Biogenic Monoamines

Biogenic amines having only one amine moiety. Included in this group are all natural monoamines formed by the enzymatic decarboxylation of natural amino acids.
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00190CarbidopaCarbidopa is indicated with [levodopa] for the treatment of symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson disease, postencephalitic parkinsonism and symptomatic parkinsonism followed by carbon monoxide or manganese intoxication.[FDA label] The combination therapy is administered for the reduction of [levodopa]-driven nausea and vomiting.[FDA label] The product of carbidopa should be used in patients where the combination therapy of carbidopa/[levodopa] provide less than the adequate daily dosage.[FDA label] As well carbidopa can be used in patients where the dosages of carbidopa and [levodopa] require individual titration.[FDA label]
DB00216EletriptanFor the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults.
DB00315ZolmitriptanFor the acute treatment of adult migraine with or without auras.
DB00368NorepinephrineMainly used to treat patients in vasodilatory shock states such as septic shock and neurogenic shock and has shown a survival benefit over dopamine. Also used as a vasopressor medication for patients with critical hypotension.
DB00449DipivefrinDipivefrin is a prodrug which is used as initial therapy for the control of intraocular pressure in chronic open-angle glaucoma.
DB00668EpinephrineEpinephrine injection is indicated in the emergency treatment of allergic reactions (Type I) including anaphylaxis to stinging insects (e.g., order Hymenoptera, which include bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets and fire ants) and biting insects (e.g., triatoma, mosquitos), allergen immunotherapy, foods, drugs, diagnostic testing substances (e.g., radiocontrast media) and other allergens, as well as idiopathic anaphylaxis or exercise-induced anaphylaxis. Injectable epinephrine is intended for immediate/urgent administration in patients, who are found to be at increased risk for anaphylaxis, including individuals with a history of anaphylaxis. Selection of the appropriate dosage strength is determined according to body weight [FDA label]. Epinephrine's cardiac effects may be of use in restoring cardiac rhythm in cardiac arrest due to various causes but is not used in cardiac failure or in hemorrhagic, traumatic, or cardiogenic shock [F1247]. Epinephrine is used as a hemostatic agent. It is also used in treating mucosal congestion of hay fever, rhinitis, and acute sinusitis; to relieve bronchial asthmatic paroxysms; in syncope due to complete heart block or carotid sinus hypersensitivity; for symptomatic relief of serum sickness, urticaria, angioneurotic edema; for resuscitation in cardiac arrest following anesthetic accidents; in simple (open angle) glaucoma; for relaxation of uterine musculature and to inhibit uterine contractions. Epinephrine injection can be utilized to prolong the action of local anesthetics [F1247]. In addition to the above, epinephrine is used as an over the counter (OTC) agent for the intermittent symptoms of asthma, such as wheezing, tightness of chest and shortness of breath [F2131]. It is also used for the maintenance of mydriasis during intraocular surgery [L4825].
DB00669SumatriptanA combination sumatriptan and [naproxen] tablet is indicated for the treatment of migraines with or without auras in patients 12 years of age and older.[L6793] Sumatriptan nasal powder, nasal spray, subcutaneous injection, and tablets are indicated to treat migraines with or without auras in adults.[L6796,L6799,L6805,L6808,L6811] One of the subcutaneous formulations of sumatriptan is also indicated to treat cluster headaches in adults[L6805], while the other subcutaneous formulation is not.[L6808]
DB00918AlmotriptanFor the treatment of acute migraine headache in adults
DB00952NaratriptanFor the acute treatment of migraine attacks with or without aura in adults.
DB00953RizatriptanFor treatment of acute migraine attacks with or without aura.
DB00988DopamineFor the correction of hemodynamic imbalances present in the shock syndrome due to myocardial infarction, trauma, endotoxic septicemia, open-heart surgery, renal failure, and chronic cardiac decompensation as in congestive failure
DB00998FrovatriptanFor the acute treatment of migraine attacks with or without aura in adults.
DB01065MelatoninUsed orally for jet lag, insomnia, shift-work disorder, circadian rhythm disorders in the blind (evidence for efficacy), and benzodiazepine and nicotine withdrawal. Evidence indicates that melatonin is likely effective for treating circadian rhythm sleep disorders in blind children and adults. It has received FDA orphan drug status as an oral medication for this use. A number of studies have shown that melatonin may be effective for treating sleep-wake cycle disturbances in children and adolescents with mental retardation, autism, and other central nervous system disorders. It appears to decrease the time to fall asleep in children with developmental disabilities, such as cerebral palsy, autism, and mental retardation. It may also improve secondary insomnia associated with various sleep-wake cycle disturbances. Other possible uses for which there is some evidence for include: benzodiazepine withdrawal, cluster headache, delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS), primary insomnia, jet lag, nicotine withdrawal, preoperative anxiety and sedation, prostate cancer, solid tumors (when combined with IL-2 therapy in certain cancers), sunburn prevention (topical use), tardive dyskinesia, thrombocytopenia associated with cancer, chemotherapy and other disorders.
