You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on DrugBank.
Identification
NamePhenprocoumon
Accession NumberDB00946  (APRD00228)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

Coumarin derivative that acts as a long acting oral anticoagulant. [PubChem]

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
3-(1-Phenylpropyl)-4-hydroxycoumarin
3-(1'-Phenyl-propyl)-4-oxycoumarin
3-(alpha-Ethylbenzyl)-4-hydroxycoumarin
3-(alpha-Phenylpropyl)-4-hydroxycoumarin
4-Hydroxy-3-(1-phenylpropyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one
4-Hydroxy-3-(1-phenylpropyl)-2H-chromen-2-one
Fenprocumon
Fenprocumone
Phenprocoumarol
Phenprocoumarole
Phenprocoumone
Phenprocoumonum
Phenprocumone
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
FalithromNot Available
MarcoumarNot Available
MarcumarNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNIIQ08SIO485D
CAS number435-97-2
WeightAverage: 280.3178
Monoisotopic: 280.109944378
Chemical FormulaC18H16O3
InChI KeyInChIKey=DQDAYGNAKTZFIW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C18H16O3/c1-2-13(12-8-4-3-5-9-12)16-17(19)14-10-6-7-11-15(14)21-18(16)20/h3-11,13,19H,2H2,1H3
IUPAC Name
4-hydroxy-3-(1-phenylpropyl)-2H-chromen-2-one
SMILES
CCC(C1=CC=CC=C1)C1=C(O)C2=C(OC1=O)C=CC=C2
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 4-hydroxycoumarins. These are coumarins that contain one or more hydroxyl groups attached to C4-position the coumarin skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassCoumarins and derivatives
Sub ClassHydroxycoumarins
Direct Parent4-hydroxycoumarins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 4-hydroxycoumarin
  • 1-benzopyran
  • Benzopyran
  • Phenylpropane
  • Pyranone
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyran
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Vinylogous acid
  • Lactone
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationUsed for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disease including venous thrombosis, thromboembolism, and pulmonary embolism as well as for the prevention of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF).
PharmacodynamicsPhenprocoumon, a coumarin anticoagulant, thins the blood by antagonizing vitamin K which is required for the production of clotting factors in the liver. Anticoagulants such as phenprocoumon have no direct effect on an established thrombus, nor do they reverse ischemic tissue damage (damage caused by an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body). However, once a thrombus has occurred, the goal of anticoagulant treatment is to prevent further extension of the formed clot and prevent secondary thromboembolic complications which may result in serious and possibly fatal sequelae.
Mechanism of actionPhenprocoumon inhibits vitamin K reductase, resulting in depletion of the reduced form of vitamin K (vitamin KH2). As vitamin K is a cofactor for the carboxylation of glutamate residues on the N-terminal regions of vitamin K-dependent proteins, this limits the gamma-carboxylation and subsequent activation of the vitamin K-dependent coagulant proteins. The synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X and anticoagulant proteins C and S is inhibited. Depression of three of the four vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors (factors II, VII, and X) results in decreased prothrombin levels and a decrease in the amount of thrombin generated and bound to fibrin. This reduces the thrombogenicity of clots.
Related Articles
AbsorptionBioavailability is close to 100%
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein binding99%
Metabolism

Phenprocoumon is stereoselectively metabolized by hepatic microsomal enzymes (cytochrome P-450) to inactive hydroxylated metabolites (predominant route) and by reductases to reduced metabolites. Cytochrome P450 2C9 is the principal form of human liver P-450 responsible for metabolism.

