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Identification
NameErgotamine
Accession NumberDB00696  (APRD00677)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

A vasoconstrictor found in ergot of Central Europe. It is an alpha-1 selective adrenergic agonist and is commonly used in the treatment of migraine disorders. [PubChem]

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
(5'alpha)-12'-hydroxy-2'-methyl-5'-(phenylmethyl)ergotoman-3',6',18-trioneNot AvailableNot Available
12'-Hydroxy-2'-methyl-5'alpha-(phenylmethyl)ergotaman-3',6',18-trioneNot AvailableNot Available
ErgotaminGermanINN
ErgotaminaSpanishINN
ErgotamineFrenchINN
ErgotaminumLatinINN
GynergenNot AvailableNot Available
Prescription ProductsNot Available
Generic Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Ergotaminetablet, film coated100; 1 mg/1; mgoralWest ward Pharmaceutical Corp2004-09-17Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Cafergottablet100; 1 mg/1; mgoralKAISER FOUNDATION HOSPITALS2011-04-21Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Cafergottablet, film coated100; 1 mg/1; mgoralSandoz Inc1982-01-01Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Ergomartablet, orally disintegrating2 mgsublingualRosedale Therapeutics2012-08-31Not AvailableUs 0a2ef1ad1c84951dc1392a8bbe1f3cb241c91ed59e44ad8268635315440d978c
Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
International Brands
NameCompany
AnervanRecip
AntimigraineTa Fong
EnxakCazi
ErgamGedeon Richter
Ergo-KranitKrewel Meuselbach
GynaemineSriprasit Dispensary
WigrettesNot Available
Brand mixtures
Brand NameIngredients
AvamigranErgotamine and Caffeine
BeantaErgotamine and Caffeine
Bellergal SpacetabsBelladonna + Ergotamine Tartrate + Phenobarbital
Bellergal TabBelladonna + Ergotamine (Ergotamine Tartrate) + Phenobarbital
CafegotamineErgotamine and Caffeine
Cafergot Pb SupBelladonna + Caffeine + Ergotamine (Ergotamine Tartrate) + Pentobarbital
Cafergot Pb TabBelladonna + Caffeine + Ergotamine (Ergotamine Tartrate) + Pentobarbital Sodium
Cafergot SupCaffeine + Ergotamine Tartrate
Cafergot TabCaffeine + Ergotamine Tartrate
Ergodryl CapCaffeine Citrate + Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride + Ergotamine Tartrate
ErgokoffinErgotamine and Caffeine
ErgonexErgotamine and Caffeine
EricafErgotamine and Caffeine
FencafenErgotamine and Caffeine
Gravergol CapsulesCaffeine + Dimenhydrinate + Ergotamine Tartrate
Megral TabsCaffeine + Cyclizine Hydrochloride + Ergotamine Tartrate
MIGERGOTCaffeine + Ergotamine
Wigraine SuppositoriesBelladonna + Caffeine + Ergotamine Tartrate
Wigraine TabBelladonna + Caffeine + Ergotamine Tartrate
Salts
Name/CASStructureProperties
Ergotamine Tartrate
ThumbNot applicableDBSALT000979
CategoriesNot Available
CAS number113-15-5
WeightAverage: 581.6615
Monoisotopic: 581.263819255
Chemical FormulaC33H35N5O5
InChI KeyXCGSFFUVFURLIX-VFGNJEKYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C33H35N5O5/c1-32(35-29(39)21-15-23-22-10-6-11-24-28(22)20(17-34-24)16-25(23)36(2)18-21)31(41)38-26(14-19-8-4-3-5-9-19)30(40)37-13-7-12-27(37)33(38,42)43-32/h3-6,8-11,15,17,21,25-27,34,42H,7,12-14,16,18H2,1-2H3,(H,35,39)/t21-,25-,26+,27+,32-,33+/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
