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Identification
NameTerbutaline
Accession NumberDB00871  (APRD00589)
TypeSmall Molecule
GroupsApproved
Description

A selective beta-2 adrenergic agonist used as a bronchodilator and tocolytic. [PubChem]

Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
Terbutalin
Terbutalina
Terbutaline (sulfate de)
Terbutalini sulfas
Terbutalinsulfat
Terbutalinum
External Identifiers
  • KWD 2019
Approved Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Bricanyl Tab 2.5 mgtablet2.5 mgoralAstrazeneca Canada Inc1978-12-312000-07-20Canada
Bricanyl Tab 5 mgtablet5 mgoralAstrazeneca Canada Inc1975-12-312001-07-23Canada
Bricanyl Turbuhalerpowder (metered dose)0.5 mginhalationAstrazeneca Canada Inc1990-12-31Not applicableCanada
Approved Generic Prescription Products
NameDosageStrengthRouteLabellerMarketing StartMarketing End
Terbutaline Sulfateinjection, solution1 mg/mLsubcutaneousGeneral Injectables & Vaccines, Inc2011-11-16Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet2.5 mg/1oralGlobal Pharmaceuticals, Division of Impax Laboratories Inc.2001-06-26Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfateinjection, solution1 mg/mLsubcutaneousAPP Pharmaceuticals, LLC2011-03-10Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet5 mg/1oralMarlex Pharmaceuticals Inc2014-10-01Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet5 mg/1oralPd Rx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.2005-03-25Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet2.5 mg/1oralMarlex Pharmaceuticals Inc2014-10-01Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet5 mg/1oralPd Rx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.2001-06-26Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet2.5 mg/1oralLannett Company, Inc.2005-03-25Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet5 mg/1oralAmerican Health Packaging2008-03-122016-01-01Us
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet2.5 mg/1oralRebel Distributors Corp2005-03-25Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet2.5 mg/1oralAmerican Health Packaging2008-03-122016-01-01Us
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet5 mg/1oralLannett Company, Inc.2005-03-25Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet5 mg/1oralRebel Distributors Corp2005-03-25Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet5 mg/1oralAv Kare, Inc.2001-06-262015-12-29Us
Terbutaline Sulfateinjection1 mg/mLsubcutaneousWest ward Pharmaceutical Corp2009-05-20Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfateinjection1 mg/mLsubcutaneousAkorn2010-02-01Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet2.5 mg/1oralState of Florida DOH Central Pharmacy2009-07-01Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet2.5 mg/1oralAv Kare, Inc.2001-06-262015-12-29Us
Terbutaline Sulfatetablet5 mg/1oralGlobal Pharmaceuticals, Division of Impax Laboratories Inc.2001-06-26Not applicableUs
Terbutaline Sulfateinjection1 mg/mLsubcutaneousUnited Biomedical Inc., Asia2014-12-15Not applicableUs
Approved Over the Counter ProductsNot Available
Unapproved/Other Products Not Available
International Brands
NameCompany
BrethaireNovartis
BrethineNot Available
BricanylAstraZeneca
BricardylJohnson
BricasmaAstraZeneca
BricasolAstraZeneca
DracanylAstraZeneca
TerbasminAstraZeneca
Brand mixturesNot Available
Salts
Name/CASStructureProperties
Terbutaline Sulfate
Thumb
  • InChI Key: MUPQZWGSBCWCAV-UHFFFAOYNA-N
  • Monoisotopic Mass: 323.103872721
  • Average Mass: 323.363
DBSALT000297
Categories
UNIIN8ONU3L3PG
CAS number23031-25-6
WeightAverage: 225.2842
Monoisotopic: 225.136493479
Chemical FormulaC12H19NO3
InChI KeyInChIKey=XWTYSIMOBUGWOL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChI
InChI=1S/C12H19NO3/c1-12(2,3)13-7-11(16)8-4-9(14)6-10(15)5-8/h4-6,11,13-16H,7H2,1-3H3
IUPAC Name
5-[2-(tert-butylamino)-1-hydroxyethyl]benzene-1,3-diol
SMILES
CC(C)(C)NCC(O)C1=CC(O)=CC(O)=C1
Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as resorcinols. These are compounds containing a resorcinol moiety, which is a benzene ring bearing two hydroxyl groups at positions 1 and 3.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassPhenols and derivatives
Direct ParentResorcinols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Resorcinol
  • Aralkylamine
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Secondary amine
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Pharmacology
IndicationFor the prevention and reversal of bronchospasm in patients 12 years of age and older with reversible, obstructive airway disease, as well as symptomatic management of reversible bronchospasm associated with bronchitis and emphysema. Also used acute IV and sub-Q therapy in selected women to inhibit uterine contractions in preterm labor (tocolysis) and prolong gestation when beneficial.
