You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on DrugBank.
Identification
NameDinoprostone
Accession NumberDB00917  (APRD00927)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

Dinoprostone is a naturally occurring prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). It has important effects in labour. It also stimulates osteoblasts to release factors which stimualtes bone resorption by osteoclasts. As a prescription drug it is used as a vaginal suppository, to prepare the cervix for labour and to induce labour.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
(15S)-Prostaglandin e2Not AvailableNot Available
(5Z,11alpha,13e,15S)-11,15-Dihydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,13-dien-1-oic acidNot AvailableNot Available
(5Z,13e)-(15S)-11alpha,15-Dihydroxy-9-oxoprost-13-enoateNot AvailableNot Available
(5Z,13e)-(15S)-11alpha,15-Dihydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,13-dienoateNot AvailableNot Available
(e,Z)-(1R,2R,3R)-7-(3-Hydroxy-2-((3S)-(3-hydroxy-1-octenyl))-5-oxocyclopentyl)-5-heptenoic acidNot AvailableNot Available
(Z)-7-((1R,2R,3R)-3-Hydroxy-2-((S,e)-3-hydroxyoct-1-enyl)-5-oxocyclopentyl)hept-5-enoic acidNot AvailableNot Available
DinoprostonNot AvailableNot Available
DinoprostonaNot AvailableNot Available
DinoprostoneNot AvailableNot Available
Dinoprostone Prostaglandin E2Not AvailableNot Available
DinoprostonumNot AvailableNot Available
PGE2Not AvailableNot Available
PrepidilNot AvailableNot Available
PropessNot AvailableNot Available
Prostaglandin E2Not AvailableNot Available
Prostin e2Not AvailableNot Available
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Prostin E2suppository20 mgvaginalPharmacia and Upjohn Company1978-01-18Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Prepidilgel.5 mg/3gvaginalPharmacia and Upjohn Company1992-12-09Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Cervidilinsert, extended release10 mgvaginalForest Laboratories, Inc.1995-05-19Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Dinoprostoneinsert10 mg/241mgvaginalFerring Pharmaceuticals Inc.2014-02-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Cervidilinsert10 mgvaginalFerring IncNot AvailableNot AvailableCanada 5f16b84899037e23705f146ff57e3794121879cb055f0954756d94bc690476b4
Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
International Brands
NameCompany
PropessFerring Pharmaceuticals
Prostarmon EDCPC
PROSTINNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
CAS number363-24-6
WeightAverage: 352.4651
Monoisotopic: 352.224974134
Chemical FormulaC20H32O5
InChI KeyXEYBRNLFEZDVAW-ARSRFYASSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C20H32O5/c1-2-3-6-9-15(21)12-13-17-16(18(22)14-19(17)23)10-7-4-5-8-11-20(24)25/h4,7,12-13,15-17,19,21,23H,2-3,5-6,8-11,14H2,1H3,(H,24,25)/b7-4-,13-12+/t15-,16+,17+,19+/m0/s1
IUPAC Name
(5Z)-7-[(1R,2R,3R)-3-hydroxy-2-[(1E,3S)-3-hydroxyoct-1-en-1-yl]-5-oxocyclopentyl]hept-5-enoic acid
SMILES
CCCCC[C@H](O)\C=C\[C@H]1[C@H](O)CC(=O)[C@@H]1C\C=C/CCCC(O)=O
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as prostaglandins and related compounds. These are unsaturated carboxylic acids consisting of a 20 carbon skeleton that also contains a five member ring, and are based upon the fatty acid arachidonic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentProstaglandins and related compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Prostaglandin skeleton
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Cyclopentanol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationFor the termination of pregnancy during the second trimester (from the 12th through the 20th gestational week as calculated from the first day of the last normal menstrual period), as well as for evacuation of the uterine contents in the management of missed abortion or intrauterine fetal death up to 28 weeks of gestational age as calculated from the first day of the last normal menstrual period. Also used in the management of nonmetastatic gestational trophoblastic disease (benign hydatidiform mole). Other indications include improving the cervical inducibility (cervical "ripening") in pregnant women at or near term with a medical or obstetrical need for labor induction, and the management of postpartum hemorrhage.
PharmacodynamicsDinoprostone is equivalent to prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). It stimulates labor and delivery by stimulating the uterine, and thus terminates pregnancy. Dinoprostone is also capable of stimulating the smooth muscle of the gastrointestinal tract of man. This activity may be responsible for the vomiting and/or diarrhea that is not uncommon when dinoprostone is used to terminate pregnancy.
Mechanism of actionDinoprostone administered intravaginally stimulates the myometrium of the gravid uterus to contract in a manner that is similar to the contractions seen in the term uterus during labor, resulting in the evacuation of the products of conception from the uterus. It is believed that dinoprostone exerts its uterine effects via direct myometrial stimulation, but the exact mechanism of action is unkown. Other suggested mechanisms include the regulation of cellular membrane calcium transport and of intracellular concentrations of cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate. Dinoprostone also appears to produce local cervical effects including softening, effacement, and dilation. The exact mechanism of action for this effect is also unknown, but it has been suggested that this effect may be associated with collagen degradation caused by secretion of the enzyme collagenase as a partial response to locally administered dinoprostone.
AbsorptionAbsorbed at a rate of 0.3 mg per hour over 12 hours while the vaginal system is in place.
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein binding73%, to albumin
Metabolism