(4R,7R)-N-[(1S,2S,4R,7S)-7-benzyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-5,8-dioxo-3-oxa-6,9-diazatricyclo[7.3.0.0²,⁶]dodecan-4-yl]-6-methyl-6,11-diazatetracyclo[7.6.1.0²,⁷.0¹²,¹⁶]hexadeca-1(16),2,9,12,14-pentaene-4-carboxamide
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCCN1C(=O)[C@H](CC1=CC=CC=C1)N1C(=O)[C@](C)(NC(=O)[C@H]3CN(C)[C@]4([H])CC5=CNC6=CC=CC(=C56)C4=C3)O[C@@]21O
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as ergotamines, dihydroergotamines, and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing an ergotamine moiety, which is structurally characterized by a benzyl substituent attached to the piperazine ring of the ergopeptine backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassAlkaloids and derivatives
ClassErgoline and derivatives
Sub ClassLysergic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentErgotamines, dihydroergotamines, and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Ergotamine
  • Hybrid peptide
  • Lysergic acid amide
  • Indoloquinoline
  • Benzoquinoline
  • Quinoline-3-carboxamide
  • Pyrroloquinoline
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • Quinoline
  • Isoindole or derivatives
  • Indole or derivatives
  • Indole
  • Aralkylamine
  • N-alkylpiperazine
  • Tetrahydropyridine
  • Benzenoid
  • Piperazine
  • Oxazolidinone
  • 1,4-diazinane
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Pyrrole
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Orthocarboxylic acid derivative
  • Lactam
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Alkanolamine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationFor use as therapy to abort or prevent vascular headache, e.g., migraine, migraine variants, or so called "histaminic cephalalgia".
PharmacodynamicsErgotamine is a vasoconstrictor and alpha adrenoreceptor antagonist. The pharmacological properties of ergotamine are extremely complex; some of its actions are unrelated to each other, and even mutually antagonistic. The drug has partial agonist and/or antagonist activity against tryptaminergic, dopaminergic and alpha adrenergic receptors depending upon their site, and it is a highly active uterine stimulant. It causes constriction of peripheral and cranial blood vessels and produces depression of central vasomotor centers. The pain of a migraine attack is believed to be due to greatly increased amplitude of pulsations in the cranial arteries, especially the meningeal branches of the external carotid artery. Ergotamine reduces extracranial blood flow, causes a decline in the amplitude of pulsation in the cranial arteries, and decreases hyperperfusion of the territory of the basilar artery. It does not reduce cerebral hemispheric blood flow.
Mechanism of actionErgotamine acts on migraine by one of two proposed mechanisms: 1) activation of 5-HT1D receptors located on intracranial blood vessels, including those on arterio-venous anastomoses, leads to vasoconstriction, which correlates with the relief of migraine headache, and 2) activation of 5-HT1D receptors on sensory nerve endings of the trigeminal system results in the inhibition of pro-inflammatory neuropeptide release.
AbsorptionThe bioavailability of sublingually administered ergotamine has not been determined.
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
Metabolism

