Proton-coupled amino acid transporter 1

Details

Name
Proton-coupled amino acid transporter 1
Synonyms
  • PAT1
  • Proton/amino acid transporter 1
  • Solute carrier family 36 member 1
Gene Name
SLC36A1
Organism
Humans
Amino acid sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0001070|Proton-coupled amino acid transporter 1
MSTQRLRNEDYHDYSSTDVSPEESPSEGLNNLSSPGSYQRFGQSNSTTWFQTLIHLLKGN
IGTGLLGLPLAVKNAGIVMGPISLLIIGIVAVHCMGILVKCAHHFCRRLNKSFVDYGDTV
MYGLESSPCSWLRNHAHWGRRVVDFFLIVTQLGFCCVYFVFLADNFKQVIEAANGTTNNC
HNNETVILTPTMDSRLYMLSFLPFLVLLVFIRNLRALSIFSLLANITMLVSLVMIYQFIV
QRIPDPSHLPLVAPWKTYPLFFGTAIFSFEGIGMVLPLENKMKDPRKFPLILYLGMVIVT
ILYISLGCLGYLQFGANIQGSITLNLPNCWLYQSVKLLYSIGIFFTYALQFYVPAEIIIP
FFVSRAPEHCELVVDLFVRTVLVCLTCILAILIPRLDLVISLVGSVSSSALALIIPPLLE
VTTFYSEGMSPLTIFKDALISILGFVGFVVGTYEALYELIQPSNAPIFINSTCAFI
Number of residues
476
Molecular Weight
53075.045
Theoretical pI
7.0
GO Classification
Functions
glycine transmembrane transporter activity / hydrogen / hydrogen ion transmembrane transporter activity / L-alanine transmembrane transporter activity / L-proline transmembrane transporter activity
Processes
amino acid transport / glycine transport / hydrogen ion transmembrane transport / ion transport / L-alanine transport / proline transmembrane transport / proton transport / transmembrane transport
Components
endoplasmic reticulum / integral component of membrane / lysosomal membrane / plasma membrane
General Function
L-proline transmembrane transporter activity
Specific Function
Neutral amino acid/proton symporter. Has a pH-dependent electrogenic transport activity for small amino acids such as glycine, alanine and proline. Besides small apolar L-amino acids, it also recognize their D-enantiomers and selected amino acid derivatives such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (By similarity).
Pfam Domain Function
Transmembrane Regions
52-72 79-99 142-162 191-211 216-236 258-278 290-310 343-363 373-393 398-418 440-460
Cellular Location
Cell membrane
Gene sequence
>lcl|BSEQ0020464|Proton-coupled amino acid transporter 1 (SLC36A1)
ATGTCCACGCAGAGACTTCGGAATGAAGACTACCACGACTACAGCTCCACGGACGTGAGC
CCTGAGGAGAGCCCGTCGGAAGGCCTCAACAACCTCTCCTCCCCGGGCTCCTACCAGCGC
TTTGGTCAAAGCAATAGCACAACATGGTTCCAGACCTTGATCCACCTGTTAAAAGGCAAC
ATTGGCACAGGACTCCTGGGACTCCCTCTGGCGGTGAAAAATGCAGGCATCGTGATGGGT
CCCATCAGCCTGCTGATCATAGGCATCGTGGCCGTGCACTGCATGGGTATCCTGGTGAAA
TGTGCTCACCACTTCTGCCGCAGGCTGAATAAATCCTTTGTGGATTATGGTGATACTGTG
ATGTATGGACTAGAATCCAGCCCCTGCTCCTGGCTCCGGAACCACGCACACTGGGGAAGA
CGTGTTGTGGACTTCTTCCTGATTGTCACCCAGCTGGGATTCTGCTGTGTCTATTTTGTG
TTTCTGGCTGACAACTTTAAACAGGTGATAGAAGCGGCCAATGGGACCACCAATAACTGC
CACAACAATGAGACGGTGATTCTGACGCCTACCATGGACTCGCGACTCTACATGCTCTCC
TTCCTGCCCTTCCTGGTGCTGCTGGTTTTCATCAGGAACCTCCGAGCCCTGTCCATCTTC
TCCCTGTTGGCCAACATCACCATGCTGGTCAGCTTGGTCATGATCTACCAGTTCATTGTT
