Identification

Name
Cerivastatin
Accession Number
DB00439  (APRD00102)
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved, Withdrawn
Description

On August 8, 2001 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that Bayer Pharmaceutical Division voluntarily withdrew Baycol from the U.S. market, due to reports of fatal Rhabdomyolysis, a severe adverse reaction from this cholesterol-lowering (lipid-lowering) product. It has also been withdrawn from the Canadian market.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Not Available
Product Ingredients
IngredientUNIICASInChI Key
Cerivastatin sodium6Q18G1060S143201-11-0GPUADMRJQVPIAS-ASTDGNLGSA-M
Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
BaycolTablet0.8 mgOralBayer2000-12-282001-10-26Canada
BaycolTablet0.4 mgOralBayer2000-01-062001-10-26Canada
Baycol (0.2mg)Tablet0.2 mgOralBayer1998-03-112001-10-26Canada
Baycol (0.3mg)Tablet0.3 mgOralBayer1998-03-112001-10-26Canada
International/Other Brands
Lipobay / Rivastatin
Categories
UNII
AM91H2KS67
CAS number
145599-86-6
Weight
Average: 459.5503
Monoisotopic: 459.242101408
Chemical Formula
C26H34FNO5
InChI Key
SEERZIQQUAZTOL-ANMDKAQQSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C26H34FNO5/c1-15(2)25-21(11-10-19(29)12-20(30)13-23(31)32)24(17-6-8-18(27)9-7-17)22(14-33-5)26(28-25)16(3)4/h6-11,15-16,19-20,29-30H,12-14H2,1-5H3,(H,31,32)/b11-10+/t19-,20-/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
(3R,5S,6E)-7-[4-(4-fluorophenyl)-5-(methoxymethyl)-2,6-bis(propan-2-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-3,5-dihydroxyhept-6-enoic acid
SMILES
COCC1=C(C2=CC=C(F)C=C2)C(\C=C\[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)CC(O)=O)=C(C(C)C)N=C1C(C)C

Pharmacology

Indication

Used as an adjunct to diet for the reduction of elevated total and LDL cholesterol levels in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia (Fredrickson Types IIa and IIb) when the response to dietary restriction of saturated fat and cholesterol and other non-pharmacological measures alone has been inadequate.

Pharmacodynamics

Cerivastatin, a competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor effective in lowering LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, is used to treat primary hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia (Fredrickson types IIa and IIb).

Mechanism of action

Cerivastatin competitively inhibits hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, the hepatic enzyme responsible for converting HMG-CoA to mevalonate. As mevalonate is a precursor of sterols such as cholesterol, this results in a decrease in cholesterol in hepatic cells, upregulation of LDL-receptors, and an increase in hepatic uptake of LDL-cholesterol from the circulation.

TargetActionsOrganism
A3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase
inhibitor
Human
Absorption

The mean absolute oral bioavailability 60% (range 39 - 101%).

Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding

More than 99% of the circulating drug is bound to plasma proteins (80% to albumin).

Metabolism

Hepatic. Biotransformation pathways for cerivastatin in humans include the following: demethylation of the benzylic methyl ether to form Ml and hydroxylation of the methyl group in the 6'-isopropyl moiety to form M23.

Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life

2-3 hours

Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity

Rhabdomyolysis, liver concerns

Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
Pathways
PathwayCategory
Cerivastatin Action PathwayDrug action
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
DrugInteraction
6-Deoxyerythronolide BThe risk or severity of rhabdomyolysis can be increased when 6-Deoxyerythronolide B is combined with Cerivastatin.
AbirateroneThe serum concentration of Cerivastatin can be increased when it is combined with Abiraterone.
AcenocoumarolThe risk or severity of bleeding can be increased when Cerivastatin is combined with Acenocoumarol.
AcetaminophenThe serum concentration of Cerivastatin can be increased when it is combined with Acetaminophen.
AcetazolamideThe metabolism of Cerivastatin can be decreased when combined with Acetazolamide.
Acetyl sulfisoxazoleThe serum concentration of Cerivastatin can be increased when it is combined with Acetyl sulfisoxazole.
AcipimoxAcipimox may increase the myopathic rhabdomyolysis activities of Cerivastatin.
AdenineThe metabolism of Cerivastatin can be decreased when combined with Adenine.
AlbendazoleThe serum concentration of Cerivastatin can be increased when it is combined with Albendazole.
AlclometasoneThe metabolism of Alclometasone can be increased when combined with Cerivastatin.
Food Interactions
  • Grapefruit and grapefruit juice should be avoided throughout treatment as grapefruit can significantly increase serum levels of this product.
  • Take without regard to meals.

