Thymidylate synthase

Details

Name
Thymidylate synthase
Synonyms
  • 2.1.1.45
  • TS
Gene Name
TYMS
Organism
Humans
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0036991|Thymidylate synthase
MPVAGSELPRRPLPPAAQERDAEPRPPHGELQYLGQIQHILRCGVRKDDRTGTGTLSVFG
MQARYSLRDEFPLLTTKRVFWKGVLEELLWFIKGSTNAKELSSKGVKIWDANGSRDFLDS
LGFSTREEGDLGPVYGFQWRHFGAEYRDMESDYSGQGVDQLQRVIDTIKTNPDDRRIIMC
AWNPRDLPLMALPPCHALCQFYVVNSELSCQLYQRSGDMGLGVPFNIASYALLTYMIAHI
TGLKPGDFIHTLGDAHIYLNHIEPLKIQLQREPRPFPKLRILRKVEKIDDFKAEDFQIEG
YNPHPTIKMEMAV
Number of residues
313
Molecular Weight
35715.65
Theoretical pI
7.0
GO Classification
Functions
cofactor binding / drug binding / folic acid binding / mRNA binding / nucleotide binding / thymidylate synthase activity
Processes
aging / cartilage development / cell growth / cell proliferation / circadian rhythm / deoxyribonucleoside monophosphate biosynthetic process / developmental growth / DNA biosynthetic process / dTMP biosynthetic process / dTTP biosynthetic process / dUMP metabolic process / G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle / immortalization of host cell by virus / intestinal epithelial cell maturation / mitotic cell cycle / nucleobase-containing compound metabolic process / nucleobase-containing small molecule metabolic process / organ regeneration / pyrimidine nucleobase metabolic process / pyrimidine nucleoside biosynthetic process / regulation of transcription involved in G1/S transition of mitotic cell cycle / response to cytokine / response to drug / response to ethanol / response to folic acid / response to glucocorticoid / response to organophosphorus / response to progesterone / response to toxic substance / response to vitamin A / small molecule metabolic process / tetrahydrofolate interconversion / uracil metabolic process
Components
cytoplasm / cytosol / mitochondrial inner membrane / mitochondrial matrix / mitochondrion / nucleolus / nucleoplasm / nucleus
General Function
Thymidylate synthase activity
Specific Function
Contributes to the de novo mitochondrial thymidylate biosynthesis pathway.
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
Not Available
Cellular Location
Nucleus
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0010247|Thymidylate synthase (TYMS)
ATGCCTGTGGCCGGCTCGGAGCTGCCGCGCCGGCCCTTGCCCCCCGCCGCACAGGAGCGG
GACGCCGAGCCGCGTCCGCCGCACGGGGAGCTGCAGTACCTGGGGCAGATCCAACACATC
CTCCGCTGCGGCGTCAGGAAGGACGACCGCACGGGCACCGGCACCCTGTCGGTATTCGGC
ATGCAGGCGCGCTACAGCCTGAGAGATGAATTCCCTCTGCTGACAACCAAACGTGTGTTC
TGGAAGGGTGTTTTGGAGGAGTTGCTGTGGTTTATCAAGGGATCCACAAATGCTAAAGAG
CTGTCTTCCAAGGGAGTGAAAATCTGGGATGCCAATGGATCCCGAGACTTTTTGGACAGC
CTGGGATTCTCCACCAGAGAAGAAGGGGACTTGGGCCCAGTTTATGGCTTCCAGTGGAGG
CATTTTGGGGCAGAATACAGAGATATGGAATCAGATTATTCAGGACAGGGAGTTGACCAA
CTGCAAAGAGTGATTGACACCATCAAAACCAACCCTGACGACAGAAGAATCATCATGTGC
GCTTGGAATCCAAGAGATCTTCCTCTGATGGCGCTGCCTCCATGCCATGCCCTCTGCCAG
TTCTATGTGGTGAACAGTGAGCTGTCCTGCCAGCTGTACCAGAGATCGGGAGACATGGGC
CTCGGTGTGCCTTTCAACATCGCCAGCTACGCCCTGCTCACGTACATGATTGCGCACATC
ACGGGCCTGAAGCCAGGTGACTTTATACACACTTTGGGAGATGCACATATTTACCTGAAT
CACATCGAGCCACTGAAAATTCAGCTTCAGCGAGAACCCAGACCTTTCCCAAAGCTCAGG
ATTCTTCGAAAAGTTGAGAAAATTGATGACTTCAAAGCTGAAGACTTTCAGATTGAAGGG
TACAATCCGCATCCAACTATTAAAATGGAAATGGCTGTTTAG
Chromosome Location
18
Locus
18p11.32
External Identifiers
ResourceLink
UniProtKB IDP04818
UniProtKB Entry NameTYSY_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID37479
GenBank Gene IDX02308
GenAtlas IDTYMS
HGNC IDHGNC:12441
General References
