Cinnamyl alcohol

This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

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Name
Cinnamyl alcohol
Accession Number
DB14186
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved, Experimental
Description

Cinnamyl alcohol is a naturally occurring compound that is found within cinnamon. Due to the low levels found in cinnamon, cinnamyl alcohol is usually supplied as Cinnamaldehyde within commercial products.

Cinnamyl alcohol has been shown to be a skin sensitizer, with a NOEL (No Effect Level) of ~4% 1. Sensitivity to cinnamyl alcohol may be identified with a clinical patch test.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • (2E)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-ol
  • (E)-cinnamyl alcohol
  • Cinnamyl alcohol
  • Styrylcarbinol
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
T.R.U.E. Test Thin-Layer Rapid Use Patch TestCinnamyl alcohol (63 ug/48h) + 2,2'-Dibenzothiazyl disulfide (20 ug/48h) + 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (61 ug/48h) + 4-(Isopropylamino)diphenylamine (10 ug/48h) + Bacitracin (486 ug/48h) + Balsam of Peru (648 ug/48h) + Benzocaine (378 ug/48h) + Benzylparaben (162 ug/48h) + Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (32 ug/48h) + Bromothalonil (4 ug/48h) + Bronopol (203 ug/48h) + Budesonide (0.8 ug/48h) + Butylparaben (162 ug/48h) + Chlorquinaldol (77 ug/48h) + Cinchocaine hydrochloride (66 ug/48h) + Cinnamaldehyde (41 ug/48h) + Clioquinol (77 ug/48h) + Cobalt chloride hexahydrate (4 ug/48h) + Diazolidinylurea (446 ug/48h) + Potassium dichromate (15.7 ug/48h) + Dipentamethylenethiuram disulfide (5.5 ug/48h) + Diphenylguanidine (68 ug/48h) + Disperse Blue 106 (41 ug/48h) + Disulfiram (5.5 ug/48h) + Ditiocarb Zinc (68 ug/48h) + Ethyl hydroxybenzoate (162 ug/48h) + Ethylenediamine (18 ug/48h) + Eugenol (41 ug/48h) + Evernia prunastri (81 ug/48h) + Formaldehyde (146 ug/48h) + Geraniol (81 ug/48h) + Hydrocortisone butyrate (16 ug/48h) + Hydroxycitronellal (63 ug/48h) + Imidurea (486 ug/48h) + Isoeugenol (17 ug/48h) + Lanolin alcohols (810 ug/48h) + Methylchloroisothiazolinone (3 ug/48h) + Methylparaben (162 ug/48h) + Morpholinylmercaptobenzothiazole (20 ug/48h) + N,N'-diphenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (25 ug/48h) + N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (25 ug/48h) + Neomycin sulfate (486 ug/48h) + Nickel sulfate hexahydrate (36 ug/48h) + P-Tert-Butylphenol-Formaldehyde Resin (Low Molecular Weight) (36 ug/48h) + Parthenolide (2 ug/48h) + Propylparaben (162 ug/48h) + Quaternium-15 (81 ug/48h) + Rosin (972 ug/48h) + Sodium aurotiosulfate (23 ug/48h) + Tetracaine hydrochloride (66 ug/48h) + Tetramethylthiuram monosulfide (5.5 ug/48h) + Thimerosal (6 ug/48h) + Thiohexam (20 ug/48h) + Thiram (5.5 ug/48h) + Tixocortol pivalate (2 ug/48h) + Zinc Dibutyldithiocarbamate (68 ug/48h) + alpha-Amyl cinnamaldehyde (17 ug/48h) + p-Phenylenediamine (65 ug/48h)KitSmartPractice Denmark ApS2012-03-01Not applicableUs
Categories
UNII
SS8YOP444F
CAS number
4407-36-7
Weight
Average: 134.1751
Monoisotopic: 134.073164942
Chemical Formula
C9H10O
InChI Key
OOCCDEMITAIZTP-QPJJXVBHSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C9H10O/c10-8-4-7-9-5-2-1-3-6-9/h1-7,10H,8H2/b7-4+
IUPAC Name
(2E)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-ol
SMILES
OC\C=C\C1=CC=CC=C1

Pharmacology

Indication

Cinnamyl alcohol is approved by the FDA for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in persons 6 years of age and older.

Pharmacodynamics
Not Available
Mechanism of action
Not Available
Additional Data Available
Adverse Effects

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Additional Data Available
Contraindications

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Additional Data Available
Blackbox Warnings

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Absorption

Cinnamyl alcohol is 66% absorbed through the skin and shown to be rapidly absorbed from the gut 1.

Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism

In general, esters containing an aromatic ring system are expected to be hydrolyzed in vivo. Cinnamyl alcohol is hydrolyzed to Cinnamaldehyde 1.

Route of elimination

Cinnamyl alcohol is metabolized and excreted primarily in the urine and, to a minor extent, in the feces 1. After oral or intraperitoneal administration to rats and mice, 76–77% of the dose of cinnamyl alcohol was recovered in the urine and feces within 24 h 1.

Half life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
DrugInteraction
AbacavirAbacavir may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcarboseAcarbose may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AceclofenacAceclofenac may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcemetacinAcemetacin may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcetaminophenAcetaminophen may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcetazolamideAcetazolamide may increase the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a lower serum level and potentially a reduction in efficacy.
Acetylsalicylic acidAcetylsalicylic acid may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AclidiniumAclidinium may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcrivastineAcrivastine may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
AcyclovirAcyclovir may decrease the excretion rate of Cinnamyl alcohol which could result in a higher serum level.
Additional Data Available
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    Extended Description

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  • Severity
    Severity

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  • Action
    Evidence Level

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Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
  1. Belsito D, Bickers D, Bruze M, Calow P, Greim H, Hanifin JM, Rogers AE, Saurat JH, Sipes IG, Tagami H: A toxicologic and dermatologic assessment of related esters and alcohols of cinnamic acid and cinnamyl alcohol when used as fragrance ingredients. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45 Suppl 1:S1-23. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.087. Epub 2007 Sep 18. [PubMed:18035463]
External Links
Human Metabolome Database
HMDB0029698
KEGG Compound
C02394
ChemSpider
21105870
BindingDB
50310446
ChEBI
33227
ChEMBL
CHEMBL324794
Wikipedia
Cinnamyl_alcohol

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
Not Available

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Kit
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.34 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.93ALOGPS
logP1.82ChemAxon
logS-1.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.62ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity43.19 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability15.41 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
SpectrumSpectrum TypeSplash Key
Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSPredicted GC-MSNot Available
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-05qc-9700000000-718fd9691cbd38d42c60
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-001l-6900000000-44b04269b7d35e886fb9
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-002f-9400000000-da49ee491f3478b8fa96
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-0036-9400000000-540e90374e70aac0f48b
GC-MS Spectrum - EI-BGC-MSsplash10-014i-0931100000-d1566613e817621550ba
GC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOFGC-MSsplash10-014i-1910000000-f620d5e707e1170fdbb6
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positive (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available
Predicted MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negative (Annotated)Predicted LC-MS/MSNot Available

Taxonomy

Classification
Not classified

Drug created on July 03, 2018 11:55 / Updated on May 01, 2019 11:58