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Identification
NameMeticillin
Accession NumberDB01603
Typesmall molecule
Groupsapproved
Description

One of the penicillins which is resistant to penicillinase but susceptible to a penicillin-binding protein. It is inactivated by gastric acid so administered by injection. [PubChem]

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
(2,6-Dimethoxyphenyl)penicillinNot AvailableNot Available
6-(2,6-Dimethoxybenzamido)penicillanic acidNot AvailableNot Available
MethicillinumNot AvailableNot Available
MethycillinNot AvailableNot Available
MeticilinaSpanishINN
MeticillineFrenchINN
MeticillinumLatinINN
SaltsNot Available
Brand names
NameCompany
DimocillinNot Available
MetacillinNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
Categories
CAS number61-32-5
WeightAverage: 380.415
Monoisotopic: 380.104207072
Chemical FormulaC17H20N2O6S
InChI KeyRJQXTJLFIWVMTO-TYNCELHUSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C17H20N2O6S/c1-17(2)12(16(22)23)19-14(21)11(15(19)26-17)18-13(20)10-8(24-3)6-5-7-9(10)25-4/h5-7,11-12,15H,1-4H3,(H,18,20)(H,22,23)/t11-,12+,15-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
(2S,5R,6R)-6-[(2,6-dimethoxybenzene)amido]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid
SMILES
[H][C@]12SC(C)(C)[C@@H](N1C(=O)[C@H]2NC(=O)C1=C(OC)C=CC=C1OC)C(O)=O
Mass SpecNot Available
Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
SuperclassHeterocyclic Compounds
ClassLactams
SubclassBeta Lactams
Direct parentPenicillins
Alternative parentsN-acyl-alpha Amino Acids and Derivatives; Salicylamides; Benzamides; Benzoyl Derivatives; Anisoles; Alkyl Aryl Ethers; Tertiary Carboxylic Acid Amides; Thiazolidines; Hemiaminals; Secondary Carboxylic Acid Amides; Azetidines; Polyols; Tertiary Amines; Carboxylic Acids; Enolates; Polyamines; Aminals; Thioethers
Substituentsn-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivative; salicylamide; salicylic acid or derivative; benzamide; anisole; phenol ether; benzoyl; alkyl aryl ether; benzene; tertiary carboxylic acid amide; thiazolidine; carboxamide group; secondary carboxylic acid amide; polyol; azetidine; tertiary amine; hemiaminal; ether; carboxylic acid; carboxylic acid derivative; thioether; aminal; polyamine; enolate; amine; organonitrogen compound
Classification descriptionThis compound belongs to the penicillins. These are organic compounds containing the penicillin core structure, which is structurally characterized by a penam ring bearing two methyl groups at position 2, and an amide group at position 6 [starting from the sulfur atom at position 1].
Pharmacology
IndicationUsed to treat infections caused by susceptible Gram-positive bacteria, particularly beta-lactamase-producing organisms such as Staphylococcus aureus that would otherwise be resistant to most penicillins.
PharmacodynamicsMeticillin (INN, BAN) or methicillin (USAN) is a narrow spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class. It is no longer clinically used. Its role in therapy has been largely replaced by flucloxacillin and dicloxacillin, however the term methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be used to describe Staphylococcus aureus strains resistant to all penicillins.
Mechanism of actionLike other beta-lactam antibiotics, meticillin acts by inhibiting the synthesis of bacterial cell walls. It inhibits cross-linkage between the linear peptidoglycan polymer chains that make up a major component of the cell wall of Gram-positive bacteria. It does this by binding to and competitively inhibiting the transpeptidase enzyme used by bacteria to cross-link the peptide (D-alanyl-alanine) used in peptidogylcan synthesis.
AbsorptionNot absorbed following oral administration.
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
Metabolism

Hepatic (20-40%).

