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Identification
NamePranlukast
Accession NumberDB01411
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

Pranlukast is a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor-1 antagonist. It antagonizes or reduces bronchospasm caused, principally in asthmatics, by an allergic reaction to accidentally or inadvertently encountered allergens.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ONO-RS 411
External Identifiers Not Available
Prescription ProductsNot Available
Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNIITB8Z891092
CAS number103177-37-3
WeightAverage: 481.5026
Monoisotopic: 481.175004249
Chemical FormulaC27H23N5O4
InChI KeyInChIKey=UAJUXJSXCLUTNU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C27H23N5O4/c33-23-17-25(26-29-31-32-30-26)36-24-16-20(11-14-22(23)24)28-27(34)19-9-12-21(13-10-19)35-15-5-4-8-18-6-2-1-3-7-18/h1-3,6-7,9-14,16-17H,4-5,8,15H2,(H,28,34)(H,29,30,31,32)
IUPAC Name
N-[4-oxo-2-(2H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-yl)-4H-chromen-7-yl]-4-(4-phenylbutoxy)benzamide
SMILES
O=C(NC1=CC2=C(C=C1)C(=O)C=C(O2)C1=NNN=N1)C1=CC=C(OCCCCC2=CC=CC=C2)C=C1
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as chromones. These are compounds containing a benzopyran-4-one moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassBenzopyrans
Sub Class1-benzopyrans
Direct ParentChromones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Chromone
  • N-arylamide
  • Benzoic acid or derivatives
  • Benzamide
  • Phenol ether
  • Benzoyl
  • Pyranone
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyran
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tetrazole
  • Azole
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationUsed as an adjunct to the standard therapy of inhaled steroids with inhaled long- and/or short-acting beta-agonists.
PharmacodynamicsPranlukast is a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor-1 antagonist.
Mechanism of actionPranlukast selectively antagonizes leukotriene D4 (LTD4) at the cysteinyl leukotriene receptor, CysLT1, in the human airway. Pranlukast inhibits the actions of LTD4 at the CysLT1 receptor, preventing airway edema, smooth muscle contraction, and enhanced secretion of thick, viscous mucus.
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
Metabolism

Hepatic

Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicitySide effects include headache, abdominal or stomach pain, cough, dental pain, dizziness, fever, heartburn, skin rash, stuffy nose, weakness or unusual tiredness.
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.991
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9446
Caco-2 permeable-0.6689
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.5976
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.719
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.6885
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.8511
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8643
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8403
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.5077
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.7009
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.5597
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8714
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.5194
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.5679
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityHigh CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.6646
Ames testAMES toxic0.5986
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.875
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.997
Rat acute toxicity2.2158 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.7439
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.7501
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.003 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.84ALOGPS
logP4.67ChemAxon
logS-5.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)5.96ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area119.09 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity139.15 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability49.7 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Seiei Sasatani, Masashi Shiota, Yoshinori Ii, “Granules containing pranlukast, process for producing the granules, and method of improving adhesiveness of pranlukast.” U.S. Patent US5876760, issued March, 1995.

US5876760
General References
  1. Nakade S, Ueda S, Ohno T, Nakayama K, Miyata Y, Yukawa E, Higuchi S: Population pharmacokinetics of pranlukast hydrate dry syrup in children with allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2006 Apr;21(2):133-9. [PubMed:16702733 ]
External Links
ATC CodesR03DC02
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
AtazanavirThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Atazanavir.
BoceprevirThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Boceprevir.
CeritinibThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Ceritinib.
ClarithromycinThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Clarithromycin.
CobicistatThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Cobicistat.
DarunavirThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Darunavir.
IdelalisibThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Idelalisib.
IndinavirThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Indinavir.
ItraconazoleThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Itraconazole.
KetoconazoleThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Ketoconazole.
NefazodoneThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Nefazodone.
NelfinavirThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Nelfinavir.
PosaconazoleThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Posaconazole.
RitonavirThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Ritonavir.
SaquinavirThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Saquinavir.
TelaprevirThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Telaprevir.
TelithromycinThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Telithromycin.
VoriconazoleThe serum concentration of Pranlukast can be increased when it is combined with Voriconazole.
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
antagonist
General Function:
Leukotriene receptor activity
Specific Function:
Receptor for cysteinyl leukotrienes mediating bronchoconstriction of individuals with and without asthma. Stimulation by LTD4 results in the contraction and proliferation of smooth muscle, edema, eosinophil migration and damage to the mucus layer in the lung. This response is mediated via a G-protein that activates a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. The rank order of affini...
Gene Name:
CYSLTR1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y271
Molecular Weight:
38540.55 Da
References
  1. Yoo SH, Park SH, Song JS, Kang KH, Park CS, Yoo JH, Choi BW, Hahn MH: Clinical effects of pranlukast, an oral leukotriene receptor antagonist, in mild-to-moderate asthma: a 4 week randomized multicentre controlled trial. Respirology. 2001 Mar;6(1):15-21. [PubMed:11264758 ]
  2. Ogasawara H, Ishii S, Yokomizo T, Kakinuma T, Komine M, Tamaki K, Shimizu T, Izumi T: Characterization of mouse cysteinyl leukotriene receptors mCysLT1 and mCysLT2: differential pharmacological properties and tissue distribution. J Biol Chem. 2002 May 24;277(21):18763-8. Epub 2002 Feb 19. [PubMed:11854273 ]
  3. Ishinaga H, Takeuchi K, Kishioka C, Suzuki S, Basbaum C, Majima Y: Pranlukast inhibits NF-kappaB activation and MUC2 gene expression in cultured human epithelial cells. Pharmacology. 2005 Feb;73(2):89-96. Epub 2004 Oct 5. [PubMed:15475658 ]
  4. Shirasaki H, Kanaizumi E, Seki N, Kikuchi M, Watanabe K, Konno N, Himi T: Distribution of specific binding sites for cysteinyl leukotriene 1 receptor antagonist in human nasal mucosa. Acta Otolaryngol. 2006 Sep;126(9):948-51. [PubMed:16864492 ]
  5. Ding Q, Wei EQ, Zhang YJ, Zhang WP, Chen Z: Cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 is involved in N-methyl-D-aspartate-mediated neuronal injury in mice. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2006 Dec;27(12):1526-36. [PubMed:17112405 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
other/unknown
General Function:
Tumor necrosis factor receptor binding
Specific Function:
Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation. Impairs ...
Gene Name:
TNF
Uniprot ID:
P01375
Molecular Weight:
25644.15 Da
References
  1. Tomari S, Matsuse H, Machida I, Kondo Y, Kawano T, Obase Y, Fukushima C, Shimoda T, Kohno S: Pranlukast, a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 antagonist, attenuates allergen-specific tumour necrosis factor alpha production and nuclear factor kappa B nuclear translocation in peripheral blood monocytes from atopic asthmatics. Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Jun;33(6):795-801. [PubMed:12801315 ]
  2. Ichiyama T, Hasegawa S, Umeda M, Terai K, Matsubara T, Furukawa S: Pranlukast inhibits NF-kappa B activation in human monocytes/macrophages and T cells. Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Jun;33(6):802-7. [PubMed:12801316 ]
  3. Ichiyama T, Kajimoto M, Hasegawa M, Hashimoto K, Matsubara T, Furukawa S: Cysteinyl leukotrienes enhance tumour necrosis factor-alpha-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 in human monocytes/macrophages. Clin Exp Allergy. 2007 Apr;37(4):608-14. [PubMed:17430359 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
antagonist
General Function:
Interleukin-5 receptor binding
Specific Function:
Factor that induces terminal differentiation of late-developing B-cells to immunoglobulin secreting cells.
Gene Name:
IL5
Uniprot ID:
P05113
Molecular Weight:
15237.695 Da
References
  1. Hojo M, Suzuki M, Maghni K, Hamid Q, Powell WS, Martin JG: Role of cysteinyl leukotrienes in CD4(+) T cell-driven late allergic airway responses. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000 May;293(2):410-6. [PubMed:10773010 ]
  2. Nabe T, Yamashita K, Miura M, Kawai T, Kohno S: Cysteinyl leukotriene-dependent interleukin-5 production leading to eosinophilia during late asthmatic response in guinea-pigs. Clin Exp Allergy. 2002 Apr;32(4):633-40. [PubMed:11972613 ]
  3. Nogimura M, Nagata M, Sutani A, Saito K, Sakamoto Y: [Study on the effect of cysteinyl leukotriene antagonist, pranlukast hydrate, on adhesive interaction between eosinophils and pulmonary endothelial cells]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi. 2002 Dec;40(12):919-24. [PubMed:12692940 ]
  4. Fukushima C, Matsuse H, Hishikawa Y, Kondo Y, Machida I, Saeki S, Kawano T, Tomari S, Obase Y, Shimoda T, Koji T, Kohno S: Pranlukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, inhibits interleukin-5 production via a mechanism distinct from leukotriene receptor antagonism. Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2005 Feb;136(2):165-72. Epub 2005 Jan 12. [PubMed:15650315 ]
  5. Matsuse H, Kondo Y, Machida I, Kawano T, Saeki S, Tomari S, Obase Y, Fukushima C, Mizuta Y, Kohno S: Effects of anti-inflammatory therapies on recurrent and low-grade respiratory syncytial virus infections in a murine model of asthma. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2006 Jul;97(1):55-60. [PubMed:16892782 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
other/unknown
General Function:
Ribonuclease activity
Specific Function:
Cytotoxin and helminthotoxin with low-efficiency ribonuclease activity. Possesses a wide variety of biological activities. Exhibits antibacterial activity, including cytoplasmic membrane depolarization of preferentially Gram-negative, but also Gram-positive strains. Promotes E.coli outer membrane detachment, alteration of the overall cell shape and partial loss of cell content.
Gene Name:
RNASE3
Uniprot ID:
P12724
Molecular Weight:
18385.145 Da
References
  1. Horiguchi T, Tachikawa S, Kasahara J, Doi M, Shiga M: Effects of pranlukast hydrate on serum eosinophil cationic protein levels in patients with adult bronchial asthma. Arzneimittelforschung. 1999 Jan;49(1):35-7. [PubMed:10028377 ]
  2. Ishioka S, Hozawa S, Haruta Y, Hiyama K, Maeda A, Yamakido M: Pranlukast, a cysteinyl leukotriene antagonist, reduces serum eosinophil cationic protein levels in patients with asthma. Hiroshima J Med Sci. 1999 Dec;48(4):105-10. [PubMed:10804983 ]
  3. Obase Y, Shimoda T, Tomari S, Mitsuta K, Fukushima C, Kawano T, Matsuse H, Kohno S: Effects of pranlukast on aspirin-induced bronchoconstriction: differences in chemical mediators between aspirin-intolerant and tolerant asthmatic patients. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2001 Jul;87(1):74-9. [PubMed:11476469 ]
  4. Kanazawa H, Yoshikawa T, Hirata K, Yoshikawa J: Effects of pranlukast administration on vascular endothelial growth factor levels in asthmatic patients. Chest. 2004 May;125(5):1700-5. [PubMed:15136379 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
other/unknown
General Function:
Transcriptional repressor activity, rna polymerase ii transcription regulatory region sequence-specific binding
Specific Function:
NF-kappa-B is a pleiotropic transcription factor present in almost all cell types and is the endpoint of a series of signal transduction events that are initiated by a vast array of stimuli related to many biological processes such as inflammation, immunity, differentiation, cell growth, tumorigenesis and apoptosis. NF-kappa-B is a homo- or heterodimeric complex formed by the Rel-like domain-co...
Gene Name:
NFKB1
Uniprot ID:
P19838
Molecular Weight:
105355.175 Da
References
  1. Tomari S, Matsuse H, Machida I, Kondo Y, Kawano T, Obase Y, Fukushima C, Shimoda T, Kohno S: Pranlukast, a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 antagonist, attenuates allergen-specific tumour necrosis factor alpha production and nuclear factor kappa B nuclear translocation in peripheral blood monocytes from atopic asthmatics. Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Jun;33(6):795-801. [PubMed:12801315 ]
  2. Ichiyama T, Hasegawa S, Umeda M, Terai K, Matsubara T, Furukawa S: Pranlukast inhibits NF-kappa B activation in human monocytes/macrophages and T cells. Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Jun;33(6):802-7. [PubMed:12801316 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
other/unknown
General Function:
Not Available
Specific Function:
Coats the epithelia of the intestines, airways, and other mucus membrane-containing organs. Thought to provide a protective, lubricating barrier against particles and infectious agents at mucosal surfaces. Major constituent of both the inner and outer mucus layers of the colon and may play a role in excluding bacteria from the inner mucus layer.
Gene Name:
MUC2
Uniprot ID:
Q02817
Molecular Weight:
540296.38 Da
References
  1. Ishinaga H, Takeuchi K, Kishioka C, Suzuki S, Basbaum C, Majima Y: Pranlukast inhibits NF-kappaB activation and MUC2 gene expression in cultured human epithelial cells. Pharmacology. 2005 Feb;73(2):89-96. Epub 2004 Oct 5. [PubMed:15475658 ]
  2. Bai CH, Song SY, Kim YD: The inhibitory effect of the leukotriene receptor antagonist on leukotriene D4-induced MUC2/5AC gene expression and mucin secretion in human airway epithelial cells. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2007 Jun;34(2):203-6. Epub 2007 Jan 12. [PubMed:17223000 ]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiot...
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular Weight:
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Nakade S, Yamauchi A, Komaba J, Ohno T, Kitagawa J, Honda N, Hasegawa C, Yoneda K, Kodama Y, Yasuda K, Azuma J, Miyata Y: Effect of clarithromycin on the pharmacokinetics of pranlukast in healthy volunteers. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2008;23(6):428-33. [PubMed:19122337 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenyto...
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular Weight:
55627.365 Da
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256 ]

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Organic anion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific Function:
Mediates hepatobiliary excretion of numerous organic anions. May function as a cellular cisplatin transporter.
Gene Name:
ABCC2
Uniprot ID:
Q92887
Molecular Weight:
174205.64 Da
References
  1. Horikawa M, Kato Y, Tyson CA, Sugiyama Y: The potential for an interaction between MRP2 (ABCC2) and various therapeutic agents: probenecid as a candidate inhibitor of the biliary excretion of irinotecan metabolites. Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2002;17(1):23-33. [PubMed:15618649 ]
Comments
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Drug created on July 17, 2007 06:39 / Updated on January 15, 2016 17:38