Amenorrhea

Also known as: Amenorrhoea NOS / Amenorrhoea / Absence of menstruation / Menses lack of / Amenorrhea, unspecified

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00044Lutropin alfaLutropin alfa is a recombinant human luteinizing hormone produced in yeast with 2 subunits, alpha = 92 residues, beta = 121 residues. It is a heterodimeric glycoprotein made up of monomeric units. Lutropin alfa was the first and only recombinant human form of luteinizing hormone (LH) developed for use in the stimulation of follicular development. Its pharmacological action mimics the biological activity of endogenous LH; an acute rise of LH, or LH surge, in females triggers ovulation and the development of the corpous luteum. In males, LH stimulates Leydig cell to produce testosterone.
DB00603Medroxyprogesterone acetateMedroxyprogesterone acetate (INN, USAN, BAN), also known as 17α-hydroxy-6α-methylprogesterone acetate, and commonly abbreviated as MPA, is a steroidal progestin, a synthetic variant of the human hormone progesterone. It is used as a contraceptive, in hormone replacement therapy and for the treatment of endometriosis as well as several other indications. MPA is a more potent derivative of its parent compound medroxyprogesterone (MP). While medroxyprogesterone is sometimes used as a synonym for medroxyprogesterone acetate, what is normally being administered is MPA and not MP.
DB00396ProgesteroneProgesterone is a hormone that occurs naturally in females, and is essential for endometrial receptivity, embryo implantation, and the successful establishment of pregnancy. A low progesterone concentration or an insufficient response to progesterone can cause infertility and pregnancy loss [A175609]. Progesterone is used in various contraceptive preparations to prevent ovulation and fertilization [T481], [A175612] as well as in other formulations to promote and support pregnancy. Please see [Medroxyprogesterone acetate], [Megestrol acetate], [Dydrogesterone] and [Hydroxyprogesterone] entries for information on various other forms of progesterone. Pharmaceutical progesterone is made from a plant source as a starting material and is chemically identical to progesterone of human ovarian origin [FDA label]. Progesterone is available in gelatinized capsule form, vaginal gel form, tablet form, vaginal insert form, and injection form, all used for various purposes [Label,F3898,F3904,F3901,F3907].
DB00094UrofollitropinUrofollitropin is a urinary-derived follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) that is extracted and purified from human urine samples. It consists of two non-covalently linked, non-identical glycoproteins designated as the alpha- and beta- subunits. The alpha- and beta- subunits have 92 and 111 amino acids. The alpha subunit is glycosylated at Asn 51 and Asn 78 while the beta subunit is glycosylated at Asn 7 and Asn 24. Urofollitropin is typically used injected subcutaneously in combination with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to induce ovulation. Urofollitropin may also be used to cause the ovary to produce several follicles, which can then be harvested for use in gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00044Lutropin alfaLutropin-choriogonadotropic hormone receptortarget
DB00603Medroxyprogesterone acetateProgesterone receptortarget
DB00603Medroxyprogesterone acetateEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00603Medroxyprogesterone acetateCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00603Medroxyprogesterone acetateCytochrome P450 2C8enzyme
DB00603Medroxyprogesterone acetate3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type 2enzyme
DB00603Medroxyprogesterone acetateCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneProgesterone receptortarget
DB00396ProgesteroneEstrogen receptor alphatarget
DB00396ProgesteroneSteroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyasetarget
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 3A7enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneMultidrug resistance protein 1transporter
DB00396ProgesteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00396ProgesteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00396ProgesteroneSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00396ProgesteroneBile salt export pumptransporter
DB00396ProgesteroneMultidrug resistance-associated protein 1transporter
DB00396ProgesteroneSodium/bile acid cotransportertransporter
DB00396ProgesteroneSteroid 17-alpha-hydroxylase/17,20 lyaseenzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 1B1enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00396ProgesteroneMineralocorticoid receptortarget
DB00396ProgesteroneKappa-type opioid receptortarget
DB00396ProgesteroneAlpha-1-acid glycoprotein 1target
DB00396ProgesteroneGlucocorticoid receptortarget
DB00396ProgesteroneAndrogen receptortarget
DB00396ProgesteroneSex hormone-binding globulintarget
DB00396ProgesteroneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B1transporter
DB00396ProgesteroneATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2transporter
DB00396ProgesteroneEstrogen receptor betatarget
DB00396ProgesteroneSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1B3transporter
DB00094UrofollitropinFollicle-stimulating hormone receptortarget
DrugDrug NamePhaseStatusCount
DB05253Telapristone acetate1Terminated1
DB05253Telapristone acetate1 / 2Completed1
DB06680Asoprisnil2Completed1
DB00286Conjugated estrogens2Completed1
DB00644Gonadorelin2Recruiting1
DB00007Leuprolide2Completed1
DB09046Metreleptin2Unknown Status1
DB00783Estradiol3Withdrawn1
DB00396Progesterone3Withdrawn1
DB00007Leuprolide4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB00331Metformin4Completed1
DB09070Tibolone4Not Yet Recruiting1
DB00331MetforminNot AvailableWithdrawn1