Antiglaucoma Preparations and Miotics

DrugDrug NameDrug Description
DB00195BetaxololA cardioselective beta blocking agent commonly used to treat hypertension and elevated intraocular pressure (when administered ophthalmically).
DB00287TravoprostA prostaglandin analog used in the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure due to open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
DB00298DapiprazoleUsed in the treatment of iatrogenically induced mydriasis produced by adrenergic (phenylephrine) or parasympatholytic (tropicamide) agents used in certain eye examinations.
DB00411CarbamoylcholineA direct acting miotic agent administered ophthalmically to decrease intraocular pressure in glaucoma or after eye surgery, and to induce miosis during surgery.
DB00449DipivefrinA prodrug of epinephrine used in ophthalmic solutions to reduce intraocular pressure in chronic open-angle glaucoma.
DB00654LatanoprostAn isopropyl ester prodrug used to treat increased intraocular pressure.
DB00703MethazolamideA carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used to treat open angle glaucoma and acute angle closure glaucoma.
DB00819AcetazolamideA cardiac anhydrase inhibitor used to treat edema from heart failure or medications, certain types of epilepsy, and glaucoma.
DB00869DorzolamideA carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used to treat high intraocular pressure in ocular hypertension and open angle glaucoma.
DB00905BimatoprostA prostaglandin analog used to treat hypotrichosis of the eyelashes and intraocular pressure in open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
DB00944DemecariumFor the topical treatment of chronic open-angle glaucoma.
DB00964ApraclonidineAn alpha adrenergic agonist used to treat raised intraocular pressure.
DB01057EchothiophateAn acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used in ophthalmic preparations to increase the drainage of intraocular fluid; most commonly used for the treatment of glaucoma.
DB01170GuanethidineAn antihypertensive agent used in the management of moderate and severe hypertension, either alone or as an adjunct, and for the management of renal hypertension.
DB01194BrinzolamideA carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma.
DB01210LevobunololA beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma.
DB01214MetipranololA beta-adrenergic antagonist used for the reduction of elevated intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma.
DB03128AcetylcholineA parasympathomimetic neurotransmitter used to induce miosis of the iris in seconds after delivery of the lens in cataract surgery, in penetrating keratoplasty, iridectomy and other anterior segment surgery where rapid miosis may be required.
DB06826UnoprostoneA prostaglandin analogue used to lower intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who are clinically unresponsive to other ocular antihypertensive agents.
DB08819TafluprostAn ophthalmic prostaglandin analog used to lower intraocular pressure in patients with ocular hypertension or open-angle glaucoma.
DB09013BefunololUsed in the management of open angle glaucoma. PMID: 12480285.
DB13262AceclidineAceclidine has been marketed in Europe but has not been used clinically in the United States. It is used in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma and is a parasympathomimetic agent.
DB13495ParaoxonNot Annotated
DB00373TimololA non-selective beta adrenergic blocker used in the treatment of elevated intraocular pressure in ocular hypertension or open angle glaucoma.
DB00484BrimonidineAn alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat glaucoma and ocular hypertension, as well as facial erythema in rosacea.
DB00521CarteololA beta adrenergic antagonist used to treat arrhythmia, angina, hypertension, and glaucoma.
DB00575ClonidineAn alpha-2 adrenergic agonist used to treat hypertension and severe cancer pain, among other conditions, and to treat withdrawal symptoms from various substances. It is also used to aid in the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma and to prevent migraines.
DB00668EpinephrineA hormone and neurotransmitter used to treat allergic reactions, to restore cardiac rhythm, and to control mucosal congestion, glaucoma, and asthma.
DB00981PhysostigmineA cholinesterase inhibitor used to treat glaucoma and anticholinergic toxicity.
DB01085PilocarpineA muscarinic cholinergic agonist used on the eye to treat elevated intraocular pressure, various types of glaucoma, and to induce miosis. Also available orally to treat symptoms of dry mouth associated with Sjogren's syndrome and radiotherapy.
DB01144DiclofenamideA carbonic anhydrase inhibitor used for the management of open-angle and secondary glaucoma, as well as acute angle-closure glaucoma in delayed pre-operative setting requiring a reduction in intraocular pressure.
DB01400NeostigmineA cholinesterase inhibitor used in the symptomatic treatment of myasthenia gravis by improving muscle tone.
