Sympathomimetic (Adrenergic) Agents

DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00388PhenylephrinePhenylephrine is mainly used to treat nasal congestion, but may also be useful in treating hypotension and shock, hypotension during spinal anaesthesia, prolongation of spinal anaesthesia, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, symptomatic relief of external or internal hemorrhoids, and to increase blood pressure as an aid in the diagnosis of heart murmurs.
DB00668EpinephrineEpinephrine injection is indicated in the emergency treatment of allergic reactions (Type I) including anaphylaxis to stinging insects (e.g., order Hymenoptera, which include bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets and fire ants) and biting insects (e.g., triatoma, mosquitos), allergen immunotherapy, foods, drugs, diagnostic testing substances (e.g., radiocontrast media) and other allergens, as well as idiopathic anaphylaxis or exercise-induced anaphylaxis. Injectable epinephrine is intended for immediate/urgent administration in patients, who are found to be at increased risk for anaphylaxis, including individuals with a history of anaphylaxis. Selection of the appropriate dosage strength is determined according to body weight [FDA label]. Epinephrine's cardiac effects may be of use in restoring cardiac rhythm in cardiac arrest due to various causes but is not used in cardiac failure or in hemorrhagic, traumatic, or cardiogenic shock [F1247]. Epinephrine is used as a hemostatic agent. It is also used in treating mucosal congestion of hay fever, rhinitis, and acute sinusitis; to relieve bronchial asthmatic paroxysms; in syncope due to complete heart block or carotid sinus hypersensitivity; for symptomatic relief of serum sickness, urticaria, angioneurotic edema; for resuscitation in cardiac arrest following anesthetic accidents; in simple (open angle) glaucoma; for relaxation of uterine musculature and to inhibit uterine contractions. Epinephrine injection can be utilized to prolong the action of local anesthetics [F1247]. In addition to the above, epinephrine is used as an over the counter (OTC) agent for the intermittent symptoms of asthma, such as wheezing, tightness of chest and shortness of breath [F2131]. It is also used for the maintenance of mydriasis during intraocular surgery [L4825].
DB00841DobutamineIndicated when parenteral therapy is necessary for inotropic support in the short-term treatment of patients with cardiac decompensation due to depressed contractility resulting either from organic heart disease or from cardiac surgical procedures.
DB00852PseudoephedrineFor the treatment of nasal congestion, sinus congestion, Eustachian tube congestion, and vasomotor rhinitis, and as an adjunct to other agents in the optimum treatment of allergic rhinitis, croup, sinusitis, otitis media, and tracheobronchitis. Also used as first-line therapy of priapism.
DB00938SalmeterolFor the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
DB01001SalbutamolSalbutamol is indicated for (i) the symptomatic relief and prevention of bronchospasm due to bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, reversible obstructive airway disease, and other chronic bronchopulmonary disorders in which bronchospasm is a complicating factor, and/or (ii) the acute prophylaxis against exercise-induced bronchospasm and other stimuli known to induce bronchospasm [FDA Label, F3265, F3268].
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootEphedra is widely used by athletes, despite a lack of evidence that it enhances athletic performance. Ephedra has also been used for weight loss.
DB01364EphedrineEphedrine commonly used as a stimulant, appetite suppressant, concentration aid, decongestant, and to treat hypotension associated with anaesthesia.
DB14752RacephedrineNot Available
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00388PhenylephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00388PhenylephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00388PhenylephrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00388PhenylephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00388PhenylephrineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineTumor necrosis factortarget
DB00668EpinephrineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00668EpinephrineMonoamine oxidaseenzyme
DB00841DobutamineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00841DobutamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00841DobutamineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00841DobutamineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB00841DobutamineEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00852PseudoephedrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00852PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineNuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1target
DB00852PseudoephedrineTumor necrosis factortarget
DB00852PseudoephedrineNuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cellstarget
DB00852Pseudoephedrineactivator protein 1target
DB00852PseudoephedrineInterleukin-2target
DB00938SalmeterolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00938SalmeterolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00938SalmeterolCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00938SalmeterolCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00938SalmeterolCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00938SalmeterolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00938SalmeterolBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01001SalbutamolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01001SalbutamolBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01001SalbutamolCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01001SalbutamolBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01363Ephedra sinica rootBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01364EphedrineAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB01364EphedrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01364EphedrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01364EphedrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB01364EphedrineCholinesteraseenzyme