Rapid metabolism of dinoprostone occurs primarily in the local tissues; any systemic absorption of the medication is cleared mainly in the maternal lungs and, secondarily, at sites such as the liver and kidneys.

Route of eliminationThe major route of elimination of the products of PGE2 metabolism is the kidneys.
Half lifeLess than 5 minutes.
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityOral, mouse: LD50 = 750 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 500 mg/kg.
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
Pathways
PathwayCategorySMPDB ID
Leukotriene C4 Synthesis DeficiencyDiseaseSMP00353
Arachidonic Acid MetabolismMetabolicSMP00075
Ketorolac Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00098
Bromfenac Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00102
Mefenamic Acid Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00109
Etoricoxib Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00695
Lornoxicam Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00700
Salsalate Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00707
Piroxicam Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00077
Rofecoxib Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00087
Naproxen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00120
Meloxicam Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00106
Antrafenine Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00693
Magnesium salicylate Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00698
Tiaprofenic Acid Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00705
Acetaminophen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00710
Oxaprozin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00113
Fenoprofen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00696
Phenylbutazone Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00701
Trisalicylate-choline Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00703
Salicylate-sodium Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00708
Acetylsalicylic Acid Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00083
Ketoprofen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00085
Diclofenac Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00093
Flurbiprofen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00697
Nepafenac Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00702
Tolmetin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00704
Salicylic Acid Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00709
Etodolac Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00084
Ibuprofen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00086
Sulindac Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00094
Nabumetone Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00114
Celecoxib Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00096
Suprofen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00101
Indomethacin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00104
Diflunisal Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00289
Valdecoxib Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00116
Antipyrine Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00692
Carprofen Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00694
Lumiracoxib Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00699
Tenoxicam Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00706
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9815
Blood Brain Barrier+0.8704
Caco-2 permeable+0.5245
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.5554
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.9202
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.8983
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.9064
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8211
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8834
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.5292
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9045
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9502
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9231
CYP450 2C19 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9025
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-inhibitor0.8309
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9725
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9387
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.9201
BiodegradationReady biodegradable0.6056
Rat acute toxicity2.9631 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9087
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9138
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • Pharmacia and upjohn co
  • Controlled therapeutics (scotland) ltd
Packagers
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Gelvaginal.5 mg/3g
Insertvaginal10 mg
Insertvaginal10 mg/241mg
Insert, extended releasevaginal10 mg
Suppositoryvaginal20 mg
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Prostin e2 vaginal 20 mg sup1177.04USD each
Cervidil 10 mg vaginal insrt256.13USD each
Prepidil 0.5 mg/3 gm gel104.94USD g
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
Patents
CountryPatent NumberApprovedExpires (estimated)
United States52693211995-07-142012-07-14
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point67 °CPhysProp
water solubility58.1 mg/LNot Available
logP2.82HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.044 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.31ALOGPS
logP3.23ChemAxon
logS-3.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity99.44 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability41 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraGC-MSLC-MS1D NMR2D NMR
References
Synthesis Reference

Yu-Wen Su, Meng-Hwan Lee, “Composition for inhibiting nitric oxide and/or prostaglandin E2 synthesis and method for inhibiting inflammation.” U.S. Patent US20080268078, issued October 30, 2008.

