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Identification
NameCholesterol
Accession NumberDB04540  (EXPT00945)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsExperimental
Description

The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils. [PubChem]

Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
CategoriesNot Available
UNII97C5T2UQ7J
CAS number57-88-5
WeightAverage: 386.6535
Monoisotopic: 386.354866094
Chemical FormulaC27H46O
InChI KeyInChIKey=HVYWMOMLDIMFJA-MFYRMPRMSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C27H46O/c1-18(2)7-6-8-19(3)23-11-12-24-22-10-9-20-17-21(28)13-15-26(20,4)25(22)14-16-27(23,24)5/h9,18-19,21-25,28H,6-8,10-17H2,1-5H3/t19-,21-,22+,23-,24+,25-,26-,27-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
(1R,2S,5R,10S,11S,14R,15R)-2,15-dimethyl-14-[(2R)-6-methylheptan-2-yl]tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-7-en-5-ol
SMILES
CC(C)CCC[C@@H](C)[[email protected]]1CC[[email protected]]2[C@@H]3CC=C4C[[email protected]](O)CC[C@@]4(C)[C@@H]3CC[C@]12C
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cholesterols and derivatives. These are compounds containing a 3-hydroxylated cholestane core.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassCholestane steroids
Direct ParentCholesterols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cholesterol-skeleton
  • Cholesterol
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationNot Available
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of actionNot Available
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
Pathways
PathwayCategorySMPDB ID
Rosuvastatin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00092
Fluvastatin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00119
CHILD SyndromeDiseaseSMP00387
Hyper-IgD syndromeDiseaseSMP00509
Corticosterone methyl oxidase I deficiency (CMO I)DiseaseSMP00577
27-Hydroxylase DeficiencyDiseaseSMP00720
Alendronate Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00095
Zoledronate Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00107
Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX)DiseaseSMP00315
Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia (CLAH) or Lipoid CAHDiseaseSMP00371
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 5 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 17 Alpha-hydroxylase DeficiencyDiseaseSMP00372
Wolman diseaseDiseaseSMP00511
11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP11B1)DiseaseSMP00575
Corticosterone methyl oxidase II deficiency - CMO IIDiseaseSMP00578
Cerivastatin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00111
Pamidronate Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00117
SteroidogenesisMetabolicSMP00130
Atorvastatin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00131
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 3 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase DeficiencyDiseaseSMP00373
Cholesteryl ester storage diseaseDiseaseSMP00508
Mevalonic aciduriaDiseaseSMP00510
Steroid BiosynthesisMetabolicSMP00023
Bile Acid BiosynthesisMetabolicSMP00035
Ibandronate Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00079
Simvastatin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00082
Lovastatin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00099
Familial Hypercholanemia (FHCA)DiseaseSMP00317
Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency (Wolman Disease)DiseaseSMP00319
DesmosterolosisDiseaseSMP00386
Chondrodysplasia Punctata II, X Linked Dominant (CDPX2)DiseaseSMP00388
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+1.0
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9749
Caco-2 permeable+0.8184
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.6477
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IInhibitor0.6404
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.529
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.7691
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8257
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8794
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.7439
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9355
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9194
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9519
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9177
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8638
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.6721
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.8888
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.932
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.9825
Rat acute toxicity2.8078 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.773
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.7552
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point148.5 °CPhysProp
boiling point360 °CPhysProp
water solubility0.095 mg/L (at 30 °C)YALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.79e-05 mg/mLALOGPS
logP7.02ALOGPS
logP7.11ChemAxon
logS-7.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.2ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity120.62 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability49.99 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Tatu Miettenen, Ingmar Wester, Hannu Vanhanen, “Substance for lowering high cholesterol level in serum and methods for preparing and using the same.” U.S. Patent US6174560, issued February, 1944.

US6174560
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB Entries
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Nuclear receptor that binds DNA as a monomer to ROR response elements (RORE) containing a single core motif half-site 5'-AGGTCA-3' preceded by a short A-T-rich sequence. Key regulator of embryonic development, cellular differentiation, immunity, circadian rhythm as well as lipid, steroid, xenobiotics and glucose metabolism. Considered to have intrinsic transcriptional activity, have some natura...
Gene Name:
RORA
Uniprot ID:
P35398
Molecular Weight:
58974.35 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235 ]

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function:
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells.
Gene Name:
ABCB1
Uniprot ID:
P08183
Molecular Weight:
141477.255 Da
References
  1. Wang E, Casciano CN, Clement RP, Johnson WW: Cholesterol interaction with the daunorubicin binding site of P-glycoprotein. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Oct 5;276(3):909-16. [PubMed:11027568 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function:
High-capacity urate exporter functioning in both renal and extrarenal urate excretion. Plays a role in porphyrin homeostasis as it is able to mediates the export of protoporhyrin IX (PPIX) both from mitochondria to cytosol and from cytosol to extracellular space, and cellular export of hemin, and heme. Xenobiotic transporter that may play an important role in the exclusion of xenobiotics from t...
Gene Name:
ABCG2
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNQ0
Molecular Weight:
72313.47 Da
References
  1. Janvilisri T, Venter H, Shahi S, Reuter G, Balakrishnan L, van Veen HW: Sterol transport by the human breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2) expressed in Lactococcus lactis. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jun 6;278(23):20645-51. Epub 2003 Mar 28. [PubMed:12668685 ]
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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on September 16, 2013 17:25