PharmacodynamicsTerbutaline is a relatively selective beta2-adrenergic bronchodilator that has little or no effect on alpha-adrenergic receptors. The drug has exerts a preferential effect on beta2-adrenergic receptors but stimulates beta-adrenergic receptors less selectively than relatively selective beta2-agonists. Terbutaline appears to have a greater stimulating effect on beta-receptors of the bronchial, vascular, and uterine smooth muscles (beta2 receptors) than on the beta-receptors of the heart (beta1 receptors). This drug relaxes smooth muscle and inhibits uterine contractions, but may also cause some cardiostimulatory effects and CNS stimulation.
Mechanism of actionThe pharmacologic effects of terbutaline are at least in part attributable to stimulation through beta-adrenergic receptors of intracellular adenyl cyclase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic- 3',5'- adenosine monophosphate (c-AMP). Increased c-AMP levels are associated with relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and inhibition of release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from cells, especially from mast cells.
Related Articles
AbsorptionApproximately 30-50% if administered orally and well absorbed subcutaneously.
Volume of distributionNot Available
Protein bindingNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
Route of eliminationAbout 90% of the drug was excreted in the urine at 96 hours after subcutaneous administration, with about 60% of this being unchanged drug. It appears that the sulfate conjugate is a major metabolite of terbutaline and urinary excretion is the primary route of elimination
Half life5.5-5.9 hours
Clearance
  • 311 +/- 112 mL/min
ToxicityTerbutaline Sulfate: Oral LD50(rat) = 8.7 g/kg; Oral LD50(mouse) = 205 mg/kg; Oral LD50(dog) = 1.5 g/kg; IP LD50(rat)= 220 mg/kg ; IP LD50(mouse) = 130 mg/kg; Oral LD50(rabbit) = >8 g/kg; IV LD50(mouse) = 36 mg/kg; IV LD50(dog) = 116 mg/kg; IV LD50(rabbit) = 110 mg/kg
Affected organisms
  • Humans and other mammals
PathwaysNot Available
SNP Mediated EffectsNot Available
SNP Mediated Adverse Drug ReactionsNot Available
ADMET
Predicted ADMET features
PropertyValueProbability
Human Intestinal Absorption+0.987
Blood Brain Barrier-0.9355
Caco-2 permeable-0.8404
P-glycoprotein substrateSubstrate0.6335
P-glycoprotein inhibitor INon-inhibitor0.8954
P-glycoprotein inhibitor IINon-inhibitor0.9672
Renal organic cation transporterNon-inhibitor0.9067
CYP450 2C9 substrateNon-substrate0.7678
CYP450 2D6 substrateNon-substrate0.7922
CYP450 3A4 substrateNon-substrate0.6291
CYP450 1A2 substrateNon-inhibitor0.9516
CYP450 2C9 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9303
CYP450 2D6 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.923
CYP450 2C19 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.9115
CYP450 3A4 inhibitorNon-inhibitor0.8766
CYP450 inhibitory promiscuityLow CYP Inhibitory Promiscuity0.9117
Ames testNon AMES toxic0.9119
CarcinogenicityNon-carcinogens0.8484
BiodegradationNot ready biodegradable0.9808
Rat acute toxicity2.1080 LD50, mol/kg Not applicable
hERG inhibition (predictor I)Weak inhibitor0.9548
hERG inhibition (predictor II)Non-inhibitor0.9467
ADMET data is predicted using admetSAR, a free tool for evaluating chemical ADMET properties. (23092397 )
Pharmacoeconomics
Manufacturers
  • Novartis pharmaceuticals corp
  • Sanofi aventis us llc
  • Aaipharma llc
  • Akorn inc
  • App pharmaceuticals llc
  • Bedford laboratories div ben venue laboratories inc
  • Hikma farmaceutica (portugal) sa
  • Teva parenteral medicines inc
  • Impax laboratories inc
  • Lannett holdings inc
Packagers
Dosage forms
FormRouteStrength
Tabletoral2.5 mg
Tabletoral5 mg
Powder (metered dose)inhalation0.5 mg
Injectionsubcutaneous1 mg/mL
Injection, solutionsubcutaneous1 mg/mL
Tabletoral2.5 mg/1
Tabletoral5 mg/1
