Colony-Stimulating Factors

Glycoproteins found in a subfraction of normal mammalian plasma and urine. They stimulate the proliferation of bone marrow cells in agar cultures and the formation of colonies of granulocytes and/or macrophages. The factors include INTERLEUKIN-3; (IL-3); GRANULOCYTE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (G-CSF); MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (M-CSF); and GRANULOCYTE-MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (GM-CSF).
DrugDrug NameDrug Indication
DB00020SargramostimFor the treatment of cancer and bone marrow transplant
DB00099FilgrastimThis drug is a leucocyte growth factor [FDA label] indicated to: Decrease the incidence of infection‚ as manifested by febrile neutropenia‚ in patients with nonmyeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive anti-cancer drugs associated with a significant incidence of severe neutropenia with fever [FDA label]. Reduce the time to neutrophil recovery and the duration of fever, following induction or consolidation chemotherapy treatment in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) [FDA label] Reduce the duration of neutropenia and neutropenia-related clinical sequelae‚ e.g.‚ febrile neutropenia, in patients with nonmyeloid malignancies undergoing myeloablative chemotherapy followed by bone marrow transplantation (BMT) [FDA label] Mobilize autologous hematopoietic progenitor cells into the peripheral blood for collection by leukapheresis [FDA label] Reduce the incidence and duration of sequelae of severe neutropenia (e.g.‚ fever‚ infections‚ oropharyngeal ulcers) in symptomatic patients with congenital neutropenia‚ cyclic neutropenia‚ or idiopathic neutropenia [FDA label]. Neupogen is approved for treatment of patients with radiation-induced myelosuppression following a radiological/nuclear incident [L3739].
DB00019PegfilgrastimPegfilgrastim is indicated for use in patients receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy for non-myeloid malignancies to reduce the incidence of infection. It is also indicated to increase in patients with acute myelosuppresive radiation exposure.
DB12525MolgramostimNot Available
DB12699BalugrastimNot Available
DB13144LenograstimThe drug is used to reduce the risk of life-threatening infection in patients with neutropenia, particularly after cytotoxic chemotherapy. Lenograstim is indicated as a treatment to reduce the duration of neutropenia and the severity of infections in patients with non-myeloid malignancy who have undergone autologous or allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, or treatment with established cytotoxic chemotherapy and in addition to reduce the incidence of infection associated with established cytotoxic chemotherapy. Lenograstim is also indicated to mobilise peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) with Lenograstim alone, or after myelosuppressive chemotherapy, in order to accelerate haematopoietic recovery by infusion of such cells, after myelosuppressive or myeloablative therapy. Lenograstim is also indicated to accelerate the engraftment of these cells after their reinfusion. GRANOCYTE is also indicated for the treatment of severe chronic neutropenia including congenital agranulocytosis (Kostmann's syndrome).
DB13200LipegfilgrastimIndicated for the reduction in the duration of neutropenia and the incidence of febrile neutropenia in adult patients treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy for malignancy (with the exception of chronic myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes) [L2441].
DB00012Darbepoetin alfaFor the treatment of anemia (from renal transplants or certain HIV treatment)
DB00016ErythropoietinIndicated in adult and paediatric patients for the: - treatment of anemia due to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in patients on dialysis and not on dialysis. - treatment of anemia due to zidovudine in patients with HIV-infection. - treatment of anemia due to the effects of concomitant myelosuppressive chemotherapy, and upon initiation, there is a minimum of two additional months of planned chemotherapy. - reduction of allogeneic RBC transfusions in patients undergoing elective, noncardiac, nonvascular surgery.
DB05332RomiplostimTreatment of chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura.
DB05718Maxy-G34Investigated for use/treatment in adverse effects (chemotherapy) and neutropenics.
DB06534ThrombopoietinInvestigated for use/treatment in thrombocytopenia.
DB09107Methoxy polyethylene glycol-epoetin betaFor the treatment of patients with anaemia associated with chronic kidney disease. Not a substitute for RBC transfusion if immediate correction of anemia is required.
DB11624Epoetin deltaNot Available
DB12431MuplestimNot Available
DB05386RegramostimInvestigated for use/treatment in adverse effects (chemotherapy) and bone marrow transplant.
DB15095LeridistimNot Available
DB15290PegteograstimNot Available
DB09103AncestimAncestim, in combination with filgrastim, is indicated for the setting of autologous peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation in patients at risk of poor peripheral blood progenitor cell mobilisation.[L1090] The use of ancestim with filgrastim will generate a sustained increase in the number of peripheral blood progenitor cells capable of engraftment. It is used for mobilization of progenitor cells from the bone marrow to the peripheral blood with or withouth mobilizing chemotherapy. The harvested progenitor cells can be used for transplant following myelosuppressive or myeloablative therapies.[L1089]