References

General References
  1. Furberg CD, Pitt B: Withdrawal of cerivastatin from the world market. Curr Control Trials Cardiovasc Med. 2001;2(5):205-207. [PubMed:11806796]
External Links
KEGG Compound
C07966
PubChem Compound
446156
PubChem Substance
46505877
ChemSpider
393588
BindingDB
18376
ChEBI
3558
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1477
Therapeutic Targets Database
DNC000403
PharmGKB
PA448897
HET
116
RxList
RxList Drug Page
Drugs.com
Drugs.com Drug Page
Wikipedia
Cerivastatin
ATC Codes
C10AA06 — Cerivastatin
FDA label
Download (144 KB)

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
Not Available

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
  • Bayer pharmaceuticals corp
Packagers
  • Bayer Healthcare
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
TabletOral0.4 mg
TabletOral0.8 mg
TabletOral0.2 mg
TabletOral0.3 mg
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Patent NumberPediatric ExtensionApprovedExpires (estimated)
US5177080No1994-11-262011-11-26Us
CA1340798No1999-10-262016-10-26Canada
CA2057444No1998-05-262011-12-11Canada

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
water solubilityHighly solubilityNot Available
logP3.4Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00419 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.15ALOGPS
logP2.67ChemAxon
logS-5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.05ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5.58ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area99.88 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count11ChemAxon
Refractivity126.82 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability50.23 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9628
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9381
Caco-2 permeable+0.5141
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.6231
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.5221
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.719
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.8848
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.7898
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.9116
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.672
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.67
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.64
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8717
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.596
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.6191
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityHigh CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.5668
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.817
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.8706
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.9881
Rat acute toxicity2.6748 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9901
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.8623
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397)

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Taxonomy

Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylpyridines. These are polycyclic aromatic compounds containing a benzene ring linked to a pyridine ring through a CC or CN bond.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organoheterocyclic compounds
Class
Pyridines and derivatives
Sub Class
Phenylpyridines
Direct Parent
Phenylpyridines
Alternative Parents
Medium-chain hydroxy acids and derivatives / Medium-chain fatty acids / Beta hydroxy acids and derivatives / Hydroxy fatty acids / Heterocyclic fatty acids / Halogenated fatty acids / Fluorobenzenes / Unsaturated fatty acids / Aryl fluorides / Heteroaromatic compounds
show 11 more
Substituents
4-phenylpyridine / Medium-chain hydroxy acid / Medium-chain fatty acid / Hydroxy fatty acid / Heterocyclic fatty acid / Beta-hydroxy acid / Fluorobenzene / Halogenated fatty acid / Halobenzene / Aryl fluoride
show 27 more
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
statin (synthetic), pyridines, dihydroxy monocarboxylic acid (CHEBI:3558)