Prices
Unit descriptionCostUnit
Terbutaline sulfate powder38.4USD g
Terbutaline Sulfate 1 mg/ml vial12.99USD vial
Terbutaline sulf 1 mg/ml vial4.8USD ml
Brethine 5 mg tablet0.83USD tablet
Terbutaline sulfate 5 mg tablet0.63USD tablet
Brethine 2.5 mg tablet0.57USD tablet
Terbutaline sulfate 2.5 mg tablet0.47USD tablet
Bricanyl Turbuhaler 0.5 mg/dose Metered Inhalation Powder0.08USD dose
DrugBank does not sell nor buy drugs. Pricing information is supplied for informational purposes only.
PatentsNot Available
Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueSource
melting point119-122 °CNot Available
water solubility213 mg/mLNot Available
logP0.90TACAKS-NOVAK,K ET AL. (1995)
Caco2 permeability-6.38ADME Research, USCD
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility5.84 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.55ALOGPS
logP0.44ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)8.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.76ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area72.72 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity63.04 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability24.78 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Mass Spec (NIST)Not Available
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
References
Synthesis Reference

Alison B. Lukacsko, Joseph J. Piala, “Effect of a combination of a terbutaline, diphenhydramine and ranitidine composition on gastrointestinal injury produced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory compositions.” U.S. Patent US5260333, issued December, 1983.

US5260333
General References
  1. Rhodes MC, Seidler FJ, Abdel-Rahman A, Tate CA, Nyska A, Rincavage HL, Slotkin TA: Terbutaline is a developmental neurotoxicant: effects on neuroproteins and morphology in cerebellum, hippocampus, and somatosensory cortex. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2004 Feb;308(2):529-37. Epub 2003 Nov 10. [PubMed:14610225 ]
  2. Hochhaus G, Mollmann H: Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic characteristics of the beta-2-agonists terbutaline, salbutamol and fenoterol. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1992 Sep;30(9):342-62. [PubMed:1358833 ]
  3. Haahtela T, Jarvinen M, Kava T, Kiviranta K, Koskinen S, Lehtonen K, Nikander K, Persson T, Reinikainen K, Selroos O, et al.: Comparison of a beta 2-agonist, terbutaline, with an inhaled corticosteroid, budesonide, in newly detected asthma. N Engl J Med. 1991 Aug 8;325(6):388-92. [PubMed:2062329 ]
External Links
ATC CodesR03CC53R03AC03R03CC03
AHFS Codes
  • 12:12.08.12
PDB EntriesNot Available
FDA labelNot Available
MSDSDownload (73.1 KB)
Interactions
Drug Interactions
Drug
AcebutololThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Acebutolol is combined with Terbutaline.
AcetaminophenThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Acetaminophen.
Acetylsalicylic acidThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Acetylsalicylic acid.
AminophyllineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Aminophylline.
AmitriptylineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Amitriptyline is combined with Terbutaline.
AmphetamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Amphetamine.
ArformoterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Arformoterol.
ArmodafinilThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Armodafinil.
ArticaineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Articaine.
AtomoxetineAtomoxetine may increase the tachycardic activities of Terbutaline.
AtosibanThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Atosiban.
BenzphetamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Benzphetamine.
BetahistineThe therapeutic efficacy of Terbutaline can be decreased when used in combination with Betahistine.
ButalbitalThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Butalbital.
CaffeineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Caffeine.
ChlorphentermineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Chlorphentermine is combined with Terbutaline.
CitalopramTerbutaline may increase the QTc-prolonging activities of Citalopram.
ClenbuterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Clenbuterol is combined with Terbutaline.
CocaineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Cocaine.
DexmethylphenidateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Dexmethylphenidate.
DextroamphetamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Dextroamphetamine.
DiethylpropionThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Diethylpropion.
DihydrocodeineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Dihydrocodeine.
DipivefrinThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Dipivefrin.
DobutamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Dobutamine.
DofetilideTerbutaline may increase the QTc-prolonging activities of Dofetilide.
DopamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Dopamine is combined with Terbutaline.
DoxapramThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Doxapram.
DoxofyllineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Doxofylline.
DronabinolDronabinol may increase the tachycardic activities of Terbutaline.
DyphyllineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Dyphylline.
EphedrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Ephedrine.
EpinephrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Epinephrine.
EsmololEsmolol may decrease the activities of Terbutaline.
FenoterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Fenoterol is combined with Terbutaline.
Fluticasone PropionateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Fluticasone Propionate.
FormoterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Formoterol is combined with Terbutaline.
GoserelinTerbutaline may increase the QTc-prolonging activities of Goserelin.
IndacaterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Indacaterol.
IobenguaneThe therapeutic efficacy of Iobenguane can be decreased when used in combination with Terbutaline.
Ipratropium bromideThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Ipratropium bromide.
IsomethepteneThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Isometheptene.
IsoprenalineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Isoprenaline is combined with Terbutaline.
LabetalolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Labetalol is combined with Terbutaline.
LeuprolideTerbutaline may increase the QTc-prolonging activities of Leuprolide.
LevonordefrinThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Levonordefrin.
LinezolidLinezolid may increase the hypertensive activities of Terbutaline.
LisdexamfetamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Lisdexamfetamine.
LoxapineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Loxapine.
MephentermineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Mephentermine is combined with Terbutaline.
MepivacaineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Mepivacaine.
MetaraminolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Metaraminol is combined with Terbutaline.
MethamphetamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Methamphetamine is combined with Terbutaline.
MethoxamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Methoxamine is combined with Terbutaline.
MethylphenidateThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Methylphenidate.
MidodrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Midodrine.
MifepristoneMifepristone may increase the QTc-prolonging activities of Terbutaline.
ModafinilThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Modafinil.
NabiloneNabilone may increase the tachycardic activities of Terbutaline.
NadololNadolol may decrease the activities of Terbutaline.
NaphazolineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Naphazoline is combined with Terbutaline.
NorepinephrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Norepinephrine.
OlodaterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Olodaterol.
OrciprenalineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Orciprenaline is combined with Terbutaline.
OxymetazolineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Oxymetazoline is combined with Terbutaline.
PhendimetrazineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Phendimetrazine.
PhenelzineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenelzine is combined with Terbutaline.
PheniramineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Pheniramine.
PhenmetrazineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenmetrazine is combined with Terbutaline.
PhentermineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Phentermine.
PhenylephrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Phenylephrine.
PhenylpropanolamineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Phenylpropanolamine is combined with Terbutaline.
PirbuterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Pirbuterol.
PropylhexedrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Propylhexedrine.
PseudoephedrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Pseudoephedrine.
RacepinephrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Racepinephrine.
RitodrineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Ritodrine is combined with Terbutaline.
SalbutamolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Salbutamol.
SalmeterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Salmeterol is combined with Terbutaline.
Tedizolid PhosphateTedizolid Phosphate may increase the hypertensive activities of Terbutaline.
TheophyllineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Theophylline.
TorasemideTerbutaline may increase the hypokalemic activities of Torasemide.
TranylcypromineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Tranylcypromine is combined with Terbutaline.
TrichlormethiazideTerbutaline may increase the hypokalemic activities of Trichlormethiazide.
TriprolidineThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Triprolidine.
VilanterolThe risk or severity of adverse effects can be increased when Terbutaline is combined with Vilanterol.