  1. Takeishi K, Kaneda S, Ayusawa D, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T: Nucleotide sequence of a functional cDNA for human thymidylate synthase. Nucleic Acids Res. 1985 Mar 25;13(6):2035-43. [PubMed:2987839]
  2. Kaneda S, Nalbantoglu J, Takeishi K, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T, Ayusawa D: Structural and functional analysis of the human thymidylate synthase gene. J Biol Chem. 1990 Nov 25;265(33):20277-84. [PubMed:2243092]
  3. Hisatomi H, Tanemura H, Iizuka T, Katsumata K, Nagao K, Sumida H, Udagawa H, Hikiji K: Differential alternative splicing expressions of thymidylate synthase isoforms. Cancer Lett. 2003 Apr 25;193(2):127-31. [PubMed:12706868]
  4. Nusbaum C, Zody MC, Borowsky ML, Kamal M, Kodira CD, Taylor TD, Whittaker CA, Chang JL, Cuomo CA, Dewar K, FitzGerald MG, Yang X, Abouelleil A, Allen NR, Anderson S, Bloom T, Bugalter B, Butler J, Cook A, DeCaprio D, Engels R, Garber M, Gnirke A, Hafez N, Hall JL, Norman CH, Itoh T, Jaffe DB, Kuroki Y, Lehoczky J, Lui A, Macdonald P, Mauceli E, Mikkelsen TS, Naylor JW, Nicol R, Nguyen C, Noguchi H, O'Leary SB, O'Neill K, Piqani B, Smith CL, Talamas JA, Topham K, Totoki Y, Toyoda A, Wain HM, Young SK, Zeng Q, Zimmer AR, Fujiyama A, Hattori M, Birren BW, Sakaki Y, Lander ES: DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 18. Nature. 2005 Sep 22;437(7058):551-5. [PubMed:16177791]
  5. Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA, Shenmen CM, Grouse LH, Schuler G, Klein SL, Old S, Rasooly R, Good P, Guyer M, Peck AM, Derge JG, Lipman D, Collins FS, Jang W, Sherry S, Feolo M, Misquitta L, Lee E, Rotmistrovsky K, Greenhut SF, Schaefer CF, Buetow K, Bonner TI, Haussler D, Kent J, Kiekhaus M, Furey T, Brent M, Prange C, Schreiber K, Shapiro N, Bhat NK, Hopkins RF, Hsie F, Driscoll T, Soares MB, Casavant TL, Scheetz TE, Brown-stein MJ, Usdin TB, Toshiyuki S, Carninci P, Piao Y, Dudekula DB, Ko MS, Kawakami K, Suzuki Y, Sugano S, Gruber CE, Smith MR, Simmons B, Moore T, Waterman R, Johnson SL, Ruan Y, Wei CL, Mathavan S, Gunaratne PH, Wu J, Garcia AM, Hulyk SW, Fuh E, Yuan Y, Sneed A, Kowis C, Hodgson A, Muzny DM, McPherson J, Gibbs RA, Fahey J, Helton E, Ketteman M, Madan A, Rodrigues S, Sanchez A, Whiting M, Madari A, Young AC, Wetherby KD, Granite SJ, Kwong PN, Brinkley CP, Pearson RL, Bouffard GG, Blakesly RW, Green ED, Dickson MC, Rodriguez AC, Grimwood J, Schmutz J, Myers RM, Butterfield YS, Griffith M, Griffith OL, Krzywinski MI, Liao N, Morin R, Palmquist D, Petrescu AS, Skalska U, Smailus DE, Stott JM, Schnerch A, Schein JE, Jones SJ, Holt RA, Baross A, Marra MA, Clifton S, Makowski KA, Bosak S, Malek J: The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). Genome Res. 2004 Oct;14(10B):2121-7. [PubMed:15489334]
  6. Takeishi K, Kaneda S, Ayusawa D, Shimizu K, Gotoh O, Seno T: Human thymidylate synthase gene: isolation of phage clones which cover a functionally active gene and structural analysis of the region upstream from the translation initiation codon. J Biochem. 1989 Oct;106(4):575-83. [PubMed:2532645]
  7. Shimizu K, Ayusawa D, Takeishi K, Seno T: Purification and NH2-terminal amino acid sequence of human thymidylate synthase in an overproducing transformant of mouse FM3A cells. J Biochem. 1985 Mar;97(3):845-50. [PubMed:3839505]
  8. Davisson VJ, Sirawaraporn W, Santi DV: Expression of human thymidylate synthase in Escherichia coli. J Biol Chem. 1989 Jun 5;264(16):9145-8. [PubMed:2656695]
  9. Mayya V, Lundgren DH, Hwang SI, Rezaul K, Wu L, Eng JK, Rodionov V, Han DK: Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of T cell receptor signaling reveals system-wide modulation of protein-protein interactions. Sci Signal. 2009 Aug 18;2(84):ra46. doi: 10.1126/scisignal.2000007. [PubMed:19690332]