US20080268078
General ReferenceNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesG02AD02
AHFS Codes
  • 76:00.00
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSDownload (69.1 KB)
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
CarbetocinDinoprostone may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Carbetocin. Specifically, Carbetocin oxytocic effects may be enhanced.
OxytocinMay enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Oxytocin. Specifically,oxytocic effects may be enhanced.
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

1. Prostaglandin E2 receptor EP2 subtype

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Prostaglandin E2 receptor EP2 subtype P43116 Details

References:

  1. Baryawno N, Sveinbjornsson B, Eksborg S, Orrego A, Segerstrom L, Oqvist CO, Holm S, Gustavsson B, Kagedal B, Kogner P, Johnsen JI: Tumor-growthpromoting cyclooxygenase-2 prostaglandin E2 pathway provides medulloblastoma therapeutic targets. Neuro Oncol. 2008 Aug 20. Pubmed
  2. Tamiji J, Crawford DA: Prostaglandin E(2) and misoprostol induce neurite retraction in Neuro-2a cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Jul 30;398(3):450-6. Epub 2010 Jun 27. Pubmed
  3. Legler DF, Bruckner M, Uetz-von Allmen E, Krause P: Prostaglandin E2 at new glance: novel insights in functional diversity offer therapeutic chances. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2010 Feb;42(2):198-201. Epub 2009 Sep 27. Pubmed
  4. Sugimoto Y, Narumiya S: Prostaglandin E receptors. J Biol Chem. 2007 Apr 20;282(16):11613-7. Epub 2007 Feb 28. Pubmed
  5. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. Pubmed

2. Prostaglandin E2 receptor EP1 subtype

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Prostaglandin E2 receptor EP1 subtype P34995 Details

References:

  1. Baryawno N, Sveinbjornsson B, Eksborg S, Orrego A, Segerstrom L, Oqvist CO, Holm S, Gustavsson B, Kagedal B, Kogner P, Johnsen JI: Tumor-growthpromoting cyclooxygenase-2 prostaglandin E2 pathway provides medulloblastoma therapeutic targets. Neuro Oncol. 2008 Aug 20. Pubmed
  2. Tamiji J, Crawford DA: Prostaglandin E(2) and misoprostol induce neurite retraction in Neuro-2a cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Jul 30;398(3):450-6. Epub 2010 Jun 27. Pubmed
  3. Legler DF, Bruckner M, Uetz-von Allmen E, Krause P: Prostaglandin E2 at new glance: novel insights in functional diversity offer therapeutic chances. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2010 Feb;42(2):198-201. Epub 2009 Sep 27. Pubmed
  4. Sugimoto Y, Narumiya S: Prostaglandin E receptors. J Biol Chem. 2007 Apr 20;282(16):11613-7. Epub 2007 Feb 28. Pubmed

3. Prostaglandin E2 receptor EP3 subtype

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Prostaglandin E2 receptor EP3 subtype P43115 Details

References:

  1. Baryawno N, Sveinbjornsson B, Eksborg S, Orrego A, Segerstrom L, Oqvist CO, Holm S, Gustavsson B, Kagedal B, Kogner P, Johnsen JI: Tumor-growthpromoting cyclooxygenase-2 prostaglandin E2 pathway provides medulloblastoma therapeutic targets. Neuro Oncol. 2008 Aug 20. Pubmed
  2. Tamiji J, Crawford DA: Prostaglandin E(2) and misoprostol induce neurite retraction in Neuro-2a cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Jul 30;398(3):450-6. Epub 2010 Jun 27. Pubmed
  3. Legler DF, Bruckner M, Uetz-von Allmen E, Krause P: Prostaglandin E2 at new glance: novel insights in functional diversity offer therapeutic chances. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2010 Feb;42(2):198-201. Epub 2009 Sep 27. Pubmed
  4. Sugimoto Y, Narumiya S: Prostaglandin E receptors. J Biol Chem. 2007 Apr 20;282(16):11613-7. Epub 2007 Feb 28. Pubmed

