Free Radicals

Name
Free Radicals
Accession Number
DBCAT000863
Description

Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.

Drugs
DrugDrug Description
Nitric OxideA vasodilating agent used in the treatment of hypoxic respiratory failure in premature neonates.
Prostaglandin G2A cyclic endoperoxide intermediate produced by the action of CYCLOOXYGENASE on ARACHIDONIC ACID. It is further converted by a series of specific enzymes to the series 2 prostaglandins. [PubChem]
ArtemetherAn antimalarial agent used in combination with lumefantrine for the treatment of acute uncomplicated malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum.
ArtesunateArtesunate is an artemesinin derivative indicated for the initial treatment of severe malaria.
Hydrogen peroxideA compound used as a disinfectant and sterilizer.
HypochloriteAn antimicrobial used to treat and prevent infections of the skin and tissue.
Carbamide peroxideA medication used to loosen ear wax, whiten teeth, and clean oral wounds.
ArtenimolFor the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum infection in adults, children, and infants aged 6 months and up weighing over 5 kg [FDA Label]. Used in combination with DB13941.
ArtefenomelArtefenomel has been investigated for the treatment of Malaria.
TempolTempol has been used in trials studying the treatment of Anal Cancer.
ArtemisininArtemisinin has been used in trials studying the treatment of Schizophrenia, Malaria, Falciparum, and Plasmodium Falciparum.
Magnesium peroxideNot Annotated
ArtemotilArtemotil, also known as β-arteether, is a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin and a fast acting blood schizonticide specifically indicated for the treatment of chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria and cerebral malaria...
Hypochlorous acidAn oxyacid of chlorine (HClO) containing monovalent chlorine that acts as an oxidizing or reducing agent.
Drugs & Drug Targets
DrugTargetType
Nitric OxideGuanylate cyclase soluble subunit alpha-2target
Nitric OxideAldehyde dehydrogenase, mitochondrialenzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
Nitric OxideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
Nitric OxideMetallothionein-1Atarget
Nitric OxideIndoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1target
Prostaglandin G2Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2target
ArtemetherCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
ArtemetherCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
ArtemetherCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme
ArtemetherCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
ArtemetherCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
ArtesunateMalaria protein EXP-1target
ArtesunateCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
ArtesunateUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
ArtesunateUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
ArtesunateATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
ArtesunateP-glycoprotein 1transporter
ArtesunateSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
ArtesunateSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
ArtesunateSerum albumincarrier
Hydrogen peroxideGlutathione peroxidase 1enzyme
Hydrogen peroxideCatalaseenzyme
Hydrogen peroxideAlkaline phosphatase, placental-likeenzyme
ArtenimolActin, cytoplasmic 2target
ArtenimolAlpha-aminoadipic semialdehyde dehydrogenasetarget
ArtenimolAnnexin A2target
ArtenimolATP synthase subunit alpha, mitochondrialtarget
ArtenimolATP synthase subunit g, mitochondrialtarget
ArtenimolATP synthase subunit O, mitochondrialtarget
ArtenimolCalpastatintarget
ArtenimolT-complex protein 1 subunit gammatarget
ArtenimolCofilin-1target
ArtenimolChloride intracellular channel protein 1target
ArtenimolCysteine and glycine-rich protein 1target
ArtenimolDihydropyrimidinase-related protein 2target
ArtenimolDesmoplakintarget
ArtenimolElongation factor 1-alpha 1target
ArtenimolAlpha-enolasetarget
ArtenimolFilamin-Atarget
ArtenimolAlpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase FTOtarget
ArtenimolGlucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenasetarget
ArtenimolGlyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, testis-specifictarget
ArtenimolGlucose-6-phosphate isomerasetarget
ArtenimolHeterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins A2/B1target
ArtenimolHeterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein D0target
ArtenimolHeterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein Ktarget
ArtenimolHeterochromatin protein 1-binding protein 3target
ArtenimolHeat shock protein beta-1target
ArtenimolRas GTPase-activating-like protein IQGAP1target
ArtenimolFar upstream element-binding protein 2target
ArtenimolL-lactate dehydrogenase A chaintarget
ArtenimolL-lactate dehydrogenase B chaintarget
ArtenimolGalectin-1target
ArtenimolMicrotubule-associated protein 4target
ArtenimolMalate dehydrogenase, cytoplasmictarget
ArtenimolPuromycin-sensitive aminopeptidasetarget
ArtenimolProfilin-1target
ArtenimolPhosphoglycerate kinase 1target
ArtenimolPyruvate kinase PKMtarget
ArtenimolPeptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase Atarget
ArtenimolPeroxiredoxin-1target
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L10target
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L14target
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L18target
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L23atarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L35target
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L4target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S13target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S17target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S18target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S19target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S28target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S5target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S6target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S8target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S9target
ArtenimolSplicing factor 1target
ArtenimolSplicing factor, proline- and glutamine-richtarget
ArtenimolSmall nuclear ribonucleoprotein Sm D2target
ArtenimolSignal recognition particle 14 kDa proteintarget
ArtenimolSerine/arginine-rich splicing factor 4target
ArtenimolTransgelintarget
ArtenimolTransgelin-2target
ArtenimolTriosephosphate isomerasetarget
ArtenimolTropomyosin alpha-1 chaintarget
ArtenimolTubulin alpha-1A chaintarget
ArtenimolVimentintarget
ArtenimolZyxintarget
ArtenimolHeat shock cognate 71 kDa proteintarget
ArtenimolTubulin beta-6 chaintarget
ArtenimolTubulin beta-4A chaintarget
ArtenimolTubulin beta chaintarget
ArtenimolFructose-bisphosphate aldolase Atarget
ArtenimolGlyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenasetarget
ArtenimolCytochrome ctarget
ArtenimolPhosphoglycerate mutase 1target
ArtenimolMyosin-9target
ArtenimolProtein disulfide-isomerasetarget
ArtenimolProbable ATP-dependent RNA helicase DDX5target
ArtenimolSerine hydroxymethyltransferase, mitochondrialtarget
ArtenimolSpliceosome RNA helicase DDX39Btarget
ArtenimolNucleophosmintarget
ArtenimolTranslationally-controlled tumor protein homologtarget
ArtenimolP-type Ca2+-transporting ATPasetarget
ArtenimolOrnithine aminotransferasetarget
ArtenimolElongation factor 1-alphatarget
ArtenimolMultidrug resistance proteintarget
ArtenimolElongation factor 2target
ArtenimolActin-1target
ArtenimolGlyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenasetarget
ArtenimolFructose-bisphosphate aldolasetarget
ArtenimolCell division cycle protein 48 homologue,putativetarget
ArtenimolHeat shock protein 90target
ArtenimolEukaryotic initiation factor 4Atarget
ArtenimolPyruvate kinasetarget
ArtenimolL-lactate dehydrogenasetarget
ArtenimolProtein disulfide-isomerasetarget
ArtenimolThioredoxin-related protein, putativetarget
ArtenimolSpermidine synthasetarget
ArtenimolProbable ATP-dependent 6-phosphofructokinasetarget
ArtenimolGlutamate dehydrogenasetarget
ArtenimolEndoplasmin homolog, putativetarget
ArtenimolHypoxanthine-guanine-xanthine phosphoribosyltransferasetarget
ArtenimolEnolasetarget
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S3target
ArtenimolNon-SERCA-type Ca2+-transporting P-ATPasetarget
ArtenimolTubulin alpha chaintarget
ArtenimolKnob-associated histidine-rich proteintarget
ArtenimolS-adenosylmethionine synthasetarget
ArtenimolV-type H(+)-translocating pyrophosphatase, putativetarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L4target
ArtenimolPhosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferasetarget
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S3atarget
ArtenimolConserved Plasmodium membrane proteintarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L3target
ArtenimolHigh molecular weight rhoptry protein 2target
ArtenimolSerine repeat antigen 5target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S19target
ArtenimolGlycophorin-binding proteintarget
ArtenimolCalcium-transporting ATPasetarget
ArtenimolV-type proton ATPase catalytic subunit Atarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L2target
ArtenimolAcyl-CoA synthetasetarget
ArtenimolPlasmepsin IVtarget
ArtenimolPlasmepsin-1target
ArtenimolChloroquine resistance transportertarget
Artenimol14-3-3 proteintarget
ArtenimolIsoleucine--tRNA ligase, putativetarget
ArtenimolPlasmodium exported proteintarget
ArtenimolTubulin beta chaintarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L27target
ArtenimolSec62, putativetarget
ArtenimolAutophagy-related protein 18, putativetarget
ArtenimolMature parasite-infected erythrocyte surface antigentarget
ArtenimolImportin-7, putativetarget
ArtenimolImportin subunit alphatarget
ArtenimolPeptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerasetarget
ArtenimolDnaJ protein, putativetarget
ArtenimolMerozoite surface protein 1target
ArtenimolGlutamate--tRNA ligasetarget
ArtenimolT-complex protein 1 subunit etatarget
ArtenimolPlasmepsin-2target
ArtenimolChaperone, putativetarget
ArtenimolRhoptry neck protein 3target
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S5, putativetarget
ArtenimolSkeleton-binding protein 1target
ArtenimolPurine nucleotide phosphorylase, putativetarget
ArtenimolAdenosylhomocysteinasetarget
ArtenimolAdenosine deaminasetarget
ArtenimolMethionine--tRNA ligasetarget
ArtenimolCarbamoyl phosphate synthetasetarget
ArtenimolAspartate carbamoyltransferasetarget
ArtenimolSignal recognition particle receptor, beta subunittarget
ArtenimolParasite-infected erythrocyte surface proteintarget
ArtenimolCoatomer alpha subunit, putativetarget
ArtenimolHexokinasetarget
ArtenimolProteasome subunit alpha typetarget
ArtenimolHaloacid dehalogenase-like hydrolasetarget
ArtenimolInsulinase, putativetarget
Artenimol40S ribosomal protein S21target
ArtenimolUbiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2target
ArtenimolEukaryotic translation initiation factor 3 subunit Ctarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L24, putativetarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L23target
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L17, putativetarget
ArtenimolHAP proteintarget
ArtenimolHeat shock protein 110, putativetarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L10, putativetarget
ArtenimolLysophospholipase, putativetarget
ArtenimolPolyadenylate-binding proteintarget
ArtenimolUbiquitin-60S ribosomal protein L40target
ArtenimolPhosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetasetarget
ArtenimolThioredoxin peroxidase 1target
ArtenimolProtein transport protein SEC31target
ArtenimolDipeptidyl aminopeptidase 1target
ArtenimolRing-infected erythrocyte surface antigentarget
ArtenimolATP-dependent RNA helicase UAP56target
ArtenimolCalcium-dependent protein kinase 4target
ArtenimolGTP-binding nuclear protein Rantarget
ArtenimolNucleoside transporter 2target
ArtenimolAnamorsin homologtarget
ArtenimolGlutamine synthetase, putativetarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L30e, putativetarget
ArtenimolCasein kinase 2, alpha subunittarget
ArtenimolThreonine--tRNA ligasetarget
ArtenimolcAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunittarget
ArtenimolElongation factor 1-gamma, putativetarget
ArtenimolThioredoxin-like proteintarget
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L21target
Artenimol60S ribosomal protein L14, putativetarget
ArtenimolInner membrane complex sub-compartment protein 3target
ArtenimolHSP40, subfamily A, putativetarget
ArtenimolPyridoxal 5'-phosphate synthase subunit Pdx1target
ArtenimolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9enzyme
ArtenimolUDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7enzyme
ArtenimolSerum albumintarget
ArtenimolCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
ArtenimolCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
ArtemisininCytochrome P450 2B6enzyme