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Identification
NameFelypressin
Accession NumberDB00093  (BIOD00114, BTD00114)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

A synthetic nonapeptide comprising cysteinyl, phenylalanyl, phenylalanyl, glutaminyl, asparaginyl, cysteinyl, prolyl, lysyl, and glycinamide residues in sequence, with a disulfide bridge joining the two cysteine residues. Its antidiuretic effects are less than those of vasopressin. It is used as a vasoconstrictor in local anaesthetic injections for dental use, and is an ingredient of preparations that have been used for treatment of pain and inflammation of the mouth. [ChEBI]

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymLanguageCode
2-(L-phenylalanine)-8-L-lysinevasopressinNot AvailableNot Available
FelipresinaSpanishINN
FelypressinNot AvailableINN, BAN, USAN
FelypressineFrenchINN
FelypressinumLatinINN
PLV-2Not AvailableNot Available
Prescription ProductsNot Available
Generic Prescription ProductsNot Available
Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
International Brands
NameCompany
ColupressineJoullie
OctapressinSandoz
Brand mixtures
Brand NameIngredients
Citanest DentalFelypressin + Prilocaine
Citanest Dental OctapressinFelypressin + Prilocaine
Citanest OctapressinFelypressin + Prilocaine
Xylonest OctapressinFelypressin + Prilocaine
SaltsNot Available
Categories
CAS number56-59-7
WeightAverage: 1040.219
Monoisotopic: 1039.436791367
Chemical FormulaC46H65N13O11S2
InChI KeySFKQVVDKFKYTNA-YVGXZPIDNA-N
InChI
InChI=1/C46H65N13O11S2/c47-18-8-7-14-29(40(64)52-23-38(51)62)54-45(69)35-15-9-19-59(35)46(70)34-25-72-71-24-28(48)39(63)55-31(20-26-10-3-1-4-11-26)43(67)56-32(21-27-12-5-2-6-13-27)42(66)53-30(16-17-36(49)60)41(65)57-33(22-37(50)61)44(68)58-34/h1-6,10-13,28-35H,7-9,14-25,47-48H2,(H2,49,60)(H2,50,61)(H2,51,62)(H,52,64)(H,53,66)(H,54,69)(H,55,63)(H,56,67)(H,57,65)(H,58,68)/t28-,29-,30-,31-,32-,33-,34-,35-/s2
IUPAC Name
(2S)-6-amino-2-{[(2S)-1-[(4R,7S,10S,13S,16S,19R)-19-amino-13,16-dibenzyl-10-(2-carbamoylethyl)-7-(carbamoylmethyl)-6,9,12,15,18-pentaoxo-1,2-dithia-5,8,11,14,17-pentaazacycloicosane-4-carbonyl]pyrrolidin-2-yl]formamido}-N-(carbamoylmethyl)hexanamide
SMILES
NCCCC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@@H]1CCCN1C(=O)[C@@H]1CSSC[C@H](N)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC2=CC=CC=C2)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC2=CC=CC=C2)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(N)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(N)=O)C(=O)N1)C(=O)NCC(N)=O
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cyclic peptides. These are compounds containing a cyclic moiety bearing a peptide backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentCyclic peptides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cyclic alpha peptide
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • Macrolactam
  • Alpha-amino acid amide
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • N-substituted-alpha-amino acid
  • Pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide
  • Pyrrolidine carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • N-acylpyrrolidine
  • Fatty acyl
  • Benzenoid
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Tertiary amine
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Primary carboxylic acid amide
  • Organic disulfide
  • Lactam
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Pharmacology
IndicationFor use as an alternative to adrenaline as a localising agent, provided that local ischaemia is not essential.
PharmacodynamicsFelypressin is a synthetic analog of lypressin or vasopressin with more vasoconstrictor activity than antidiuretic action. It is used primarily as a hemostatic. Felypressin is a non-catecholamine vasoconstrictor that is chemically related to vasopressin, the posterior pituitary hormone.
Mechanism of actionFelypressin binds to the vasopressin receptor V1a. This causes contraction of the smooth muscle in the vascular bed, especially capillaries, small arterioles and venules.
AbsorptionNot Available
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationNot Available
Half lifeNot Available
ClearanceNot Available
ToxicityNot Available
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal AbsorptionNot AvailableNot Available
Blood Brain BarrierNot AvailableNot Available
Caco-2 permeableNot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein substrateNot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INot AvailableNot Available
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINot AvailableNot Available
Renal organic cation transporterNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C9 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2D6 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 3A4 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 1A2 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C9 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2D6 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 2C19 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 3A4 substrateNot AvailableNot Available
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityNot AvailableNot Available
Ames testNot AvailableNot Available
CarcinogenicityNot AvailableNot Available
BiodegradationNot AvailableNot Available
Rat acute toxicityNot AvailableNot applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Not AvailableNot Available
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Not AvailableNot Available
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • Novartis pharmaceuticals corp
PackagersNot Available
Dosage formsNot Available
PricesNot Available
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point222Boissonnas, R.and Guttmann, S.; U.S. Patent 3,232,923; February 1, 1966: assigned to Sandoz AG, Switzerland.
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0453 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.1ALOGPS
logP-5.8ChemAxon
logS-4.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.39ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.18ChemAxon
Physiological Charge2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count13ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count12ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area405.32 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count19ChemAxon
Refractivity264.79 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability103.93 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
References
Synthesis Reference

Boissonnas, R.and Guttmann, S.; U.S. Patent 3,232,923; February 1, 1966: assigned to Sandoz AG, Switzerland.

General Reference
  1. Cecanho R, De Luca LA Jr, Ranali J: Cardiovascular effects of felypressin. Anesth Prog. 2006 Winter;53(4):119-25. Pubmed
External Links
ATC CodesNot Available
AHFS CodesNot Available
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Interactions
Drug InteractionsNot Available
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

1. Vasopressin V1a receptor

Kind: protein

Organism: Human

Pharmacological action: yes

Actions: agonist

Components

Name UniProt ID Details
Vasopressin V1a receptor P37288 Details

References:

  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. Pubmed
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. Pubmed
  3. Manning M, Stoev S, Chini B, Durroux T, Mouillac B, Guillon G: Peptide and non-peptide agonists and antagonists for the vasopressin and oxytocin V1a, V1b, V2 and OT receptors: research tools and potential therapeutic agents. Prog Brain Res. 2008;170:473-512. Pubmed
  4. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. Pubmed

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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on April 22, 2014 13:18