You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on DrugBank.
Identification
NameHuperzine-A
Accession NumberDB05510
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsInvestigational
DescriptionHuperzine-A is a naturally occurring sesquiterpene alkaloid found in the extracts of the firmoss Huperzia serrata. The botanical has traditionally been used in China for the treatment of swelling, fever and blood disorders. Recently in clinical trials in China, it has demonstrated neuroprotective effects. It is currently being investigated as a possible treatment for diseases characterized by neurodegeneration, particularly Alzheimer’s disease. Huperzine A is a cholinesterase inhibitor.
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
External Identifiers Not Available
Approved Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International BrandsNot Available
Brand mixturesNot Available
SaltsNot Available
CategoriesNot Available
UNIINot Available
CAS numberNot Available
WeightNot Available
Chemical FormulaNot Available
InChI KeyNot Available
InChINot Available
IUPAC NameNot Available
SMILESNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationInvestigated for use/treatment in alzheimer's disease.
Structured Indications Not Available
PharmacodynamicsHuperzine A is a cholinesterase inhibitor. This is the same mechanism of action of pharmaceutical drugs such as galantamine and donepezil used to treat Alzheimer's disease. There is evidence that huperzine A may compare favorably in symptomatic efficacy to cholinesterase inhibitors currently in use. In addition, huperzine A has antioxidant and neuroprotective properties that suggest that it may be useful as a disease-modifying treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The drug is currently available as a nutraceutical in this country, and is being used by some U.S. clinicians to treat AD. However, there have been no controlled clinical trials outside China assessing its toxicity and efficacy.
Mechanism of actionAs a quasi-irreversible inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, Huperzine A is a chemical that inhibits the cholinesterase enzyme from breaking down acetylcholine, so increasing both the level and duration of action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.
TargetKindPharmacological actionActionsOrganismUniProt ID
AcetylcholinesteraseProteinunknownNot AvailableHumanP22303 details
Related Articles
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organismsNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General References
  1. Little JT, Walsh S, Aisen PS: An update on huperzine A as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2008 Feb;17(2):209-15. doi: 10.1517/13543784.17.2.209. [PubMed:18230054 ]
  2. Li WM, Kan KK, Carlier PR, Pang YP, Han YF: East meets West in the search for Alzheimer's therapeutics - novel dimeric inhibitors from tacrine and huperzine A. Curr Alzheimer Res. 2007 Sep;4(4):386-96. [PubMed:17908041 ]
  3. Haviv H, Wong DM, Silman I, Sussman JL: Bivalent ligands derived from Huperzine A as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. Curr Top Med Chem. 2007;7(4):375-87. [PubMed:17305579 ]
  4. Akhondzadeh S, Abbasi SH: Herbal medicine in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2006 Mar-Apr;21(2):113-8. [PubMed:16634467 ]
  5. Wang R, Yan H, Tang XC: Progress in studies of huperzine A, a natural cholinesterase inhibitor from Chinese herbal medicine. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2006 Jan;27(1):1-26. [PubMed:16364207 ]
  6. Wang R, Tang XC: Neuroprotective effects of huperzine A. A natural cholinesterase inhibitor for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Neurosignals. 2005;14(1-2):71-82. [PubMed:15956816 ]
  7. Authors unspecified: Huperzine A. Drugs R D. 2004;5(1):44-5. [PubMed:14725492 ]
  8. Jiang H, Luo X, Bai D: Progress in clinical, pharmacological, chemical and structural biological studies of huperzine A: a drug of traditional chinese medicine origin for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Curr Med Chem. 2003 Nov;10(21):2231-52. [PubMed:14529340 ]
  9. Zangara A: The psychopharmacology of huperzine A: an alkaloid with cognitive enhancing and neuroprotective properties of interest in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2003 Jun;75(3):675-86. [PubMed:12895686 ]
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET featuresNot Available
Pharmacoeconomics
ManufacturersNot Available
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental PropertiesNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
General Function:
Serine hydrolase activity
Specific Function:
Terminates signal transduction at the neuromuscular junction by rapid hydrolysis of the acetylcholine released into the synaptic cleft. Role in neuronal apoptosis.
Gene Name:
ACHE
Uniprot ID:
P22303
Molecular Weight:
67795.525 Da
Comments
comments powered by Disqus
Drug created on November 18, 2007 11:25 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:24