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Identification
NameDapagliflozin
Accession NumberDB06292
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

Dapagliflozin is indicated for the management of diabetes mellitus type 2, and functions to improve glycemic control in adults when combined with diet and exercise. Dapagliflozin is a sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, which prevents glucose reabsorption in the kidney. Using dapagliflozin leads to heavy glycosuria (glucose excretion in the urine), which can lead to weight loss and tiredness. Dapagliflozin was approved by the FDA on Jan 08, 2014. Dapagliflozin is not recommended for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus or for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-(4-Chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl)-6- (hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol
External Identifiers
  • BMS 512148
  • BMS-512148
Approved Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Farxigatablet, film coated5 mg/1oralE.R. Squibb & Sons, L.L.C.2014-01-08Not applicableUs
Farxigatablet, film coated10 mg/1oralAstra Zeneca Pharmaceuticals Lp2015-01-05Not applicableUs
Farxigatablet, film coated5 mg/1oralAstra Zeneca Pharmaceuticals Lp2015-01-05Not applicableUs
Farxigatablet, film coated10 mg/1oralE.R. Squibb & Sons, L.L.C.2014-01-08Not applicableUs
Forxigatablet10 mgoralAstrazeneca Canada Inc2015-01-16Not applicableCanada
Forxigatablet5 mgoralAstrazeneca Canada Inc2015-01-16Not applicableCanada
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixtures
NameLabellerIngredients
XigduoAstrazeneca Canada Inc
Xigduo XRAstra Zeneca Pharmaceuticals Lp
Salts
Name/CASStructureProperties
Dapagliflozin propanediol monohydrate
960404-48-2
Thumb
  • InChI Key: GOADIQFWSVMMRJ-UPGAGZFNSA-N
  • Monoisotopic Mass: 502.1969604
  • Average Mass: 502.99
DBSALT001101
Categories
UNII1ULL0QJ8UC
CAS number461432-26-8
WeightAverage: 408.873
Monoisotopic: 408.133966239
Chemical FormulaC21H25ClO6
InChI KeyJVHXJTBJCFBINQ-ADAARDCZSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C21H25ClO6/c1-2-27-15-6-3-12(4-7-15)9-14-10-13(5-8-16(14)22)21-20(26)19(25)18(24)17(11-23)28-21/h3-8,10,17-21,23-26H,2,9,11H2,1H3/t17-,18-,19+,20-,21+/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-{4-chloro-3-[(4-ethoxyphenyl)methyl]phenyl}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol
SMILES
CCOC1=CC=C(CC2=C(Cl)C=CC(=C2)[C@@H]2O[[email protected]](CO)[C@@H](O)[[email protected]](O)[[email protected]]2O)C=C1
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenolic glycosides. These are organic compounds containing a phenolic structure attached to a glycosyl moiety. Some examples of phenolic structures include lignans, and flavonoids. Among the sugar units found in natural glycosides are D-glucose, L-Fructose, and L rhamnose.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Sub ClassGlycosyl compounds
Direct ParentPhenolic glycosides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenolic glycoside
  • Diphenylmethane
  • C-glycosyl compound
  • Phenol ether
  • Halobenzene
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Benzenoid
  • Oxane
  • Monosaccharide
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl chloride
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationDapagliflozin is indicated for adjunct management of glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in combination with diet and exercise.
PharmacodynamicsIncreases in the amount of glucose excreted in the urine were observed in healthy subjects and in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus following the administration of dapagliflozin. A Dapagliflozin dose of 10 mg per day in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus for 12 weeks resulted in excretion of approximately 70 grams of glucose in the urine per day at week 12. A near maximum glucose excretion was observed at the dapagliflozin daily dose of 20 mg. This urinary glucose excretion with dapagliflozin also results in increases in urinary volume.
Mechanism of actionA competitive inhibitor of the sodium-glucose transport subtype 2 protein, dapagliflozin blocks glucose reabsorption into the kidney, resulting in the elimination of blood glucose through the urine.
Related Articles
AbsorptionCmax is about 1 hour. (Obtained from 6 adult men in a fasted state administered a 50mg dose). 1.6% of unchanged dapagliflozin was found in the urine. A high-fat meal (52% caloric content) had no significant effect on previous pharmacokinetic parameters.
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein binding91%.
Metabolism

Dapagliflozin 3-O-glucuronide is the primary metabolite of dapagliflozin, with 61% of the dapagliflozin dose recovered in the urine as this metabolite. The metabolism of dapagliflozin is primarily mediated by UGT1A9-dependent glucuronide conjugation. The major metabolite, dapagliflozin 3-O-glucuronide, is not an SGLT2 inhibitor.

