Orofacial Pain

Also known as: Pain in face / Mouth Pain / Oral Pain / Pain, Orofacial / Pain mouth / Pain oral / Facial pain / Facial pain NOS

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB06770Benzyl alcoholNot Available
DB00825LevomentholMenthol is a covalent organic compound made synthetically or obtained from peppermint or other mint oils. Forming clear or white waxy, crystalline substance, menthol is typically solid at room temperature. (-)-Menthol is the naturally-occurring and main form of menthol, and is assigned the (1R,2S,5R) configuration. Menthol mediates anesthetic properties and anti-irritating properties locally, thus it is widely used to relieve minor throat irritations.
DB00540NortriptylineNortriptyline hydrochloride, the N-demethylated active metabolite of amitriptyline, is a dibenzocycloheptene-derivative tricyclic antidepressant (TCA). TCAs are structurally similar to phenothiazines. They contain a tricyclic ring system with an alkyl amine substituent on the central ring. In non-depressed individuals, nortriptyline does not affect mood or arousal, but may cause sedation. In depressed individuals, nortriptyline exerts a positive effect on mood. TCAs are potent inhibitors of serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake. Secondary amine TCAs, such as nortriptyline, are more potent inhibitors of norepinephrine reuptake than tertiary amine TCAs, such as amitriptyline. TCAs also down-regulate cerebral cortical β-adrenergic receptors and sensitize post-synaptic serotonergic receptors with chronic use. The antidepressant effects of TCAs are thought to be due to an overall increase in serotonergic neurotransmission. TCAs also block histamine-H1 receptors, α1-adrenergic receptors and muscarinic receptors, which accounts for their sedative, hypotensive and anticholinergic effects (e.g. blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation, urinary retention), respectively. Compared to other TCAs, nortriptyline is less toxic and displays less drug interactions [A6584]. As a more selective noadrenaline reuptake inhibitor, nortriptyline is less likely associated with the hypertensive ‘cheese reaction' [A6584]. Nortriptyline exerts less anticholinergic and sedative side effects compared to the tertiary amine TCAs, amitriptyline and clomipramine. Apart from its indication to treat depression, nortriptyline has been investigated in chronic neuropathic pain (unlabeled use), fibromyalgia [A31911], irritable bowel syndrome (unlabeled use), diabetic neuropathy (unlabeled use) [A31912], post-traumatic stress disorder (unlabeled use), and migraine prophylaxis (unlabeled use).
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB06770Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB06770Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB06770Benzyl alcoholAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
DB06770Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB06770Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB06770Benzyl alcoholCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily A member 1target
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M member 8target
DB00825LevomentholTransient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 3target
DB00825LevomentholKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00825LevomentholVoltage-dependent L-type calcium channeltarget
DB00825LevomentholCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00540NortriptylineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00540NortriptylineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00540NortriptylineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00540NortriptylineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00540NortriptylineSerum albumincarrier
DB00540NortriptylineAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1carrier
DB00540NortriptylineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB00540NortriptylineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00540NortriptylineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00540NortriptylineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00540NortriptylineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00540NortriptylineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M5target
DB00540Nortriptyline5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB00540NortriptylineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00540Nortriptyline5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00540NortriptylineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00540NortriptylineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00540NortriptylineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00540NortriptylineCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00540NortriptylineProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00540NortriptylineCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00540Nortriptyline5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Ctarget
DB00540Nortriptyline5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 6target
DB00540NortriptylineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00540NortriptylineAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB00540NortriptylineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DB00540NortriptylineD(2) dopamine receptortarget
DB00540NortriptylineSigma receptortarget
DB00540Nortriptyline5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Ctarget
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB00921Buprenorphine1 / 2Terminated1
DB09241Methylene blue2Recruiting1