This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

Name
Cirazoline
Accession Number
DB09202
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Experimental
Description

Cirazoline is a full agonist at the alpha-1A (α1A) adrenergic receptor, a partial agonist at both the alpha-1B (α1B) adrenergic receptor and alpha-1D (α1D) adrenergic receptor, and a nonselective antagonist to the alpha-2 adrenergic receptor. It is believed that this combination of properties could make cirazoline an effective vasoconstricting agent. Cirazoline has also been shown to decrease food intake in rats, purportedly through activation of α1-adrenoceptors in the paraventricular nucleus in the hypothalamus of the brain.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Not Available
Categories
UNII
QK318GVY3Y
CAS number
59939-16-1
Weight
Average: 216.284
Monoisotopic: 216.126263143
Chemical Formula
C13H16N2O
InChI Key
YAORIDZYZDUZCM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C13H16N2O/c1-2-4-12(11(3-1)10-5-6-10)16-9-13-14-7-8-15-13/h1-4,10H,5-9H2,(H,14,15)
IUPAC Name
2-[(2-cyclopropylphenoxy)methyl]-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole
SMILES
[H]N1CCN=C1COC1=CC=CC=C1C1CC1

Pharmacology

Indication
Not Available
Pharmacodynamics
Not Available
Mechanism of action
TargetActionsOrganism
AAlpha-1A adrenergic receptor
agonist
Human
AAlpha-1B adrenergic receptor
partial agonist
Human
AAlpha-1D adrenergic receptor
partial agonist
Human
AAlpha-2 adrenergic receptors
antagonist
Human
Absorption
Not Available
Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
DrugInteractionDrug group
7,8-Dichloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline7,8-Dichloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
AcepromazineAcepromazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Vet Approved
AlfuzosinAlfuzosin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
AmineptineAmineptine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Illicit, Withdrawn
AmitriptylineAmitriptyline may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved
AmitriptylinoxideAmitriptylinoxide may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
AmoxapineAmoxapine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved
AmphetamineAmphetamine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Illicit, Investigational
AripiprazoleAripiprazole may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
AsenapineAsenapine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
BenmoxinBenmoxin may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
Benzylpenicilloyl PolylysineCirazoline may decrease effectiveness of Benzylpenicilloyl Polylysine as a diagnostic agent.Approved
BevantololBevantolol may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
BrexpiprazoleBrexpiprazole may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
BrofaromineBrofaromine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
BromocriptineBromocriptine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
BucindololBucindolol may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Investigational
BunazosinBunazosin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Investigational
ButriptylineButriptyline may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved
CabergolineCabergoline may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
CaroxazoneCaroxazone may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
CarvedilolCarvedilol may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
ChlorpromazineChlorpromazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
ClomipramineClomipramine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
ClozapineClozapine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
DapiprazoleDapiprazole may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
DesipramineDesipramine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
DesvenlafaxineDesvenlafaxine may increase the tachycardic activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
DextroamphetamineDextroamphetamine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Illicit
DibenzepinDibenzepin may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
DihydroergocornineDihydroergocornine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
DihydroergocristineDihydroergocristine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Experimental
DihydroergocryptineDihydroergocryptine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
DihydroergotamineDihydroergotamine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
DimetacrineDimetacrine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Withdrawn
DosulepinDosulepin may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved
DoxazosinDoxazosin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
DoxepinDoxepin may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
DronedaroneDronedarone may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
DroperidolDroperidol may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Vet Approved
DuloxetineDuloxetine may increase the tachycardic activities of Cirazoline.Approved
EpinephrineEpinephrine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Vet Approved
Ergoloid mesylateErgoloid mesylate may increase the hypertensive and vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
ErgonovineErgonovine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
ErgotamineErgotamine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
EscitalopramEscitalopram may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
FentanylThe serum concentration of Fentanyl can be decreased when it is combined with Cirazoline.Approved, Illicit, Investigational, Vet Approved
FlupentixolFlupentixol may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational, Withdrawn
FurazolidoneFurazolidone may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
HarmalineHarmaline may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
HyaluronidaseHyaluronidase may increase the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
HydracarbazineHydracarbazine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
IloperidoneIloperidone may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
ImipramineImipramine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved
IndoraminIndoramin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
IprindoleIprindole may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
IproclozideIproclozide may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
IproniazidIproniazid may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
IsocarboxazidIsocarboxazid may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
LabetalolLabetalol may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
LevomilnacipranLevomilnacipran may increase the tachycardic activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
LisdexamfetamineLisdexamfetamine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
LisurideLisuride may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
LofepramineLofepramine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
