Central Nervous System Stimulation

DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB01255LisdexamfetamineFor the treatment of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and for moderate to severe binge eating disorder in adults [FDA label], [A40246]. This drug is not indicated for weight loss. Use of other sympathomimetic drugs for weight loss is associated with serious cardiovascular effects. The safety and effectiveness of this drug for the treatment of obesity have not yet been determined [FDA label].
DB00201CaffeineFor management of fatigue, orthostatic hypotension, and for the short term treatment of apnea of prematurity in infants.
DB00745ModafinilTo improve wakefulness in patients with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) associated with narcolepsy.
DB00182AmphetamineAmphetamine is indicated for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) as well as for the treatment of central nervous system disorders such as narcolepsy.[A18540] ADHD is a complex disorder associated with the substantial heterogeneity in etiology, clinical presentation, and treatment outcome. ADHD comes from a complex interplay between interdependent genetic and non-genetic factors which cause complex mental disorders in children and teenagers.[A174271] On the other hand, narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder typically resenting during adolescence and characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness.[A174274] Amphetamine is also being used nowadays off-label for the treatment of obesity, depression and chronic pain.[A174268, A174283]
DB01577MetamfetamineFor the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (ADHD) and exogenous obesity.
DB01576DextroamphetamineUsed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
DB06701DexmethylphenidateDexmethylphenidate is used as a treatment for ADHD, ideally in conjunction with psychological, educational, behavioral or other forms of treatment.
DB00422MethylphenidateFor use as an integral part of a total treatment program which typically includes other remedial measures (psychological, educational, social) for a stabilizing effect in children with a behavioral syndrome characterized by the following group of developmentally inappropriate symptoms: moderate-to-severe distractibility, short attention span, hyperactivity, emotional lability, and impulsivity.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB01255LisdexamfetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01255LisdexamfetamineSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB01255LisdexamfetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A1target
DB00201CaffeinecAMP-specific 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 4Btarget
DB00201CaffeineAdenosine receptor A2atarget
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00201CaffeineRyanodine receptor 1target
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00201CaffeineMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00201CaffeineCyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterasetarget
DB00201CaffeineDNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunittarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit delta isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeinePhosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit beta isoformtarget
DB00201CaffeineInositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptortarget
DB00201CaffeineSerine-protein kinase ATMtarget
DB00745ModafinilSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00745ModafinilAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00745ModafinilCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00745ModafinilCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00745ModafinilCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00745ModafinilCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00745ModafinilCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00745ModafinilCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineCocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript proteintarget
DB00182AmphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DB00182AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineMonoamine oxidasetarget
DB00182Amphetaminevesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2)target
DB01577MetamfetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01577MetamfetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB01577MetamfetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB01577MetamfetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB01577MetamfetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB01577MetamfetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DB01577MetamfetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB01577MetamfetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01577MetamfetamineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
DB01577MetamfetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Atarget
DB01577MetamfetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB01577MetamfetamineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01577MetamfetamineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01577MetamfetamineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB01576DextroamphetamineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB01576DextroamphetamineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01576DextroamphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB01576DextroamphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01576DextroamphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB01576DextroamphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DB06701DexmethylphenidateSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB06701DexmethylphenidateSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB06701DexmethylphenidateSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00422MethylphenidateSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00422MethylphenidateSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00422MethylphenidateSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00422MethylphenidateCarboxylesteraseenzyme