SubstrateEnzymesProduct
Phenprocoumon
4'-Hydroxy-R-phenprocoumonDetails
Phenprocoumon
6-Hydroxy-R-phenprocoumonDetails
Phenprocoumon
8-Hydroxy-R-phenprocoumonDetails
Phenprocoumon
7-Hydroxy-R-phenprocoumonDetails
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half life5-6 days
ClearanceNot Available
Toxicity50=500 mg/kg. Symptoms of overdose includes suspected or overt abnormal bleeding (e.g., appearance of blood in stools or urine, hematuria, excessive menstrual bleeding, melena, petechiae, excessive bruising or persistent oozing from superficial injuries).
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
Pathways
PathwayCategorySMPDB ID
Phenprocoumon Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00271
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.992
Blood Brain Barrier+0.8992
Caco-2 permeable+0.8924
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.5545
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.8579
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.8896
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.8798
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.6832
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.9116
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.687
CYP450 1A2 substrateInhibitor0.6462
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorInhibitor0.7572
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9555
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.5
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9032
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.6013
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.8363
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.9044
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.8477
Rat acute toxicity3.1784 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9105
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9479
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • Organon usa inc
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point179.5 °CPhysProp
water solubility12.9 mg/LNot Available
logP3.62HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0486 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.81ALOGPS
logP3.74ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)6.44ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area46.53 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity81.64 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability29.92 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Download (10.9 KB)
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesB01AA04
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB Entries
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
AbciximabAbciximab may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
AcenocoumarolPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Acenocoumarol.
Acetylsalicylic acidAcetylsalicylic acid may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
AlteplaseAlteplase may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Aminosalicylic AcidAminosalicylic Acid may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
AnagrelideAnagrelide may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
ApixabanApixaban may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
ArgatrobanPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Argatroban.
Bismuth SubsalicylateBismuth Subsalicylate may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
BivalirudinPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Bivalirudin.
CaffeineCaffeine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
CangrelorCangrelor may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
CelecoxibCelecoxib may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
CilostazolCilostazol may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
CitalopramCitalopram may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
ClopidogrelClopidogrel may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Collagenase clostridium histolyticumThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenprocoumon is combined with Collagenase clostridium histolyticum.
Cyproterone acetateThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Cyproterone acetate.
Dabigatran etexilateDabigatran etexilate may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DalteparinPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Dalteparin.
DanaparoidPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Danaparoid.
DasatinibDasatinib may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DeferasiroxThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenprocoumon is combined with Deferasirox.
Deoxycholic AcidThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenprocoumon is combined with Deoxycholic Acid.
DesirudinPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Desirudin.
DesogestrelDesogestrel may decrease the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DesvenlafaxineDesvenlafaxine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DiclofenacDiclofenac may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DienogestThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Dienogest.
DiflunisalDiflunisal may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DihydrocodeineDihydrocodeine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DipyridamoleDipyridamole may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DrospirenoneDrospirenone may decrease the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
DuloxetineDuloxetine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
EdoxabanEdoxaban may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
EnoxaparinPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Enoxaparin.
EpoprostenolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Epoprostenol is combined with Phenprocoumon.
EptifibatideEptifibatide may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
EscitalopramEscitalopram may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
EstradiolEstradiol may decrease the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Estrone sulfateEstropipate may decrease the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Ethinyl EstradiolEthinyl Estradiol may decrease the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Ethynodiol diacetateEthynodiol may decrease the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
EtodolacEtodolac may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
EtonogestrelThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Etonogestrel.
FenoprofenFenoprofen may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
FloctafenineFloctafenine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
FluoxetineFluoxetine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
FlurbiprofenFlurbiprofen may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
FluvoxamineFluvoxamine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Fondaparinux sodiumPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Fondaparinux sodium.
HeparinPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Heparin.
Hydroxyprogesterone caproateThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Hydroxyprogesterone caproate.
Ibritumomab tiuxetanThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenprocoumon is combined with Ibritumomab.
IbrutinibThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Ibrutinib is combined with Phenprocoumon.
IbuprofenIbuprofen may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
IcosapentIcosapent may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Icosapent ethylIcosapent ethyl may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
IloprostThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Iloprost is combined with Phenprocoumon.
IndomethacinIndomethacin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
KetoprofenKetoprofen may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
KetorolacKetorolac may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
LevomilnacipranLevomilnacipran may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
LevonorgestrelThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Levonorgestrel.
Magnesium salicylateMagnesium salicylate may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Medroxyprogesterone acetateThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Medroxyprogesterone Acetate.
Mefenamic acidMefenamic acid may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Megestrol acetateThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Megestrol acetate.
MeloxicamMeloxicam may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
MestranolMestranol may decrease the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
MilnacipranMilnacipran may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
NabumetoneNabumetone may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
NadroparinPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Nadroparin.
NaproxenNaproxen may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
NintedanibThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenprocoumon is combined with Nintedanib.
NorethisteroneThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Norethindrone.
NorgestimateNorgestimate may decrease the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
ObinutuzumabThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenprocoumon is combined with Obinutuzumab.
Omega-3 fatty acidsOmega-3 fatty acids may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Omega-3-acid ethyl estersOmega-3-acid ethyl esters may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
OxaprozinOxaprozin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
ParoxetineParoxetine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Pentosan PolysulfatePentosan Polysulfate may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
PiroxicamPiroxicam may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
PrasugrelPrasugrel may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
ProgesteroneThe therapeutic efficacy of Phenprocoumon can be decreased when used in combination with Progesterone.
ReteplaseReteplase may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
RivaroxabanPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Rivaroxaban.
SalsalateSalsalate may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
SertralineSertraline may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
SulindacSulindac may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
TenecteplaseTenecteplase may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Tiaprofenic acidTiaprofenic acid may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
TicagrelorTicagrelor may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
TiclopidineTiclopidine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
TinzaparinPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Tinzaparin.
TipranavirTipranavir may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
TirofibanTirofiban may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
TolmetinTolmetin may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
TositumomabThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenprocoumon is combined with Tositumomab.
TreprostinilThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Treprostinil is combined with Phenprocoumon.
VenlafaxineVenlafaxine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
VilazodoneVilazodone may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
Vitamin EVitamin E may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
VorapaxarThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Vorapaxar is combined with Phenprocoumon.
VortioxetineVortioxetine may increase the anticoagulant activities of Phenprocoumon.
WarfarinPhenprocoumon may increase the anticoagulant activities of Warfarin.
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Vitamin-k-epoxide reductase (warfarin-sensitive) activity
Specific Function:
Involved in vitamin K metabolism. Catalytic subunit of the vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKOR) complex which reduces inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K. Vitamin K is required for the gamma-carboxylation of various proteins, including clotting factors, and is required for normal blood coagulation, but also for normal bone development.
Gene Name:
VKORC1
Uniprot ID:
Q9BQB6
Molecular Weight:
18234.3 Da
References
  1. Schalekamp T, Brasse BP, Roijers JF, van Meegen E, van der Meer FJ, van Wijk EM, Egberts AC, de Boer A: VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genotypes and phenprocoumon anticoagulation status: interaction between both genotypes affects dose requirement. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Feb;81(2):185-93. Epub 2006 Dec 27. [PubMed:17192772 ]
  2. Reitsma PH, van der Heijden JF, Groot AP, Rosendaal FR, Buller HR: A C1173T dimorphism in the VKORC1 gene determines coumarin sensitivity and bleeding risk. PLoS Med. 2005 Oct;2(10):e312. Epub 2005 Oct 11. [PubMed:16201835 ]
  3. Thijssen HH, Baars LG: Microsomal warfarin binding and vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase. Biochem Pharmacol. 1989 Apr 1;38(7):1115-20. [PubMed:2706010 ]
  4. Thijssen HH, Baars LG, Vervoort-Peters HT: Vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase: the basis for stereoselectivity of 4-hydroxycoumarin anticoagulant activity. Br J Pharmacol. 1988 Nov;95(3):675-82. [PubMed:3207986 ]
  5. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. In the epoxidation of arachidonic acid it generates only 14,15- and 11,12-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. It is the principal enzyme...
Gene Name:
CYP2C8
Uniprot ID:
P10632
Molecular Weight:
55824.275 Da
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
  2. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenyto...
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular Weight:
55627.365 Da
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
  2. Schalekamp T, Brasse BP, Roijers JF, van Meegen E, van der Meer FJ, van Wijk EM, Egberts AC, de Boer A: VKORC1 and CYP2C9 genotypes and phenprocoumon anticoagulation status: interaction between both genotypes affects dose requirement. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Feb;81(2):185-93. Epub 2006 Dec 27. [PubMed:17192772 ]
  3. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiot...
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular Weight:
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014 ]
  2. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]

