Quaternium-15

This drug entry is a stub and has not been fully annotated. It is scheduled to be annotated soon.

Identification

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Name
Quaternium-15
Accession Number
DB14198
Type
Small Molecule
Groups
Approved, Experimental
Description

Quaternium-15 is a quaternary ammonium salt used as a surfactant and preservative in many products including cosmetics. It is an anti-microbial agent by virtue of being a formaldehyde releaser, however this can also cause contact dermatitis, a symptom of an allergic reaction, especially in those with sensitive skin. In 2005, Quaternium-15 was named in the top 15 most frequently positive allergens identified in patch tests by the North American Contact Dermatitis Group (NACDG)2.

Sensitivity to Quaternium-15 may be identified with a clinical patch test.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  • 1-(3-Chloroallyl)-3,5,7-triaza-1-azoniaadamantane chloride
  • 3,5,7-Triaza-1-azoniaadamantane, 1-(3-chloroallyl)-, chloride
  • 3,5,7-Triaza-1-azoniatricyclo(3.3.1.13,7)decane, 1-(3-chloro-2-propen-1-yl)-, chloride (1:1)
  • Methenamine 3-chloroallylochloride
  • N-(3-Chloroallyl)hexaminium chloride
  • Quaternium 15
Mixture Products
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
T.R.U.E. Test Thin-Layer Rapid Use Patch TestQuaternium-15 (81 ug/48h) + 2,2'-Dibenzothiazyl disulfide (20 ug/48h) + 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (61 ug/48h) + 4-(Isopropylamino)diphenylamine (10 ug/48h) + Bacitracin (486 ug/48h) + Balsam of Peru (648 ug/48h) + Benzocaine (378 ug/48h) + Benzylparaben (162 ug/48h) + Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (32 ug/48h) + Bromothalonil (4 ug/48h) + Bronopol (203 ug/48h) + Budesonide (0.8 ug/48h) + Butylparaben (162 ug/48h) + Chlorquinaldol (77 ug/48h) + Cinchocaine hydrochloride (66 ug/48h) + Cinnamaldehyde (41 ug/48h) + Cinnamyl alcohol (63 ug/48h) + Clioquinol (77 ug/48h) + Cobalt chloride hexahydrate (4 ug/48h) + Diazolidinylurea (446 ug/48h) + Potassium dichromate (15.7 ug/48h) + Dipentamethylenethiuram disulfide (5.5 ug/48h) + Diphenylguanidine (68 ug/48h) + Disperse Blue 106 (41 ug/48h) + Disulfiram (5.5 ug/48h) + Ditiocarb Zinc (68 ug/48h) + Ethyl hydroxybenzoate (162 ug/48h) + Ethylenediamine (18 ug/48h) + Eugenol (41 ug/48h) + Evernia prunastri (81 ug/48h) + Formaldehyde (146 ug/48h) + Geraniol (81 ug/48h) + Hydrocortisone butyrate (16 ug/48h) + Hydroxycitronellal (63 ug/48h) + Imidurea (486 ug/48h) + Isoeugenol (17 ug/48h) + Lanolin alcohols (810 ug/48h) + Methylchloroisothiazolinone (3 ug/48h) + Methylparaben (162 ug/48h) + Morpholinylmercaptobenzothiazole (20 ug/48h) + N,N'-diphenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (25 ug/48h) + N-Cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine (25 ug/48h) + Neomycin sulfate (486 ug/48h) + Nickel sulfate hexahydrate (36 ug/48h) + P-Tert-Butylphenol-Formaldehyde Resin (Low Molecular Weight) (36 ug/48h) + Parthenolide (2 ug/48h) + Propylparaben (162 ug/48h) + Rosin (972 ug/48h) + Sodium aurotiosulfate (23 ug/48h) + Tetracaine hydrochloride (66 ug/48h) + Tetramethylthiuram monosulfide (5.5 ug/48h) + Thimerosal (6 ug/48h) + Thiohexam (20 ug/48h) + Thiram (5.5 ug/48h) + Tixocortol pivalate (2 ug/48h) + Zinc Dibutyldithiocarbamate (68 ug/48h) + alpha-Amyl cinnamaldehyde (17 ug/48h) + p-Phenylenediamine (65 ug/48h)KitSmartPractice Denmark ApS2012-03-01Not applicableUs
Categories
UNII
E40U03LEM0
CAS number
4080-31-3
Weight
Average: 252.16
Monoisotopic: 251.083027
Chemical Formula
C9H17Cl2N4
InChI Key
MBDLLRKXDWJOGN-TYYBGVCCSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C9H16ClN4.ClH/c10-2-1-3-14-7-11-4-12(8-14)6-13(5-11)9-14;/h1-2H,3-9H2;1H/q+1;-1/b2-1+;
IUPAC Name
1-[(2E)-3-chloroprop-2-en-1-yl]-1,3,5,7-tetraazatricyclo[3.3.1.1^{3,7}]decan-1-ium lambda3-chloridyl
SMILES
[ClH-].Cl\C=C\C[N+]12CN3CN(CN(C3)C1)C2

Pharmacology

Indication

Quaternium-15 is approved for use within allergenic epicutaneous patch tests which are indicated for use as an aid in the diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in persons 6 years of age and older.

Pharmacodynamics
Not Available
Mechanism of action
Not Available
Additional Data Available
Adverse Effects

Comprehensive structured data on known drug adverse effects with statistical prevalence. MedDRA and ICD10 ids are provided for adverse effect conditions and symptoms.

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Additional Data Available
Contraindications

Structured data covering drug contraindications. Each contraindication describes a scenario in which the drug is not to be used. Includes restrictions on co-administration, contraindicated populations, and more.

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Additional Data Available
Blackbox Warnings

Structured data representing warnings from the black box section of drug labels. These warnings cover important and dangerous risks, contraindications, or adverse effects.

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Absorption
Not Available
Volume of distribution
Not Available
Protein binding
Not Available
Metabolism
Not Available
Route of elimination
Not Available
Half life
Not Available
Clearance
Not Available
Toxicity
Not Available
Affected organisms
Not Available
Pathways
Not Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs
Not Available

Interactions

Drug Interactions
Not Available
Food Interactions
Not Available

References

General References
  1. Cahill J, Nixon R: Allergic contact dermatitis to quaternium 15 in a moisturizing lotion. Australas J Dermatol. 2005 Nov;46(4):284-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-0960.2005.00210.x. [PubMed:16197434]
  2. Zug KA, Warshaw EM, Fowler JF Jr, Maibach HI, Belsito DL, Pratt MD, Sasseville D, Storrs FJ, Taylor JS, Mathias CG, Deleo VA, Rietschel RL, Marks J: Patch-test results of the North American Contact Dermatitis Group 2005-2006. Dermatitis. 2009 May-Jun;20(3):149-60. [PubMed:19470301]
External Links
Wikipedia
Quaternium-15

Clinical Trials

Clinical Trials
Not Available

Pharmacoeconomics

Manufacturers
Not Available
Packagers
Not Available
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Kit
Prices
Not Available
Patents
Not Available

Properties

State
Not Available
Experimental Properties
Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility334.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-2.7ALOGPS
logP-2.7ChemAxon
logS0.12ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area9.72 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity66.87 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability21.78 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
Not Available

Spectra

Mass Spec (NIST)
Not Available
Spectra
Not Available

Taxonomy

Classification
Not classified

Drug created on July 03, 2018 16:25 / Updated on May 09, 2019 00:20