Pituitary Hormones

Hormones secreted by the PITUITARY GLAND including those from the anterior lobe (adenohypophysis), the posterior lobe (neurohypophysis), and the ill-defined intermediate lobe. Structurally, they include small peptides, proteins, and glycoproteins. They are under the regulation of neural signals (NEUROTRANSMITTERS) or neuroendocrine signals (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES) from the hypothalamus as well as feedback from their targets such as ADRENAL CORTEX HORMONES; ANDROGENS; ESTROGENS.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00024Thyrotropin alfaFor detection of residueal or recurrent thyroid cancer
DB00032MenotropinsFor the treatment of female infertility
DB00035Desmopressin- Indicated for the treatment of nocturia due to nocturnal polyuria in adults who awaken at least 2 times per night to void (intranasal). - Indicated as antidiuretic replacement therapy in the management of central cranial diabetes insipidus and for management of the temporary polyuria and polydipsia following head trauma or surgery in the pituitary region (intranasal/parenteral). - Indicated for patients with hemophilia A with factor VIII coagulant activity levels greater than 5% or mild to moderate classic von Willebrand's Disease (Type I) with factor VIII levels greater than 5% during surgical procedures and postoperatively to maintain hemostasis (parenteral).
DB00052SomatotropinFor treatment of dwarfism, acromegaly and prevention of HIV-induced weight loss
DB00066FollitropinIn women having been diagnosed with primary ovarian failure, it is used in combination with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to assist in ovulation and fertility. In men with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism, it is used to induce spermatogenesis. Follitropin may also be used to cause the ovary to produce several follicles, which can then be harvested for use in gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
DB00067VasopressinFor the treatment of enuresis, polyuria, diabetes insipidus, polydipsia and oesophageal varices with bleeding
DB00082PegvisomantPegvisomant is a growth hormone receptor antagonist used for the treatment of acromegaly.
DB00093FelypressinFor use as an alternative to adrenaline as a localising agent, provided that local ischaemia is not essential.
DB00094UrofollitropinFor treatment of female infertility
DB00107OxytocinUsed for labor induction, augmentation of labor, postpartum abbreviation of third stage of labor, postpartum control of uterine bleeding, termination of pregnancy and for the evaluation of fetal respiratory capability. Oxytocin cannot be used for elective induction of labor, there must be a clear medical requirement.
DB01282CarbetocinUsed to control postpartum hemorrhage and bleeding after giving birth.
DB01284TetracosactideFor use as a diagnostic agent in the screening of patients presumed to have adrenocortical insufficiency.
DB01285CorticotropinFor use as a diagnostic agent in the screening of patients presumed to have adrenocortical insufficiency.
DB02638TerlipressinCommonly used to stop bleeding of varices in the food pipe (oesophagus).
DB04931AfamelanotideInvestigated for use/treatment in actinic keratosis, keratoses, skin cell studies, and skin infections/disorders.
DB09059AtosibanAtosiban is indicated for use in delaying imminent pre-term birth in pregnant adult women with: - regular uterine contractions of at least 30 s duration at a rate of at least 4 per 30 min - a cervical dilation of 1-3cm (0-3cm for nulliparas) and effacement of at least 50% - a gestational age of 24-33 weeks - a normal fetal heart rate
DB09066Corifollitropin alfaControlled ovarian stimulation [L2273] in cases of women who are undergoing fertility treatment to stimulate the development of more than one mature egg simultaneously in the ovaries in combination with a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist (a type of medicine also used in fertility treatments)[L2270].
DB09098SomatremSomatrem is a recombinant human growth hormone indicated for: (a) treatment of paediatric patients with growth failure due to growth hormone deficiency (GHD), (b) treatment of paediatric patients with growth failure due to idiopathic short stature (ISS), (c) treatment of paediatric patients with growth failure due to Turner syndrome (TS), (d) treatment of paediatric patients with growth failure due to chronic kidney disease (CKD) up to the time of renal transplantation, (e) treatment of adults with childhood-onset GHD, or (f) treatment of adults with adult-onset GHD [FDA Label].
DB11653BremelanotideNot Available
DB11700SetmelanotideNot Available
DB12495SelepressinNot Available
DB13298AlsactideNot Available
DB13464OrnipressinNot Available
DB13798DemoxytocinNot Available
DB14642LypressinNot Available
DB14741Luteinizing hormoneNot Available
DB15093SomapacitanNot Available
DB15112Somatropin pegolNot Available
DB15263ThyrotropinNot Available
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00024Thyrotropin alfaThyrotropin receptortarget
DB00032MenotropinsFollicle-stimulating hormone receptortarget
DB00032MenotropinsLutropin-choriogonadotropic hormone receptortarget
DB00035DesmopressinVasopressin V1a receptortarget
DB00035DesmopressinVasopressin V1b receptortarget
DB00035DesmopressinVasopressin V2 receptortarget
DB00035DesmopressinProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00035DesmopressinProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
DB00052SomatotropinGrowth hormone receptortarget
DB00052SomatotropinProlactin receptortarget
DB00066FollitropinFollicle-stimulating hormone receptortarget
DB00067VasopressinVasopressin V1a receptortarget
DB00067VasopressinVasopressin V2 receptortarget
DB00067VasopressinVasopressin V1b receptortarget
DB00067VasopressinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00082PegvisomantGrowth hormone receptortarget
DB00082PegvisomantSterol 26-hydroxylase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00082PegvisomantGlutamine synthetaseenzyme
DB00082PegvisomantCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00082PegvisomantCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00082PegvisomantCholinesteraseenzyme
DB00082PegvisomantCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00082PegvisomantCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB00093FelypressinVasopressin V1a receptortarget
DB00094UrofollitropinFollicle-stimulating hormone receptortarget
DB00107OxytocinOxytocin-neurophysin 1target
DB00107OxytocinOxytocin receptortarget
DB00107OxytocinProlyl endopeptidaseenzyme
DB01282CarbetocinOxytocin receptortarget
DB01284TetracosactideAdrenocorticotropic hormone receptortarget
DB01285CorticotropinAdrenocorticotropic hormone receptortarget
DB01285CorticotropinCorticoliberintarget
DB01285Corticotropin3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type 2enzyme
DB01285Corticotropin25-hydroxyvitamin D-1 alpha hydroxylase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB01285Corticotropin1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) 24-hydroxylase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB01285CorticotropinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB02638TerlipressinVasopressin V1a receptortarget
DB02638TerlipressinVasopressin V2 receptortarget
DB02638TerlipressinVasopressin V1b receptortarget
DB04931AfamelanotideMelanocyte-stimulating hormone receptortarget
DB09059AtosibanOxytocin receptortarget
DB09059AtosibanVasopressin V1a receptortarget
DB09059AtosibanVasopressin V1b receptortarget
DB09059AtosibanVasopressin V2 receptortarget
DB09066Corifollitropin alfaFollicle-stimulating hormone receptortarget
DB09098SomatremGrowth hormone receptortarget
DB09098SomatremInsulin-like growth factor 1 receptortarget
DB14642LypressinVasopressin V1a receptortarget
DB14642LypressinVasopressin V2 receptortarget
DB14642LypressinVasopressin V1b receptortarget
DB14642LypressinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter