Usually a hydroxide of lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium or cesium, but also the carbonates of these metals, ammonia, and the amines. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB01390Sodium bicarbonateSodium bicarbonate is used for the treatment of metabolic acidosis which may occur in severe renal disease, uncontrolled diabetes, circulatory insufficiency due to shock or severe dehydration, extracorporeal circulation of blood, cardiac arrest and severe primary lactic acidosis. Also is indicated in severe diarrhea which is often accompanied by a significant loss of bicarbonate. Further indicated in the treatment of certain drug intoxications, including barbiturates (where dissociation of the barbiturateprotein complex is desired), in poisoning by salicylates or methyl alcohol and in hemolytic reactions requiring alkalinization of the urine to diminish nephrotoxicity of blood pigments.
DB06723Aluminum hydroxideFor relief of heartburn and acid indigestion.
DB06724Calcium carbonateFor relief of heartburn and acid indigestion. May also be used as a nutritional supplement or to treat hypocalcemia.
DB08938MagaldrateNot Available
DB09104Magnesium hydroxideMagnesium hydroxide can be used as an antacid or a laxative depending on the administered dose. As an antacid, it is used for the temporary relief of heartburn, upset stomach, sour stomach or acid indigestion. As a laxative, it is used for the relief of occasional constipation by promoting bowel movements for 30 minutes and up to 6 hours.
DB09460Sodium carbonateUsed topically for dermatitides, mouthwash, vaginal douche; veterinary use as emergency emetic.Occasionally, for dermatitides topically as a lotion. Medication (Vet): In solution to cleanse skin, in eczema, to soften scabs of ringworm.
DB11098Potassium bicarbonatePotassium bicarbonate is used as an antacid, electrolyte replenisher and potassium supplement. It can also be used as an excipient in drug formulations.[L1837] An antacid is a medication used to neutralize gastric acid in a short timeframe after ingestion and the effect is soon overcome by meal-stimulated acid secretion.[A32214]
DB11108Aluminum sesquichlorohydrateNot Available
DB11151Sodium hydroxideUsed to destroy or kill the nail matrix (matrixectomies) [L1968].
DB11153Potassium hydroxide Medically, the microscopic examination of potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparations is utilized in the diagnosis of fungal hyphae or trichomonads [L1950]. Samples from hair, skin, or nail tissue are obtained by scraping with a scalpel, cotton-tipped applicator and are inoculated directly onto the KOH solution [L1950]. In addition to the above, potassium hydroxide is used as a softener for nail grooves [L1949].
DB11927Lodenafil carbonateNot Available
DB13322HydrotalciteNot Available
DB13626Aluminium glycinateNot Available
DB13650AloglutamolNot Available
DB13977Potassium carbonateNot Available
DB11281Bismuth subcarbonateNot Available
DB14494Zinc carbonateNot Available
DB14509Lithium carbonateLithium is used as a mood stabilizer, and is indicated for the treatment of manic episodes and maintenance of bipolar disorder[FDA Label].
DB14522Hydroxide ionNot Available