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Identification
NameAzidocillin
Accession NumberDB08795
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
DescriptionAzidocillin is a penicillin antibiotic similir to ampicillin.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
(2S,5R,6R)-6-{[(2R)-2-azido-2-phenylacetyl]amino}-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid
Azidocilina
Azidocilline
Azidocillinum
D-(-)-(alpha-Azidobenzyl)penicillin
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
AlocillinPanbiotic
AlocinConba
AzlocillinBalkanpharma
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNIIR8XDP7L3SL
CAS number17243-38-8
WeightAverage: 375.402
Monoisotopic: 375.100124747
Chemical FormulaC16H17N5O4S
InChI KeyODFHGIPNGIAMDK-NJBDSQKTSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C16H17N5O4S/c1-16(2)11(15(24)25)21-13(23)10(14(21)26-16)18-12(22)9(19-20-17)8-6-4-3-5-7-8/h3-7,9-11,14H,1-2H3,(H,18,22)(H,24,25)/t9-,10-,11+,14-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
(2S,5R,6R)-6-[(2R)-2-azido-2-phenylacetamido]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid
SMILES
[H][C@]12SC(C)(C)[C@@H](N1C(=O)[[email protected]]2NC(=O)[[email protected]](N=[N+]=[N-])C1=CC=CC=C1)C(O)=O
Pharmacology
IndicationFor treatment of infection (Respiratory, GI, UTI and meningitis) due to E. coli, P. mirabilis, enterococci, Shigella, S. typhosa and other Salmonella, nonpenicillinase-producing N. gononhoeae, H. influenzae, staphylococci, streptococci including streptoc
Structured Indications Not Available
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of actionBy binding to specific penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located inside the bacterial cell wall, Azidocillin inhibits the third and last stage of bacterial cell wall synthesis. Cell lysis is then mediated by bacterial cell wall autolytic enzymes such as autolysins; it is possible that Azidocillin interferes with an autolysin inhibitor.
TargetKindPharmacological actionActionsOrganismUniProt ID
Penicillin-binding protein 2aProteinyes
inhibitor
Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)Q8DNB6 details
Penicillin-binding protein 1bProteinyes
inhibitor
Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)Q7CRA4 details
Penicillin-binding protein 3Proteinyes
inhibitor
Streptococcus pneumoniaeQ75Y35 details
Penicillin-binding protein 1AProteinyes
inhibitor
Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)Q8DR59 details
Penicillin-binding protein 2BProteinyes
inhibitor
Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)P0A3M6 details
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions
DrugInteractionDrug group
AcenocoumarolAzidocillin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Acenocoumarol.Approved
AclarubicinThe serum concentration of Aclarubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Investigational
AmikacinThe serum concentration of Amikacin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Vet Approved
AmrubicinThe serum concentration of Amrubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Investigational
annamycinThe serum concentration of annamycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Investigational
ApramycinThe serum concentration of Apramycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Experimental, Vet Approved
ArbekacinThe serum concentration of Arbekacin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
ChlortetracyclineThe therapeutic efficacy of Azidocillin can be decreased when used in combination with Chlortetracycline.Approved, Vet Approved
DaunorubicinThe serum concentration of Daunorubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
DemeclocyclineThe therapeutic efficacy of Azidocillin can be decreased when used in combination with Demeclocycline.Approved
DicoumarolAzidocillin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Dicoumarol.Approved
DihydrostreptomycinThe serum concentration of Dihydrostreptomycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Vet Approved
DoxorubicinThe serum concentration of Doxorubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Investigational
DoxycyclineThe therapeutic efficacy of Azidocillin can be decreased when used in combination with Doxycycline.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
EpirubicinThe serum concentration of Epirubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
Ethyl biscoumacetateAzidocillin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Ethyl biscoumacetate.Withdrawn
FluindioneAzidocillin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Fluindione.Investigational
FramycetinThe serum concentration of Framycetin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
GeneticinThe serum concentration of Geneticin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Experimental
GentamicinThe serum concentration of Gentamicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Vet Approved
GENTAMICIN C1AThe serum concentration of GENTAMICIN C1A can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Experimental
Hygromycin BThe serum concentration of Hygromycin B can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Vet Approved
IdarubicinThe serum concentration of Idarubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
INNO-206The serum concentration of INNO-206 can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Investigational
KanamycinThe serum concentration of Kanamycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Vet Approved
MethotrexateThe serum concentration of Methotrexate can be increased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
MetrizamideThe serum concentration of Metrizamide can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
MinocyclineThe therapeutic efficacy of Azidocillin can be decreased when used in combination with Minocycline.Approved, Investigational
Mycophenolic acidThe serum concentration of the active metabolites of Mycophenolic acid can be reduced when Mycophenolic acid is used in combination with Azidocillin resulting in a loss in efficacy.Approved
NeamineThe serum concentration of Neamine can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Experimental
NeomycinThe serum concentration of Neomycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Vet Approved
NetilmicinThe serum concentration of Netilmicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
OxytetracyclineThe therapeutic efficacy of Azidocillin can be decreased when used in combination with Oxytetracycline.Approved, Vet Approved
ParomomycinThe serum concentration of Paromomycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Investigational
PhenindioneAzidocillin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenindione.Approved
PhenprocoumonAzidocillin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.Approved
PirarubicinThe serum concentration of Pirarubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Investigational
PlicamycinThe serum concentration of Plicamycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Withdrawn
ProbenecidThe serum concentration of Azidocillin can be increased when it is combined with Probenecid.Approved
PuromycinThe serum concentration of Puromycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Experimental
RibostamycinThe serum concentration of Ribostamycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
SisomicinThe serum concentration of Sisomicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Investigational
SP1049CThe serum concentration of SP1049C can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Investigational
SpectinomycinThe serum concentration of Spectinomycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Vet Approved
StreptomycinThe serum concentration of Streptomycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Vet Approved
StreptozocinThe serum concentration of Streptozocin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
TetracyclineThe therapeutic efficacy of Azidocillin can be decreased when used in combination with Tetracycline.Approved, Vet Approved
TobramycinThe serum concentration of Tobramycin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved, Investigational
ValrubicinThe serum concentration of Valrubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Approved
WarfarinAzidocillin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Warfarin.Approved
ZorubicinThe serum concentration of Zorubicin can be decreased when it is combined with Azidocillin.Experimental
Food InteractionsNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesJ01CE04
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption-0.9568
Blood Brain Barrier-0.9909
Caco-2 permeable-0.6798
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.5299
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.9435
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.9823
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.9499
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.7411
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8389
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.5507
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.8146
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.817
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9089
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8013
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8838
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.969
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.643
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.5599
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.8894
Rat acute toxicity2.1329 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9987
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9125
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.611 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.32ALOGPS
logP1.19ChemAxon
logS-2.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.32ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area116.14 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity92.16 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability35.87 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as penicillins. These are organic compounds containing the penicillin core structure, which is structurally characterized by a penam ring bearing two methyl groups at position 2, and an amide group at position 6 [starting from the sulfur atom at position 1].