Food InteractionsNot Available

Targets

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
yes
Actions
agonist
General Function:
Protein homodimerization activity
Specific Function:
Beta-adrenergic receptors mediate the catecholamine-induced activation of adenylate cyclase through the action of G proteins. The beta-2-adrenergic receptor binds epinephrine with an approximately 30-fold greater affinity than it does norepinephrine.
Gene Name:
ADRB2
Uniprot ID:
P07550
Molecular Weight:
46458.32 Da
References
  1. Schafers RF, Piest U, von Birgelen C, Jakubetz J, Daul AE, Philipp T, Brodde OE: Disodium cromoglycate does not prevent terbutaline-induced desensitization of beta 2-adrenoceptor-mediated cardiovascular in vivo functions in human volunteers. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1999 May;33(5):822-7. [PubMed:10226872 ]
  2. Ramer-Quinn DS, Swanson MA, Lee WT, Sanders VM: Cytokine production by naive and primary effector CD4+ T cells exposed to norepinephrine. Brain Behav Immun. 2000 Dec;14(4):239-55. [PubMed:11120594 ]
  3. Zetterlund A, Hjemdahl P, Larsson K: beta2-Adrenoceptor desensitization in human alveolar macrophages induced by inhaled terbutaline in vivo is not counteracted by budesonide. Clin Sci (Lond). 2001 Apr;100(4):451-7. [PubMed:11256987 ]
  4. Nakamura A, Johns EJ, Imaizumi A, Yanagawa Y, Kohsaka T: Activation of beta(2)-adrenoceptor prevents shiga toxin 2-induced TNF-alpha gene transcription. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2001 Nov;12(11):2288-99. [PubMed:11675405 ]
  5. Chong LK, Suvarna K, Chess-Williams R, Peachell PT: Desensitization of beta2-adrenoceptor-mediated responses by short-acting beta2-adrenoceptor agonists in human lung mast cells. Br J Pharmacol. 2003 Feb;138(3):512-20. [PubMed:12569076 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]
  7. Riether C, Kavelaars A, Wirth T, Pacheco-Lopez G, Doenlen R, Willemen H, Heijnen CJ, Schedlowski M, Engler H: Stimulation of beta(2)-adrenergic receptors inhibits calcineurin activity in CD4(+) T cells via PKA-AKAP interaction. Brain Behav Immun. 2011 Jan;25(1):59-66. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2010.07.248. Epub 2010 Jul 30. [PubMed:20674738 ]
  8. Cooperberg BA, Breckenridge SM, Arbelaez AM, Cryer PE: Terbutaline and the prevention of nocturnal hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2008 Dec;31(12):2271-2. doi: 10.2337/dc08-0520. Epub 2008 Sep 9. [PubMed:18782903 ]
  9. Hochhaus G, Mollmann H: Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic characteristics of the beta-2-agonists terbutaline, salbutamol and fenoterol. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1992 Sep;30(9):342-62. [PubMed:1358833 ]
  10. Haahtela T, Jarvinen M, Kava T, Kiviranta K, Koskinen S, Lehtonen K, Nikander K, Persson T, Reinikainen K, Selroos O, et al.: Comparison of a beta 2-agonist, terbutaline, with an inhaled corticosteroid, budesonide, in newly detected asthma. N Engl J Med. 1991 Aug 8;325(6):388-92. [PubMed:2062329 ]

Enzymes

Kind
Protein
Organism
Human
Pharmacological action
unknown
Actions
inhibitor
General Function:
Identical protein binding
Specific Function:
Esterase with broad substrate specificity. Contributes to the inactivation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Can degrade neurotoxic organophosphate esters.
Gene Name:
BCHE
Uniprot ID:
P06276
Molecular Weight:
68417.575 Da
References
  1. Kovarik Z, Simeon-Rudolf V: Interaction of human butyrylcholinesterase variants with bambuterol and terbutaline. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2004 Apr;19(2):113-7. [PubMed:15449725 ]
Comments
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Drug created on June 13, 2005 07:24 / Updated on August 17, 2016 12:23