SubstrateEnzymesProduct
Dapagliflozin
dapagliflozin 3-O-glucuronideDetails
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half life13.8 hours with the consumption of a 50 mg dose.
Clearance

Oral plasma clearance of 4.9 mL/min/kg, and a renal clearance of 5.6 mL/min.

ToxicityCompared to placebo-treated patients, patients with moderate renal impairment treated with dapagliflozin did not have improvement in glycemic control and had more renal-related adverse reactions and more bone fractures; therefore, dapagliflozin should not be initiated in this population. Based on its mechanism of action, dapagliflozin is not expected to be effective in patients with severe renal impairment (eGFR less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2) or ESRD.
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal AbsorptionNot AvailableNot Available
Blood Brain BarrierNot AvailableNot Available
Caco-2 permeableNot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein substrateNot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINot AvailableNot Available
Renal organic cation transporterNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C9 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2D6 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 3A4 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 1A2 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityNot AvailableNot Available
Ames testNot AvailableNot Available
CarcinogenicityNot AvailableNot Available
BiodegradationNot AvailableNot Available
Rat acute toxicityNot AvailableNot applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Not AvailableNot Available
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Not AvailableNot Available
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Tablet, film coatedoral10 mg/1
Tablet, film coatedoral5 mg/1
Tabletoral10 mg
Tabletoral5 mg
Tabletoral
Tablet, film coated, extended releaseoral
PricesNot Available
Patents
Patent NumberPediatric ExtensionApprovedExpires (estimated)
US6414126 No2000-10-042020-10-04Us
US6515117 No2000-10-042020-10-04Us
US6936590 No2000-10-042020-10-04Us
US7851502 No2008-08-192028-08-19Us
US7919598 No2009-12-162029-12-16Us
US8221786 No2008-03-212028-03-21Us
US8361972 No2008-03-212028-03-21Us
US8501698 No2007-06-202027-06-20Us
US8685934 No2010-05-262030-05-26Us
US8716251 No2008-03-212028-03-21Us
US9198925 No2000-10-042020-10-04Us
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.173 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.52ALOGPS
logP2.11ChemAxon
logS-3.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.57ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area99.38 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity104.93 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability42.36 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General References
  1. Obermeier M, Yao M, Khanna A, Koplowitz B, Zhu M, Li W, Komoroski B, Kasichayanula S, Discenza L, Washburn W, Meng W, Ellsworth BA, Whaley JM, Humphreys WG: In vitro characterization and pharmacokinetics of dapagliflozin (BMS-512148), a potent sodium-glucose cotransporter type II inhibitor, in animals and humans. Drug Metab Dispos. 2010 Mar;38(3):405-14. doi: 10.1124/dmd.109.029165. Epub 2009 Dec 8. [PubMed:19996149 ]
  2. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
  3. Kasichayanula S, Chang M, Hasegawa M, Liu X, Yamahira N, LaCreta FP, Imai Y, Boulton DW: Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a novel selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2, in Japanese subjects without and with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2011 Apr;13(4):357-65. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-1326.2011.01359.x. [PubMed:21226818 ]
External Links
ATC CodesA10BX09A10BD15A10BD21
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelDownload (868 KB)
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
Acetylsalicylic acidAcetylsalicylic acid may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
AldesleukinThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Aldesleukin is combined with Dapagliflozin.
ButabarbitalButabarbital may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
ButethalButethal may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
ChlorpropamideDapagliflozin may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Chlorpropamide.
DihydrotestosteroneDihydrotestosterone may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
DuloxetineDapagliflozin may increase the orthostatic hypotensive activities of Duloxetine.
HeptabarbitalHeptabarbital may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
HexobarbitalHexobarbital may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
Insulin HumanDapagliflozin may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Insulin Regular.
Insulin LisproDapagliflozin may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Insulin Lispro.
LeuprolideThe therapeutic efficacy of Dapagliflozin can be decreased when used in combination with Leuprolide.
LevodopaDapagliflozin may increase the orthostatic hypotensive activities of Levodopa.
Lipoic AcidLipoic Acid may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
