Anesthetics, Inhalation

Gases or volatile liquids that vary in the rate at which they induce anesthesia; potency; the degree of circulation, respiratory, or neuromuscular depression they produce; and analgesic effects. Inhalation anesthetics have advantages over intravenous agents in that the depth of anesthesia can be changed rapidly by altering the inhaled concentration. Because of their rapid elimination, any postoperative respiratory depression is of relatively short duration. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p173)
DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00753IsofluraneAn inhaled general anesthetic used in surgery.
DB01159HalothaneA general inhalation anesthetic used for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia.
DB01189DesfluraneA general inhalation anesthetic for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults.
DB01236SevofluraneA inhalation anaesthetic agent used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia during surgical procedures.
DB06690Nitrous oxideAn inhalatory gas used as an adjunct to improve oxygenation and reduce the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in certain neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure.
DB00228EnfluraneA halogenated inhalational anesthetic agent used for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia and for analgesia during labor and delivery.
DB01028MethoxyfluraneFor use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia
DB13323TrichloroethyleneTrichloroethylene is a halocarbon commonly used as an industrial solvent, not to be confused with the similar 1,1,1-trichloroethane, also known as chlorothene. It has been sold under a variety of...
DB13453XenonNot Annotated
DB13598Diethyl etherNot Annotated
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00753IsofluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
DB00753IsofluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DB00753IsofluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00753IsofluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
DB00753IsofluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
DB00753IsofluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB00753IsofluraneCalmodulintarget
DB00753IsofluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00753IsofluraneSerum albumincarrier
DB00753IsofluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB00753IsofluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1enzyme
DB00753IsofluraneGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00753IsofluraneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00753IsofluraneNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
DB01159HalothaneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01159HalothaneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01159HalothaneCalcium-activated potassium channel subunit alpha-1target
DB01159HalothaneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
DB01159HalothaneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
DB01159HalothaneIntermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4target
DB01159HalothaneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DB01159HalothaneRhodopsintarget
DB01159HalothaneG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 2target
DB01159HalothaneG protein-activated inward rectifier potassium channel 1target
DB01159HalothaneGuanine nucleotide-binding protein G(I)/G(S)/G(O) subunit gamma-2target
DB01159HalothaneNeuropeptide S receptortarget
DB01159HalothaneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01159HalothaneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01159HalothaneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01159HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Atarget
DB01159HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 3Btarget
DB01159HalothaneGlutamate receptor ionotropic, NMDA 2Atarget
DB01159HalothanePotassium channel subfamily K member 3target
DB01159HalothanePotassium channel subfamily K member 9target
DB01159HalothaneSerum albumincarrier
DB01159HalothaneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01159HalothaneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01159HalothaneGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB01189DesfluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
DB01189DesfluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
DB01189DesfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01189DesfluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
DB01189DesfluraneGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB01189DesfluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
DB01189DesfluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DB01189DesfluraneSerum albumincarrier
DB01236SevofluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
DB01236SevofluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
DB01236SevofluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01236SevofluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
DB01236SevofluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01236SevofluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
DB01236SevofluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DB01236SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01236SevofluraneSerum albumincarrier
DB01236SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01236SevofluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01236SevofluraneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01236SevofluraneGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB00228EnfluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
DB00228EnfluraneGlycine receptor (alpha-1/beta)target
DB00228EnfluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
DB00228EnfluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
DB00228EnfluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DB00228EnfluraneIntermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channel protein 4target
DB00228EnfluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB00228EnfluraneSerum albumincarrier
DB00228EnfluraneGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCalcium-transporting ATPase type 2C member 1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneATP synthase subunit delta, mitochondrialtarget
DB01028MethoxyfluraneNADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase chain 1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneGamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01028MethoxyfluranePotassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneGlutamate receptor 1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneGlycine receptor subunit alpha-1target
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2E1enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01028MethoxyfluraneGABA-A receptor (anion channel)target