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Yes
Actions
Inhibitor
General Function
Nadph binding
Specific Function
Transmembrane glycoprotein that is the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis as well as in the biosynthesis of nonsterol isoprenoids that are essential for normal cell function including...
Gene Name
HMGCR
Uniprot ID
P04035
Uniprot Name
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase
Molecular Weight
97475.155 Da
References
  1. Shiomi M, Ito T: Effect of cerivastatin sodium, a new inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, on plasma lipid levels, progression of atherosclerosis, and the lesional composition in the plaques of WHHL rabbits. Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Feb;126(4):961-8. [PubMed:10193776]
  2. Blumenthal RS: Statins: effective antiatherosclerotic therapy. Am Heart J. 2000 Apr;139(4):577-83. [PubMed:10740137]
  3. Ganne F, Vasse M, Beaudeux JL, Peynet J, Francois A, Mishal Z, Chartier A, Tobelem G, Vannier JP, Soria J, Soria C: Cerivastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, inhibits urokinase/urokinase-receptor expression and MMP-9 secretion by peripheral blood monocytes--a possible protective mechanism against atherothrombosis. Thromb Haemost. 2000 Oct;84(4):680-8. [PubMed:11057870]
  4. Wong WW, Tan MM, Xia Z, Dimitroulakos J, Minden MD, Penn LZ: Cerivastatin triggers tumor-specific apoptosis with higher efficacy than lovastatin. Clin Cancer Res. 2001 Jul;7(7):2067-75. [PubMed:11448925]
  5. Denoyelle C, Vasse M, Korner M, Mishal Z, Ganne F, Vannier JP, Soria J, Soria C: Cerivastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, inhibits the signaling pathways involved in the invasiveness and metastatic properties of highly invasive breast cancer cell lines: an in vitro study. Carcinogenesis. 2001 Aug;22(8):1139-48. [PubMed:11470741]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
Inhibitor
Inducer
General Function
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation react...
Gene Name
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID
P08684
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 3A4
Molecular Weight
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Neuvonen PJ, Niemi M, Backman JT: Drug interactions with lipid-lowering drugs: mechanisms and clinical relevance. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Dec;80(6):565-81. [PubMed:17178259]
  2. Cohen LH, van Leeuwen RE, van Thiel GC, van Pelt JF, Yap SH: Equally potent inhibitors of cholesterol synthesis in human hepatocytes have distinguishable effects on different cytochrome P450 enzymes. Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2000 Dec;21(9):353-64. [PubMed:11523064]
  3. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014]
  4. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256]
  5. Boberg M, Angerbauer R, Fey P, Kanhai WK, Karl W, Kern A, Ploschke J, Radtke M: Metabolism of cerivastatin by human liver microsomes in vitro. Characterization of primary metabolic pathways and of cytochrome P450 isozymes involved. Drug Metab Dispos. 1997 Mar;25(3):321-31. [PubMed:9172950]
  6. Wang JS, Neuvonen M, Wen X, Backman JT, Neuvonen PJ: Gemfibrozil inhibits CYP2C8-mediated cerivastatin metabolism in human liver microsomes. Drug Metab Dispos. 2002 Dec;30(12):1352-6. [PubMed:12433802]
  7. Drug Interactions: Cytochrome P450 Drug Interaction Table [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Oxygen binding
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP3A5
Uniprot ID
P20815
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 3A5
Molecular Weight
57108.065 Da
References
  1. Drug Interactions: Cytochrome P450 Drug Interaction Table [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Oxygen binding
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP3A7
Uniprot ID
P24462
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 3A7
Molecular Weight
57525.03 Da
References
  1. Drug Interactions: Cytochrome P450 Drug Interaction Table [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
Inhibitor
General Function
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP2C8
Uniprot ID
P10632
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 2C8
Molecular Weight
55824.275 Da
References
  1. Neuvonen PJ, Niemi M, Backman JT: Drug interactions with lipid-lowering drugs: mechanisms and clinical relevance. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Dec;80(6):565-81. [PubMed:17178259]
  2. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014]
  3. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp970. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [PubMed:19934256]
  4. Wang JS, Neuvonen M, Wen X, Backman JT, Neuvonen PJ: Gemfibrozil inhibits CYP2C8-mediated cerivastatin metabolism in human liver microsomes. Drug Metab Dispos. 2002 Dec;30(12):1352-6. [PubMed:12433802]
  5. Backman JT, Filppula AM, Niemi M, Neuvonen PJ: Role of Cytochrome P450 2C8 in Drug Metabolism and Interactions. Pharmacol Rev. 2016 Jan;68(1):168-241. doi: 10.1124/pr.115.011411. [PubMed:26721703]
  6. Drug Interactions: Cytochrome P450 Drug Interaction Table [Link]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inhibitor
General Function
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic...
Gene Name
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID
P10635
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 2D6
Molecular Weight
55768.94 Da
References
  1. Cohen LH, van Leeuwen RE, van Thiel GC, van Pelt JF, Yap SH: Equally potent inhibitors of cholesterol synthesis in human hepatocytes have distinguishable effects on different cytochrome P450 enzymes. Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2000 Dec;21(9):353-64. [PubMed:11523064]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inhibitor
General Function
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID
P11712
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 2C9
Molecular Weight
55627.365 Da
References
  1. Cohen LH, van Leeuwen RE, van Thiel GC, van Pelt JF, Yap SH: Equally potent inhibitors of cholesterol synthesis in human hepatocytes have distinguishable effects on different cytochrome P450 enzymes. Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2000 Dec;21(9):353-64. [PubMed:11523064]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Inducer
General Function
Steroid hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally un...
Gene Name
CYP2B6
Uniprot ID
P20813
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 2B6
Molecular Weight
56277.81 Da
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [PubMed:19515014]
  2. Kobayashi K, Yamanaka Y, Iwazaki N, Nakajo I, Hosokawa M, Negishi M, Chiba K: Identification of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors as activators for human, mouse and rat constitutive androstane receptor. Drug Metab Dispos. 2005 Jul;33(7):924-9. Epub 2005 Mar 31. [PubMed:15802384]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
No
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Steroid binding
Specific Function
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the...
Gene Name
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID
P22309
Uniprot Name
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1
Molecular Weight
59590.91 Da
References
  1. Dancygier H. (2010). Clinical Hepatology. Springer-Verlag. [ISBN:978-3-642-04509-7]

