Identification
NameOleic Acid
Accession NumberDB04224  (EXPT02430)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved, Vet Approved
Description

An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)

Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
External IDs Not Available
Product Ingredients
IngredientUNIICASInChI KeyDetails
Oleate sodium399SL044HN 143-19-1BCKXLBQYZLBQEK-KVVVOXFISA-MDetails
Oleoyl chlorideU83VP176UX 112-77-6MLQBTMWHIOYKKC-KTKRTIGZSA-NDetails
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixtures
NameIngredientsDosageRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Sha-lemOintmentTopicalShalem Products, Inc.1992-05-08Not applicableUs
Categories
UNII2UMI9U37CP
CAS number112-80-1
WeightAverage: 282.4614
Monoisotopic: 282.255880332
Chemical FormulaC18H34O2
InChI KeyZQPPMHVWECSIRJ-MDZDMXLPSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C18H34O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18(19)20/h9-10H,2-8,11-17H2,1H3,(H,19,20)/b10-9+
IUPAC Name
(9E)-octadec-9-enoic acid
SMILES
CCCCCCCC\C=C\CCCCCCCC(O)=O
Pharmacology
IndicationNot Available
Structured Indications Not Available
PharmacodynamicsNot Available
Mechanism of action
TargetKindPharmacological actionActionsOrganismUniProt ID
Glycolipid transfer proteinProteinunknownNot AvailableHumanQ9NZD2 details
14 kDa fatty acid-binding proteinProteinunknownNot AvailableBlood flukeP29498 details
Myelin P2 proteinProteinunknownNot AvailableHumanP02689 details
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphaProteinunknownNot AvailableHumanQ07869 details
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor deltaProteinunknownNot AvailableHumanQ03181 details
Retinoic acid receptor RXR-alphaProteinunknownNot AvailableHumanP19793 details
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaProteinunknown
ligand
HumanP37231 details
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Pharmacogenomic Effects/ADRs Not Available
Interactions
Drug Interactions Not Available
Food InteractionsNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Ansgar Behler, Hermann Anzinger, Michael Vogt, "Process for the preparation of light-colored oleic acid sulfonates." U.S. Patent US5294726, issued June, 1972.

US5294726
General ReferencesNot Available
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB Entries
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Clinical Trials
Clinical Trials
PhaseStatusPurposeConditionsCount
1CompletedPreventionBMI >30 kg/m2 / Diabetes / Hyperlipidemias1
2Active Not RecruitingPreventionColorectal Adenomatous Polyps1
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
OintmentTopical
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point (°C)13.4 °CPhysProp
boiling point (°C)360 °CPhysProp
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000121 mg/mLALOGPS
logP7.68ALOGPS
logP6.78ChemAxon
logS-6.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.99ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count15ChemAxon
Refractivity87.4 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability37.64 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.9945
Blood Brain Barrier+0.9539
Caco-2 permeable+0.8371
P-glycoprotein substrateNon-substrate0.5962
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.9487
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.8964
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.9272
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.7643
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.8954
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.6678
CYP450 1A2 substrateInhibitor0.9107
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8972
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9545
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9467
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9295
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9349
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9674
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.6568
BiodegradationReady biodegradable0.811
Rat acute toxicity1.3991 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9133
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9103
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-00nb-5900000000-3ba79fbe1b1b3b18c0ffView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-052f-9100000000-350dc6d7ac541a3c5b67View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot Available
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 13 and 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acids
Alternative ParentsUnsaturated fatty acids / Straight chain fatty acids / Monocarboxylic acids and derivatives / Carboxylic acids / Organic oxides / Hydrocarbon derivatives / Carbonyl compounds
SubstituentsLong-chain fatty acid / Unsaturated fatty acid / Straight chain fatty acid / Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives / Carboxylic acid / Carboxylic acid derivative / Organic oxygen compound / Organic oxide / Hydrocarbon derivative / Organooxygen compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptorsoctadec-9-enoic acid (CHEBI:27997 ) / Unsaturated fatty acids, Monounsaturated fatty acids (C01712 ) / Unsaturated fatty acids (LMFA01030073 )

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Lipid binding
Specific Function:
Accelerates the intermembrane transfer of various glycolipids. Catalyzes the transfer of various glycosphingolipids between membranes but does not catalyze the transfer of phospholipids. May be involved in the intracellular translocation of glucosylceramides.
Gene Name:
GLTP
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZD2
Uniprot Name:
Glycolipid transfer protein
Molecular Weight:
23849.6 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Blood fluke
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Transporter activity
Specific Function:
May play a role in the transport of fatty acids. Binds various fatty acids, such as arachidonic, oleic, palmitic and linolenic acid (in vitro).
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
P29498
Uniprot Name:
14 kDa fatty acid-binding protein
Molecular Weight:
14847.73 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Transporter activity
Specific Function:
May play a role in lipid transport protein in Schwann cells. May bind cholesterol.
Gene Name:
PMP2
Uniprot ID:
P02689
Uniprot Name:
Myelin P2 protein
Molecular Weight:
14909.305 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Key regulator of lipid metabolism. Activated by the endogenous ligand 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (16:0/18:1-GPC). Activated by oleylethanolamide, a naturally occurring lipid that regulates satiety. Receptor for peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Regulates the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fa...
Gene Name:
PPARA
Uniprot ID:
Q07869
Uniprot Name:
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha
Molecular Weight:
52224.595 Da
References
  1. Murakami K, Ide T, Suzuki M, Mochizuki T, Kadowaki T: Evidence for direct binding of fatty acids and eicosanoids to human peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor alpha. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Jul 14;260(3):609-13. [PubMed:10403814 ]
  2. Downie MM, Sanders DA, Maier LM, Stock DM, Kealey T: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor and farnesoid X receptor ligands differentially regulate sebaceous differentiation in human sebaceous gland organ cultures in vitro. Br J Dermatol. 2004 Oct;151(4):766-75. [PubMed:15491415 ]
  3. Vanden Heuvel JP, Thompson JT, Frame SR, Gillies PJ: Differential activation of nuclear receptors by perfluorinated fatty acid analogs and natural fatty acids: a comparison of human, mouse, and rat peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha, -beta, and -gamma, liver X receptor-beta, and retinoid X receptor-alpha. Toxicol Sci. 2006 Aug;92(2):476-89. Epub 2006 May 26. [PubMed:16731579 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Has a preference for poly-unsaturated fatty acids, such as gamma-linoleic acid and eicosapentanoic acid. Once activated by a ligand, the receptor binds to promoter elements of target genes. Regulates the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Functions as ...
Gene Name:
PPARD
Uniprot ID:
Q03181
Uniprot Name:
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta
Molecular Weight:
49902.99 Da
References
  1. Vanden Heuvel JP, Thompson JT, Frame SR, Gillies PJ: Differential activation of nuclear receptors by perfluorinated fatty acid analogs and natural fatty acids: a comparison of human, mouse, and rat peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha, -beta, and -gamma, liver X receptor-beta, and retinoid X receptor-alpha. Toxicol Sci. 2006 Aug;92(2):476-89. Epub 2006 May 26. [PubMed:16731579 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Receptor for retinoic acid. Retinoic acid receptors bind as heterodimers to their target response elements in response to their ligands, all-trans or 9-cis retinoic acid, and regulate gene expression in various biological processes. The RAR/RXR heterodimers bind to the retinoic acid response elements (RARE) composed of tandem 5'-AGGTCA-3' sites known as DR1-DR5. The high affinity ligand for RXR...
Gene Name:
RXRA
Uniprot ID:
P19793
Uniprot Name:
Retinoic acid receptor RXR-alpha
Molecular Weight:
50810.835 Da
References
  1. Vanden Heuvel JP, Thompson JT, Frame SR, Gillies PJ: Differential activation of nuclear receptors by perfluorinated fatty acid analogs and natural fatty acids: a comparison of human, mouse, and rat peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha, -beta, and -gamma, liver X receptor-beta, and retinoid X receptor-alpha. Toxicol Sci. 2006 Aug;92(2):476-89. Epub 2006 May 26. [PubMed:16731579 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
ligand
General Function:
Zinc ion binding
Specific Function:
Nuclear receptor that binds peroxisome proliferators such as hypolipidemic drugs and fatty acids. Once activated by a ligand, the nuclear receptor binds to DNA specific PPAR response elements (PPRE) and modulates the transcription of its target genes, such as acyl-CoA oxidase. It therefore controls the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway of fatty acids. Key regulator of adipocyte differentiation...
Gene Name:
PPARG
Uniprot ID:
P37231
Uniprot Name:
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma
Molecular Weight:
57619.58 Da
References
  1. Zhang L, Ren XM, Wan B, Guo LH: Structure-dependent binding and activation of perfluorinated compounds on human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2014 Sep 15;279(3):275-83. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2014.06.020. Epub 2014 Jul 3. [PubMed:24998974 ]