MethohexitalMethohexital may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
NicorandilNicorandil may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
OxandroloneOxandrolone may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
ParoxetineParoxetine may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
PegvisomantPegvisomant may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
PentobarbitalPentobarbital may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
PhenelzinePhenelzine may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
PrimidonePrimidone may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
RisperidoneDapagliflozin may increase the hypotensive activities of Risperidone.
SecobarbitalSecobarbital may increase the hypotensive activities of Dapagliflozin.
SparfloxacinSparfloxacin may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
TestosteroneTestosterone may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
TranylcypromineTranylcypromine may increase the hypoglycemic activities of Dapagliflozin.
TrichlormethiazideThe therapeutic efficacy of Dapagliflozin can be decreased when used in combination with Trichlormethiazide.
ValsartanThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Valsartan is combined with Dapagliflozin.
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
antagonistinhibitor, competitive
General Function:
Low-affinity glucose:sodium symporter activity
Specific Function:
Sodium-dependent glucose transporter. Has a Na(+) to glucose coupling ratio of 1:1.Efficient substrate transport in mammalian kidney is provided by the concerted action of a low affinity high capacity and a high affinity low capacity Na(+)/glucose cotransporter arranged in series along kidney proximal tubules.
Gene Name:
SLC5A2
Uniprot ID:
P31639
Molecular Weight:
72895.995 Da
References
  1. Obermeier M, Yao M, Khanna A, Koplowitz B, Zhu M, Li W, Komoroski B, Kasichayanula S, Discenza L, Washburn W, Meng W, Ellsworth BA, Whaley JM, Humphreys WG: In vitro characterization and pharmacokinetics of dapagliflozin (BMS-512148), a potent sodium-glucose cotransporter type II inhibitor, in animals and humans. Drug Metab Dispos. 2010 Mar;38(3):405-14. doi: 10.1124/dmd.109.029165. Epub 2009 Dec 8. [PubMed:19996149 ]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Vitamin d 24-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics.
Gene Name:
CYP1A1
Uniprot ID:
P04798
Molecular Weight:
58164.815 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Oxidoreductase activity, acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen, reduced flavin or flavoprotein as one donor, and incorporation of one atom of oxygen
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Most active in catalyzing 2-hydroxylation. Caffeine is metabolized primarily by cytochrome CYP1A2 in the liver through an initial N...
Gene Name:
CYP1A2
Uniprot ID:
P05177
Molecular Weight:
58293.76 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Exhibits a high coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity. Can act in the hydroxylation of the anti-cancer drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosphamide. Competent in the metabolic activation of aflatoxin B1. Constitutes the major nicotine C-oxidase. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. Possesses low phenacetin O-deethylation activity.
Gene Name:
CYP2A6
Uniprot ID:
P11509
Molecular Weight:
56501.005 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenyto...
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular Weight:
55627.365 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular Weight:
55768.94 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiot...
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular Weight:
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Retinoic acid binding
Specific Function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols. Isoform 2 lacks transferase activity but acts as a negative regulator of isoform 1.
Gene Name:
UGT1A9
Uniprot ID:
O60656
Molecular Weight:
59940.495 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Glucuronosyltransferase activity
Specific Function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydr...
Gene Name:
UGT2B4
Uniprot ID:
P06133
Molecular Weight:
60512.035 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
no
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Glucuronosyltransferase activity
Specific Function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol...
Gene Name:
UGT2B7
Uniprot ID:
P16662
Molecular Weight:
60694.12 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
substrate
General Function:
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function:
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells.
Gene Name:
ABCB1
Uniprot ID:
P08183
Molecular Weight:
141477.255 Da
References
  1. Kasichayanula S, Liu X, Lacreta F, Griffen SC, Boulton DW: Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2014 Jan;53(1):17-27. doi: 10.1007/s40262-013-0104-3. [PubMed:24105299 ]
Comments
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Drug created on March 19, 2008 10:22 / Updated on August 24, 2016 01:53