CAGAGGATCCCAGACCCCAGCCACCTCCCCTTGGTGGCCCCTTGGAAGACCTACCCTCTC
TTCTTTGGCACAGCGATTTTTTCATTTGAAGGCATTGGAATGGTTCTGCCCCTGGAAAAC
AAAATGAAGGATCCTCGGAAGTTCCCACTCATCCTGTACCTGGGCATGGTCATCGTCACC
ATCCTCTACATCAGCCTGGGGTGTCTGGGGTACCTGCAATTTGGAGCTAATATCCAAGGC
AGCATAACCCTCAACCTGCCCAACTGCTGGTTGTACCAGTCAGTTAAGCTGCTGTACTCC
ATCGGGATCTTTTTCACCTACGCACTCCAGTTCTACGTCCCGGCTGAGATCATCATCCCC
TTCTTTGTGTCCCGAGCGCCCGAGCACTGTGAGTTAGTGGTGGACCTGTTTGTGCGCACA
GTGCTGGTCTGCCTGACATGA
Chromosome Location
5
Locus
5q33.1
External Identifiers
ResourceLink
UniProtKB IDQ7Z2H8
UniProtKB Entry NameS36A1_HUMAN
GenBank Protein ID31324239
GenBank Gene IDAF516142
GenAtlas IDSLC36A1
HGNC IDHGNC:18761
General References
  1. Boll M, Foltz M, Rubio-Aliaga I, Daniel H: A cluster of proton/amino acid transporter genes in the human and mouse genomes. Genomics. 2003 Jul;82(1):47-56. [PubMed:12809675]
  2. Chen Z, Fei YJ, Anderson CM, Wake KA, Miyauchi S, Huang W, Thwaites DT, Ganapathy V: Structure, function and immunolocalization of a proton-coupled amino acid transporter (hPAT1) in the human intestinal cell line Caco-2. J Physiol. 2003 Jan 15;546(Pt 2):349-61. [PubMed:12527723]
  3. Bermingham JR Jr, Pennington J: Organization and expression of the SLC36 cluster of amino acid transporter genes. Mamm Genome. 2004 Feb;15(2):114-25. [PubMed:15058382]
  4. Bechtel S, Rosenfelder H, Duda A, Schmidt CP, Ernst U, Wellenreuther R, Mehrle A, Schuster C, Bahr A, Blocker H, Heubner D, Hoerlein A, Michel G, Wedler H, Kohrer K, Ottenwalder B, Poustka A, Wiemann S, Schupp I: The full-ORF clone resource of the German cDNA Consortium. BMC Genomics. 2007 Oct 31;8:399. [PubMed:17974005]
  5. Schmutz J, Martin J, Terry A, Couronne O, Grimwood J, Lowry S, Gordon LA, Scott D, Xie G, Huang W, Hellsten U, Tran-Gyamfi M, She X, Prabhakar S, Aerts A, Altherr M, Bajorek E, Black S, Branscomb E, Caoile C, Challacombe JF, Chan YM, Denys M, Detter JC, Escobar J, Flowers D, Fotopulos D, Glavina T, Gomez M, Gonzales E, Goodstein D, Grigoriev I, Groza M, Hammon N, Hawkins T, Haydu L, Israni S, Jett J, Kadner K, Kimball H, Kobayashi A, Lopez F, Lou Y, Martinez D, Medina C, Morgan J, Nandkeshwar R, Noonan JP, Pitluck S, Pollard M, Predki P, Priest J, Ramirez L, Retterer J, Rodriguez A, Rogers S, Salamov A, Salazar A, Thayer N, Tice H, Tsai M, Ustaszewska A, Vo N, Wheeler J, Wu K, Yang J, Dickson M, Cheng JF, Eichler EE, Olsen A, Pennacchio LA, Rokhsar DS, Richardson P, Lucas SM, Myers RM, Rubin EM: The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 5. Nature. 2004 Sep 16;431(7006):268-74. [PubMed:15372022]