Carriers

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Oleic acid binding
Specific Function:
FABP are thought to play a role in the intracellular transport of long-chain fatty acids and their acyl-CoA esters.
Gene Name:
FABP3
Uniprot ID:
P05413
Uniprot Name:
Fatty acid-binding protein, heart
Molecular Weight:
14857.93 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Phospholipid binding
Specific Function:
Plays a role in lipoprotein-mediated cholesterol uptake in hepatocytes (PubMed:25732850). Binds cholesterol (PubMed:25732850). Binds free fatty acids and their coenzyme A derivatives, bilirubin, and some other small molecules in the cytoplasm. May be involved in intracellular lipid transport (By similarity).
Gene Name:
FABP1
Uniprot ID:
P07148
Uniprot Name:
Fatty acid-binding protein, liver
Molecular Weight:
14208.34 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Toxic substance binding
Specific Function:
Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, bilirubin and drugs. Its main function is the regulation of the colloidal osmotic pressure of blood. Major zinc transporter in plasma, typically binds about 80% of all plasma zinc.
Gene Name:
ALB
Uniprot ID:
P02768
Uniprot Name:
Serum albumin
Molecular Weight:
69365.94 Da
References
  1. Petitpas I, Grune T, Bhattacharya AA, Curry S: Crystal structures of human serum albumin complexed with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. J Mol Biol. 2001 Dec 14;314(5):955-60. [PubMed:11743713 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Vitamin transporter activity
Specific Function:
Involved in vitamin D transport and storage, scavenging of extracellular G-actin, enhancement of the chemotactic activity of C5 alpha for neutrophils in inflammation and macrophage activation.
Gene Name:
GC
Uniprot ID:
P02774
Uniprot Name:
Vitamin D-binding protein
Molecular Weight:
52963.025 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Transporter activity
Specific Function:
B-FABP could be involved in the transport of a so far unknown hydrophobic ligand with potential morphogenic activity during CNS development. It is required for the establishment of the radial glial fiber system in developing brain, a system that is necessary for the migration of immature neurons to establish cortical layers (By similarity).
Gene Name:
FABP7
Uniprot ID:
O15540
Uniprot Name:
Fatty acid-binding protein, brain
Molecular Weight:
14888.855 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Transporter activity
Specific Function:
Lipid transport protein in adipocytes. Binds both long chain fatty acids and retinoic acid. Delivers long-chain fatty acids and retinoic acid to their cognate receptors in the nucleus (By similarity).
Gene Name:
FABP4
Uniprot ID:
P15090
Uniprot Name:
Fatty acid-binding protein, adipocyte
Molecular Weight:
14718.815 Da
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [PubMed:10592235 ]
Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on August 02, 2017 16:59