DB01235LevodopaLevodopa on its own is formulated as an oral inhalation powder indicated for intermittent treatment of off episodes in Parkinson's patients who are already being treated with carbidopa and levodopa[FDA Label]. Levodopa is most commonly formulated as an oral tablet with a peripheral dopa decarboxylase inhibitor indicated for treatment of Parkinson's disease, post-encephalitic parkinsonism, and symptomatic parkinsonism following carbon monoxide intoxication or manganese intoxication[F4579].
DB014415-Methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamineNot Available
DB01445BufotenineNot Available
DB01446IndopanNot Available
DB01488DimethyltryptamineSome people use this compound as a psychedelic inducing agent.
DB01546EtryptamineDeveloped in the 1960's for use as an antidepressant before market withdrawal in 1962.
DB04622N-ACETYLHISTAMINENot Available
DB05381HistamineHistamine phosphate is indicated as a diagnostic aid for evaluation of gastric acid secretory function.
DB06262DroxidopaFor treatment of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (NOH) associated with various disorders including Multiple System Atrophy, Familial Amyloid Polyneuropathy, hemodialysis induced hypotension and Parkinson's Disease. Also investigated for use/treatment in neurologic disorders, nephropathy, blood (blood forming organ disorders, unspecified), and dizzy/fainting spells.
DB06707LevonordefrinUsed as a topical nasal decongestant and vasoconstrictor in dentistry.
DB06814ProtokylolNot Available
DB08839SerotoninNot Available
DB08841TyramineNot Available
DB09203SynephrineNot Available
DB11124RacepinephrineIndicated for temporary relief of mild symptoms of intermittent asthma.
DB11664PsilocybineNot Available
DB12027SerdemetanNot Available
DB12313DopexamineNot Available
DB12927TheodrenalineNot Available
DB13251OctopamineNot Available
DB13316IbopamineNot Available
DB13378NorfenefrineNot Available
DB13394AdrenaloneNot Available
DB13917DeoxyepinephrineNot Available
DB14630Tyramine O-sulfateNot Available
DB04275N-acetylserotoninNot Available
DB01460DiethyltryptamineNot Available
DB00404AlprazolamAlprazolam is indicated for the management of anxiety disorder, anxiety associated with depression, panic disorder, and panic disorder with agoraphobia.[Label] Alprazolam may also be prescribed off label for insomnia, premenstrual syndrome, and depression.[A177973]
DB00182AmphetamineAmphetamine is indicated for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) as well as for the treatment of central nervous system disorders such as narcolepsy.[A18540] ADHD is a complex disorder associated with the substantial heterogeneity in etiology, clinical presentation, and treatment outcome. ADHD comes from a complex interplay between interdependent genetic and non-genetic factors which cause complex mental disorders in children and teenagers.[A174271] On the other hand, narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder typically resenting during adolescence and characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness.[A174274] Amphetamine is also being used nowadays off-label for the treatment of obesity, depression and chronic pain.[A174268, A174283]
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00190CarbidopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylasetarget
DB00216Eletriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00216Eletriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00216Eletriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00216Eletriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Etarget
DB00216Eletriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Btarget
DB00216Eletriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Ftarget
DB00216Eletriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00216EletriptanCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00216EletriptanCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00216EletriptanCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00216EletriptanCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00216EletriptanProstaglandin G/H synthase 1enzyme
DB00216EletriptanCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00216EletriptanP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00315Zolmitriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00315Zolmitriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00315Zolmitriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Ftarget
DB00315ZolmitriptanCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00315ZolmitriptanAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00315Zolmitriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00368NorepinephrinePhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00368NorepinephrinePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
DB00368NorepinephrineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00368NorepinephrineChromaffin granule amine transportertarget
DB00449DipivefrinAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinCholinesterasetarget
DB00449DipivefrinBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineTumor necrosis factortarget
DB00668EpinephrineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00668EpinephrineMonoamine oxidaseenzyme
DB00669Sumatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00669Sumatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00669Sumatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Ftarget
DB00669SumatriptanAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00669Sumatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00669SumatriptanSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2transporter
DB00669SumatriptanP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00669SumatriptanATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00669SumatriptanSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00918Almotriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00918Almotriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00918AlmotriptanCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00918AlmotriptanCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00918AlmotriptanAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00918AlmotriptanDimethylaniline monooxygenase [N-oxide-forming] 3enzyme
DB00918AlmotriptanCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00918AlmotriptanCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00918AlmotriptanCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00952Naratriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00952Naratriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00952Naratriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Ftarget
DB00952Naratriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00952NaratriptanAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00953Rizatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00953Rizatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00953Rizatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Ftarget