Lysergic Acid DiethylamideLysergic Acid Diethylamide may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Illicit, Investigational, Withdrawn
MebanazineMebanazine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
MelitracenMelitracen may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Experimental, Investigational
MetergolineMetergoline may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
MethotrimeprazineMethotrimeprazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
Methylene blueMethylene blue may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
MethylergometrineMethylergometrine may increase the hypertensive and vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
MethysergideMethysergide may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
MilnacipranMilnacipran may increase the tachycardic activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
MinaprineMinaprine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
MoclobemideMoclobemide may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
NefazodoneNefazodone may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Withdrawn
NialamideNialamide may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
NicardipineNicardipine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
NicergolineNicergoline may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
NiguldipineNiguldipine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
NortriptylineNortriptyline may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved
OctamoxinOctamoxin may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
OlanzapineOlanzapine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
OpipramolOpipramol may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Investigational
PaliperidonePaliperidone may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
PargylinePargyline may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
Patent BlueThe therapeutic efficacy of Cirazoline can be decreased when used in combination with Patent Blue.Approved
PergolidePergolide may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved, Withdrawn
PhenelzinePhenelzine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
PheniprazinePheniprazine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
PhenoxybenzaminePhenoxybenzamine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
PhenoxypropazinePhenoxypropazine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
PhentolaminePhentolamine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
PirlindolePirlindole may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
PivhydrazinePivhydrazine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
PizotifenPizotifen may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
PrazosinPrazosin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
ProcaineProcaine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
ProcarbazineProcarbazine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
PromazinePromazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Vet Approved
PropericiazinePropericiazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
PropiomazinePropiomazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
PropiverinePropiverine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
ProtriptylineProtriptyline may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved
QuetiapineQuetiapine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
QuinidineQuinidine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
RacepinephrineRacepinephrine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
RasagilineRasagiline may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
RisperidoneRisperidone may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
SafrazineSafrazine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Withdrawn
SelegilineSelegiline may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational, Vet Approved
SilodosinSilodosin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
SpironolactoneSpironolactone may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
TamsulosinTamsulosin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
TerazosinTerazosin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
TergurideTerguride may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
ThioproperazineThioproperazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
ThioridazineThioridazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Withdrawn
TianeptineTianeptine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
TolazolineTolazoline may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Vet Approved
ToloxatoneToloxatone may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved
TranylcypromineTranylcypromine may increase the hypertensive activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
TrazodoneTrazodone may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
TrifluoperazineTrifluoperazine may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
TrimazosinTrimazosin may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Experimental
TrimipramineTrimipramine may increase the vasopressor activities of Cirazoline.Approved
UrapidilUrapidil may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Investigational
VenlafaxineVenlafaxine may increase the tachycardic activities of Cirazoline.Approved
VerapamilVerapamil may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
ZiprasidoneZiprasidone may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved
ZuclopenthixolZuclopenthixol may decrease the vasoconstricting activities of Cirazoline.Approved, Investigational
Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
  1. Horie K, Obika K, Foglar R, Tsujimoto G: Selectivity of the imidazoline alpha-adrenoceptor agonists (oxymetazoline and cirazoline) for human cloned alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes. Br J Pharmacol. 1995 Sep;116(1):1611-8. [PubMed:8564227]
  2. Ruffolo RR Jr, Waddell JE: Receptor interactions of imidazolines. IX. Cirazoline is an alpha-1 adrenergic agonist and an alpha-2 adrenergic antagonist. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1982 Jul;222(1):29-36. [PubMed:6123592]
  3. Davies BT, Wellman PJ: Effects on ingestive behavior in rats of the alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist cirazoline. Eur J Pharmacol. 1992 Jan 7;210(1):11-6. [PubMed:1350985]
External Links
PubChem Compound
2765
PubChem Substance
310265110
ChemSpider
2663
BindingDB
50027060
ChEBI
92950
ChEMBL
CHEMBL13852
Wikipedia
Cirazoline

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
Not Available

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.389 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.62ALOGPS
logP1.67ChemAxon
logS-2.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.26ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area33.62 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity62.7 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability24.21 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Taxonomy

Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenol ethers. These are aromatic compounds containing an ether group substituted with a benzene ring.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Benzenoids
Class
Phenol ethers
Sub Class
Not Available
Direct Parent
Phenol ethers
Alternative Parents
Phenoxy compounds / Alkyl aryl ethers / Imidolactams / Imidazolines / Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compounds / Carboximidamides / Carboxamidines / Azacyclic compounds / Organopnictogen compounds / Hydrocarbon derivatives
Substituents
Phenoxy compound / Phenol ether / Alkyl aryl ether / Monocyclic benzene moiety / Imidolactam / 2-imidazoline / Amidine / Carboxylic acid amidine / Ether / Carboximidamide
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Agonist
General Function
Protein heterodimerization activity
Specific Function
This alpha-adrenergic receptor mediates its action by association with G proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. Its effect is mediated by G(q) and G(11) prot...
Gene Name
ADRA1A
Uniprot ID
P35348
Uniprot Name
Alpha-1A adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
51486.005 Da
References
  1. Horie K, Obika K, Foglar R, Tsujimoto G: Selectivity of the imidazoline alpha-adrenoceptor agonists (oxymetazoline and cirazoline) for human cloned alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes. Br J Pharmacol. 1995 Sep;116(1):1611-8. [PubMed:8564227]
  2. Ruffolo RR Jr, Waddell JE: Receptor interactions of imidazolines. IX. Cirazoline is an alpha-1 adrenergic agonist and an alpha-2 adrenergic antagonist. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1982 Jul;222(1):29-36. [PubMed:6123592]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Partial agonist
General Function
Protein heterodimerization activity
Specific Function
This alpha-adrenergic receptor mediates its action by association with G proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. Its effect is mediated by G(q) and G(11) prot...
Gene Name
ADRA1B
Uniprot ID
P35368
Uniprot Name
Alpha-1B adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
56835.375 Da
References
  1. Horie K, Obika K, Foglar R, Tsujimoto G: Selectivity of the imidazoline alpha-adrenoceptor agonists (oxymetazoline and cirazoline) for human cloned alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes. Br J Pharmacol. 1995 Sep;116(1):1611-8. [PubMed:8564227]
  2. Ruffolo RR Jr, Waddell JE: Receptor interactions of imidazolines. IX. Cirazoline is an alpha-1 adrenergic agonist and an alpha-2 adrenergic antagonist. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1982 Jul;222(1):29-36. [PubMed:6123592]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Partial agonist
General Function
Alpha1-adrenergic receptor activity
Specific Function
This alpha-adrenergic receptor mediates its effect through the influx of extracellular calcium.
Gene Name
ADRA1D
Uniprot ID
P25100
Uniprot Name
Alpha-1D adrenergic receptor
Molecular Weight
60462.205 Da
References
  1. Horie K, Obika K, Foglar R, Tsujimoto G: Selectivity of the imidazoline alpha-adrenoceptor agonists (oxymetazoline and cirazoline) for human cloned alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes. Br J Pharmacol. 1995 Sep;116(1):1611-8. [PubMed:8564227]
  2. Ruffolo RR Jr, Waddell JE: Receptor interactions of imidazolines. IX. Cirazoline is an alpha-1 adrenergic agonist and an alpha-2 adrenergic antagonist. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1982 Jul;222(1):29-36. [PubMed:6123592]
Kind
Protein group
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Antagonist
General Function
Thioesterase binding
Specific Function
Alpha-2 adrenergic receptors mediate the catecholamine-induced inhibition of adenylate cyclase through the action of G proteins. The rank order of potency for agonists of this receptor is oxymetazo...

Components:
References
  1. Horie K, Obika K, Foglar R, Tsujimoto G: Selectivity of the imidazoline alpha-adrenoceptor agonists (oxymetazoline and cirazoline) for human cloned alpha 1-adrenoceptor subtypes. Br J Pharmacol. 1995 Sep;116(1):1611-8. [PubMed:8564227]
  2. Ruffolo RR Jr, Waddell JE: Receptor interactions of imidazolines. IX. Cirazoline is an alpha-1 adrenergic agonist and an alpha-2 adrenergic antagonist. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1982 Jul;222(1):29-36. [PubMed:6123592]

Drug created on October 19, 2015 10:26 / Updated on August 02, 2018 06:15