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Identification
NameAbciximab
Accession NumberDB00054  (BIOD00041, BTD00041)
TypeBiotech
GroupsApproved
Description

Abciximab is a Fab fragment of the chimeric human-murine monoclonal antibody 7E3. Abciximab binds to the glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa receptor of human platelets and inhibits platelet aggregation by preventing the binding of fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and other adhesive molecules. It also binds to vitronectin (αvβ3) receptor found on platelets and vessel wall endothelial and smooth muscle cells.

Protein structureDb00054
Protein chemical formulaC6462H9964N1690O2049S48
Protein average weight145651.1000
Sequences
>1TXV:H ReoPro-like antibody Heavy Chain 1
EVQLQQSGAELVKPGASVKLSCTASGFNIKDTYVHWVKQRPEQGLEWIGRIDPANGYTKY
DPKFQGKATITADTSSNTAYLQLSSLTSEDTAVYYCVRPLYDYYAMDYWGQGTSVTVSSA
KTTAPSVYPLAPVCGDTTGSSVTLGCLVKGYFPEPVTLTWNSGSLSSGVHTFPAVLQSDL
YTLSSSVTVTSSTWPSQSITCNVAHPASSTKVDKKIEPRPKSCDKTHTCPPCPAPELLGG
PSVFLFPPKPKDTLMISRTPEVTCVVVDVSHEDPEVKFNWYVDGVEVHNAKTKPREEQYN
STYRVVSVLTVLHQDWLNGKEYKCKVSNKALPAPIEKTISKAKGQPREPQVYTLPPSRDE
LTKNQVSLTCLVKGFYPSDIAVEWESNGQPENNYKTTPPVLDSDGSFFLYSKLTVDKSRW
QQGNVFSCSVMHEALHNHYTQKSLSLSPGK
>1TXV:L ReoPro-like antibody Light Chain 1
DILMTQSPSSMSVSLGDTVSITCHASQGISSNIGWLQQKPGKSFMGLIYYGTNLVDGVPS
RFSGSGSGADYSLTISSLDSEDFADYYCVQYAQLPYTFGGGTKLEIKRADAAPTVSIFPP
SSEQLTSGGASVVCFLNNFYPKDINVKWKIDGSERQNGVLNSWTDQDSKDSTYSMSSTLT
LTKDEYERHNSYTCEATHKTSTSPIVKSFNRNEC
>1TXV:H ReoPro-like antibody Heavy Chain 2
EVQLQQSGAELVKPGASVKLSCTASGFNIKDTYVHWVKQRPEQGLEWIGRIDPANGYTKY
DPKFQGKATITADTSSNTAYLQLSSLTSEDTAVYYCVRPLYDYYAMDYWGQGTSVTVSSA
KTTAPSVYPLAPVCGDTTGSSVTLGCLVKGYFPEPVTLTWNSGSLSSGVHTFPAVLQSDL
YTLSSSVTVTSSTWPSQSITCNVAHPASSTKVDKKIEPRPKSCDKTHTCPPCPAPELLGG
PSVFLFPPKPKDTLMISRTPEVTCVVVDVSHEDPEVKFNWYVDGVEVHNAKTKPREEQYN
STYRVVSVLTVLHQDWLNGKEYKCKVSNKALPAPIEKTISKAKGQPREPQVYTLPPSRDE
LTKNQVSLTCLVKGFYPSDIAVEWESNGQPENNYKTTPPVLDSDGSFFLYSKLTVDKSRW
QQGNVFSCSVMHEALHNHYTQKSLSLSPGK
>1TXV:L ReoPro-like antibody Light Chain 2
DILMTQSPSSMSVSLGDTVSITCHASQGISSNIGWLQQKPGKSFMGLIYYGTNLVDGVPS
RFSGSGSGADYSLTISSLDSEDFADYYCVQYAQLPYTFGGGTKLEIKRADAAPTVSIFPP
SSEQLTSGGASVVCFLNNFYPKDINVKWKIDGSERQNGVLNSWTDQDSKDSTYSMSSTLT
LTKDEYERHNSYTCEATHKTSTSPIVKSFNRNEC
Download FASTA Format
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
7E3 Not AvailableNot Available
7E3 antibodyNot AvailableNot Available
antiGPIIBIIIaNot AvailableNot Available
C7E3Not AvailableNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Brand names
NameCompany
ReoProEli Lilly and Company
Brand mixturesNot Available
Categories
CAS number143653-53-6
Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
SuperclassOrganic Acids
ClassCarboxylic Acids and Derivatives
SubclassAmino Acids, Peptides, and Analogues
Direct parentPeptides
Alternative parentsNot Available
SubstituentsNot Available
Classification descriptionNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationAbciximab is indicated as an adjunct to percutaneous coronary intervention for the prevention of cardiac ischemic complications in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and in patients with unstable angina not responding to conventional medical therapy when percutaneous coronary intervention is planned within 24 hours. Abciximab is intended for use with aspirin and heparin and has been studied only in that setting.
PharmacodynamicsAbciximab inhibits platelet aggregation by preventing the binding of fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and other adhesive molecules to GPIIb/IIIa receptor sites on activated platelets. A single intravenous bolus dose from 0.15 mg/kg to 0.30 mg/kg produced rapid dose-dependent inhibition of platelet function. After two hours post-injection with a dose of 0.25 - 0.30 mg/kg, 80% of the GPIIb/IIIa receptors were blocked and platelet aggregation was prevented. GPIIb/IIIa is the major surface receptor involved in the final pathway of platelet aggregation. Bleeding time increases to over 30 minutes at the aforementioned doses. To compare, baseline values were five minutes.
Mechanism of actionAbciximab binds to the intact platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor, which is a member of the integrin family of adhesion receptors and the major platelet surface receptor involved in platelet aggregation. This binding is thought to involve steric hindrance and/or conformational alterations which block access of large molecules to the receptor rather than direct interaction with the RGD (arginine-glycine-aspartic acid) binding site of GPIIb/IIIa. By binding to the vitronectin receptor (also known as the αvβ3 integrin), abciximab blocks effects mediated by this integrin which include cell adhesion. Furthermore, abciximab blocks Mac-1 receptor on monocytes and neutrophils thus inhibiting monocyte adhesion.
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
Metabolism

