Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, cytoplasmic

Details

Name
Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, cytoplasmic
Synonyms
  • 6.2.1.1
  • ACAS2
  • AceCS
  • Acetate--CoA ligase
  • Acetyl-CoA synthetase
  • ACS
  • Acyl-activating enzyme
  • Acyl-CoA synthetase short-chain family member 2
Gene Name
ACSS2
Organism
Humans
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0000697|Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, cytoplasmic
MGLPEERVRSGSGSRGQEEAGAGGRARSWSPPPEVSRSAHVPSLQRYRELHRRSVEEPRE
FWGDIAKEFYWKTPCPGPFLRYNFDVTKGKIFIEWMKGATTNICYNVLDRNVHEKKLGDK
VAFYWEGNEPGETTQITYHQLLVQVCQFSNVLRKQGIQKGDRVAIYMPMIPELVVAMLAC
ARIGALHSIVFAGFSSESLCERILDSSCSLLITTDAFYRGEKLVNLKELADEALQKCQEK
GFPVRCCIVVKHLGRAELGMGDSTSQSPPIKRSCPDVQISWNQGIDLWWHELMQEAGDEC
EPEWCDAEDPLFILYTSGSTGKPKGVVHTVGGYMLYVATTFKYVFDFHAEDVFWCTADIG
WITGHSYVTYGPLANGATSVLFEGIPTYPDVNRLWSIVDKYKVTKFYTAPTAIRLLMKFG
DEPVTKHSRASLQVLGTVGEPINPEAWLWYHRVVGAQRCPIVDTFWQTETGGHMLTPLPG
ATPMKPGSATFPFFGVAPAILNESGEELEGEAEGYLVFKQPWPGIMRTVYGNHERFETTY
FKKFPGYYVTGDGCQRDQDGYYWITGRIDDMLNVSGHLLSTAEVESALVEHEAVAEAAVV
GHPHPVKGECLYCFVTLCDGHTFSPKLTEELKKQIREKIGPIATPDYIQNAPGLPKTRSG
KIMRRVLRKIAQNDHDLGDMSTVADPSVISHLFSHRCLTIQ
Number of residues
701
Molecular Weight
78579.11
Theoretical pI
6.43
GO Classification
Functions
acetate-CoA ligase activity / AMP binding / ATP binding
Processes
acetate biosynthetic process / acetyl-CoA biosynthetic process from acetate / ethanol oxidation / lipid biosynthetic process / propionate biosynthetic process / small molecule metabolic process / xenobiotic metabolic process
Components
cytoplasm / cytosol / intracellular membrane-bounded organelle / nucleoplasm
General Function
Atp binding
Specific Function
Activates acetate so that it can be used for lipid synthesis or for energy generation.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
Not Available
Cellular Location
Cytoplasm
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010104|Acetyl-coenzyme A synthetase, cytoplasmic (ACSS2)
ATGGGGCTTCCTGAGGAGCGGGTCCGGAGCGGCAGCGGGAGCCGGGGCCAGGAGGAAGCT
GGAGCCGGAGGCCGGGCGCGGAGTTGGTCTCCGCCGCCCGAGGTCAGCCGCTCCGCGCAC
GTCCCCTCGCTGCAGCGCTACCGCGAGCTGCACCGGCGCTCCGTGGAGGAGCCGCGGGAA
TTCTGGGGAGACATTGCCAAGGAATTTTACTGGAAGACTCCATGCCCTGGCCCATTCCTT
CGGTACAACTTTGATGTGACTAAAGGGAAAATCTTCATTGAGTGGATGAAAGGAGCAACT
ACCAACATCTGCTACAATGTACTGGATCGAAATGTCCATGAGAAAAAGCTTGGAGATAAA
GTTGCTTTTTACTGGGAGGGCAATGAGCCAGGGGAGACCACTCAGATCACATACCATCAG
CTTCTGGTCCAAGTGTGTCAGTTCAGCAATGTTCTCCGAAAACAGGGCATTCAGAAGGGG
GACCGAGTGGCCATCTACATGCCTATGATCCCAGAGCTTGTGGTGGCCATGCTGGCATGT
GCCCGCATTGGGGCTTTGCACTCCATTGTGTTTGCAGGCTTCTCTTCAGAGTCTCTATGT
GAACGGATCTTGGATTCCAGCTGCAGTCTTCTCATCACTACAGATGCCTTCTACAGGGGG
GAAAAGCTTGTGAACCTGAAGGAGCTGGCTGACGAGGCCCTGCAGAAGTGTCAGGAGAAG
GGTTTCCCAGTAAGATGCTGCATTGTGGTCAAGCACCTGGGGCGGGCAGAGCTCGGCATG
GGTGACTCCACCAGCCAGTCCCCCCCAATTAAGAGGTCATGCCCAGATGTGCAGGGTAAA
CTGAAAGAGAAATCCAAGCGTGTTCAGCCCCAGATCTCATGGAACCAAGGGATTGACTTG
TGGTGGCATGAGCTCATGCAAGAGGCAGGGGATGAGTGTGAGCCCGAGTGGTGTGATGCC
GAGGACCCACTCTTCATCCTGTACACCAGTGGCTCCACAGGCAAACCCAAGGGTGTGGTT
CACACAGTTGGGGGCTACATGCTCTATGTAGCCACAACCTTCAAGTATGTGTTTGACTTC
CATGCAGAGGATGTGTTCTGGTGCACGGCAGACATTGGTTGGATCACTGGTCATTCCTAC
GTCACCTATGGGCCACTGGCCAATGGTGCCACCAGTGTTTTGTTTGAGGGGATTCCCACA
TATCCGGACGTGAACCGCCTGTGGAGCATTGTGGACAAATACAAGGTGACCAAGTTCTAC
ACAGCACCCACAGCCATCCGTCTGCTCATGAAGTTTGGAGATGAGCCTGTCACCAAGCAT
AGCCGGGCATCCTTGCAGGTGTTAGGCACAGTGGGTGAACCCATCAACCCTGAGGCCTGG
CTATGGTACCACCGGGTGGTAGGTGCCCAGCGCTGCCCCATCGTGGACACCTTCTGGCAA