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassLactams
Sub ClassBeta lactams
Direct ParentPenicillins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Penicillin
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • Phenylacetamide
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Thiazolidine
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Tertiary amine
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azo imide
  • Azo compound
  • Azetidine
  • Azacycle
  • Dialkylthioether
  • Hemithioaminal
  • Thioether
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Transferase activity, transferring acyl groups
Specific Function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
pbp2a
Uniprot ID:
Q8DNB6
Molecular Weight:
80797.94 Da
References
  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. [PubMed:7447421 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Transferase activity, transferring acyl groups
Specific Function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
pbp1b
Uniprot ID:
Q7CRA4
Molecular Weight:
89479.92 Da
References
  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. [PubMed:7447421 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Serine-type d-ala-d-ala carboxypeptidase activity
Specific Function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
pbp3
Uniprot ID:
Q75Y35
Molecular Weight:
45209.84 Da
References
  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. [PubMed:7447421 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Penicillin binding
Specific Function:
Cell wall formation.
Gene Name:
pbpA
Uniprot ID:
Q8DR59
Molecular Weight:
79700.9 Da
References
  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. [PubMed:7447421 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Penicillin binding
Specific Function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
penA
Uniprot ID:
P0A3M6
Molecular Weight:
73872.305 Da
References
  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. [PubMed:7447421 ]

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Symporter activity
Specific Function:
Sodium-ion dependent, high affinity carnitine transporter. Involved in the active cellular uptake of carnitine. Transports one sodium ion with one molecule of carnitine. Also transports organic cations such as tetraethylammonium (TEA) without the involvement of sodium. Also relative uptake activity ratio of carnitine to TEA is 11.3.
Gene Name:
SLC22A5
Uniprot ID:
O76082
Molecular Weight:
62751.08 Da
References
  1. Ganapathy ME, Huang W, Rajan DP, Carter AL, Sugawara M, Iseki K, Leibach FH, Ganapathy V: beta-lactam antibiotics as substrates for OCTN2, an organic cation/carnitine transporter. J Biol Chem. 2000 Jan 21;275(3):1699-707. [PubMed:10636865 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Proton-dependent oligopeptide secondary active transmembrane transporter activity
Specific Function:
Proton-coupled intake of oligopeptides of 2 to 4 amino acids with a preference for dipeptides. May constitute a major route for the absorption of protein digestion end-products.
Gene Name:
SLC15A1
Uniprot ID:
P46059
Molecular Weight:
78805.265 Da
References
  1. Covitz KM, Amidon GL, Sadee W: Human dipeptide transporter, hPEPT1, stably transfected into Chinese hamster ovary cells. Pharm Res. 1996 Nov;13(11):1631-4. [PubMed:8956326 ]
  2. Guo A, Hu P, Balimane PV, Leibach FH, Sinko PJ: Interactions of a nonpeptidic drug, valacyclovir, with the human intestinal peptide transporter (hPEPT1) expressed in a mammalian cell line. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1999 Apr;289(1):448-54. [PubMed:10087037 ]
  3. Luckner P, Brandsch M: Interaction of 31 beta-lactam antibiotics with the H+/peptide symporter PEPT2: analysis of affinity constants and comparison with PEPT1. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2005 Jan;59(1):17-24. [PubMed:15567297 ]
  4. Terada T, Saito H, Mukai M, Inui K: Recognition of beta-lactam antibiotics by rat peptide transporters, PEPT1 and PEPT2, in LLC-PK1 cells. Am J Physiol. 1997 Nov;273(5 Pt 2):F706-11. [PubMed:9374833 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Peptide:proton symporter activity
Specific Function:
Proton-coupled intake of oligopeptides of 2 to 4 amino acids with a preference for dipeptides.
Gene Name:
SLC15A2
Uniprot ID:
Q16348
Molecular Weight:
81782.77 Da
References
  1. Terada T, Saito H, Mukai M, Inui K: Recognition of beta-lactam antibiotics by rat peptide transporters, PEPT1 and PEPT2, in LLC-PK1 cells. Am J Physiol. 1997 Nov;273(5 Pt 2):F706-11. [PubMed:9374833 ]
  2. Luckner P, Brandsch M: Interaction of 31 beta-lactam antibiotics with the H+/peptide symporter PEPT2: analysis of affinity constants and comparison with PEPT1. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2005 Jan;59(1):17-24. [PubMed:15567297 ]
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Drug created on October 08, 2010 15:48 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:24