Most likely removed by opsonization via the reticuloendothelial system when bound to platelets, or by human antimurine antibody production. Excreted renally.

Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeFollowing intravenous bolus administration, free plasma concentrations of Abciximab decrease rapidly with an initial half-life of less than 10 minutes and a second phase half-life of about 30 minutes, probably related to rapid binding to the platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptors.
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
Pathways
PathwayCategorySMPDB ID
Abciximab Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00265
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug Reactions
Interacting Gene/EnzymeSNP RS IDAllele nameDefining changeAdverse ReactionReference(s)
Integrin beta-3
Gene symbol: ITGB3
UniProt: P05106
Not AvailableGPIIIa PlA2A2 AlleleAssociated with greater restenosis and risk for subacute coronary thrombosis in patients administered antiplatelet therapy.10732888
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
Packagers
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Injection, solutionIntravenous2 mg/mL
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Reopro 2 mg/ml vial155.77USDml
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
Patents
CountryPatent NumberApprovedExpires (estimated)
Canada13413572002-05-072019-05-07
Properties
Stateliquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point61 °C (FAB fragment), 71 °C (whole mAb)Vermeer, A.W.P. & Norde, W., Biophys. J. 78:394-404 (2000)
hydrophobicity-0.424Not Available
isoelectric point6.16Not Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General Reference
  1. Use of a monoclonal antibody directed against the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor in high-risk coronary angioplasty. The EPIC Investigation. N Engl J Med. 1994 Apr 7;330(14):956-61. Pubmed
  2. Tcheng JE, Kandzari DE, Grines CL, Cox DA, Effron MB, Garcia E, Griffin JJ, Guagliumi G, Stuckey T, Turco M, Fahy M, Lansky AJ, Mehran R, Stone GW: Benefits and risks of abciximab use in primary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction: the Controlled Abciximab and Device Investigation to Lower Late Angioplasty Complications (CADILLAC) trial. Circulation. 2003 Sep 16;108(11):1316-23. Epub 2003 Aug 25. Pubmed
  3. FDA label
External Links
ResourceLink
PharmGKBPA448006
Drug Product Database2216973
RxListhttp://www.rxlist.com/reopro-drug.htm
Drugs.comhttp://www.drugs.com/cdi/abciximab.html
WikipediaAbciximab
ATC CodesB01AC13
AHFS Codes
  • 92:00.00
PDB Entries
FDA labelshow(220 KB)
MSDSshow(19.7 KB)
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
Ginkgo bilobaAdditive anticoagulant/antiplatelet effects may increase bleed risk. Concomitant therapy should be avoided.
TirofibanAdditive effects. Concomitant use is contraindicated.
TrastuzumabAbciximab may increase the risk of a hypersensitivy reaction to Trastuzumab.
TreprostinilThe prostacyclin analogue, Treprostinil, increases the risk of bleeding when combined with the antiplatelet agent, Abciximab. Monitor for increased bleeding during concomitant thearpy.
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

