You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on DrugBank.
Identification
NameMiconazole
Accession NumberDB01110  (APRD01115)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved, Investigational
Description

An imidazole antifungal agent that is used topically and by intravenous infusion. [PubChem]

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
1-(2,4-Dichloro-beta-((2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)phenethyl)imidazoleNot AvailableNot Available
1-[2-(2,4-Dichloro-benzyloxy)-2-(2,4-dichloro-phenyl)-ethyl]-1H-imidazoleNot AvailableNot Available
Daktarin ivNot AvailableNot Available
MiconazoleNot AvailableNot Available
Monistat iv (tn)Not AvailableNot Available
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Oravigtablet50 mgbuccalPraelia Pharmaceuticals Inc2012-11-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Over the Counter Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Desenexpowder2 g/100gtopicalNovartis Consumer Health, Inc.2009-08-03Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Desenexaerosol, powder2 g/100gtopicalNovartis Consumer Health, Inc.2006-02-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Desenexaerosol, spray2 g/100gtopicalNovartis Consumer Health, Inc.2006-02-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Rash Relief Antifungalliquid10; 2; 10 g/100g; g/100g; g/100gtopicalTouchless Care Concepts LLC2006-06-14Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Miconazolecream20 mg/gtopicalGalentic Pharma (India) Priva Te Limited2013-07-18Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Miconazolecream20 mg/gtopicalKinray, Inc.2013-03-21Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Micatincream20 mg/gtopicalWell Spring Pharmaceutical Corporation2009-06-24Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Miconazolecream2 g/100gtopicalPremier Value2009-05-15Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Makesensecream2 g/100gtopicalCherry Hill Sales Co2014-07-15Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
International Brands
NameCompany
DaktarinNot Available
DecocortNot Available
Femizol-MNot Available
Gyno-DaktarinNot Available
MiconazexNot Available
MonistatNot Available
Monistat-DermNot Available
Zeasorb-AFNot Available
ZimycanNot Available
Brand mixtures
Brand NameIngredients
Vusionmiconazole nitrate + zinc oxide + white petrolatum
SaltsNot Available
Categories
CAS number22916-47-8
WeightAverage: 416.129
Monoisotopic: 413.986023908
Chemical FormulaC18H14Cl4N2O
InChI KeyBYBLEWFAAKGYCD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C18H14Cl4N2O/c19-13-2-1-12(16(21)7-13)10-25-18(9-24-6-5-23-11-24)15-4-3-14(20)8-17(15)22/h1-8,11,18H,9-10H2
IUPAC Name
1-[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]-1H-imidazole
SMILES
ClC1=CC(Cl)=C(COC(CN2C=CN=C2)C2=C(Cl)C=C(Cl)C=C2)C=C1
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzylethers. These are aromatic ethers with the general formula ROCR' (R = alkyl, aryl; R'=benzene).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzylethers
Direct ParentBenzylethers
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Benzylether
  • 1,3-dichlorobenzene
  • Halobenzene
  • Chlorobenzene
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl chloride
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationFor topical application in the treatment of tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), tinea cruris, and tinea corporis caused by Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and Epidermophyton floccosum, in the treatment of cutaneous candidiasis (moniliasis), and in the treatment of tinea versicolor.
PharmacodynamicsMiconazole is an anti-fungal medication related to fluconazole (Diflucan), ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), and clotrimazole (Lotrimin, Mycelex). It is used either on the skin or in the vagina for fungal infections. Miconazole was approved by the FDA in 1974. Miconazole prevents fungal organisms from producing vital substances required for growth and function. This medication is effective only for infections caused by fungal organisms. It will not work for bacterial or viral infections.
Mechanism of actionMiconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme necessary to convert lanosterol to ergosterol. As ergosterol is an essential component of the fungal cell membrane, inhibition of its synthesis results in increased cellular permeability causing leakage of cellular contents. Miconazole may also inhibit endogenous respiration, interact with membrane phospholipids, inhibit the transformation of yeasts to mycelial forms, inhibit purine uptake, and impair triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis.
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityOral, mouse: LD50 = 3800 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 3 gm/kg. Ingestion of the amounts of the components contained in a tube of cream are unlikely to produce overdosage and toxic effects.
Affected organisms
  • Fungi, yeast and protozoans
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9735
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9823
Caco-2 permeable+0.6096
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.545
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.7958
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IIInhibitor0.8387
Renal organic cation transporterInhibitor0.6806
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8407
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.9116
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.7017
CYP450 1A2 substrateInhibitor0.9472
CYP450 2C9 substrateInhibitor0.939
CYP450 2D6 substrateInhibitor0.9413
CYP450 2C19 substrateInhibitor0.9591
CYP450 3A4 substrateInhibitor0.8861
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityHigh CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9961
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9133
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.853
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.9933
Rat acute toxicity2.8478 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.5
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Inhibitor0.8505
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
Packagers
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Aerosol, powdertopical2 g/100g
Aerosol, spraytopical2 g/100g
Creamtopical2 g/100g
Creamtopical20 mg/g
Liquidtopical10; 2; 10 g/100g; g/100g; g/100g
Powdertopical2 g/100g
Tabletbuccal50 mg
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Vusion 0.25-15-81.35% Ointment 50 gm Tube284.34USD tube
Miconazole 3 3 200 mg Suppository Box51.2USD box
Monistat-Derm 2% Cream 28.35 gm Tube41.99USD tube
Monistat-Derm 2% Cream 15 gm Tube32.0USD tube
Monistat 1 combination pack16.81USD each
Monistat 7 combination pack15.96USD each
Miconazole Nitrate 2% Cream 28 gm Tube12.99USD tube
Miconazole powder4.59USD g
Monistat 1 6.5% ointment3.6USD g
Miconazole nitrate powder3.55USD g
Vusion ointment3.17USD g
Monistat-derm 2% cream1.11USD g
Miconazole nitrate 2% cream0.19USD g
CVS Pharmacy miconazole 7 cream0.18USD g
Miconazole 7 cream0.15USD g
Antifungal 2% cream0.1USD g
Micatin 2% aerosol spray0.05USD g
Lotrimin af 2% liquid spray0.04USD g
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
Patents
CountryPatent NumberApprovedExpires (estimated)
United States55146981994-03-212014-03-21
United States76516982006-01-082026-01-08
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point159-163 °CNot Available
water solubility1g/100mL (20 °C)Not Available
logP6.1Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000763 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.86ALOGPS
logP5.96ChemAxon
logS-5.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)6.77ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area27.05 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity103.07 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability39.54 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraMS
References
Synthesis Reference