4. Prostaglandin E2 receptor EP4 subtype

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Prostaglandin E2 receptor EP4 subtype P35408 Details

References:

  1. Wise H: Lack of interaction between prostaglandin E2 receptor subtypes in regulating adenylyl cyclase activity in cultured rat dorsal root ganglion cells. Eur J Pharmacol. 2006 Mar 27;535(1-3):69-77. Epub 2006 Mar 20. Pubmed
  2. Baryawno N, Sveinbjornsson B, Eksborg S, Orrego A, Segerstrom L, Oqvist CO, Holm S, Gustavsson B, Kagedal B, Kogner P, Johnsen JI: Tumor-growthpromoting cyclooxygenase-2 prostaglandin E2 pathway provides medulloblastoma therapeutic targets. Neuro Oncol. 2008 Aug 20. Pubmed
  3. Tamiji J, Crawford DA: Prostaglandin E(2) and misoprostol induce neurite retraction in Neuro-2a cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Jul 30;398(3):450-6. Epub 2010 Jun 27. Pubmed
  4. Legler DF, Bruckner M, Uetz-von Allmen E, Krause P: Prostaglandin E2 at new glance: novel insights in functional diversity offer therapeutic chances. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2010 Feb;42(2):198-201. Epub 2009 Sep 27. Pubmed
  5. Sugimoto Y, Narumiya S: Prostaglandin E receptors. J Biol Chem. 2007 Apr 20;282(16):11613-7. Epub 2007 Feb 28. Pubmed

Enzymes

1. Cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrial

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrial P05108 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

2. Cytochrome P450 19A1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inducer

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 19A1 P11511 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

3. Cytochrome P450 1A2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 1A2 P05177 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

Transporters

1. Solute carrier family 22 member 2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 2 O15244 Details

References:

  1. Kimura H, Takeda M, Narikawa S, Enomoto A, Ichida K, Endou H: Human organic anion transporters and human organic cation transporters mediate renal transport of prostaglandins. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Apr;301(1):293-8. Pubmed

2. Solute carrier family 22 member 1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 1 O15245 Details

References:

  1. Kimura H, Takeda M, Narikawa S, Enomoto A, Ichida K, Endou H: Human organic anion transporters and human organic cation transporters mediate renal transport of prostaglandins. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Apr;301(1):293-8. Pubmed

3. Multidrug resistance-associated protein 5

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 5 O15440 Details

References:

  1. Reid G, Wielinga P, Zelcer N, van der Heijden I, Kuil A, de Haas M, Wijnholds J, Borst P: The human multidrug resistance protein MRP4 functions as a prostaglandin efflux transporter and is inhibited by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Aug 5;100(16):9244-9. Epub 2003 Jun 30. Pubmed

4. Solute carrier family 22 member 6

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 6 Q4U2R8 Details

References:

  1. Kimura H, Takeda M, Narikawa S, Enomoto A, Ichida K, Endou H: Human organic anion transporters and human organic cation transporters mediate renal transport of prostaglandins. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Apr;301(1):293-8. Pubmed
  2. Lu R, Chan BS, Schuster VL: Cloning of the human kidney PAH transporter: narrow substrate specificity and regulation by protein kinase C. Am J Physiol. 1999 Feb;276(2 Pt 2):F295-303. Pubmed
  3. Sekine T, Watanabe N, Hosoyamada M, Kanai Y, Endou H: Expression cloning and characterization of a novel multispecific organic anion transporter. J Biol Chem. 1997 Jul 25;272(30):18526-9. Pubmed

5. Solute carrier family 22 member 8

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 8 Q8TCC7 Details

References:

