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Identification
NameDeserpidine
Accession NumberDB01089  (APRD00906)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

Deserpidine is an ester alkaloid drug isolated from Rauwolfia canescens (family Apocynaceae) with antipsychotic and antihypertensive properties that has been used for the control of high blood pressure and for the relief of psychotic behavior.

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
(3beta,16beta,17alpha,18beta,20alpha)-17-Methoxy-18-[(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)oxy]yohimban-16-carboxylic acid methyl ester
11-demethoxyreserpine
11-desmethoxyreserpine
Canescine
Deserpidina
Deserpidine
Deserpidinum
Harmonyl
Raunormine
Recanescine
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
HarmonylAbbott
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
Categories
UNII9016E3VB47
CAS number131-01-1
WeightAverage: 578.6527
Monoisotopic: 578.262816202
Chemical FormulaC32H38N2O8
InChI KeyInChIKey=CVBMAZKKCSYWQR-WCGOZPBSSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C32H38N2O8/c1-37-24-12-17(13-25(38-2)29(24)39-3)31(35)42-26-14-18-16-34-11-10-20-19-8-6-7-9-22(19)33-28(20)23(34)15-21(18)27(30(26)40-4)32(36)41-5/h6-9,12-13,18,21,23,26-27,30,33H,10-11,14-16H2,1-5H3/t18-,21+,23-,26-,27+,30+/m1/s1
IUPAC Name
methyl (1R,15S,17R,18R,19S,20S)-18-methoxy-17-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyloxy)-3,13-diazapentacyclo[11.8.0.0²,¹⁰.0⁴,⁹.0¹⁵,²⁰]henicosa-2(10),4,6,8-tetraene-19-carboxylate
SMILES
[H][C@]12C[C@@H](OC(=O)C3=CC(OC)=C(OC)C(OC)=C3)[[email protected]](OC)[C@@H](C(=O)OC)[C@@]1([H])C[C@@]1([H])N(CCC3=C1NC1=CC=CC=C31)C2
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as yohimbine alkaloids. These are alkaloids containing the pentacyclic yohimban skeleton. The Yohimbinoid alkaloids contain a carbocyclic ring E arising through C-17 to C-18 bond formation in a corynantheine precursor.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassAlkaloids and derivatives
ClassYohimbine alkaloids
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentYohimbine alkaloids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Yohimbine
  • Corynanthean skeleton
  • Yohimbine alkaloid
  • Pyridoindole
  • Beta-carboline
  • Gallic acid or derivatives
  • P-methoxybenzoic acid or derivatives
  • M-methoxybenzoic acid or derivatives
  • Benzoate ester
  • Indole or derivatives
  • Indole
  • Benzylether
  • Benzoic acid or derivatives
  • Methoxybenzene
  • Phenol ether
  • Benzoyl
  • Anisole
  • Aralkylamine
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Benzenoid
  • Piperidine
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Methyl ester
  • Pyrrole
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationFor the treatment of hypertension.
PharmacodynamicsDeserpidine, an alkaloid of Rauwolfia canescens, is used as an antihypertensive. Rauwolfia alkaloids work by controlling nerve impulses along certain nerve pathways. As a result, they act on the heart and blood vessels to lower blood pressure.
Mechanism of actionDeserpidine's mechanism of action is through inhibition of the ATP/Mg2+ pump responsible for the sequestering of neurotransmitters into storage vesicles located in the presynaptic neuron. The neurotransmitters that are not sequestered in the storage vesicle are readily metabolized by monoamine oxidase (MAO) causing a reduction in catecholamines.
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicitySymptoms of overdose include dizziness or drowsiness (severe), flushing of skin, pinpoint pupils of eyes and slowed pulse.
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9353
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9496
Caco-2 permeable+0.6582
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.8178
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IInhibitor0.8302
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.8096
Renal organic cation transporterInhibitor0.5326
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.894
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8761
CYP450 3A4 substrateSubstrate0.7198
CYP450 1A2 substrateInhibitor0.8392
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8701
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9064
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8954
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8353
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.7081
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9234
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.9484
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable1.0
Rat acute toxicity3.0921 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.7952
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.6277
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point228-232Ulshafer, P.R.; US. Patent 2,982,769; May 2, 1961; assigned to Ciba Pharmaceutical.
logP3.3Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0111 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.25ALOGPS
logP3.69ChemAxon
logS-4.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)16.37ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)7.57ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area108.55 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity154.96 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability62.59 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings6ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
SpectraNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Gabriele Fontana, Ezio Bombardelli, Cristian Samori, Eleonora Baldelli, Andrea Guerrini, Arturo Battaglia, Bruno Danieli, “Process for the Semisynthesis of Deserpidine.” U.S. Patent US20080242864, issued October 02, 2008.

US20080242864
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesC02AA05C02LA03
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Monoamine transmembrane transporter activity
Specific Function:
Involved in the ATP-dependent vesicular transport of biogenic amine neurotransmitters. Pumps cytosolic monoamines including dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and histamine into synaptic vesicles. Requisite for vesicular amine storage prior to secretion via exocytosis.
Gene Name:
SLC18A2
Uniprot ID:
Q05940
Molecular Weight:
55712.075 Da
References
  1. Sievert MK, Hajipour AR, Ruoho AE: Specific derivatization of the vesicle monoamine transporter with novel carrier-free radioiodinated reserpine and tetrabenazine photoaffinity labels. Anal Biochem. 2007 Aug 1;367(1):68-78. Epub 2007 May 3. [PubMed:17559790 ]
  2. Naudon L, Leroux-Nicollet I, Raisman-Vozari R, Botton D, Costentin J: Time-course of modifications elicited by reserpine on the density and mRNA synthesis of the vesicular monoamine transporter, and on the density of the membrane dopamine uptake complex. Synapse. 1995 Sep;21(1):29-36. [PubMed:8525459 ]
  3. Erickson JD, Eiden LE, Hoffman BJ: Expression cloning of a reserpine-sensitive vesicular monoamine transporter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Nov 15;89(22):10993-7. [PubMed:1438304 ]
  4. Mandela P, Chandley M, Xu YY, Zhu MY, Ordway GA: Reserpine-induced reduction in norepinephrine transporter function requires catecholamine storage vesicles. Neurochem Int. 2010 May-Jun;56(6-7):760-7. doi: 10.1016/j.neuint.2010.02.011. Epub 2010 Feb 20. [PubMed:20176067 ]
  5. Fulton SC, Healy MD: Comparison of the effectiveness of deserpidine, reserpine, and alpha-methyltyrosine on brain biogenic amines. Fed Proc. 1976 Dec;35(14):2558-62. [PubMed:11134 ]
  6. Loeffler LJ, Schran HF: Antibody specificity studies for reserpine, its metabolites, and synthetic reserpine congeners: radioimmunoassay. J Pharm Sci. 1979 Nov;68(11):1433-5. [PubMed:574544 ]
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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on January 21, 2014 21:08