DrugSyn.org

US3717655
General ReferenceNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesA01AB09A07AC01D01AC02G01AF04J02AB01S02AA13
AHFS Codes
  • 84:04.08.08
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelDownload (650 KB)
MSDSDownload (73.7 KB)
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
FosphenytoinMiconazole (Oral) may increase the serum concentration of Fosphenytoin.
PhenytoinMiconazole (Oral) may increase the serum concentration of Phenytoin.
WarfarinMiconazole (Oral) may increase the serum concentration of Warfarin.
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

1. Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase

Kind: protein

Organism: Yeast

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase P10613 Details

References:

  1. White TC, Marr KA, Bowden RA: Clinical, cellular, and molecular factors that contribute to antifungal drug resistance. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1998 Apr;11(2):382-402. Pubmed
  2. Ghannoum MA, Rice LB: Antifungal agents: mode of action, mechanisms of resistance, and correlation of these mechanisms with bacterial resistance. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1999 Oct;12(4):501-17. Pubmed
  3. Edlind T, Smith L, Henry K, Katiyar S, Nickels J: Antifungal activity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is modulated by calcium signalling. Mol Microbiol. 2002 Oct;46(1):257-68. Pubmed
  4. Georgopapadakou NH, Walsh TJ: Antifungal agents: chemotherapeutic targets and immunologic strategies. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1996 Feb;40(2):279-91. Pubmed

2. Nitric oxide synthase, endothelial

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Nitric oxide synthase, endothelial P29474 Details

References:

  1. Wolff DJ, Datto GA, Samatovicz RA: The dual mode of inhibition of calmodulin-dependent nitric-oxide synthase by antifungal imidazole agents. J Biol Chem. 1993 May 5;268(13):9430-6. Pubmed
  2. Bogle RG, Whitley GS, Soo SC, Johnstone AP, Vallance P: Effect of anti-fungal imidazoles on mRNA levels and enzyme activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase. Br J Pharmacol. 1994 Apr;111(4):1257-61. Pubmed
  3. Sennequier N, Wolan D, Stuehr DJ: Antifungal imidazoles block assembly of inducible NO synthase into an active dimer. J Biol Chem. 1999 Jan 8;274(2):930-8. Pubmed
  4. Dudek RR, Conforto A, Pinto V, Wildhirt S, Suzuki H: Inhibition of endothelial nitric oxide synthase by cytochrome P-450 reductase inhibitors. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1995 May;209(1):60-4. Pubmed

3. Nitric oxide synthase, inducible

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Nitric oxide synthase, inducible P35228 Details

References:

