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Identification
NameTroleandomycin
Accession NumberDB01361
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

A macrolide antibiotic that is similar to erythromycin.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
TAO
Triacetyloleandomycin
Troleandomycin
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
TaoNot Available
TriocetinNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNIIC4DZ64560D
CAS number2751-09-9
WeightAverage: 813.9684
Monoisotopic: 813.451070479
Chemical FormulaC41H67NO15
InChI KeyInChIKey=LQCLVBQBTUVCEQ-QTFUVMRISA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C41H67NO15/c1-19-17-41(18-49-41)38(46)23(5)34(53-27(9)43)21(3)25(7)52-39(47)24(6)35(56-32-16-31(48-14)36(26(8)51-32)54-28(10)44)22(4)33(19)57-40-37(55-29(11)45)30(42(12)13)15-20(2)50-40/h19-26,30-37,40H,15-18H2,1-14H3/t19-,20+,21-,22+,23+,24+,25+,26-,30-,31-,32-,33-,34-,35-,36-,37+,40-,41+/m0/s1
IUPAC Name
(3R,5R,6S,7S,8R,11R,12S,13R,14S,15S)-14-{[(2S,3R,4S,6R)-3-(acetyloxy)-4-(dimethylamino)-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}-12-{[(2R,4S,5S,6S)-5-(acetyloxy)-4-methoxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}-5,7,8,11,13,15-hexamethyl-4,10-dioxo-1,9-dioxaspiro[2.13]hexadecan-6-yl acetate
SMILES
CO[[email protected]]1C[[email protected]](O[[email protected]]2[[email protected]](C)[C@@H](O[C@@H]3O[[email protected]](C)C[C@@H]([[email protected]]3OC(C)=O)N(C)C)[C@@H](C)C[C@@]3(CO3)C(=O)[[email protected]](C)[C@@H](OC(C)=O)[C@@H](C)[C@@H](C)OC(=O)[C@@H]2C)O[C@@H](C)[C@@H]1OC(C)=O
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as macrolides and analogues. These are organic compounds containing a lactone ring of at least twelve members.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassMacrolides and analogues
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentMacrolides and analogues
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Macrolide
  • Amino sugar
  • Desosamine
  • Amino saccharide
  • Oxane
  • Monosaccharide
  • Acetate salt
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Lactone
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Ether
  • Oxirane
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationFor the treatment of Pneumococcal pneumonia due to susceptible strains and group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections of the upper respiratory tract.
PharmacodynamicsTroleandomycin is a macrolide antibiotic that is similar to erythromycin. It is active in vitro against the following gram-positive organisms: Streptococcus pyogenes and Diplococcus pneumoniae.
Mechanism of actionTroleandomycin acts by penetrating the bacterial cell membrane and reversibly binding to the 50 S subunit of bacterial ribosomes or near the "P" or donor site so that binding of tRNA (transfer RNA) to the donor site is blocked. Translocation of peptides from the "A" or acceptor site to the "P" or donor site is prevented, and subsequent protein synthesis is inhibited.
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicitySymptoms of overdose include diarrhea, nausea, stomach cramps, and vomiting.
Affected organisms
  • Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria
Pathways
PathwayCategorySMPDB ID
Troleandomycin Action PathwayDrug actionSMP00730
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9048
Blood Brain Barrier-0.945
Caco-2 permeable-0.522
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.662
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IInhibitor0.9188
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.631
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.8177
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.7897
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.9116
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.7407
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9046
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9075
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9231
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9025
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorInhibitor0.7959
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9223
Ames testAMES toxic0.5213
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.8564
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.9949
Rat acute toxicity2.2177 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9881
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9163
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0192 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.76ALOGPS
logP4.3ChemAxon
logS-4.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)16.75ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)7.87ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area184.19 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity201.15 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability86.08 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesJ01FA08
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Deinococcus radiodurans (strain ATCC 13939 / DSM 20539 / JCM 16871 / LMG 4051 / NBRC 15346 / NCIMB 9279 / R1 / VKM B-1422)
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Structural constituent of ribosome
Specific Function:
Forms a cluster with L17 and L22, and with L22, a pair of "tweezers" that hold together all the domains of the 23S rRNA. Interacts with the antibiotic troleandomycin which blocks the peptide exit tunnel.
