion to the S-enantiomer _in vivo_ by the activity of the alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase. In particular, it is generally proposed that the S-enantiomer is capable of eliciting stronger pharmacological activity than the R-enantiomer.[A39194]
DB00825LevomentholMenthol is a covalent organic compound made synthetically or obtained from peppermint or other mint oils. Forming clear or white waxy, crystalline substance, menthol is typically solid at room temperature. (-)-Menthol is the naturally-occurring and main form of menthol, and is assigned the (1R,2S,5R) configuration. Menthol mediates anesthetic properties and anti-irritating properties locally, thus it is widely used to relieve minor throat irritations.
DB00939Meclofenamic acidA non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent with antipyretic and antigranulation activities. It also inhibits prostaglandin biosynthesis.
DB00784Mefenamic acidA non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties. It is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase.
DB00652PentazocineThe first mixed agonist-antagonist analgesic to be marketed. It is an agonist at the kappa and sigma opioid receptors and has a weak antagonist action at the mu receptor. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1991, p97)
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00316AcetaminophenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00316AcetaminophenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenSulfotransferase 1A1enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenSulfotransferase 1A3/1A4enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenArylamine N-acetyltransferase 2enzyme
DB00316AcetaminophenProstaglandin G/H synthase 3target
DB00316AcetaminophenFatty-acid amide hydrolase 1target
DB00316AcetaminophenTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1target
DB00316AcetaminophenGlutathione S-transferase Ptarget
DB01401Choline magnesium trisalicylateProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB01401Choline magnesium trisalicylateProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00318CodeineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineDelta-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00318CodeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00318CodeineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00318CodeineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB00318CodeineMagnesium stearatecarrier
DB00318CodeineLactose monohydratecarrier
DB00318CodeineStarch, pregelatinizedcarrier
DB00318CodeineSodium starch glycolatecarrier
DB00861DiflunisalProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00861DiflunisalProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00861DiflunisalTransthyretincarrier
DB00861DiflunisalSerum albumincarrier
DB00861DiflunisalSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00861DiflunisalUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
DB00861DiflunisalUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00573FenoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00573FenoprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00573FenoprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB00573FenoprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB00573FenoprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB01050IbuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB01050IbuprofenProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenSerum albumincarrier
DB01050IbuprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB01050IbuprofenMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB01050IbuprofenSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01050IbuprofenApoptosis regulator Bcl-2target
DB01050IbuprofenThrombomodulintarget
DB01050IbuprofenFatty acid-binding protein, intestinaltarget
DB01050IbuprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB01050IbuprofenCystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulatortarget
DB01050IbuprofenPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB01050IbuprofenPlatelet glycoprotein Ib alpha chaintarget
DB01050IbuprofenProtein S100-A7target
DB01050IbuprofenAlpha-methylacyl-CoA racemaseenzyme
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1target
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8target
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 3target
DB00825LevomentholKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00825LevomentholVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channeltarget
DB00825LevomentholCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00939Meclofenamic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00939Meclofenamic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00939Meclofenamic acidArachidonate 5-lipoxygenasetarget
DB00939Meclofenamic acidSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00939Meclofenamic acidSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1C1transporter
DB00939Meclofenamic acidPotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 2target
DB00939Meclofenamic acidPotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 3target
DB00939Meclofenamic acidThyroxine-binding globulincarrier
DB00784Mefenamic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 2target
DB00784Mefenamic acidProstaglandin G/H synthase 1target
DB00784Mefenamic acidCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00784Mefenamic acidCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00784Mefenamic acidSerum albumincarrier
DB00784Mefenamic acidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00652PentazocineMu-type opioid receptortarget
DB00652PentazocineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00652PentazocineSigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1target
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount