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Identification
NameDiprenorphine
Accession NumberDB01548
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsIllicit, Vet Approved
Description

A narcotic antagonist similar in action to naloxone. It is used to remobilize animals after etorphine neuroleptanalgesia and is considered a specific antagonist to etorphine. [PubChem]

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Diprenorfin
External Identifiers
  • M-5050
  • M5050
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
M5050Not Available
RevivonNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
Salts
Name/CASStructureProperties
Diprenorphine hydrochloride
16808-86-9
Thumb
  • InChI Key: UNPUINKKJUSSDZ-UVGWPQHUSA-N
  • Monoisotopic Mass: 461.2332863
  • Average Mass: 462.03
DBSALT001649
Categories
UNII1F0L5N25ZZ
CAS number14357-78-9
WeightAverage: 425.569
Monoisotopic: 425.256608611
Chemical FormulaC26H35NO4
InChI KeyOIJXLIIMXHRJJH-KNLIIKEYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C26H35NO4/c1-23(2,29)18-13-24-8-9-26(18,30-3)22-25(24)10-11-27(14-15-4-5-15)19(24)12-16-6-7-17(28)21(31-22)20(16)25/h6-7,15,18-19,22,28-29H,4-5,8-14H2,1-3H3/t18-,19-,22-,24-,25+,26-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
(1S,2R,6S,14R,15R,16R)-3-(cyclopropylmethyl)-16-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-15-methoxy-13-oxa-3-azahexacyclo[13.2.2.1²,⁸.0¹,⁶.0⁶,¹⁴.0⁷,¹²]icosa-7,9,11-trien-11-ol
SMILES
[H][C@@]12OC3=C(O)C=CC4=C3[C@@]11CCN(CC3CC3)[C@]([H])(C4)[C@]11CC[C@@]2(OC)[[email protected]](C1)C(C)(C)O
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenanthrenes and derivatives. These are polycyclic compounds containing a phenanthrene moiety, which is a tricyclic aromatic compound with three non-linearly fused benzene.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassPhenanthrenes and derivatives
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentPhenanthrenes and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenanthrene
  • Azaspirodecane
  • Tetralin
  • Coumaran
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Aralkylamine
  • Piperidine
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Ether
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationDiprenorphine is used to reverse the effects of the super-potent opioid analgesics such as etorphine and carfentanil that are used for tranquilizing large animals in veterinary medicine. Not used in humans.
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of actionDiprenorphine binds approximately equally to the three subtypes of opioid receptorsand antagonizes them.
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9055
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9401
Caco-2 permeable+0.6893
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.9126
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IInhibitor0.5192
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.6992
Renal organic cation transporterInhibitor0.5797
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8366
CYP450 2D6 substrateSubstrate0.8919
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.8142
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9153
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8692
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.6721
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.7801
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8322
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9212
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.7448
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.9391
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable1.0
Rat acute toxicity3.1511 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.8366
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.586
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.104 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.52ALOGPS
logP2.28ChemAxon
logS-3.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.42ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.63ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area62.16 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity118.37 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability47.86 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
antagonist
General Function:
Voltage-gated calcium channel activity
Specific Function:
Receptor for endogenous opioids such as beta-endorphin and endomorphin. Receptor for natural and synthetic opioids including morphine, heroin, DAMGO, fentanyl, etorphine, buprenorphin and methadone. Agonist binding to the receptor induces coupling to an inactive GDP-bound heterotrimeric G-protein complex and subsequent exchange of GDP for GTP in the G-protein alpha subunit leading to dissociati...
Gene Name:
OPRM1
Uniprot ID:
P35372
Molecular Weight:
44778.855 Da
References
  1. Leung K: [6-O-methyl-11C]Diprenorphine . 2004;():. [PubMed:20641600 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
antagonist
General Function:
Opioid receptor activity
Specific Function:
G-protein coupled receptor that functions as receptor for endogenous enkephalins and for a subset of other opioids. Ligand binding causes a conformation change that triggers signaling via guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) and modulates the activity of down-stream effectors, such as adenylate cyclase. Signaling leads to the inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity. Inhibits neurot...
Gene Name:
OPRD1
Uniprot ID:
P41143
Molecular Weight:
40368.235 Da
References
  1. Willoch F, Tolle TR, Wester HJ, Munz F, Petzold A, Schwaiger M, Conrad B, Bartenstein P: Central pain after pontine infarction is associated with changes in opioid receptor binding: a PET study with 11C-diprenorphine. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 1999 Apr;20(4):686-90. [PubMed:10319982 ]
  2. Jones AK, Kitchen ND, Watabe H, Cunningham VJ, Jones T, Luthra SK, Thomas DG: Measurement of changes in opioid receptor binding in vivo during trigeminal neuralgic pain using [11C] diprenorphine and positron emission tomography. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1999 Jul;19(7):803-8. [PubMed:10413036 ]
  3. Kampa M, Hatzoglou A, Notas G, Niniraki M, Kouroumalis E, Castanas E: Opioids are non-competitive inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase in T47D human breast cancer cells. Cell Death Differ. 2001 Sep;8(9):943-52. [PubMed:11526449 ]
  4. Marie N, Lecoq I, Jauzac P, Allouche S: Differential sorting of human delta-opioid receptors after internalization by peptide and alkaloid agonists. J Biol Chem. 2003 Jun 20;278(25):22795-804. Epub 2003 Apr 2. [PubMed:12672796 ]
  5. Webster JM, Bentley MT, Wojcikiewicz RJ: N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylenediamine inhibits ligand binding to certain G protein-coupled receptors. Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 Aug 1;474(1):1-5. [PubMed:12909189 ]
  6. Leung K: [6-O-methyl-11C]Diprenorphine . 2004;():. [PubMed:20641600 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
antagonist
General Function:
Opioid receptor activity
Specific Function:
G-protein coupled opioid receptor that functions as receptor for endogenous alpha-neoendorphins and dynorphins, but has low affinity for beta-endorphins. Also functions as receptor for various synthetic opioids and for the psychoactive diterpene salvinorin A. Ligand binding causes a conformation change that triggers signaling via guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) and modulates th...
Gene Name:
OPRK1
Uniprot ID:
P41145
Molecular Weight:
42644.665 Da
References
  1. Leung K: [6-O-methyl-11C]Diprenorphine . 2004;():. [PubMed:20641600 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
E3 ubiquitin ligase involved in the retrotranslocation and turnover of membrane and secretory proteins from the ER through a set of processes named ER-associated degradation (ERAD). This process acts on misfolded proteins as well as in the regulated degradation of correctly folded proteins. Enhances ionizing radiation-induced p53/TP53 stability and apoptosis via ubiquitinating MDM2 and AKT1 and...
Gene Name:
TRIM13
Uniprot ID:
O60858
Molecular Weight:
46987.08 Da
References
  1. Law PY, Hom DS, Loh HH: Multiple affinity states of opiate receptor in neuroblastoma x glioma NG108-15 hybrid cells. Opiate agonist association rate is a function of receptor occupancy. J Biol Chem. 1985 Mar 25;260(6):3561-9. [PubMed:2982865 ]
  2. Pfeiffer A, Herz A: Discrimination of three opiate receptor binding sites with the use of a computerized curve-fitting technique. Mol Pharmacol. 1982 Mar;21(2):266-71. [PubMed:6124875 ]
  3. Chang KJ, Hazum E, Cuatrecasas P: Novel opiate binding sites selective for benzomorphan drugs. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Jul;78(7):4141-5. [PubMed:6270660 ]
  4. Pfeiffer A, Herz A: Enhancement of delta- but not mu-opiate agonist binding by calcium. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1982 May;319(2):147-53. [PubMed:6287305 ]
  5. Cvejic S, Trapaidze N, Cyr C, Devi LA: Thr353, located within the COOH-terminal tail of the delta opiate receptor, is involved in receptor down-regulation. J Biol Chem. 1996 Feb 23;271(8):4073-6. [PubMed:8626742 ]
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Drug created on July 31, 2007 07:10 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:23