  1. Wolff DJ, Datto GA, Samatovicz RA: The dual mode of inhibition of calmodulin-dependent nitric-oxide synthase by antifungal imidazole agents. J Biol Chem. 1993 May 5;268(13):9430-6. Pubmed
  2. Bogle RG, Whitley GS, Soo SC, Johnstone AP, Vallance P: Effect of anti-fungal imidazoles on mRNA levels and enzyme activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase. Br J Pharmacol. 1994 Apr;111(4):1257-61. Pubmed
  3. Sennequier N, Wolan D, Stuehr DJ: Antifungal imidazoles block assembly of inducible NO synthase into an active dimer. J Biol Chem. 1999 Jan 8;274(2):930-8. Pubmed
  4. Dudek RR, Conforto A, Pinto V, Wildhirt S, Suzuki H: Inhibition of endothelial nitric oxide synthase by cytochrome P-450 reductase inhibitors. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1995 May;209(1):60-4. Pubmed

4. Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1 Q12791 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

5. Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta-1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta-1 Q16558 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

6. Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta-2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta-2 Q9Y691 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

7. Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta-3

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta-3 Q9NPA1 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

8. Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta-4

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Calcium-activated potassium channel subunit beta-4 Q86W47 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

9. Intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4 O15554 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

10. Small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 1 Q92952 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

11. Small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 2 Q9H2S1 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

12. Small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 3

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 3 Q9UGI6 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Alvarez J, Montero M, Garcia-Sancho J: High affinity inhibition of Ca(2+)-dependent K+ channels by cytochrome P-450 inhibitors. J Biol Chem. 1992 Jun 15;267(17):11789-93. Pubmed

13. Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 Q12809 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Kikuchi K, Nagatomo T, Abe H, Kawakami K, Duff HJ, Makielski JC, January CT, Nakashima Y: Blockade of HERG cardiac K+ current by antifungal drug miconazole. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Mar;144(6):840-8. Pubmed

14. Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 6

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 6 Q9H252 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Kikuchi K, Nagatomo T, Abe H, Kawakami K, Duff HJ, Makielski JC, January CT, Nakashima Y: Blockade of HERG cardiac K+ current by antifungal drug miconazole. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Mar;144(6):840-8. Pubmed

15. Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 7

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 7 Q9NS40 Details

References:

  1. Hatton CJ, Peers C: Effects of cytochrome P-450 inhibitors on ionic currents in isolated rat type I carotid body cells. Am J Physiol. 1996 Jul;271(1 Pt 1):C85-92. Pubmed
  2. Kikuchi K, Nagatomo T, Abe H, Kawakami K, Duff HJ, Makielski JC, January CT, Nakashima Y: Blockade of HERG cardiac K+ current by antifungal drug miconazole. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Mar;144(6):840-8. Pubmed

Enzymes

1. Cytochrome P450 2C9

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 2C9 P11712 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

2. Cytochrome P450 2D6

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 2D6 P10635 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

3. Cytochrome P450 3A4

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 3A4 P08684 Details

References:

  1. Sakaeda T, Iwaki K, Kakumoto M, Nishikawa M, Niwa T, Jin JS, Nakamura T, Nishiguchi K, Okamura N, Okumura K: Effect of micafungin on cytochrome P450 3A4 and multidrug resistance protein 1 activities, and its comparison with azole antifungal drugs. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2005 Jun;57(6):759-64. Pubmed
  2. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

4. Cytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrial

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrial P15538 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

5. Cytochrome P450 19A1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 19A1 P11511 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

6. Cytochrome P450 1A2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 1A2 P05177 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

7. Cytochrome P450 2A6

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 2A6 P11509 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

8. Cytochrome P450 2B6

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 2B6 P20813 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

9. Cytochrome P450 2C19

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 2C19 P33261 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

10. Cytochrome P450 2E1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 2E1 P05181 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

Transporters

1. Multidrug resistance protein 1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Multidrug resistance protein 1 P08183 Details

References:

  1. Ekins S, Kim RB, Leake BF, Dantzig AH, Schuetz EG, Lan LB, Yasuda K, Shepard RL, Winter MA, Schuetz JD, Wikel JH, Wrighton SA: Three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationships of inhibitors of P-glycoprotein. Mol Pharmacol. 2002 May;61(5):964-73. Pubmed
  2. Schwab D, Fischer H, Tabatabaei A, Poli S, Huwyler J: Comparison of in vitro P-glycoprotein screening assays: recommendations for their use in drug discovery. J Med Chem. 2003 Apr 24;46(9):1716-25. Pubmed
  3. Yasuda K, Lan LB, Sanglard D, Furuya K, Schuetz JD, Schuetz EG: Interaction of cytochrome P450 3A inhibitors with P-glycoprotein. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Oct;303(1):323-32. Pubmed

Comments
comments powered by Disqus
Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on December 17, 2013 16:45