  1. Kimura H, Takeda M, Narikawa S, Enomoto A, Ichida K, Endou H: Human organic anion transporters and human organic cation transporters mediate renal transport of prostaglandins. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Apr;301(1):293-8. Pubmed
  2. Ohtsuki S, Kikkawa T, Mori S, Hori S, Takanaga H, Otagiri M, Terasaki T: Mouse reduced in osteosclerosis transporter functions as an organic anion transporter 3 and is localized at abluminal membrane of blood-brain barrier. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Jun;309(3):1273-81. Epub 2004 Feb 4. Pubmed
  3. Kobayashi Y, Ohshiro N, Tsuchiya A, Kohyama N, Ohbayashi M, Yamamoto T: Renal transport of organic compounds mediated by mouse organic anion transporter 3 (mOat3): further substrate specificity of mOat3. Drug Metab Dispos. 2004 May;32(5):479-83. Pubmed

6. Solute carrier family 22 member 11

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 11 Q9NSA0 Details

References:

  1. Kimura H, Takeda M, Narikawa S, Enomoto A, Ichida K, Endou H: Human organic anion transporters and human organic cation transporters mediate renal transport of prostaglandins. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Apr;301(1):293-8. Pubmed

7. Solute carrier family 22 member 7

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier family 22 member 7 Q9Y694 Details

References:

  1. Kimura H, Takeda M, Narikawa S, Enomoto A, Ichida K, Endou H: Human organic anion transporters and human organic cation transporters mediate renal transport of prostaglandins. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Apr;301(1):293-8. Pubmed
  2. Kobayashi Y, Ohshiro N, Shibusawa A, Sasaki T, Tokuyama S, Sekine T, Endou H, Yamamoto T: Isolation, characterization and differential gene expression of multispecific organic anion transporter 2 in mice. Mol Pharmacol. 2002 Jul;62(1):7-14. Pubmed
  3. Sekine T, Cha SH, Tsuda M, Apiwattanakul N, Nakajima N, Kanai Y, Endou H: Identification of multispecific organic anion transporter 2 expressed predominantly in the liver. FEBS Lett. 1998 Jun 12;429(2):179-82. Pubmed
  4. Morita N, Kusuhara H, Sekine T, Endou H, Sugiyama Y: Functional characterization of rat organic anion transporter 2 in LLC-PK1 cells. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2001 Sep;298(3):1179-84. Pubmed

8. Multidrug resistance-associated protein 4

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 4 O15439 Details

References:

  1. Reid G, Wielinga P, Zelcer N, van der Heijden I, Kuil A, de Haas M, Wijnholds J, Borst P: The human multidrug resistance protein MRP4 functions as a prostaglandin efflux transporter and is inhibited by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Aug 5;100(16):9244-9. Epub 2003 Jun 30. Pubmed

9. Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1 O94956 Details

References:

  1. Tamai I, Nezu J, Uchino H, Sai Y, Oku A, Shimane M, Tsuji A: Molecular identification and characterization of novel members of the human organic anion transporter (OATP) family. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jun 24;273(1):251-60. Pubmed
  2. Nishio T, Adachi H, Nakagomi R, Tokui T, Sato E, Tanemoto M, Fujiwara K, Okabe M, Onogawa T, Suzuki T, Nakai D, Shiiba K, Suzuki M, Ohtani H, Kondo Y, Unno M, Ito S, Iinuma K, Nunoki K, Matsuno S, Abe T: Molecular identification of a rat novel organic anion transporter moat1, which transports prostaglandin D(2), leukotriene C(4), and taurocholate. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Sep 7;275(3):831-8. Pubmed

10. Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2 P46721 Details

References:

  1. Kullak-Ublick GA, Ismair MG, Stieger B, Landmann L, Huber R, Pizzagalli F, Fattinger K, Meier PJ, Hagenbuch B: Organic anion-transporting polypeptide B (OATP-B) and its functional comparison with three other OATPs of human liver. Gastroenterology. 2001 Feb;120(2):525-33. Pubmed
  2. Cattori V, van Montfoort JE, Stieger B, Landmann L, Meijer DK, Winterhalter KH, Meier PJ, Hagenbuch B: Localization of organic anion transporting polypeptide 4 (Oatp4) in rat liver and comparison of its substrate specificity with Oatp1, Oatp2 and Oatp3. Pflugers Arch. 2001 Nov;443(2):188-95. Pubmed
  3. Kanai N, Lu R, Bao Y, Wolkoff AW, Schuster VL: Transient expression of oatp organic anion transporter in mammalian cells: identification of candidate substrates. Am J Physiol. 1996 Feb;270(2 Pt 2):F319-25. Pubmed