ACAGAGACAGGTGGCCACATGTTGACTCCCCTTCCTGGTGCCACACCCATGAAACCCGGT
TCTGCTACTTTCCCATTCTTTGGTGTAGCTCCTGCAATCCTGAATGAGTCCGGGGAAGAG
TTGGAAGGTGAAGCTGAAGGTTATCTGGTGTTCAAGCAGCCCTGGCCAGGGATCATGCGC
ACAGTCTATGGGAACCACGAACGCTTTGAGACAACCTACTTTAAGAAGTTTCCTGGATAC
TATGTTACAGGAGATGGCTGCCAGCGGGACCAGGATGGCTATTACTGGATCACTGGCAGG
ATTGATGACATGCTCAATGTATCTGGACACCTGCTGAGTACAGCAGAGGTGGAGTCAGCA
CTTGTGGAACATGAGGCTGTTGCAGAGGCAGCTGTGGTGGGCCACCCTCATCCTGTGAAG
GGTGAATGCCTCTACTGCTTTGTCACCTTGTGTGATGGCCACACCTTCAGCCCCAAGCTC
ACCGAGGAGCTCAAGAAGCAGATTAGAGAAAAGATTGGCCCCATTGCCACACCAGACTAC
ATCCAGAATGCACCTGGCTTGCCTAAAACCCGCTCAGGGAAAATCATGAGGCGAGTGCTT
CGGAAGATTGCTCAGAATGACCATGACCTCGGGGACATGTCTACTGTGGCTGACCCATCT
GTCATCAGTCACCTCTTCAGCCACCGCTGCCTGACCATCCAGTGA
Chromosome Location
20
Locus
20q11.22
External Identifiers
ResourceLink
UniProtKB IDQ9NR19
UniProtKB Entry NameACSA_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID8439651
GenBank Gene IDAF263614
GenAtlas IDACSS2
HGNC IDHGNC:15814
General References
  1. Luong A, Hannah VC, Brown MS, Goldstein JL: Molecular characterization of human acetyl-CoA synthetase, an enzyme regulated by sterol regulatory element-binding proteins. J Biol Chem. 2000 Aug 25;275(34):26458-66. [PubMed:10843999]
  2. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. [PubMed:14702039]
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  4. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334]
  5. Zahedi RP, Lewandrowski U, Wiesner J, Wortelkamp S, Moebius J, Schutz C, Walter U, Gambaryan S, Sickmann A: Phosphoproteome of resting human platelets. J Proteome Res. 2008 Feb;7(2):526-34. Epub 2007 Dec 19. [PubMed:18088087]
  6. Dephoure N, Zhou C, Villen J, Beausoleil SA, Bakalarski CE, Elledge SJ, Gygi SP: A quantitative atlas of mitotic phosphorylation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Aug 5;105(31):10762-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805139105. Epub 2008 Jul 31. [PubMed:18669648]
  7. Gauci S, Helbig AO, Slijper M, Krijgsveld J, Heck AJ, Mohammed S: Lys-N and trypsin cover complementary parts of the phosphoproteome in a refined SCX-based approach. Anal Chem. 2009 Jun 1;81(11):4493-501. doi: 10.1021/ac9004309. [PubMed:19413330]
  8. Choudhary C, Kumar C, Gnad F, Nielsen ML, Rehman M, Walther TC, Olsen JV, Mann M: Lysine acetylation targets protein complexes and co-regulates major cellular functions. Science. 2009 Aug 14;325(5942):834-40. doi: 10.1126/science.1175371. Epub 2009 Jul 16. [PubMed:19608861]
  9. Olsen JV, Vermeulen M, Santamaria A, Kumar C, Miller ML, Jensen LJ, Gnad F, Cox J, Jensen TS, Nigg EA, Brunak S, Mann M: Quantitative phosphoproteomics reveals widespread full phosphorylation site occupancy during mitosis. Sci Signal. 2010 Jan 12;3(104):ra3. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2000475. [PubMed:20068231]
  10. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. [PubMed:21269460]
  11. Bian Y, Song C, Cheng K, Dong M, Wang F, Huang J, Sun D, Wang L, Ye M, Zou H: An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome. J Proteomics. 2014 Jan 16;96:253-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2013.11.014. Epub 2013 Nov 22. [PubMed:24275569]

Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB00131Adenosine phosphateapproved, investigational, nutraceuticalunknownproduct ofDetails
DB00171ATPinvestigational, nutraceuticalunknownDetails
DB09395Sodium acetateapproved, investigationalunknownsubstrateDetails