DB13931NetarsudilA rho kinase inhibitor used to reduce intraocular pressure in patients with open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
DrugDrug NameTargetType
DB00195BetaxololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00195BetaxololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00195BetaxololCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00195BetaxololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00287TravoprostProstaglandin F2-alpha receptortarget
DB00298DapiprazoleAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00298DapiprazoleAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00298DapiprazoleAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00411CarbamoylcholineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB00411CarbamoylcholineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB00411CarbamoylcholineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-2target
DB00411CarbamoylcholineCytosolic phospholipase A2enzyme
DB00411CarbamoylcholineAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB00411CarbamoylcholineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB00411CarbamoylcholineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB00449DipivefrinAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinCholinesterasetarget
DB00449DipivefrinBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00449DipivefrinAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB00654LatanoprostProstaglandin F2-alpha receptortarget
DB00654LatanoprostSolute carrier organic anion transporter family member 2A1transporter
DB00654LatanoprostSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00654LatanoprostSolute carrier family 22 member 8transporter
DB00654LatanoprostCorneal esterasesenzyme
DB00703MethazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB00703MethazolamideSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00703MethazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 4target
DB00703MethazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 2target
DB00703MethazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 7target
DB00703MethazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 3target
DB00819AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB00819AcetazolamideAquaporin-1target
DB00819AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 14target
DB00819AcetazolamideSolute carrier family 22 member 6transporter
DB00819AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 2target
DB00819AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 3target
DB00819AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 4target
DB00819AcetazolamideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00819AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 7target
DB00819AcetazolamideCarbonic anhydrase 12target
DB00869DorzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 2target
DB00869DorzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB00869DorzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 4target
DB00869DorzolamideCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00869DorzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 3target
DB00905BimatoprostProstaglandin F2-alpha receptortarget
DB00905BimatoprostProstaglandin E2 receptor EP1 subtypetarget
DB00905BimatoprostProstaglandin E2 receptor EP3 subtypetarget
DB00905BimatoprostCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00905BimatoprostCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00944DemecariumAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB00944DemecariumCholinesterasetarget
DB00964ApraclonidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00964ApraclonidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00964ApraclonidineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB01057EchothiophateCholinesterasetarget
DB01057EchothiophateSerum albumincarrier
DB01170GuanethidineSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget
DB01194BrinzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB01194BrinzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 2target
DB01194BrinzolamideCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01194BrinzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 5A, mitochondrialtarget
DB01194BrinzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 4target
DB01194BrinzolamideCarbonic anhydrase 3target
DB01210LevobunololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01210LevobunololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01210LevobunololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB01214MetipranololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01214MetipranololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB01214MetipranololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB03128AcetylcholineAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB03128AcetylcholineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB03128AcetylcholineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB03128AcetylcholineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB03128AcetylcholineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB03128AcetylcholineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB03128AcetylcholineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB03128AcetylcholineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7target
DB08819TafluprostProstaglandin F2-alpha receptortarget
DB08819TafluprostProstaglandin G/H synthase 2enzyme
DB09013BefunololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB09013BefunololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB09013BefunololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00373TimololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00373TimololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00373TimololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00373TimololP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00373TimololCytochrome P450 2C19enzyme
DB00373TimololLysozymetarget
DB00484BrimonidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00484BrimonidineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00484BrimonidineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00484BrimonidineAldehyde oxidaseenzyme
DB00521CarteololBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00521CarteololBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00521CarteololCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00575ClonidineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00575ClonidineCytochrome P450 2D6enzyme
DB00575ClonidineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00575ClonidineAlpha-2C adrenergic receptortarget
DB00575ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 3transporter
DB00575ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 5transporter
DB00575ClonidineSolute carrier family 22 member 4transporter
DB00575ClonidineP-glycoprotein 1transporter
DB00575ClonidineCytochrome P450 1A2enzyme
DB00575ClonidineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00575ClonidineCytochrome P450 1A1enzyme
DB00575ClonidineCytochrome P450 3A5enzyme
DB00575ClonidineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00575ClonidineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00575ClonidineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00575ClonidineSerum albumincarrier
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-1 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineBeta-2 adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 2transporter
DB00668EpinephrineSolute carrier family 22 member 1transporter
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 2C9enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-1D adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2A adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineAlpha-2B adrenergic receptortarget
DB00668EpinephrineTumor necrosis factortarget
DB00668EpinephrineCatechol O-methyltransferaseenzyme
DB00668EpinephrineMonoamine oxidaseenzyme
DB00981PhysostigmineAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB00981PhysostigmineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-4target
DB00981PhysostigmineNeuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit beta-2target
DB01085PilocarpineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M1target
DB01085PilocarpineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M2target
DB01085PilocarpineCytochrome P450 2A6enzyme
DB01085PilocarpineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M3target
DB01085PilocarpineCytochrome P450 3A4enzyme
DB01085PilocarpineMuscarinic acetylcholine receptor M4target
DB01144DiclofenamideCarbonic anhydrase 1target
DB01144DiclofenamideCarbonic anhydrase 4target
DB01144DiclofenamideCarbonic anhydrase 2target
DB01144DiclofenamideCarbonic anhydrase 7target
DB01144DiclofenamideCarbonic anhydrase 3target
DB01400NeostigmineAcetylcholinesterasetarget
DB01400NeostigmineCholinesteraseenzyme
DB13931NetarsudilRho-associated protein kinase 1target
DB13931NetarsudilRho-associated protein kinase 2target
DB13931NetarsudilSodium-dependent noradrenaline transportertarget