This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

Name
Pinacidil
Accession Number
DB06762
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved
Description

Pinacidil is a cyanoguanidine drug that opens ATP-sensitive potassium channels producing peripheral vasodilatation of arterioles. It reduces blood pressure and peripheral resistance and produces fluid retention.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • Pinacidil anhydrous
External IDs
P-1134 / S-1230
Product Ingredients
IngredientUNIICASInChI Key
Pinacidil monohydrate7B0ZZH8P2W85371-64-8AFJCNBBHEVLGCZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
International/Other Brands
Pindac (Leo Pharm)
Categories
UNII
BB4UGO5K0D
CAS number
60560-33-0
Weight
Average: 245.33
Monoisotopic: 245.164045632
Chemical Formula
C13H19N5
InChI Key
IVVNZDGDKPTYHK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C13H19N5/c1-10(13(2,3)4)17-12(16-9-14)18-11-5-7-15-8-6-11/h5-8,10H,1-4H3,(H2,15,16,17,18)
IUPAC Name
(E)-N''-cyano-N'-(3,3-dimethylbutan-2-yl)-N-(pyridin-4-yl)guanidine
SMILES
CC(N\C(NC1=CC=NC=C1)=N/C#N)C(C)(C)C

Pharmacology

Indication
Not Available
Pharmacodynamics
Not Available
Mechanism of action
Not Available
Absorption
Not Available
Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
DrugInteraction
(R)-warfarinThe metabolism of (R)-warfarin can be decreased when combined with Pinacidil.
(S)-WarfarinThe metabolism of (S)-Warfarin can be decreased when combined with Pinacidil.
3,5-diiodothyropropionic acidThe metabolism of 3,5-diiodothyropropionic acid can be decreased when combined with Pinacidil.
4-hydroxycoumarinThe metabolism of 4-hydroxycoumarin can be decreased when combined with Pinacidil.
5-androstenedioneThe metabolism of Pinacidil can be decreased when combined with 5-androstenedione.
6-Deoxyerythronolide BThe metabolism of Pinacidil can be decreased when combined with 6-Deoxyerythronolide B.
6-O-benzylguanineThe metabolism of 6-O-benzylguanine can be decreased when combined with Pinacidil.
AbemaciclibThe metabolism of Abemaciclib can be decreased when combined with Pinacidil.
AbirateroneThe metabolism of Pinacidil can be decreased when combined with Abiraterone.
AcalabrutinibThe metabolism of Pinacidil can be decreased when combined with Acalabrutinib.
Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
  1. Hansen PR: [Pinacidil (Pindac). A peripheral vasodilator agent with a new mechanism of action]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1989 Oct 30;151(44):2906-8. [PubMed:2588385]
  2. Ahnfelt-Ronne I: Pinacidil. Preclinical investigations. Drugs. 1988;36 Suppl 7:4-9. [PubMed:3076134]
  3. Koliopoulos K, Papadoyannis DE, Karatzas NB: Pinacidil, a new vasodilator, in the treatment of patients with moderate to severe hypertension. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1984;27(3):287-9. [PubMed:6510455]
External Links
ChemSpider
4660
BindingDB
50240750
ChEBI
91706
ChEMBL
CHEMBL1159
Wikipedia
Pinacidil
ATC Codes
C02DG01 — PinacidilC02LX01 — Pinacidil and diuretics

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
Not Available

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
Not Available
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Solid
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.126 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.47ALOGPS
logP2.25ChemAxon
logS-3.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)14.27ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5.61ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area73.1 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity72.81 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability27.12 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
LC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , PositiveLC-MS/MSNot Available
LC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , PositiveLC-MS/MSNot Available
MS/MS Spectrum - , positiveLC-MS/MSsplash10-0002-2790000000-b4614b7b3adabc514ad4
MS/MS Spectrum - , positiveLC-MS/MSsplash10-00dj-5901100000-3131ef3fa766db3846ca

Taxonomy

Description
This compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyridines and derivatives. These are compounds containing a pyridine ring, which is a six-member aromatic heterocycle which consists of one nitrogen atom and five carbon atoms.
Kingdom
Organic compounds
Super Class
Organoheterocyclic compounds
Class
Pyridines and derivatives
Sub Class
Not Available
Direct Parent
Pyridines and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Heteroaromatic compounds / Guanidines / Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compounds / Carboximidamides / Azacyclic compounds / Organopnictogen compounds / Hydrocarbon derivatives
Substituents
Pyridine / Heteroaromatic compound / Guanidine / Azacycle / Organic 1,3-dipolar compound / Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound / Carboximidamide / Organic nitrogen compound / Organopnictogen compound / Hydrocarbon derivative
Molecular Framework
Aromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Not Available

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
Unknown
Actions
Substrate
General Function
Vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase activity
Specific Function
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation react...
Gene Name
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID
P08684
Uniprot Name
Cytochrome P450 3A4
Molecular Weight
57342.67 Da
References
  1. Zhang Z, Li Y, Stearns RA, Ortiz De Montellano PR, Baillie TA, Tang W: Cytochrome P450 3A4-mediated oxidative conversion of a cyano to an amide group in the metabolism of pinacidil. Biochemistry. 2002 Feb 26;41(8):2712-8. [PubMed:11851418]

Drug created on September 14, 2010 10:21 / Updated on November 02, 2018 08:57