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  7. Ota T, Suzuki Y, Nishikawa T, Otsuki T, Sugiyama T, Irie R, Wakamatsu A, Hayashi K, Sato H, Nagai K, Kimura K, Makita H, Sekine M, Obayashi M, Nishi T, Shibahara T, Tanaka T, Ishii S, Yamamoto J, Saito K, Kawai Y, Isono Y, Nakamura Y, Nagahari K, Murakami K, Yasuda T, Iwayanagi T, Wagatsuma M, Shiratori A, Sudo H, Hosoiri T, Kaku Y, Kodaira H, Kondo H, Sugawara M, Takahashi M, Kanda K, Yokoi T, Furuya T, Kikkawa E, Omura Y, Abe K, Kamihara K, Katsuta N, Sato K, Tanikawa M, Yamazaki M, Ninomiya K, Ishibashi T, Yamashita H, Murakawa K, Fujimori K, Tanai H, Kimata M, Watanabe M, Hiraoka S, Chiba Y, Ishida S, Ono Y, Takiguchi S, Watanabe S, Yosida M, Hotuta T, Kusano J, Kanehori K, Takahashi-Fujii A, Hara H, Tanase TO, Nomura Y, Togiya S, Komai F, Hara R, Takeuchi K, Arita M, Imose N, Musashino K, Yuuki H, Oshima A, Sasaki N, Aotsuka S, Yoshikawa Y, Matsunawa H, Ichihara T, Shiohata N, Sano S, Moriya S, Momiyama H, Satoh N, Takami S, Terashima Y, Suzuki O, Nakagawa S, Senoh A, Mizoguchi H, Goto Y, Shimizu F, Wakebe H, Hishigaki H, Watanabe T, Sugiyama A, Takemoto M, Kawakami B, Yamazaki M, Watanabe K, Kumagai A, Itakura S, Fukuzumi Y, Fujimori Y, Komiyama M, Tashiro H, Tanigami A, Fujiwara T, Ono T, Yamada K, Fujii Y, Ozaki K, Hirao M, Ohmori Y, Kawabata A, Hikiji T, Kobatake N, Inagaki H, Ikema Y, Okamoto S, Okitani R, Kawakami T, Noguchi S, Itoh T, Shigeta K, Senba T, Matsumura K, Nakajima Y, Mizuno T, Morinaga M, Sasaki M, Togashi T, Oyama M, Hata H, Watanabe M, Komatsu T, Mizushima-Sugano J, Satoh T, Shirai Y, Takahashi Y, Nakagawa K, Okumura K, Nagase T, Nomura N, Kikuchi H, Masuho Y, Yamashita R, Nakai K, Yada T, Nakamura Y, Ohara O, Isogai T, Sugano S: Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. Nat Genet. 2004 Jan;36(1):40-5. Epub 2003 Dec 21. [PubMed:14702039]
  8. Schroder B, Wrocklage C, Pan C, Jager R, Kosters B, Schafer H, Elsasser HP, Mann M, Hasilik A: Integral and associated lysosomal membrane proteins. Traffic. 2007 Dec;8(12):1676-86. Epub 2007 Sep 26. [PubMed:17897319]
  9. Dorn M, Weiwad M, Markwardt F, Laug L, Rudolph R, Brandsch M, Bosse-Doenecke E: Identification of a disulfide bridge essential for transport function of the human proton-coupled amino acid transporter hPAT1. J Biol Chem. 2009 Aug 14;284(33):22123-32. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.023713. Epub 2009 Jun 23. [PubMed:19549785]

Drug Relations

Drug Relations
DrugBank IDNameDrug groupPharmacological action?ActionsDetails
DB00160L-Alanineapproved, nutraceuticalunknownDetails
DB00145Glycineapproved, nutraceutical, vet_approvedunknownDetails
DB06554GaboxadolinvestigationalunknownsubstrateDetails
DB00659Acamprosateapproved, investigationalunknownDetails
DB08847HydroxyprolineexperimentalunknownDetails
DB02853D-ProlineexperimentalunknownDetails
DB01080VigabatrinapprovedunknownDetails
DB02530gamma-Aminobutyric acidapproved, investigationalunknownDetails
DB08835Spaglumic AcidexperimentalunknownsubstrateotherDetails
DB01956Taurineapproved, nutraceuticalnosubstrateDetails