  10. Burkard TR, Planyavsky M, Kaupe I, Breitwieser FP, Burckstummer T, Bennett KL, Superti-Furga G, Colinge J: Initial characterization of the human central proteome. BMC Syst Biol. 2011 Jan 26;5:17. doi: 10.1186/1752-0509-5-17. [PubMed:21269460]
  11. Anderson DD, Quintero CM, Stover PJ: Identification of a de novo thymidylate biosynthesis pathway in mammalian mitochondria. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Sep 13;108(37):15163-8. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1103623108. Epub 2011 Aug 26. [PubMed:21876188]
  12. Van Damme P, Lasa M, Polevoda B, Gazquez C, Elosegui-Artola A, Kim DS, De Juan-Pardo E, Demeyer K, Hole K, Larrea E, Timmerman E, Prieto J, Arnesen T, Sherman F, Gevaert K, Aldabe R: N-terminal acetylome analyses and functional insights of the N-terminal acetyltransferase NatB. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jul 31;109(31):12449-54. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1210303109. Epub 2012 Jul 18. [PubMed:22814378]
  13. Schiffer CA, Clifton IJ, Davisson VJ, Santi DV, Stroud RM: Crystal structure of human thymidylate synthase: a structural mechanism for guiding substrates into the active site. Biochemistry. 1995 Dec 19;34(50):16279-87. [PubMed:8845352]
  14. Phan J, Koli S, Minor W, Dunlap RB, Berger SH, Lebioda L: Human thymidylate synthase is in the closed conformation when complexed with dUMP and raltitrexed, an antifolate drug. Biochemistry. 2001 Feb 20;40(7):1897-902. [PubMed:11329255]
  15. Phan J, Steadman DJ, Koli S, Ding WC, Minor W, Dunlap RB, Berger SH, Lebioda L: Structure of human thymidylate synthase suggests advantages of chemotherapy with noncompetitive inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 2001 Apr 27;276(17):14170-7. Epub 2001 Jan 24. [PubMed:11278511]

Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB00293Raltitrexedapproved, investigationalyesinhibitorDetails
DB00322FloxuridineapprovedyesDetails
DB00440Trimethoprimapproved, vet_approvedyesinhibitorDetails
DB00544Fluorouracilapprovedyesother/unknownDetails
DB00642Pemetrexedapproved, investigationalyesinhibitorDetails
DB01101Capecitabineapproved, investigationalyesinhibitorDetails
DB00441GemcitabineapprovedunknowninhibitorDetails
DB03800Deoxyuridine monophosphateexperimentalunknownDetails
DB04530S,S-(2-Hydroxyethyl)ThiocysteineexperimentalunknownDetails
DB01643Thymidine monophosphateexperimentalunknownDetails
DB00432Trifluridineapproved, investigationalyesinhibitorDetails
DB05308ANX-510investigationalunknownDetails
DB05116ThymectacininvestigationalunknownDetails
DB05457OSI-7904LinvestigationalunknownDetails
DB0354110-Propargyl-5,8-Dideazafolic AcidexperimentalunknownDetails
DB075776-ETHYL-5-PHENYLPYRIMIDINE-2,4-DIAMINEexperimentalunknownDetails
DB08478N-[2-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]imidodicarbonimidic diamideexperimentalunknownDetails
DB08479N-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)imidodicarbonimidic diamideexperimentalunknownDetails
DB087346,6-DIMETHYL-1-[3-(2,4,5-TRICHLOROPHENOXY)PROPOXY]-1,6-DIHYDRO-1,3,5-TRIAZINE-2,4-DIAMINEexperimentalunknownDetails
DB00544FluorouracilapprovedunknownsubstrateDetails
DB00563MethotrexateapprovedunknownsubstrateDetails
DB06813Pralatrexateapproved, investigationalyesinhibitorDetails
DB09327Tegafur-uracilapproved, investigationalyesantagonistDetails
DB09256Tegafurapproved, investigationalyesinhibitorDetails
DB00563MethotrexateapprovedyesinhibitorDetails