Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00878ChlorhexidineFor reduction of pocket depth in patients with adult periodontitis, used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing procedures. Also for prevention of dental caries, oropharyngeal decontamination in critically ill patients, hand hygiene in health-care personnel, general skin cleanser, and catheter site preparation and care.
DB03255PhenolPhenol is primarily indicated for minor sore throat pain, sore mouth, minor mouth irritation, and pain associated with canker sores. Additionally, phenol is indicated in the treatment of focal spasticity.
DB03843FormaldehydeUse for drying skin before or after surgical removal of warts or where dryness is required.
DB09348PropiolactonePropiolactone was used for vaccines, tissue grafts, surgical instruments, and enzymes, as a sterilant of blood plasma, water, milk and nutrient broth as a vapor-phase disinfectant in enclosed spaces. Its sporicidal action is used against vegetative bacteria, pathologic fungi, and viruses.[L1717] It is no longer used in medical procedures or in food.[A32144]
DB11121ChloroxylenolThe predominant medical applications for which chloroxylenol is formally indicated for therapeutic use is as an application to the skin for use in cuts, bites, stings, abrasions, and for use as antiseptic hand cleaner [L1992].
DB11123HypochloriteIndicated for over-the-counter use as a disinfectant agent in the sodium hypochlorite form.
DB11451PoloxaleneNot Available
DB12277PolihexanideNot Available
DB12453Chlorine DioxideNot Available
DB13282BenzododeciniumNot Available
DB13765Mercuric chlorideNot Available
DB14556Peracetic acidNot Available
DB14708TosylchloramideNot Available
DB02192Phenylethyl alcoholNot Available
DB03266GlutaralNot Available
DB14197MethylchloroisothiazolinoneMethylchloroisothiazolinone is approved for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in persons 6 years of age and older.