Anti-epileptic Agent

DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00252PhenytoinFor the control of generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) and complex partial (psychomotor, temporal lobe) seizures and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during or following neurosurgery.
DB00313Valproic Acid**Indicated** for:[Label] 1) Use as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy in the management of complex partial seizures and simple or complex absence seizures. 2) Adjunctive therapy in the management of multiple seizure types that include absence seizures. 3) Prophylaxis of migraine headaches. 4) Acute management of mania associated with bipolar disorder. **Off-label** uses include: 1) Maintenance therapy for bipolar disorder.[A177919] 2) Treatment for acute bipolar depression.[A177928,A177931,A177934] 3) Emergency treatment of status epilepticus.[A177955]
DB00347TrimethadioneUsed in the control of absence (petit mal) seizures that are refractory to treatment with other medications.
DB00532MephenytoinFor the treatment of refractory partial epilepsy.
DB00555LamotrigineIndicated as adjunctive therapy for the following seizure types in patients ≥2 years of age: partial seizures/primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures/generalized seizures of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome [FDA Label]. Indicated for conversion to monotherapy in adults (≥16 years of age) with partial seizures who are receiving treatment with carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital, primidone, or valproate as the single antiepileptic drug (AED)[FDA Label]. Indicated for the maintenance treatment of Bipolar I Disorder to delay the time to occurrence of mood episodes (depression, mania, hypomania, mixed episodes) in adults (≥18 years of age) treated for acute mood episodes with standard therapy [FDA Label].
DB00593EthosuximideFor the treatment of petit mal epilepsy.
DB00754EthotoinFor the control of tonic-clonic (grand mal) and complex partial (psychomotor) seizures.
DB00776OxcarbazepineFor use as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures in adults with epilepsy and as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures in children ages 4-16 with epilepsy.
DB00794PrimidonePrimidone is commonly indicated for the management of grand mal, psychomotor, and focal epileptic seizures [L4645, FDA Label]. In addition, it has also been studied and utilized as an effective management of essential tremor [A39414, A39415, L4645].
DB00906TiagabineFor the treatment of partial seizures
DB00909ZonisamideFor use as adjunctive treatment of partial seizures in adults with epilepsy.
DB00949FelbamateFor use only in those patients who respond inadequately to alternative treatments and whose epilepsy is so severe that a substantial risk of aplastic anemia and/or liver failure is deemed acceptable in light of the benefits conferred by its use.
DB00996GabapentinFor the management of postherpetic neuralgia in adults and as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures with and without secondary generalization in patients over 12 years of age with epilepsy.
DB01080VigabatrinFor use as an adjunct in treatment resistant epilepsy, refractory complex partial seizures, and secondary generalized seizures. It is also used as monotherapy in infantile spasms in West syndrome.
DB01320FosphenytoinFor the control of generalized convulsive status epilepticus and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during neurosurgery. It can also be substituted, short-term, for oral phenytoin.
DB05246MethsuximideFor the control of absence (petit mal) seizures that are refractory to other drugs.
DB06218LacosamideLacosamide is indicated for adjunctive therapy for partial onset seizures in patients with epilepsy over 17 years old. Injection is indicated for short term use when oral therapy is not feasible.
DB08872Gabapentin enacarbilFor the treatment of adult Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN).
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00252PhenytoinSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00252PhenytoinSodium channel protein type 1 subunit alphatarget
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinSerum albumincarrier
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1C1transporter
DB00252PhenytoinMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00252PhenytoinCanalicular multispecific organic anion transporter 1transporter
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 11B1, mitochondrialenzyme
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 2C18enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB00252PhenytoinSodium channel subunit beta-1target
DB00252PhenytoinSodium channel protein type 3 subunit alphatarget
DB00252PhenytoinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00252PhenytoinThyroxine-binding globulincarrier
DB00313Valproic AcidHistone deacetylase 9target
DB00313Valproic AcidShort/branched chain specific acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, mitochondrialtarget
DB00313Valproic AcidCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00313Valproic AcidSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00313Valproic AcidSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00313Valproic AcidMonocarboxylate transporter 1transporter
DB00313Valproic AcidSolute carrier family 22 member 7transporter
DB00313Valproic AcidCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-10enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15enzyme
DB00313Valproic Acid2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, mitochondrialtarget
DB00313Valproic AcidSuccinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialtarget
DB00313Valproic AcidSodium channel proteintarget
DB00313Valproic AcidHistone deacetylase 2target
DB00313Valproic AcidPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphatarget
DB00313Valproic AcidPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor deltatarget
DB00313Valproic AcidPeroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammatarget
DB00313Valproic AcidSerum albumincarrier
DB00313Valproic AcidUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00313Valproic AcidSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2B1transporter
DB00347TrimethadioneVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Gtarget
DB00347TrimethadioneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00347TrimethadioneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00347TrimethadioneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00347TrimethadioneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00347TrimethadioneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00532MephenytoinSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00532MephenytoinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00532MephenytoinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00532MephenytoinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00532MephenytoinCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00532MephenytoinCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00532MephenytoinCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00532MephenytoinNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB00532MephenytoinThyroxine-binding globulincarrier
DB00555LamotrigineSodium channel protein type 2 subunit alphatarget
DB00555LamotrigineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4enzyme
DB00555LamotrigineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00555LamotrigineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3enzyme
DB00555LamotrigineDihydrofolate reductaseenzyme
DB00555Lamotrigine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB00555LamotrigineVoltage-dependent R-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Etarget
DB00555LamotrigineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00555LamotrigineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00555LamotrigineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00555LamotrigineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00555LamotrigineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00555LamotrigineD(1) dopamine receptortarget
DB00555LamotrigineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00555LamotrigineGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00555LamotrigineGABA-A receptor (benzodiazepine site)target
DB00555LamotrigineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00555LamotrigineKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00555LamotrigineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptortarget
DB00555Lamotrigine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00555LamotrigineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00555LamotrigineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00593EthosuximideVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Gtarget
DB00593EthosuximideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00593EthosuximideCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00593EthosuximideCytochrome P450 3A43enzyme
DB00754EthotoinSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00754EthotoinNuclear receptor subfamily 1 group I member 2target
DB00754EthotoinThyroxine-binding globulincarrier
DB00776OxcarbazepineSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00776OxcarbazepineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00776OxcarbazepineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00776OxcarbazepineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00776OxcarbazepineSerum albumincarrier
DB00776OxcarbazepineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00776OxcarbazepineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00794PrimidoneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00794PrimidoneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00794PrimidoneCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00794PrimidoneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00794PrimidoneCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00794PrimidoneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00794PrimidoneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00794PrimidoneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00794PrimidoneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00794PrimidoneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00794PrimidoneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00794PrimidoneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00794PrimidoneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00794PrimidoneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB00794PrimidoneGlutamate receptor 2target
DB00794PrimidoneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, kainate 2target
DB00794PrimidoneGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00794PrimidoneUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00906TiagabineSodium- and chloride-dependent GABA transporter 1target
DB00906TiagabineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00906TiagabineUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 1 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB00909ZonisamideVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Gtarget
DB00909ZonisamideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00909ZonisamideAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
DB00909ZonisamideAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 2target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 3target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 4target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 5A, mitochondrialtarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 5B, mitochondrialtarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 6target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 7target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase-related proteintarget
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 9target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase-related protein 10target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase-related protein 11target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 12target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 13target
DB00909ZonisamideCarbonic anhydrase 14target
DB00909ZonisamideVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Htarget
DB00909ZonisamideVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Itarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 2 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 3 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 4 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 9 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel protein type 11 subunit alphatarget
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel subunit beta-1target
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel subunit beta-2target
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel subunit beta-3target
DB00909ZonisamideSodium channel subunit beta-4target
DB00909ZonisamideAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
DB00909ZonisamideCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00909ZonisamideUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1enzyme
DB00909ZonisamideCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00949FelbamateGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
DB00949FelbamateGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Btarget
DB00949FelbamateGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
DB00949FelbamateCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00949FelbamateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00949FelbamateCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00949FelbamateCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00996GabapentinAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00996GabapentinVoltage-dependent N-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Btarget
DB00996GabapentinVoltage-dependent calcium channel subunit alpha-2/delta-1target
DB00996GabapentinVoltage-dependent calcium channel subunit alpha-2/delta-2target
DB00996GabapentinBranched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, cytosolicenzyme
DB00996GabapentinNMDA receptortarget
DB00996GabapentinGamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor subunit 1target
DB00996GabapentinGamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor subunit 2target
DB00996GabapentinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01080Vigabatrin4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase, mitochondrialtarget
DB01080VigabatrinGamma-aminobutyric acid type B receptor subunit 1target
DB01080VigabatrinProton-coupled amino acid transporter 1transporter
DB01080VigabatrinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinSodium channel protein type 5 subunit alphatarget
DB01320FosphenytoinCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinSerum albumincarrier
DB01320FosphenytoinCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01320FosphenytoinThyroxine-binding globulincarrier
DB05246MethsuximideCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB05246MethsuximideVoltage-dependent T-type calcium channel subunit alpha-1Gtarget
DB06218LacosamideSodium channel protein type 9 subunit alphatarget
DB06218LacosamideSodium channel protein type 3 subunit alphatarget
DB06218LacosamideSodium channel protein type 10 subunit alphatarget
DB06218LacosamideCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB06218LacosamideCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB06218LacosamideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB08872Gabapentin enacarbilVoltage-dependent calcium channel subunit alpha-2/delta-1target
DB08872Gabapentin enacarbilVoltage-dependent calcium channel subunit alpha-2/delta-2target
DB08872Gabapentin enacarbilSodium-coupled monocarboxylate transporter 1transporter
DB08872Gabapentin enacarbilSodium-dependent multivitamin transportertransporter