Route of eliminationNot Available
Half life25-60 minutes
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organisms
  • Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
Property Value Probability
Human Intestinal Absorption - 0.9304
Blood Brain Barrier - 0.9958
Caco-2 permeable - 0.6628
P-glycoprotein substrate Substrate 0.5813
P-glycoprotein inhibitor I Non-inhibitor 0.9099
P-glycoprotein inhibitor II Non-inhibitor 0.9535
Renal organic cation transporter Non-inhibitor 0.9476
CYP450 2C9 substrate Non-substrate 0.7962
CYP450 2D6 substrate Non-substrate 0.8715
CYP450 3A4 substrate Non-substrate 0.5144
CYP450 1A2 substrate Non-inhibitor 0.8626
CYP450 2C9 substrate Non-inhibitor 0.8793
CYP450 2D6 substrate Non-inhibitor 0.921
CYP450 2C19 substrate Non-inhibitor 0.8738
CYP450 3A4 substrate Non-inhibitor 0.7747
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuity Low CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity 0.95
Ames test Non AMES toxic 0.8607
Carcinogenicity Non-carcinogens 0.6826
Biodegradation Not ready biodegradable 0.9376
Rat acute toxicity 1.8893 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I) Weak inhibitor 0.9995
hERG inhibition (predictor II) Non-inhibitor 0.8358
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • Apothecon inc div bristol myers squibb
PackagersNot Available
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
SolutionParenteral
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
Statesolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP1.22HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
pKa2.77SANGSTER (1994)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
water solubility3.10e-01 g/lALOGPS
logP1.79ALOGPS
logP0.79ChemAxon
logS-3.1ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic)2.96ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic)-1.8ChemAxon
physiological charge-1ChemAxon
hydrogen acceptor count6ChemAxon
hydrogen donor count2ChemAxon
polar surface area105.17ChemAxon
rotatable bond count5ChemAxon
refractivity93.4ChemAxon
polarizability37.27ChemAxon
number of rings3ChemAxon
bioavailability1ChemAxon
rule of fiveYesChemAxon
Ghose filterYesChemAxon
Veber's ruleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like ruleNoChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
External Links
ResourceLink
KEGG CompoundC07177
PubChem Compound6087
PubChem Substance46508973
ChemSpider5862
ChEBI6827
ChEMBL
Therapeutic Targets DatabaseDAP001170
PharmGKBPA164777034
WikipediaMethicillin
ATC CodesJ01CF03
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
DemeclocyclinePossible antagonism of action
DoxycyclinePossible antagonism of action
Ethinyl EstradiolThis anti-infectious agent could decrease the effect of the oral contraceptive
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

1. MecA PBP2' (penicillin binding protein 2')

Kind: protein

Organism: Staphylococcus aureus

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
MecA PBP2' (penicillin binding protein 2') Q53707 Details

References:

  1. Gardete S, de Lencastre H, Tomasz A: A link in transcription between the native pbpB and the acquired mecA gene in a strain of Staphylococcus aureus. Microbiology. 2006 Sep;152(Pt 9):2549-58. Pubmed

2. Penicillin-binding protein 2a

Kind: protein

Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Penicillin-binding protein 2a Q8DNB6 Details

References:

  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. Pubmed

3. Penicillin-binding protein 1b

Kind: protein

Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Penicillin-binding protein 1b Q7CRA4 Details

References:

  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. Pubmed

4. Penicillin-binding protein 2B

Kind: protein

Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Penicillin-binding protein 2B P0A3M6 Details

References:

  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. Pubmed

5. Penicillin-binding protein 3

Kind: protein

Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Penicillin-binding protein 3 Q75Y35 Details

References:

  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. Pubmed

6. Penicillin-binding protein 1A

Kind: protein

Organism: Streptococcus pneumoniae (strain ATCC BAA-255 / R6)

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Penicillin-binding protein 1A Q8DR59 Details

References:

  1. Williamson R, Hakenbeck R, Tomasz A: In vivo interaction of beta-lactam antibiotics with the penicillin-binding proteins of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1980 Oct;18(4):629-37. Pubmed

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Drug created on August 29, 2007 12:47 / Updated on September 16, 2013 17:15