Hepatic. Ergotamine is metabolized by the liver by largely undefined pathways, and 90% of the metabolites are excreted in the bile.

Route of eliminationNot Available
Half life2 hours
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicitySigns of overexposure include irritation, nausea, vomiting, headache, diarrhea, thirst, coldness of skin, pruritus, weak pulse, numbness, tingling of extremities, and confusion.
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9311
Blood Brain Barrier-0.9644
Caco-2 permeable-0.7317
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.8678
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IInhibitor0.7801
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IIInhibitor0.6032
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.8178
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.8205
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.9116
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.7408
CYP450 1A2 substrateInhibitor0.9107
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9071
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-inhibitor0.923
CYP450 2C19 substrateNon-inhibitor0.8849
CYP450 3A4 substrateInhibitor0.7959
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.6759
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9133
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.9604
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.99
Rat acute toxicity2.9840 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.8701
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.6708
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • 3m pharmaceuticals inc
  • Rosedale therapeutics
  • Parke davis div warner lambert co
  • Organon usa inc
Packagers
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Tabletoral100; 1 mg/1; mg
Tablet, film coatedoral100; 1 mg/1; mg
Tablet, orally disintegratingsublingual2 mg
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Ergotamine tartrate powder224.35USD powder
Ergomar 2 mg tablet sl8.97USD tablet
Migergot suppository7.39USD suppository
Cafergot tablet1.89USD tablet
Ergotamine-caffeine tablet1.14USD tablet
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point213.5 dec °CPhysProp
water solubilitySlightNot Available
logP2Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.223 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.95ALOGPS
logP2.6ChemAxon
logS-3.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)9.7ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)7.78ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area118.21 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity160.17 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability61.69 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings8ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Download (12 KB)
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General Reference
  1. Tfelt-Hansen P, Saxena PR, Dahlof C, Pascual J, Lainez M, Henry P, Diener H, Schoenen J, Ferrari MD, Goadsby PJ: Ergotamine in the acute treatment of migraine: a review and European consensus. Brain. 2000 Jan;123 ( Pt 1):9-18. Pubmed
  2. Schardl CL, Panaccione DG, Tudzynski P: Ergot alkaloids—biology and molecular biology. Alkaloids Chem Biol. 2006;63:45-86. Pubmed
External Links
ATC CodesN02CA02
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSDownload (53.1 KB)
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
AcebutololIschemia with risk of gangrene
AlmotriptanPossible severe and prolonged vasoconstriction
AmprenavirAmprenavir may increase the effect and toxicity of ergotamine.
Amyl NitritePossible antagonism of action
AtazanavirAtazanavir may increase the effect and toxicity of ergotamine.
AtenololIschemia with risk of gangrene
BetaxololIschemia with risk of gangrene
BevantololIschemia with risk of gangrene
BisoprololIschemia with risk of gangrene
CarteololIschemia with risk of gangrene
CarvedilolIschemia with risk of gangrene
ClarithromycinRisk of ergotism and severe ischemia with this association
DelavirdineThe antiretroviral agent may increase the ergot derivative toxicity
DesvenlafaxineIncreased risk of serotonin syndrome. Monitor for symptoms of serotonin syndrome.
EfavirenzThe antiretroviral agent may increase the ergot derivative toxicity
EletriptanPossible severe and prolonged vasoconstriction
Erythrityl TetranitratePossible antagonism of action
ErythromycinPossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
EsmololIschemia with risk of gangrene
FluconazolePossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
FluoxetinePossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
FluvoxaminePossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
FosamprenavirAmprenavir increases the effect and toxicity of ergot derivative
FrovatriptanPossible severe and prolonged vasoconstriction
IndinavirIndinavir may increase the serum concentration of ergotamine. Concomitant therapy is contraindicated.
Isosorbide DinitratePossible antagonism of action
Isosorbide MononitratePossible antagonism of action
ItraconazolePossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
JosamycinPossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
KetoconazolePossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination.
LabetalolIschemia with risk of gangrene
LorcaserinAvoid all combinations with any ergot derivative such as ergotamine. The combination can increase the risk of developing serotonin syndrome and/or valvular heart disease.
MetoprololIschemia with risk of gangrene
NadololIschemia with risk of gangrene
NaratriptanPossible severe and prolonged vasoconstriction.
NefazodonePossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
NelfinavirNelfinavir increases the effect and toxicity of ergot derivative
NitroglycerinPossible antagonism of action
OxprenololIschemia with risk of gangrene
PenbutololIschemia with risk of gangrene
Pentaerythritol TetranitratePossible antagonism of action
PindololIschemia with risk of gangrene
PosaconazoleContraindicated co-administration
PractololIschemia with risk of gangrene
PropranololIschemia with risk of gangrene
RitonavirThe protease inhibitor, ritonavir, may increase the effect and toxicity of the ergot derivative, ergotamine.
RizatriptanPossible severe and prolonged vasoconstriction
SaquinavirThe protease inhibitor, saquinavir, may increase the effect and toxicity of the ergot derivative, ergotamine.
SibutraminePossible serotoninergic syndrome with this combination
SotalolIschemia with risk of gangrene
SumatriptanPossible severe and prolonged vasoconstriction
TelaprevirTelaprevir increases levels by affecting CYP3A4 metabolism. Concomitant therapy is contraindicated.
TelithromycinTelithromycin may reduce clearance of Ergotamine. Concomitant therapy is contraindicated.
TimololIschemia with risk of gangrene
TipranavirTipranavir, co-administered with Ritonavir, may increase the plasma concentration of Ergotamine. Concomitant therapy is contraindicated.
TramadolIncreased risk of serotonin syndrome. Monitor for symptoms of serotonin syndrome.
TranylcypromineIncreased risk of serotonin syndrome. Use caution during concomitant therapy and monitor for symptoms of serotonin syndrome.
TrazodoneIncreased risk of serotonin syndrome. Monitor for symptoms of serotonin syndrome.
TrimipramineIncreased risk of serotonin syndrome. Monitor for symptoms of serotonin syndrome.
TroleandomycinPossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
VenlafaxineIncreased risk of serotonin syndrome. Monitor for symptoms of serotonin syndrome.
VoriconazoleVoriconazole, a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, may increase the serum concentration of ergotamine by decreasing its metabolism. Concomitant therapy is contraindicated.
ZileutonPossible ergotism and severe ischemia with this combination
ZolmitriptanConcomitant use of the serotonin 5-HT1D receptor agonist, zolmitriptan, and the ergot derivative, ergotamine, may result in additive vasoconstrictive effects. Concomitant use within 24 hours is contraindicated.
Food Interactions
  • Caffeine increases absorption.
  • Take without regard to meals.