Carriers

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
General Function:
Toxic substance binding
Specific Function:
Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, bilirubin and drugs. Its main function is the regulation of the colloidal osmotic pressure of blood. Major zinc transporter in plasma, typically binds about 80% of all plasma zinc.
Gene Name:
ALB
Uniprot ID:
P02768
Molecular Weight:
69365.94 Da
References
  1. Niedner R, von Oettingen U, Meyer F: [The reciprocal actions of phenprocoumon (Marcumar) with human serum albumin, erythrocytes and blood]. Int J Clin Pharmacol Biopharm. 1975 Dec;12(4):446-57. [PubMed:1205658 ]
  2. Fitos I, Visy J, Simonyi M: Species-dependency in chiral-drug recognition of serum albumin studied by chromatographic methods. J Biochem Biophys Methods. 2002 Dec 31;54(1-3):71-84. [PubMed:12543492 ]
  3. Fitos I, Simonyi M: Stereoselective effect of phenprocoumon enantiomers on the binding of benzodiazepines to human serum albumin. Chirality. 1992;4(1):21-3. [PubMed:1642965 ]
  4. Rehse K, Fiedler B: [Determination of the protein binding of drugs by continuous ultrafiltration. 9. Comparison of the binding of nonsteroid antirheumatics to human serum albumin and their interaction with phenprocoumon]. Arch Pharm (Weinheim). 1989 Apr;322(4):241-3. [PubMed:2751413 ]
  5. Niedner R, von Oettingen U, Meyer F: [Binding of phenprocoumarol (Marcumar) to human albumin]. Int J Clin Pharmacol. 1973 Oct;8(2):160-6. [PubMed:4762907 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
General Function:
Not Available
Specific Function:
Functions as transport protein in the blood stream. Binds various ligands in the interior of its beta-barrel domain. Also binds synthetic drugs and influences their distribution and availability in the body. Appears to function in modulating the activity of the immune system during the acute-phase reaction.
Gene Name:
ORM1
Uniprot ID:
P02763
Molecular Weight:
23511.38 Da
References
  1. Otagiri M, Maruyama T, Imai T, Imamura Y: Fluorescent investigations of binding of phenprocoumon to alpha 1-acid glycoprotein. J Pharm Sci. 1987 Aug;76(8):646-9. [PubMed:11002825 ]
  2. Hazai E, Visy J, Fitos I, Bikadi Z, Simonyi M: Selective binding of coumarin enantiomers to human alpha1-acid glycoprotein genetic variants. Bioorg Med Chem. 2006 Mar 15;14(6):1959-65. Epub 2005 Nov 15. [PubMed:16290938 ]
Comments
comments powered by Disqus
Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on March 03, 2014 21:17