Anticholesteremic Agents

Substances used to lower plasma CHOLESTEROL levels.
DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00175PravastatinAn HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction and stroke.
DB00227LovastatinAn HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower LDL cholesterol and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and associated conditions, including myocardial infarction and stroke.
DB00439CerivastatinA statin (or HMG CoA reductase inhibitor) used with dietary changes to decrease lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events.
DB00636ClofibrateA fibric acid derivative used to treat hypertriglyceridemia and high cholesterol.
DB00641SimvastatinAn HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events including myocardial infarction and stroke.
DB00930ColesevelamA bile acid sequestrant used to lower LDL-C in adults with hyperlipidemia and pediatric patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, and to improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes.
DB00973EzetimibeA cholesterol absorption inhibitor used to lower total cholesterol, LDL-C, Apo B, and non-HDL-C in primary hyperlipidemia and familial cholesterolemia.
DB01076AtorvastatinAn HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke.
DB01098RosuvastatinAn HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke.
DB01432CholestyramineA bile acid sequestrant used as an adjunct in the reduction of elevated serum cholesterol in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia, and for the relief of pruritus associated with partial biliary obstruction.
DB01599ProbucolUsed to lower LDL and HDL cholesterol.
DB05528MipomersenAn oligonucleotide drug used for the treatment of homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia.
DB06281TorcetrapibInvestigated for use/treatment in peripheral vascular disease and hyperlipidemia.
DB06630AnacetrapibInvestigated for use/treatment in hyperlipidemia.
DB06693MevastatinNot used therapeutically due to its many side effects.
DB08860PitavastatinAn HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used to lower lipid levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction and stroke.
DB08983EtofibrateEtofibrate is a fibrate produced by the combination of clofibrate ester linked to niacin. These components separate in the body slowly allowing for pharmacokinetics similar to controlled-release formulations.
DB11234PoliglusamPoliglusam, or chitosan, is a linear polysaccharide consisting of D-glucosamine and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. Naturally-occuring poliglusam is found in the cell walls of fungi, soil and sediments where it is produced from...
DB11655EvacetrapibEvacetrapib has been used in trials studying the basic science and treatment of Dyslipidemia, Hyperlipidemia, Hypercholesterolemia, Hepatic Insufficiency, and Cardiovascular Disease.
DB12181DalcetrapibDalcetrapib is under investigation for the treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome.
DB13873Fenofibric acidA fibrate used to treat severe hypertriglyceridemia, primary hypercholesterolemia, or mixed dyslipidemia.
DB04377MeglutolAn antilipemic agent which lowers cholesterol, triglycerides, serum beta-lipoproteins and phospholipids. It acts by interfering with the enzymatic steps involved in the conversion of acetate to hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A as...
DB09303EvolocumabA PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9) inhibitor antibody used as an adjunct to LDL cholesterol reducing therapies, aiding in the prevention of cardiovascular events and cardiovascular revascularization procedures.
DB12456BococizumabBococizumab has been used in trials studying the treatment and prevention of Dyslipidemia, Hyperlipidemia, Hypercholesterolemia, Cardiovascular Disease, and Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00175Pravastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00175PravastatinP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00175PravastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 11transporter
DB00175PravastatinATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00175PravastatinMonocarboxylate transporter 1transporter
DB00175PravastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00175PravastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00175PravastatinHistone deacetylase 2target
DB00227Lovastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB00227LovastatinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00227LovastatinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00227LovastatinIntegrin alpha-Ltarget
DB00227LovastatinHistone deacetylase 2target
DB00227LovastatinSerum paraoxonase/lactonase 3enzyme
DB00227LovastatinP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00227LovastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00227LovastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00227LovastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00227LovastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00227LovastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00227LovastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00227LovastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00227LovastatinSerum albumincarrier
DB00227LovastatinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00227LovastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00227LovastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00439Cerivastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB00439CerivastatinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00439CerivastatinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00439CerivastatinCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00439CerivastatinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00439CerivastatinCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00439CerivastatinCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00439CerivastatinP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00439CerivastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00439CerivastatinATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00439CerivastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00439CerivastatinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00439CerivastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00439CerivastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00636ClofibratePeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB00636ClofibrateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00636ClofibrateGlutathione S-transferase A2enzyme
DB00636ClofibrateCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00636ClofibrateCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00636ClofibrateCytochrome P450 4A11enzyme
DB00636ClofibrateThyroxine-binding globulincarrier
DB00641Simvastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB00641SimvastatinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00641SimvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00641SimvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00641SimvastatinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00641SimvastatinIntegrin alpha-Ltarget
DB00641SimvastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00641SimvastatinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00641SimvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00641SimvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00641SimvastatinHistone deacetylase 2target
DB00930ColesevelamBile acidstarget
DB00973EzetimibeNiemann-Pick C1-like protein 1target
DB00973EzetimibeAminopeptidase Ntarget
DB00973EzetimibeSterol O-acyltransferase 1target
DB00973EzetimibeUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00973EzetimibeUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00973EzetimibeP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00973EzetimibeCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00973EzetimibeSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00973EzetimibeUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00973EzetimibeUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00973EzetimibeCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00973EzetimibeATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 5transporter
DB00973EzetimibeCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 2transporter
DB00973EzetimibeATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00973EzetimibeATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 8transporter
DB00973EzetimibeCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00973EzetimibeBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01076Atorvastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinDipeptidyl peptidase 4target
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 5transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinAryl hydrocarbon receptortarget
DB01076AtorvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB01076AtorvastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01076AtorvastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01076AtorvastatinSerum albumincarrier
DB01076AtorvastatinHistone deacetylase 2target
DB01076AtorvastatinNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 3target
DB01098Rosuvastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB01098RosuvastatinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01098RosuvastatinMultidrug resistance-associated protein 4transporter
DB01098RosuvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB01098RosuvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB01098RosuvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB01098RosuvastatinCystine/glutamate transportertransporter
DB01098RosuvastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB01098RosuvastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB01098RosuvastatinATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB01098RosuvastatinSerum albumincarrier
DB01098RosuvastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB01098RosuvastatinSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB01098RosuvastatinSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB01098RosuvastatinIntegrin alpha-Ltarget
DB01432CholestyramineBile acidstarget
DB01599ProbucolATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 1target
DB01599ProbucolLiver carboxylesterase 1target
DB05528MipomersenmRNA of ApoB-100target
DB06281TorcetrapibCholesteryl ester transfer proteintarget
DB06281TorcetrapibCytochrome P450 11B2, mitochondrialenzyme
DB06693Mevastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB06693MevastatinLiver carboxylesterase 1enzyme
DB08860PitavastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB08860PitavastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB08860PitavastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB08860PitavastatinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB08860PitavastatinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB08860PitavastatinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB08860Pitavastatin3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB08860PitavastatinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB08860PitavastatinSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB08860PitavastatinATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB08860PitavastatinP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB08860PitavastatinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB08860PitavastatinSerum albumincarrier
DB08860PitavastatinAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB08860PitavastatinBile salt export pumptransporter
DB08860PitavastatinIntegrin alpha-Ltarget
DB13873Fenofibric acidPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB13873Fenofibric acidMatrix metalloproteinase-25target
DB13873Fenofibric acidPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB13873Fenofibric acidPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor deltatarget
DB13873Fenofibric acidNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB04377Meglutol3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductasetarget
DB09303EvolocumabProprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9enzyme