Gene Name:
rpmF
Uniprot ID:
P49228
Molecular Weight:
6791.905 Da
References
  1. Scharre KA, Eckels DD, Gershwin ME: Depression of colony formation by human thymus-derived lymphocytes with rifampin and other antimicrobial agents. J Infect Dis. 1981 Jun;143(6):832-5. [PubMed:6972981 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Escherichia coli (strain K12)
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Translation repressor activity
Specific Function:
One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, this protein initially binds near the 5'-end of the 23S rRNA. It is important during the early stages of 50S assembly. It makes multiple contacts with different domains of the 23S rRNA in the assembled 50S subunit and ribosome.Protein L4 is a both a transcriptional repressor and a translational repressor protein; these two functions are independent of e...
Gene Name:
rplD
Uniprot ID:
P60723
Molecular Weight:
22086.36 Da
References
  1. Scharre KA, Eckels DD, Gershwin ME: Depression of colony formation by human thymus-derived lymphocytes with rifampin and other antimicrobial agents. J Infect Dis. 1981 Jun;143(6):832-5. [PubMed:6972981 ]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenyto...
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular Weight:
55627.365 Da
References
  1. Ono S, Hatanaka T, Hotta H, Satoh T, Gonzalez FJ, Tsutsui M: Specificity of substrate and inhibitor probes for cytochrome P450s: evaluation of in vitro metabolism using cDNA-expressed human P450s and human liver microsomes. Xenobiotica. 1996 Jul;26(7):681-93. [PubMed:8819299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Responsible for the metabolism of a number of therapeutic agents such as the anticonvulsant drug S-mephenytoin, omeprazole, proguanil, certain barbiturates, diazepam, propranolol, citalopram and imipramine.
Gene Name:
CYP2C19
Uniprot ID:
P33261
Molecular Weight:
55930.545 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Oxygen binding
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics.
Gene Name:
CYP3A5
Uniprot ID:
P20815
Molecular Weight:
57108.065 Da
References
  1. Klees TM, Sheffels P, Dale O, Kharasch ED: Metabolism of alfentanil by cytochrome p4503a (cyp3a) enzymes. Drug Metab Dispos. 2005 Mar;33(3):303-11. Epub 2004 Nov 22. [PubMed:15557344 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inducer
General Function:
Monooxygenase activity
Specific Function:
Exhibits low testosterone 6-beta-hydroxylase activity.
Gene Name:
CYP3A43
Uniprot ID:
Q9HB55
Molecular Weight:
57669.21 Da
References
  1. Ledirac N, de Sousa G, Fontaine F, Agouridas C, Gugenheim J, Lorenzon G, Rahmani R: Effects of macrolide antibiotics on CYP3A expression in human and rat hepatocytes: interspecies differences in response to troleandomycin. Drug Metab Dispos. 2000 Dec;28(12):1391-3. [PubMed:11095572 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Exhibits a high coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity. Can act in the hydroxylation of the anti-cancer drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosphamide. Competent in the metabolic activation of aflatoxin B1. Constitutes the major nicotine C-oxidase. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. Possesses low phenacetin O-deethylation activity.
Gene Name:
CYP2A6
Uniprot ID:
P11509
Molecular Weight:
56501.005 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics.
Gene Name:
CYP2C18
Uniprot ID:
P33260
Molecular Weight:
55710.075 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. In the epoxidation of arachidonic acid it generates only 14,15- and 11,12-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. It is the principal enzyme...
Gene Name:
CYP2C8
Uniprot ID:
P10632
Molecular Weight:
55824.275 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrateinhibitor
General Function:
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiot...
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular Weight:
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function:
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells.
Gene Name:
ABCB1
Uniprot ID:
P08183
Molecular Weight:
141477.255 Da
References
  1. Wang EJ, Casciano CN, Clement RP, Johnson WW: Active transport of fluorescent P-glycoprotein substrates: evaluation as markers and interaction with inhibitors. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Nov 30;289(2):580-5. [PubMed:11716514 ]
  2. Ekins S, Kim RB, Leake BF, Dantzig AH, Schuetz EG, Lan LB, Yasuda K, Shepard RL, Winter MA, Schuetz JD, Wikel JH, Wrighton SA: Three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationships of inhibitors of P-glycoprotein. Mol Pharmacol. 2002 May;61(5):964-73. [PubMed:11961113 ]
  3. Yasuda K, Lan LB, Sanglard D, Furuya K, Schuetz JD, Schuetz EG: Interaction of cytochrome P450 3A inhibitors with P-glycoprotein. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Oct;303(1):323-32. [PubMed:12235267 ]
Comments
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Drug created on July 06, 2007 13:54 / Updated on September 16, 2013 17:14