Transporters

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells.
Gene Name
ABCB1
Uniprot ID
P08183
Uniprot Name
Multidrug resistance protein 1
Molecular Weight
141477.255 Da
References
  1. Matsushima S, Maeda K, Kondo C, Hirano M, Sasaki M, Suzuki H, Sugiyama Y: Identification of the hepatic efflux transporters of organic anions using double-transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells expressing human organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1)/multidrug resistance-associated protein 2, OATP1B1/multidrug resistance 1, and OATP1B1/breast cancer resistance protein. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2005 Sep;314(3):1059-67. Epub 2005 May 18. [PubMed:15901800]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Organic anion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific Function
Mediates hepatobiliary excretion of numerous organic anions. May function as a cellular cisplatin transporter.
Gene Name
ABCC2
Uniprot ID
Q92887
Uniprot Name
Canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1
Molecular Weight
174205.64 Da
References
  1. Matsushima S, Maeda K, Kondo C, Hirano M, Sasaki M, Suzuki H, Sugiyama Y: Identification of the hepatic efflux transporters of organic anions using double-transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells expressing human organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1)/multidrug resistance-associated protein 2, OATP1B1/multidrug resistance 1, and OATP1B1/breast cancer resistance protein. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2005 Sep;314(3):1059-67. Epub 2005 May 18. [PubMed:15901800]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Xenobiotic-transporting atpase activity
Specific Function
High-capacity urate exporter functioning in both renal and extrarenal urate excretion. Plays a role in porphyrin homeostasis as it is able to mediates the export of protoporhyrin IX (PPIX) both fro...
Gene Name
ABCG2
Uniprot ID
Q9UNQ0
Uniprot Name
ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2
Molecular Weight
72313.47 Da
References
  1. Matsushima S, Maeda K, Kondo C, Hirano M, Sasaki M, Suzuki H, Sugiyama Y: Identification of the hepatic efflux transporters of organic anions using double-transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells expressing human organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1)/multidrug resistance-associated protein 2, OATP1B1/multidrug resistance 1, and OATP1B1/breast cancer resistance protein. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2005 Sep;314(3):1059-67. Epub 2005 May 18. [PubMed:15901800]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
Inhibitor
General Function
Sodium-independent organic anion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific Function
Mediates the Na(+)-independent uptake of organic anions such as pravastatin, taurocholate, methotrexate, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, 17-beta-glucuronosyl estradiol, estrone sulfate, prostagland...
Gene Name
SLCO1B1
Uniprot ID
Q9Y6L6
Uniprot Name
Solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1
Molecular Weight
76447.99 Da
References
  1. Matsushima S, Maeda K, Kondo C, Hirano M, Sasaki M, Suzuki H, Sugiyama Y: Identification of the hepatic efflux transporters of organic anions using double-transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney II cells expressing human organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1)/multidrug resistance-associated protein 2, OATP1B1/multidrug resistance 1, and OATP1B1/breast cancer resistance protein. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2005 Sep;314(3):1059-67. Epub 2005 May 18. [PubMed:15901800]
  2. Kameyama Y, Yamashita K, Kobayashi K, Hosokawa M, Chiba K: Functional characterization of SLCO1B1 (OATP-C) variants, SLCO1B1*5, SLCO1B1*15 and SLCO1B1*15+C1007G, by using transient expression systems of HeLa and HEK293 cells. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2005 Jul;15(7):513-22. [PubMed:15970799]
  3. Tamraz B, Fukushima H, Wolfe AR, Kaspera R, Totah RA, Floyd JS, Ma B, Chu C, Marciante KD, Heckbert SR, Psaty BM, Kroetz DL, Kwok PY: OATP1B1-related drug-drug and drug-gene interactions as potential risk factors for cerivastatin-induced rhabdomyolysis. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2013 Jul;23(7):355-64. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e3283620c3b. [PubMed:23652407]
  4. Karlgren M, Ahlin G, Bergstrom CA, Svensson R, Palm J, Artursson P: In vitro and in silico strategies to identify OATP1B1 inhibitors and predict clinical drug-drug interactions. Pharm Res. 2012 Feb;29(2):411-26. doi: 10.1007/s11095-011-0564-9. Epub 2011 Aug 23. [PubMed:21861202]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
No
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Transporter activity
Specific Function
Involved in the ATP-dependent secretion of bile salts into the canaliculus of hepatocytes.
Gene Name
ABCB11
Uniprot ID
O95342
Uniprot Name
Bile salt export pump
Molecular Weight
146405.83 Da
References
  1. Pedersen JM, Matsson P, Bergstrom CA, Hoogstraate J, Noren A, LeCluyse EL, Artursson P: Early identification of clinically relevant drug interactions with the human bile salt export pump (BSEP/ABCB11). Toxicol Sci. 2013 Dec;136(2):328-43. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kft197. Epub 2013 Sep 6. [PubMed:24014644]

Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on October 12, 2018 17:50