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Identification
NameSuprofen
Accession NumberDB00870  (APRD00230)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved, Withdrawn
Description

An ibuprofen-type anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic. It inhibits prostaglandin synthesis and has been proposed as an anti-arthritic. It is no longer approved for use in the United States.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
(+-)-2-(P-(2-Thenoyl)phenyl)propionic acid
2-(4-(2-Thenoyl)phenyl)propionsaeure
2-[4-(Thiophene-2-carbonyl)-phenyl]-propionic acid
4-(2-Thenoyl)hydratropsaeure
alpha-Methyl-4-(2-thienylcarbonyl)benzeneacetic acid
P-2-Thenoylhydratropic acid
PROFENAL
Suprofen
Suprofène
Suprofene
Suprofeno
Suprofenum
SUTOPROFEN
External Identifiers
  • R 25061
  • TN 762
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
ProfenalJanssen Pharmaceuticals
SrendamPola Pharma
SulprotinTaiyo Pharmaceutical
TopalgicAlfresa Pharma
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
CategoriesNot Available
UNII988GU2F9PE
CAS number40828-46-4
WeightAverage: 260.308
Monoisotopic: 260.05071494
Chemical FormulaC14H12O3S
InChI KeyInChIKey=MDKGKXOCJGEUJW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C14H12O3S/c1-9(14(16)17)10-4-6-11(7-5-10)13(15)12-3-2-8-18-12/h2-9H,1H3,(H,16,17)
IUPAC Name
2-[4-(thiophene-2-carbonyl)phenyl]propanoic acid
SMILES
CC(C(O)=O)C1=CC=C(C=C1)C(=O)C1=CC=CS1
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylpropanoic acids. These are compounds with a structure containing a benzene ring conjugated to a propanoic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassPhenylpropanoic acids
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentPhenylpropanoic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 2-phenylpropanoic-acid
  • Phenylacetate
  • Monoterpenoid
  • Monocyclic monoterpenoid
  • Aromatic monoterpenoid
  • P-cymene
  • Acetophenone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Thiophene carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Benzoyl
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Thiophene
  • Ketone
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationUsed as eye drops to inhibit the miosis (pupil constriction) that may occur during ocular surgery.
PharmacodynamicsSuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesic and antipyretic. Ophthalmic anti-inflammatory medicines are used in the eye to lessen problems that can occur during or after some kinds of eye surgery. Sometimes, the pupil of the eye gets smaller during an operation (pupil constriction), making it more difficult for the surgeon to reach some areas of the eye. Suprofen is used to help prevent this.
Mechanism of actionSuprofen binds to the cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) isoenzymes, preventing the synthesis of prostaglandins and reducing the inflammatory response. Cyclooxygenase catalyses the formation of prostaglandins and thromboxane from arachidonic acid (itself derived from the cellular phospholipid bilayer by phospholipase A2). Prostaglandins act (among other things) as messenger molecules in the process of inflammation. The overall result is a reduction in pain and inflammation in the eyes and the prevention of pupil constriction during surgery. Normally trauma to the anterior segment of the eye (especially the iris) increases endogenous prostaglandin synthesis which leads to constriction of the iris sphincter.
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein binding20%
Metabolism

Primarily hepatic (mainly via cytochrome P450 isozyme 2C9).

SubstrateEnzymesProduct
Suprofen
Suprofen S-oxideDetails
Suprofen
Thiophene-4,5-epoxideDetails
Suprofen
Suprofen glucuronideDetails
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicitySymptoms of overdose include bleeding in the eye or redness or swelling of the eye or the eyelid, blurred vision or other change in vision, fever or chills, itching or tearing, nausea or vomiting, pain, sensitivity to light, shortness of breath, sticky or matted eyelashes, swelling of face, throbbing pain, tightness in chest, troubled breathing, and wheezing.
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
Pathways
PathwayCategorySMPDB ID
Suprofen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00101
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9927
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9289
Caco-2 permeable+0.6039
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.7298
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.9534
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.9664
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.8998
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.6293
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.9226
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.8098
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9046
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8607
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9231
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8958
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9526
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.8682
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9398
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.7568
BiodegradationReady biodegradable0.7714
Rat acute toxicity3.1892 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9869
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9716
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • Alcon laboratories inc
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point124.3 °CPhysProp
water solubilitylimited solubilityNot Available
logP2.2Not Available
pKa3.91MERCK INDEX (1996)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0422 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.16ALOGPS
logP3.53ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.01ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area54.37 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity69.41 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability26.84 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesM01AE07
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSDownload (50.8 KB)
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase activity
Specific Function:
Converts arachidonate to prostaglandin H2 (PGH2), a committed step in prostanoid synthesis. Involved in the constitutive production of prostanoids in particular in the stomach and platelets. In gastric epithelial cells, it is a key step in the generation of prostaglandins, such as prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which plays an important role in cytoprotection. In platelets, it is involved in the gener...
Gene Name:
PTGS1
Uniprot ID:
P23219
Molecular Weight:
68685.82 Da
References
  1. Loll PJ, Picot D, Ekabo O, Garavito RM: Synthesis and use of iodinated nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug analogs as crystallographic probes of the prostaglandin H2 synthase cyclooxygenase active site. Biochemistry. 1996 Jun 11;35(23):7330-40. [PubMed:8652509 ]
  2. Bender A, Scheiber J, Glick M, Davies JW, Azzaoui K, Hamon J, Urban L, Whitebread S, Jenkins JL: Analysis of pharmacology data and the prediction of adverse drug reactions and off-target effects from chemical structure. ChemMedChem. 2007 Jun;2(6):861-73. [PubMed:17477341 ]
  3. Llorens O, Perez JJ, Palomer A, Mauleon D: Differential binding mode of diverse cyclooxygenase inhibitors. J Mol Graph Model. 2002 Mar;20(5):359-71. [PubMed:11885959 ]
  4. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase activity
Specific Function:
Converts arachidonate to prostaglandin H2 (PGH2), a committed step in prostanoid synthesis. Constitutively expressed in some tissues in physiological conditions, such as the endothelium, kidney and brain, and in pathological conditions, such as in cancer. PTGS2 is responsible for production of inflammatory prostaglandins. Up-regulation of PTGS2 is also associated with increased cell adhesion, p...
Gene Name:
PTGS2
Uniprot ID:
P35354
Molecular Weight:
68995.625 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Llorens O, Perez JJ, Palomer A, Mauleon D: Differential binding mode of diverse cyclooxygenase inhibitors. J Mol Graph Model. 2002 Mar;20(5):359-71. [PubMed:11885959 ]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrateinhibitor
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenyto...
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular Weight:
55627.365 Da
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
  2. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
  3. Drug Interactions: Cytochrome P450 Drug Interaction Table [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Steroid binding
Specific Function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naph...
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular Weight:
59590.91 Da
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Glucuronosyltransferase activity
Specific Function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol...
Gene Name:
UGT2B7
Uniprot ID:
P16662
Molecular Weight:
60694.12 Da
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:23