1. Integrin beta-3

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: antagonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Integrin beta-3 P05106 Details

References:

  1. Amoroso G, van Boven AJ, van Veldhuisen DJ, Tio RA, Balje-Volkers CP, Petronio AS, van Oeveren W: Eptifibatide and abciximab exhibit equivalent antiplatelet efficacy in an experimental model of stenting in both healthy volunteers and patients with coronary artery disease. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2001 Oct;38(4):633-41. Pubmed
  2. Weber AA, Meila D, Jacobs C, Weber S, Kelm M, Strauer BE, Zotz RB, Scharf RE, Schror K: Low incidence of paradoxical platelet activation by glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors. Thromb Res. 2002 Apr 1;106(1):25-9. Pubmed
  3. Hall PR, Malone L, Sillerud LO, Ye C, Hjelle BL, Larson RS: Characterization and NMR solution structure of a novel cyclic pentapeptide inhibitor of pathogenic hantaviruses. Chem Biol Drug Des. 2007 Mar;69(3):180-90. Pubmed
  4. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. Pubmed
  5. Mazzaferri EL Jr, Young JJ: Abciximab: a review and update for clinicians. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2008 Jun;6(5):609-18. Pubmed
  6. Ibbotson T, McGavin JK, Goa KL: Abciximab: an updated review of its therapeutic use in patients with ischaemic heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularisation. Drugs. 2003;63(11):1121-63. Pubmed

2. Integrin alpha-IIb

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: antagonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Integrin alpha-IIb P08514 Details

References:

  1. Gibbs NM: Point-of-care assessment of antiplatelet agents in the perioperative period: a review. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2009 May;37(3):354-69. Pubmed
  2. Mazzaferri EL Jr, Young JJ: Abciximab: a review and update for clinicians. Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther. 2008 Jun;6(5):609-18. Pubmed
  3. Ibbotson T, McGavin JK, Goa KL: Abciximab: an updated review of its therapeutic use in patients with ischaemic heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularisation. Drugs. 2003;63(11):1121-63. Pubmed

3. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-B

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-B O75015 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

4. Complement C1r subcomponent

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Complement C1r subcomponent P00736 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

5. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit A

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Complement C1q subcomponent subunit A P02745 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

6. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit B

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Complement C1q subcomponent subunit B P02746 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

7. Complement C1q subcomponent subunit C

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Complement C1q subcomponent subunit C P02747 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

8. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-A

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III-A P08637 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

9. Complement C1s subcomponent

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Complement C1s subcomponent P09871 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

10. High affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc receptor I

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
High affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc receptor I P12314 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

11. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-a P12318 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

12. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-b

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-b P31994 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

13. Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-c

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Low affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor II-c P31995 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

14. Vitronectin

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Vitronectin P04004 Details

References:

  1. Romagnoli E, Burzotta F, Trani C, Biondi-Zoccai GG, Giannico F, Crea F: Rationale for intracoronary administration of abciximab. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2007 Feb;23(1):57-63. Pubmed
  2. Ibbotson T, McGavin JK, Goa KL: Abciximab: an updated review of its therapeutic use in patients with ischaemic heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary revascularisation. Drugs. 2003;63(11):1121-63. Pubmed

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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on July 08, 2013 15:36