Targets

1. 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1D

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1D P28221 Details

References:

  1. Silberstein SD, McCrory DC: Ergotamine and dihydroergotamine: history, pharmacology, and efficacy. Headache. 2003 Feb;43(2):144-66. Pubmed
  2. Lovenberg TW, Erlander MG, Baron BM, Racke M, Slone AL, Siegel BW, Craft CM, Burns JE, Danielson PE, Sutcliffe JG: Molecular cloning and functional expression of 5-HT1E-like rat and human 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Mar 15;90(6):2184-8. Pubmed
  3. Hoyer D, Lery H, Waeber C, Bruinvels AT, Nozulak J, Palacios JM: “5-HT1R” or 5-HT1D sites? Evidence for 5-HT1D binding sites in rabbit brain. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1992 Sep;346(3):249-54. Pubmed
  4. Sanchez-Lopez A, Centurion D, Vazquez E, Arulmani U, Saxena PR, Villalon CM: Pharmacological profile of the 5-HT-induced inhibition of cardioaccelerator sympathetic outflow in pithed rats: correlation with 5-HT1 and putative 5-ht5A/5B receptors. Br J Pharmacol. 2003 Oct;140(4):725-35. Epub 2003 Sep 22. Pubmed
  5. Deliganis AV, Peroutka SJ: 5-Hydroxtryptamine1D receptor agonism predicts antimigraine efficacy. Headache. 1991 Apr;31(4):228-31. Pubmed

2. 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1B

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1B P28222 Details

References:

  1. Villalon CM, De Vries P, Rabelo G, Centurion D, Sanchez-Lopez A, Saxena P: Canine external carotid vasoconstriction to methysergide, ergotamine and dihydroergotamine: role of 5-HT1B/1D receptors and alpha2-adrenoceptors. Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Feb;126(3):585-94. Pubmed
  2. Willems EW, Trion M, De Vries P, Heiligers JP, Villalon CM, Saxena PR: Pharmacological evidence that alpha1-and alpha2-adrenoceptors mediate vasoconstriction of carotid arteriovenous anastomoses in anaesthetized pigs. Br J Pharmacol. 1999 Jul;127(5):1263-71. Pubmed
  3. Cohen ML, Schenck K: Contractile responses to sumatriptan and ergotamine in the rabbit saphenous vein: effect of selective 5-HT receptor agonists and PGF. Br J Pharmacol. 2000 Oct;131(3):562-8. Pubmed
  4. Valdivia LF, Centurion D, Arulmani U, Saxena PR, Villalon CM: 5-HT1B receptors, alpha2A/2C- and, to a lesser extent, alpha1-adrenoceptors mediate the external carotid vasoconstriction to ergotamine in vagosympathectomised dogs. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2004 Jul;370(1):46-53. Epub 2004 Jun 29. Pubmed

3. 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A P28223 Details

References:

  1. Bom AH, Heiligers JP, Saxena PR, Verdouw PD: Reduction of cephalic arteriovenous shunting by ergotamine is not mediated by 5-HT1-like or 5-HT2 receptors. Br J Pharmacol. 1989 Jun;97(2):383-90. Pubmed
  2. Panconesi A, Anselmi B, Curradi C, Perfetto F, Piluso A, Franchi G: Comparison between venoconstrictor effects of sumatriptan and ergotamine in migraine patients. Headache. 1994 Apr;34(4):194-7. Pubmed
  3. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. Pubmed

4. D(2) dopamine receptor

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
D(2) dopamine receptor P14416 Details

References:

  1. Verhoeff NP, Visser WH, Ferrari MD, Saxena PR, van Royen EA: Dopamine D2-receptor imaging with 123I-iodobenzamide SPECT in migraine patients abusing ergotamine: does ergotamine cross the blood brain barrier? Cephalalgia. 1993 Oct;13(5):325-9. Pubmed
  2. Larson BT, Samford MD, Camden JM, Piper EL, Kerley MS, Paterson JA, Turner JT: Ergovaline binding and activation of D2 dopamine receptors in GH4ZR7 cells. J Anim Sci. 1995 May;73(5):1396-400. Pubmed

5. Alpha-1A adrenergic receptor

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: partial agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Alpha-1A adrenergic receptor P35348 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed
  3. Gornemann T, Jahnichen S, Schurad B, Latte KP, Horowski R, Tack J, Flieger M, Pertz HH: Pharmacological properties of a wide array of ergolines at functional alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2008 Jan;376(5):321-30. Epub 2007 Dec 8. Pubmed

6. Alpha-1B adrenergic receptor

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: partial agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Alpha-1B adrenergic receptor P35368 Details

References:

  1. Gornemann T, Jahnichen S, Schurad B, Latte KP, Horowski R, Tack J, Flieger M, Pertz HH: Pharmacological properties of a wide array of ergolines at functional alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2008 Jan;376(5):321-30. Epub 2007 Dec 8. Pubmed

7. Alpha-1D adrenergic receptor

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: partial agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Alpha-1D adrenergic receptor P25100 Details

References:

  1. Gornemann T, Jahnichen S, Schurad B, Latte KP, Horowski R, Tack J, Flieger M, Pertz HH: Pharmacological properties of a wide array of ergolines at functional alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2008 Jan;376(5):321-30. Epub 2007 Dec 8. Pubmed

8. Alpha-2A adrenergic receptor

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: partial agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Alpha-2A adrenergic receptor P08913 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed
  3. Gornemann T, Jahnichen S, Schurad B, Latte KP, Horowski R, Tack J, Flieger M, Pertz HH: Pharmacological properties of a wide array of ergolines at functional alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2008 Jan;376(5):321-30. Epub 2007 Dec 8. Pubmed

9. Alpha-2B adrenergic receptor

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: agonist partial agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Alpha-2B adrenergic receptor P18089 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

10. Sodium-dependent noradrenaline transporter

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Sodium-dependent noradrenaline transporter P23975 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed

11. D(1) dopamine receptor

Kind: protein group

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
D(1A) dopamine receptor P21728 Details
D(1B) dopamine receptor P21918 Details

References:

  1. Bigal ME, Tepper SJ: Ergotamine and dihydroergotamine: a review. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2003 Feb;7(1):55-62. Pubmed

12. 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1A P08908 Details

References:

  1. Bigal ME, Tepper SJ: Ergotamine and dihydroergotamine: a review. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2003 Feb;7(1):55-62. Pubmed

13. 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1F

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1F P30939 Details

References:

  1. Bigal ME, Tepper SJ: Ergotamine and dihydroergotamine: a review. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2003 Feb;7(1):55-62. Pubmed

14. 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2C

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2C P28335 Details

References:

  1. Bigal ME, Tepper SJ: Ergotamine and dihydroergotamine: a review. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2003 Feb;7(1):55-62. Pubmed

Enzymes

1. Cytochrome P450 3A4

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 3A4 P08684 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

2. Cytochrome P450 1A2

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: substrate

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Cytochrome P450 1A2 P05177 Details

References:

  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. Pubmed

Transporters

1. Multidrug resistance protein 1

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: unknown

Actions: inhibitor

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Multidrug resistance protein 1 P08183 Details

References:

  1. Ekins S, Kim RB, Leake BF, Dantzig AH, Schuetz EG, Lan LB, Yasuda K, Shepard RL, Winter MA, Schuetz JD, Wikel JH, Wrighton SA: Three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationships of inhibitors of P-glycoprotein. Mol Pharmacol. 2002 May;61(5):964-73. Pubmed
  2. Yasuda K, Lan LB, Sanglard D, Furuya K, Schuetz JD, Schuetz EG: Interaction of cytochrome P450 3A inhibitors with P-glycoprotein. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Oct;303(1):323-32. Pubmed

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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on September 16, 2013 17:11