11. Organic solute transporter subunit alpha

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Organic solute transporter subunit alpha Q86UW1 Details

References:

  1. Seward DJ, Koh AS, Boyer JL, Ballatori N: Functional complementation between a novel mammalian polygenic transport complex and an evolutionarily ancient organic solute transporter, OSTalpha-OSTbeta. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jul 25;278(30):27473-82. Epub 2003 Apr 28. Pubmed

12. Organic solute transporter subunit beta

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Organic solute transporter subunit beta Q86UW2 Details

References:

  1. Seward DJ, Koh AS, Boyer JL, Ballatori N: Functional complementation between a novel mammalian polygenic transport complex and an evolutionarily ancient organic solute transporter, OSTalpha-OSTbeta. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jul 25;278(30):27473-82. Epub 2003 Apr 28. Pubmed

13. Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2A1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2A1 Q92959 Details

References:

  1. Lu R, Kanai N, Bao Y, Schuster VL: Cloning, in vitro expression, and tissue distribution of a human prostaglandin transporter cDNA(hPGT). J Clin Invest. 1996 Sep 1;98(5):1142-9. Pubmed
  2. Kanai N, Lu R, Satriano JA, Bao Y, Wolkoff AW, Schuster VL: Identification and characterization of a prostaglandin transporter. Science. 1995 May 12;268(5212):866-9. Pubmed

14. Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 4A1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 4A1 Q96BD0 Details

References:

  1. Tamai I, Nezu J, Uchino H, Sai Y, Oku A, Shimane M, Tsuji A: Molecular identification and characterization of novel members of the human organic anion transporter (OATP) family. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jun 24;273(1):251-60. Pubmed

15. Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1C1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1C1 Q9NYB5 Details

References:

  1. Pizzagalli F, Hagenbuch B, Stieger B, Klenk U, Folkers G, Meier PJ: Identification of a novel human organic anion transporting polypeptide as a high affinity thyroxine transporter. Mol Endocrinol. 2002 Oct;16(10):2283-96. Pubmed

16. Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 3A1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 3A1 Q9UIG8 Details

References:

  1. Tamai I, Nezu J, Uchino H, Sai Y, Oku A, Shimane M, Tsuji A: Molecular identification and characterization of novel members of the human organic anion transporter (OATP) family. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jun 24;273(1):251-60. Pubmed
  2. Adachi H, Suzuki T, Abe M, Asano N, Mizutamari H, Tanemoto M, Nishio T, Onogawa T, Toyohara T, Kasai S, Satoh F, Suzuki M, Tokui T, Unno M, Shimosegawa T, Matsuno S, Ito S, Abe T: Molecular characterization of human and rat organic anion transporter OATP-D. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2003 Dec;285(6):F1188-97. Pubmed

17. Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1 Q9Y6L6 Details

References:

  1. Tamai I, Nezu J, Uchino H, Sai Y, Oku A, Shimane M, Tsuji A: Molecular identification and characterization of novel members of the human organic anion transporter (OATP) family. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jun 24;273(1):251-60. Pubmed
  2. Abe T, Kakyo M, Tokui T, Nakagomi R, Nishio T, Nakai D, Nomura H, Unno M, Suzuki M, Naitoh T, Matsuno S, Yawo H: Identification of a novel gene family encoding human liver-specific organic anion transporter LST-1. J Biol Chem. 1999 Jun 11;274(24):17159-63. Pubmed
  3. Kullak-Ublick GA, Ismair MG, Stieger B, Landmann L, Huber R, Pizzagalli F, Fattinger K, Meier PJ, Hagenbuch B: Organic anion-transporting polypeptide B (OATP-B) and its functional comparison with three other OATPs of human liver. Gastroenterology. 2001 Feb;120(2):525-33. Pubmed

Comments
comments powered by Disqus
Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on September 16, 2013 17:12