DB00953RizatriptanAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00988DopamineDopamine D1 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine beta-hydroxylasetarget
DB00988DopamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB00988DopamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Benzyme
DB00988DopamineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00988DopamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00988DopaminePOU domain, class 5, transcription factor 1transporter
DB00988DopamineDopamine D5 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine D3 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine D4 receptortarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00988DopamineDopamine beta-hydroxylaseenzyme
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Atarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 7target
DB00988DopamineD(1) dopamine receptortarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00988DopamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB00988Dopamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Btarget
DB00988DopamineSuperoxide dismutase [Cu-Zn]target
DB00988DopamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00998Frovatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Dtarget
DB00998Frovatriptan5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 1Btarget
DB00998FrovatriptanCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01065MelatoninAcetylserotonin O-methyltransferasetarget
DB01065MelatoninMelatonin receptor type 1Atarget
DB01065MelatoninMelatonin receptor type 1Btarget
DB01065MelatoninNuclear receptor ROR-betatarget
DB01065MelatoninCalmodulintarget
DB01065MelatoninCalreticulintarget
DB01065MelatoninRibosyldihydronicotinamide dehydrogenase [quinone]target
DB01065MelatoninMyeloperoxidasetarget
DB01065MelatoninEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB01065MelatoninEosinophil peroxidasetarget
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01065MelatoninAcetylserotonin O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB01065MelatoninIndoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1enzyme
DB01065MelatoninMyeloperoxidaseenzyme
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB01065MelatoninSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB01065MelatoninCytochrome P450 19A1enzyme
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D1 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D2 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylaseenzyme
DB01235LevodopaSolute carrier family 15 member 1transporter
DB01235LevodopaMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D3 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D4 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaDopamine D5 receptortarget
DB01235LevodopaLarge neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 1transporter
DB01235LevodopaLarge neutral amino acids transporter small subunit 2transporter
DB01235LevodopaSerum albumincarrier
DB01445BufotenineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Aenzyme
DB01488Dimethyltryptamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 6target
DB01488Dimethyltryptamine5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB01488DimethyltryptamineSigma non-opioid intracellular receptor 1target
DB04622N-ACETYLHISTAMINEGlutaminyl-peptide cyclotransferasetarget
DB05381HistamineHistamine H1 receptortarget
DB05381HistamineHistamine H2 receptortarget
DB05381HistamineHistamine H3 receptortarget
DB05381HistamineHistamine N-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB05381HistamineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB05381HistamineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB05381HistamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB05381HistamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB05381HistamineHistamine H4 receptortarget
DB05381HistamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB06262DroxidopaPhenylalanine-4-hydroxylasetarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB06262DroxidopaAromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylaseenzyme
DB06262DroxidopaMonocarboxylate transporter 10transporter
DB06262DroxidopaSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertransporter
DB06707LevonordefrinAlpha-2 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB06814ProtokylolBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB08839SerotoninSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB08839SerotoninSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB08839Serotonin5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2Atarget
DB08839Serotonin5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Atarget
DB08839Serotonin5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3Btarget
DB08839SerotoninSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB08841TyramineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB09203SynephrineAlpha-1 adrenergic receptorstarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB11124RacepinephrineBeta-3 adrenergic receptortarget
DB04275N-acetylserotoninSepiapterin reductasetarget
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-6target
DB00404AlprazolamTranslocator proteintarget
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-3target
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-5target
DB00404AlprazolamGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00404AlprazolamCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00404AlprazolamCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00404AlprazolamCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00404AlprazolamCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00404AlprazolamGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00404AlprazolamSerum albumincarrier
DB00404Alprazolamalpha1-acid glycoproteincarrier
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent dopamine transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineCocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript proteintarget
DB00182AmphetamineTrace amine-associated receptor 1target
DB00182AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00182AmphetamineSynaptic vesicular amine transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineAlpha adrenergic receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineBeta adrenergic receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineDopamine D2 receptortarget
DB00182AmphetamineAmine oxidase [flavin-containing] Btarget
DB00182AmphetamineSodium-dependent serotonin transportertarget
DB00182AmphetamineMonoamine oxidasetarget
DB00182Amphetaminevesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2)target